Эл. №ФС77-60625 от 20.01.2015
Урок в 11 кл по английскому языку на тему : Рождество в Великобритании и России
для 11 класса
по теме: «Рождество в Великобритании и в России»
учитель английского языка
МОУ СОШ п. Звёздный
Селина Руслана Адамовна
Тип: обобщающий урок по теме «Рождество в Великобритании и в России»
Форма организации учебной деятельности: групповая.
• Формирование коммуникативной культуры школьников.
• Развитие речевого умения (монологическая и диалогическая форма речи).
• Развитие навыков аудирования.
• Пополнение знаний по страноведению.
• Обучение навыкам: планирования деятельности, работы в оптимальном темпе, подведения итогов.
• Формирование чувства ответственности, коллективизма, сотворчества, самореализации.
• Развитие познавательного интереса через вовлечение учащихся в творческую деятельность.
• Развитие способностей к сравнению и сопоставлению, к логическому изложению, к формулированию выводов из услышанного.
• Компьютер, экран, проектор, раздаточный материал, , иллюстрации, наглядные пособия, изготовленные учащимися.
Content of the lesson:
-A class is divided into two teams
2) A song
3) Jesus Christ birth
4) Christmas in our country
5) Christmas in Great Britain:
-A New Year tree
-A song “ Mistletoe”
-Decoration of the tree
-A song: “ Jingle Bells”
-Reindeers of Santa Claus
-Christmas candles, crackers, hats
-A written task for pupils
-Celebration of Juletide
-Twelfth night cake
-A song” We wish you a Merry Christmas”
6) The results of the lesson
Today we shall speak with you about celebration of Christmas in Great Britain and in our country. Let’s divide into two teams : the team of Santa Claus and the team of Father Frost.
If you get out a picture connected with Russian holiday , come to the team of Father Frost.
If you get out a picture connected with British holiday , come to the team of Santa Claus
I) A teacher: What date is it today?
-Pupil: It is the 25 of December
A teacher: What holiday do people celebrate in Great Britain?
-Pupil: Merry Christmas
3) Why is this holiday called Christmas?
-It is called Christmas because Jesus Christ was born.
Звучит песня: « Happy Xmas War Is Over..»
4) When and where was born Jesus Christ?
- Pupil: He was born in Bethlehem 2000 years ago/
5) Who came to see a child?
-Pupil: The wise men
6) A teacher: What did they bring to Jesus Christ?
-A pupil: The wise men brought gold, myrrh ,frankincense .
7) A teacher: Tell the Christmas story from the Bible.
A pupil :The Bible tells us an interesting story of shepherds who were watching their sheep when the angel appeared to them He told them that a Savior had been born .in Bethlehem.
The Shepherds went there to see Jesus. The baby Jesus was born in a stable His mother was the Virgin Mary and his father was Joseph .The .Bible tells us how the Wise men followed a star until it led them to Jesus.
The Wise men gave Jesus many Gifts. That’s why people nowadays try to please their friends and relatives giving them Christmas presents.
Teacher : What is there in churches on this day?
Pupils: On this day many people go to churches on masses.
On Christmas Eve, there are evening church services which everyone attends.
A teacher: Where do people celebrate Christmas?
Pupil: Going home for Christmas is a most cherished tradition of the holiday season. No matter where you may be the rest of the year, being at "home" with your family and friends for Christmas is "a must." This means that the house will be full of cousins, aunts and uncles that might not see each other during the year.
-A teacher: Let’s discuss Christmas in our country.
Today we can speak about the rebirth of religion in our country.
-1) What is the traditional dinner in Russia?
-A pupil: The traditional dinner in Russia is kutya, if kutya is good the coming year will be a happy one.
-2) Teacher: What questions do people usually ask on this day?
- A pupil: They ask: “ Do you love me? “
3) A teacher: Must an answer be honest and why?
- A pupil: It must be honest because it was forbidden to tell a lie on such a day because the Earth will hear you.
4) A teacher: What was not allowed for the mistress or the master to do on this day?
- A pupil: It was forbidden to leave the house. They had to warm themselves in their own hearts .The mistress must bake own bread
Discussion of the text : Christmas in Great Britain/
1)A teacher: What did people decorate for Christmas in Great Britain?
