Teacher Irina Labukova Grade 10
Unit Title “Educational system in the UK”
Lesson Title “Secondary education in the UK and Kazakhstan”
Projected Time for Lesson(s) 45 minutes
Students, Setting and Lesson Background: Twelve 15-16 year old students of upper-intermediate and advanced level. The students study at school-gymnasium the profile of which is studying languages. The students are motivated in learning English and speaking it fluently. Thus there are several extra courses in English except English Oral Practice. They are Basis of Economy (for 10th and 11th Grade students), Basis of translation (for 10th and 11th Grade students), Country Study of the USA ( for 11th Grade students), Country Study of the UK (for 10th Grade students), Business English (for 9th Grade students), Guide translator (for 10th and 11th Grade students). This lesson is one of the lessons in the course of Country study of the UK. At the previous lesson the students got general idea about educational system of the UK and at this lesson they will enlarge their knowledge and make comparison of two educational systems – in Great Britain and Kazakhstan. At the following lessons the students will learn what unites two systems of education in universities in two countries; they will be also able to find out differences in educational systems of these two countries; they will learn what characterizes the best universities in the UK and Kazakhstan.
Lesson Purpose: by the end of the lesson students will learn facts about educational system in the UK from authentic video film “Schools in the UK”, from the text “Educational System of the UK” (prepared by the teacher) and oral report supported with Power Point presentation “Private Schools in the UK” prepared by a student, systematize their knowledge of educational system in the UK and Kazakhstan, will be able to analyze and compare these two systems and see differences and similarities; they will be able to speak about educational systems of the UK and Kazakhstan in general
Materials Needed During Lesson: Teacher’s Power Point presentation of the lesson, Student’s Power Point presentation “Private schools in the UK”, video course “Windows on Britain: Schools in the UK”, text “Education in Kazakhstan”, students’ self-assessment table, rubric “Oral answer presentation” (“Assessing learning in the classroom” Jay McTighe and Steven Ferrara).
Procedures / Timing:
Teacher does/says . . .
Students do/say . . .
Approximate time needed
1. Defining the theme and tasks of the lesson: Look at the pictures presented on the slide, define the theme of the lesson and write it on your drawing boards.
Students look at the pictures on the teacher’s Power Point presentation slide and write down the theme of the lesson “Educational systems of the UK and Kazakhstan”. It will be necessary to learn some new facts about two educational systems from watching a video film, listening to a group mate and reading some texts.
Problem of the lesson: to define peculiarities and differences in two educational systems: in the UK and Kazakhstan.
Watch the video “Schools in the UK” fill in the gaps, and write down the lessons included into the time-table of schools in the UK. Then write a time-table of one day in Kazakhstani schools. Compare that with your partner in pair, find the similarities and differences, discuss with other students.
While watching the video the students make the time-table of British schools. Then they make the time-table of one day in schools of Kazakhstan. After discussing the results in pair they discuss the question with other students.
Student’s Power Point presentation “Private schools in the UK”. Listen to the presentation “Private schools in the UK” and answer the questions: What are the peculiarities of the UK private schools? How do they differ from state secondary schools? Assess the answer according to the criteria of oral presentation. (the students already know how to do this and always do this quickly filling in the rubric “Oral answer presentation”(“Assessing learning in the classroom” Jay McTighe and Steven Ferrara)
Students answer the questions orally. They assess the student’s oral answer.
Group work: Create a scheme “Educational system in the UK” paying attention to the peculiarities of the educational system of Great Britain.
Strategy “Merry-go-round” (“Karusel”) Study your classmates’ scheme, assess it using the method: “Two stars, one mission”
Groups: Study the assessment and prepare your comments.
Working in small groups the students analyze the studied information and make conclusions in the scheme “Educational system in the UK”. Then they study the schemes of other groups assessing them using the strategy “Two stars, one mission”. After all the schemes studies and assessed they prepare the answers on the missions from other groups. They do it in the round discussion.
Read the text “Education in Kazakhstan”. Pay attention to the peculiarities of the educational system in Kazakhstan. Write them down.
Students read the text “Education in Kazakhstan” and write down the peculiarities.
Group work: Make Vienna scheme “Differences and similarities in two educational systems: in the UK and Kazakhstan”
Group discussion: Name differences and similarities (one from each group) without repeating each other.
Problem solving: defining peculiarities and differences in two educational systems: in the UK and Kazakhstan.
The students make Vienna scheme defining similarities and differences in two educational systems. After that they name them one by one without repeating their classmates.
The students name the main peculiarities in two educational systems.
Feed-back: 1 minute essay “Education is…”
After learning a lot of facts connected with education in two countries will you express your opinions in one-minute essays “Education is…)
Students sum up the conversation held at the lesson in the one-minute essays.
Self-assessment: “Today at the lesson I …” (Answer the given questions filling in the table making a choice) (the table is given below)
The students make self-assessment filling in the table.