- A pupil: A New Year tree
In England a New Year tree does not grow that’s why many people decorate a mistletoe
Mistletoe is an evergreen plant with small leaves and white berries.
On Christmas Eve boys kiss girls under the bunch of mistletoe. It is known that if people kiss each other under the bunch of mistletoe they will be friends for many years
Teacher: Let’s sing a song about mistletoe.
Mistle mistle mistletoe.
Adds to the Christmas cheer,
First you kiss somebody.
And wish them a Happy New Year,
l)First you kiss your hand.
Kisses are for free,
Turn round to a friend.
And put the kiss on their knee.
2)First you kiss your hand.
You've got a kiss to spare,
Turn round to a friend.
And put the kiss on their hair
3)First you kiss your hand.
You don't have to speak - sh,
Turn round to a friend.
And put the kiss on their cheek.
2) A teacher: Who was the first to decorate a New Year tree?
- A pupil: Martin Luther .He decorated it in 1513.
3) A teacher: What did he decorate a New Year tree with?
- A pupil: He decorated it with candles.
4) Teacher: When did the New Year tree become popular in England?
A pupil: It became popular in 1840. Prince Albert took the tradition to England , then German and English people brought it to America.
5) Teacher: What did the British people decorate a New Year tree with?
-A pupil: with flags of all countries, baubles, tinsel and a star at the top.
На плакате нарисована елочка.
Teacher : Look at our tree.
You know that English children write their wish on the pieces of paper, put the paper into a stocking. At night Santa Claus comes through the chimney into houses , reads their wishes and puts presents into the stockings.
I want you to write your wishes on these beautiful “ baubles” and I think that your wishes come true .
Дети пишут свои пожелания и наклеивают на ёлку.
Teacher: Listen to a fairy -tale about the Little Fir-Tree
The Little Fir-Tree
A little fir-tree lived in the forest. It had leaves like long green needles.
It was a pretty little tree, but it was not happy.
One day it said, "I do not like needles. My needles are hard. The birds will not .nest in them. All the other trees have leaves. I wish I had green leaves."
Next day, when the little tree woke up, it had green leaves. It was just like the other trees.
"Now I am happy," it said. . But a goat came and ate all the green leaves.
"Oh!" said the fir-tree. "I wish I had gold leaves. Goats do not eat gold leaves."
Next day, when the little tree woke up, it had gold leaves.
"How happy I am!" it said.
But a man came, took all the gold leaves and put them into a bag.
"Oh!" said the fir-tree. "I wish I had glass leaves. Nobody will want my glass leaves."
Next, day, when the little tree woke up, it had glass leaves.
"How happy I am!" it said. "See my leaves shine in the sun!"
But suddenly a strong wind began to blow, and broke all the glass leaves.
"Oh!" said the fir-tree. "I wish I had my needles again. Goats do not eat them. Men do not want them. The wind will not break them."
Next day it had all its needles again.
"Oh, I never was so happy!" said the little fir-tree.
Teacher: Do you like the fairy-tale? Why?
Teacher: We know that postmen have a lot of work before holidays.
What clothes did they wear in the past?
Pupil: Many years ago postmen had bright red coats. They looked like robins. At Christmas they brought many Christmas cards.
Teacher:What is the Christmas bird?
Teacher: What is the traditional dish?
Pupil: Pudding with a coin,a turkey, a mince pies.
Teacher: Tell about pudding,
Pupil : Everyone in a family stirs the pudding and makes a wish It’s a traditional meal which people cook for Christmas party. When the pudding is hot they put 5-pennny pieces in it and sometimes a little silver horseshoe , a button and a ring. If you find a button in your piece of pudding you will be rich. a horseshoe means happiness and good luck. a ring – marriage.
Teacher: Do you know what are mince pies?
Pupil: Mince pies are small round pies. Children like these sweets very much.
Teacher: What do people burn on the Christmas Eve?
Pupil: A log
. They believed that the fire sent evil spirit away .They keep an ash of it the whole year because it must bring happiness in the future year.
Teacher: Whom do children wait for on this night?
Pupil: Santa Claus with presents.
Teacher: Where does he come from?
Pupil: He comes from the North Pole.
Teacher: Let’s sing a song : Jingle Bells/
Текст песни "Jingle bells".
(James Pierpont. publ.1857)
Dashing through the snow
On a one-horse open sleigh,
Over the fields we go,
Laughing all the way;
Bells on bob-tail ring,
making spirits bright,
What fun it is to ride and sing
A sleighing song tonight, O
Jingle bells, jingle bells,
jingle all the way!
O what fun it is to ride
In a one-horse open sleigh (repeat)
Teacher: How many reindeers does Santa Claus ride?
Pupil: 9 reindeers:
Teacher: Look at crossword and find the names of his reindeers.
(Сupid, Dancer, Comet, Blitzen, Vixen, Dasher, Prancer, Donner, Rudolh)
Teacher: Who is his favourite reindeer?
Pupil: Rudolph. He helps Santa Claus, He has red nose that shines in the darkness and shows him his way.
Teacher: Let’s sing a song:”Nosed Reindeer”
Teacher: When do children put their stockings on their beds?
Pupil: Children put their stockings on the beds or under the Christmas tree in the evening of the 24of December.
Teacher: Tell about Christmas stocking.
Pupil: It is not a real stocking but it is big and beautifully decorated.
Teacher: What things do people like to use on Christmas Eve?
Pupil: People like to light candles and often have Christmas crackers. When they pull a cracker it makes a bang and inside there is usually a Christmas hat, a small toy and a piece of paper with joke on it. Children and grown –ups like to wear coloured paper
Teacher: Look at these pictures and do the task on the pieces of papers.
Russian Grandfather Frost and British Father Christmas,
a) Whose are these? Look carefully and draw lines, Label the pictures
b) Complete the sentences about Grandfather Frost and Father Christmas.
Grandfather Frost lives in the
Three _______________pull his________________________
3. Grandfather Frost has got a_______________ and a________________ presents.
4. He has got a grand-daughter called_________________
Father Christmas lives at the ____________
Eight pull his __________
Father Christmas has got a _______and a_____________presents.
4. He usually puts his presents into________________
Teacher: Why the 26 of December is called Boxing Day?
Pupil: On this day people present each other gifts and put them into boxes.
A Christmas box is wrapped in bright coloured paper with ribbons
Teacher; How long does Yuletide last?
Pupil: It begins in the middle of December and ends on the 6 th of January.
Teacher: How do people spend Yuletide?
Pupil: They go pantomime , the European Christmas Song Contest and take part in waits , and rest.
Teacher: what is the last day of Yuletide?
Pupil: The last day of Yuletide is on the eve of the 6 of January. People eat the Twelfth cake on the Twelfth night, this is a big cake with a coin baked inside, the person who finds the coin in his piece of cake becomes the king of the Twelfth night.
Teacher: We have minces today which baked the pupils themselves. Please help yourselves and those who finds a coin inside will become a queen or a king of ours party
Teacher: Now let’s sing a song “ We wish you a Merry Christmas”
Текст песни "We Wish You a Merry Christmas".
We wish you a merry Christmas
We wish you a merry Christmas
We wish you a merry Christmas
And a happy New Year.
We want some figgy pudding (3x)
And a cup of good cheer.
We won't go until we get some (3x)
So bring it out here!
We wish you a Merry Christmas (3x)
And a happy New Year.
Если осталось время учащиеся отвечают на вопросы
Teacher: Listen to some interesting facts and answer the questions
1) T: Do you know that the biggest snowflakes fell in Montana, the USA in winter of 1887. Snowflakes were 15 inches wide ( 38 centimeters) and 8 inches thick,( 20centimeters)
2) Grey snow fell in Japan. Black snow fell in France.
3) Who made a law in our country to make the 1st of January the day off: Lenin, Brezhnev, Stalin, Gorbatchev? ( Stalin)
4) In what country was adopted law since 1840 : if a captain of a ship comes to a port the first in a New Year he will be awarded by a gold staff( тростью) ? ( Canada- Montreal)
5) What gift do Japanese present for a New Year?( A rake-грабли)
6) On what planet a New Year can be celebrated 4 times a year? ( Merkuri- because it is the nearest to the Earth)
Подведение итогов урока , награждение команды победителей.