Homework: prepare for the seminar “Education in the UK and Kazakhstan”, (for advanced students) “Universities in the UK,” “Universities in Kazakhstan (in Ust-Kamenogorsk)”
The students choose one of the topics to prepare a presentation on it for the next lesson seminar.
I worked at the lesson …
Assessing the results of my work at the lesson…
The lesson seemed to be …
My mood …
By the end of the lesson I …
The lesson material and information was …
The homework seems to be …
Became tired/didn’t become tired.
Clear/not clear; useful/useless.
“Education in Kazakhstan”
The educational system in Kazakhstan is conducted in two languages - Kazakh and Russian and consists of several levels of state and private educational establishments: infant schools, elementary (or primary) schools, comprehensive schools, colleges and academies. The constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan fixes the right of citizens of the republic on free-of-charge secondary education which is obligatory. The constitution prohibits any discrimination on the basis of language or ethnicity and guarantees equal rights in education regardless of nationality. Children start school at the age of 7 and finish at 17. As a rule a child attends the school, located in the neighborhood. However, in big cities there are so-called special schools, offering more in depth studies of the major European languages (English, French, German) or the advanced courses in physics and mathematics and children, attending one of this may have to commute from home.
The school year starts on the first of September and lasts for 210 days, excluding weekends, holidays, and breaks. The grading system is based on a scale from one to five, with five being the highest. The lessons last for 45 minutes with a 10-minute break between them and one 20-minute snack break. There are usually four to five lessons a day in the primary schools, and five to six lessons in the high schools. Homework requiring several hours of study is common. Since admission to universities is highly competitive, many parents hire tutors for their high school children, thus turning the other half of the day, and often weekends, into a second school.
The first stage of education in Kazakhstan is elementary (or primary) school for grades one through four. The second is secondary school for middle grades from five through nine. Upon graduation from secondary school students are given the choice of either continuing to attend the same school (high school -senior grades 10-11) or entering a vocational or technical school. Both of these schools are meant to provide one, along with the certificate of secondary education with a number of useful skills (e.g. those of an electrician, technical or computer operators.) Having completed one's secondary education, one can either become a part of work force or go on college (institution of higher learning-Institute).
To be admitted to the institute one has to pass a series of oral or written tests. Students may get free-of-charge higher education in the higher educational institution and the limited number of the state grants is given each academic year on a competitive basis. Some college departments (law, journalism, foreign language-especially English) have dozens of applicants for one prospective student's position. The system of higher education prepares highly - skilled experts on economy, transport, agriculture, medicine, languages and others. Today the young people of Kazakhstan have the opportunity to choose and acquire various types of education and build their lives according to their ambitions.
Studying of foreign languages and development of computer skills of pupils is of a special importance. More opportunities appear for the interested persons to be trained abroad on the basis of local and state grants, scholarships.
“Praising sandwich” (“Pohvalnii buterbrod”)
Fill in the gaps while watching the video:
1. Most children start primary school at the age of …
2. They go to secondary school at …
3. Children study at secondary school till the age of …
4. Children pass the General Certificate of Secondary Education examination at the age of …
5. After the examination about … % of students continue their education.
6. Children take A ‘levels examination at the age of …
7. About … % of eighteens go to universities
Assess your partner’s work.
5, 2. 11, 3. 16, 4. 16, 5. 70, 6. 18, 7. 20
“5” – 0, 1 mistake.
“4” – 2 mistakes.
“3” – 3 mistakes
At the lesson the students will demonstrate their knowledge of the studied topic and ability to get new information from different sources: from video films, from the text prepared by the teacher and based on the materials from Kazakhstani papers; from Power Point and oral presentation made by one student as a homework and containing information taken from text books, internet sites and from her own experience while visiting the UK (pictures, video). While working in pairs the students can compare the results of their individual work with those of the partner and prepare for round discussion. Group work in creating schemes and Vienna scheme is a wonderful opportunity for deep analyses and demonstrates high level of speaking on the problem of the lesson. They are ready to speak about high education in two countries and at home they will be able to prepare some oral presentations on the topic.
Урок на английском языке "Образование в Великобритании" в курсе "Страноведение Великобритании". Содержит ряд заданий, направленных на формирование у учащихся представления о том, как организована система среднего образования в Великобритании в сравнении с системой образования в Казахстане. Во время урока школьникам предстоит индивидуальная работа, работа в парах, в группах. Формируются навыки группового взаимодействия. Умение воспринимать английскую речь на слух развивается при просмотре видео фрагмента "Образование в Великобритании" и презентации "Частные школы в Великобритании, подготовленной в качестве опережающего задания учащимся. "При работе с незнакомым текстом (неподготовленное чтение) дети учатся извлекать необходимую информацию по предложенной проблеме. Учащиеся систематизируют информацию, полученную во время урока, анализируют, делают выводы и умеют высказывать свое собственное мнение. Ученики учатся оценивать результаты своего труда (самооценивание) и деятельности одноклассников (взаимооценивание метод "Позвальный бутерброд")
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