ЛИНГВОСТРАНОВЕДЧЕСКИЙ СЛОВАРЬ С КОММЕНТАРИЯМИ
Christmas is on the 25th of December, It is the greatest holiday in Britain.
Christmas — Рождество
2. Christmas Traditions
In Britain people have many interesting Christmas traditions. Listen to the short stories about trees and presents and other Christmas traditions.
3. Trees and Presents
People began to celebrate Christmas many, many years ago. They began to decorate the evergreen tree and give presents to each other. They placed a large shining star at the top of the Christmas tree and many bright shining balls (red, blue, yellow, green silver) from top to bottom.
evergreen — вечнозеленое (дерево)
placed — помещали, вешали
top — верхушка
from top to bottom — сверху донизу
4. Christmas Stockings
In the evening of the 24th of December children hang their Christmas stockings on their beds or put them under the Christmas tree. Father Christmas (Santa Claus) puts presents into them. A Christmas stocking is not a real stocking. It is big and beautifully decorated.
stockings — чулки
Father Christmas — Рождественский дед, Дед Мороз (так его называют в Британии; в Амери ке принято другое название — Santa Claus)
real — настоящий
beautifully — красиво
5. Christmas Pudding
Christmas pudding was first made many, many years ago. Now it is the highlight of Christmas dinner." Children often put holly on the pudding. Traditionally a coin is placed into the puddirig. It brings good luck to a person who finds it.
pudding — пудинг (сладкий пирог; рождественский пудинг бывает обычно с изюмом и цукатами)
highlight — зд. самое главное угощение
holly - остролист (вечнозеленое растение с заостренными листьями и красными ягодками)
coin — монета
It brings good luck — Она приносит удачу
Holly is an evergreen plant with sharp-pointed leaves and red berries. You know already that people put holly on Christmas
pudding. They also use holly to decorate their homes. It - is a very old tradition. Long ago people began to put holly in their homes during the dark cold winters. They liked to look at holly and think about the spring and the sun.
sharp-pointed leaves — заостренные листья red berries — красные ягодки to decorate — украшать
Mistletoe is an evergreen plant with small leaves and small white berries. On Christmas Eve there is a bunch of mistletoe in every house. Under this bunch boys kiss girls.
mistletoe — омела (вечнозеленое растение с маленькими белыми ягодками)
Christmas Eve — сочельник, канун Рождества (24 декабря)
bunch — букетик, пучок
kiss — целуют
Many years ago postmen had bright red coats. They looked like robins. At Christmas they brought many Christmas cards. And people began to think about a robin as a Christmas bird. You can see it on almost every Christmas card.
robin — малиновка (птичка с красной грудкой) looked like — были похожи cards — открытки
Yuletide begins in the middle of December and ends on the 6th of January. All the children like this wonderful time because it is the time of much fun.
Yuletide — святки (дни от середины декабря до 6 января)
much fun — большое веселье
10. Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve is on the 24th of December. On this rday everybody is very busy and in. a_hurry Offices close at 1 o'clock, but the shops stay open late.
On Christmas Eve children hang their Christmas stockings on their beds. They wait for Father Christmas (Santa Claus) and other miracles.
everybody is very busy and in a hurry — все
очень заняты и спешат
stay open late— открыты допоздна miracles — чудеса
11. Christmas Day
Christmas Day is on the 25th of December. British people celebrate this holiday with big dinners. Children have much, fun. They play under Christmas trees, find presents
in their Christmas stockings, eat Christmas puddings, watch pantomimes. The grownups don't go to work on that day.
Christmas Day — день Рождества (25 декабря)
celebrate — празднуют
watch pantomimes — смотрят рождественские представления для детей
grown-ups — взрослые
12. Boxing Day
Boxing Day comes after Christmas Day. It is on the 26th of December. People do not go to work on that day. They visit friends or go to the theatre. Everybody gives and receives Christmas cards and Christmas boxes.
Boxing Day — день рождественских подарков (26 декабря)
gives and receives — дает и получает
Christmas boxes — рождественские подарки (обычно они бывают упакованы в коробки — boxes; отсюда и происходит название празд ника — Boxing Day)
13. Twelfth Night
The Twelfth night is on the eve of the 6th of January. This is the twelfth day after Christmas Day. It is the last day of Yuletide. People eat the Twelfth cake on the Twelfth night. This is a big cake with a_coin baked inside, The person who finds the coin in his piece of cake becomes the king of the Twelfth night.
Twelfth night — двенадцатая ночь (ночь нака нуне 6 января — двенадцатого дня после Рож дества)
on the eve — накануне
baked inside — запеченная внутрь
14. European Christmas Song Contest
The European Christmas Song Contest is held during Yuletide. Singers from Britain, France, Finland, Italy and other European countries sing Christmas songs.
European Christmas Song Contest — Европей ский конкурс рождественских песен is held — проводится
A pantomime is a traditional performance for children at Christmas. All the children have much fun when they watch fairy tales with princes, beautiful princesses and fairies ("Cinderella", "Puss in Boots", "Dick Whittington" and many others).
performance —представление» спектакль
fairy tales — сказки
princes — принцы
princesses — принцессы
fairies — феи, волшебницы
"Cinderella" — «Золушка
"Puss in Boots" — «Кот в сапогах»
"Dick Whittington" — «Дик Уиттингтон> (ан глийская народная сказка о бедном деревенском мальчике, который впоследствии трижды ста новился лорд-мэром Лондона)
16. Player's Theatre
There is a theatre in London where pantomimes are performed. It is called Player's Theatre.
Player's Theatre — театр «Плейерз» (в Лондо не; дает концерты и рождественские представ ления для детей)
are performed — исполняются
17. Transformation Scene
Every pantomime has a transformation scene. During this scene miracles happen. For example, Cinderella changes into a beautiful princess. Children like these scenes very much.
transformation scene — зд. сцена волшебного превращения
changes into — превращается в
18. Principal Characters
There are the following characters in every pantomime: the principal boy, the principal girl (who is always married to the principal boy in the end) and the dame (who is a comic figure, usually the mother of the principal boy or girl; a man often plays this role). There are also a good fairy and a "bad fairy in a pantomime.
principal characters — главные действующие лица
principal boy — зд. главный герой principal girl—зд. главная героиня dame — дама
comic figure — комический персонаж good (bad) fairy —добрая (злая) фея
19. Broker's Men
They are the two clowns who usually take part in a pantomime. Children like to watch their funny tricks.
broker's men — клоуны (традиционная пара актеров в рождественском представлении) take part in — принимают участие
20, Nativity Play
The Nativity Play tells the tale of Christ's Birth. Children usually perform this play themselves. They perform it at school before Christmas. .
Nativity Play—пьеса о рождении Иисуса Христа
Christ's Birth — рождение Христа
21. Yule Log
A Yule log is a piece of wood which people burn in the fireplace on Christmas Eve.
Yule log — рождественское полено burn — сжигают fireplace — камин
22. Christmas Decorations
You know already that people use holly and mistletoe to decorate their homes. But there are many other decorations at Christ mas. Listen to the short description of these decorations,
Christmas decorations — зд. рождественское убранство чьего-либо дома
23. Christmas Tree
Before Christmas people place the evergreen tree (Christmas tree) in their homes. Children decorate the Christmas tree with tinsel, toys, shining balls and flags. They place a shining star at the top of the Christmas tree.
tinsel — блестки или мишура
24. Candles and Crackers
On Christmas Eve people like to light candles. If there are children in.the family, they often have Christmas crackers. When you pull a cracker it makes a bang and inside there is usually a Christmas hat, a small toy and a piece of paper with a joke on it.
candles and crackers — свечи и хлопушки
to light candles — зажигать свечи
When уоц pull a cracker — Когда потянешь за хлопушку
it makes a bang — она с треском разрывается
25. Christmas Flags
Before Christmas children make small flags. On these flags they paint British, American, French, German, Finnish and other flags. They hang Christmas flags on the Christmas tree or decorate the room with them.
paint — раскрашивают, расписывают
26. Christmas Hats
Christmas hats are made of coloured paper. Children and grown-ups like to wear them at Christmas.
coloured paper — цветная бумага to wear — носить (шляпу и т. п.)
27. Father Christmas (Santa Claus)
You know already that Father Christmas (Santa Claus) comes into children's homes on Christmas Eve. He has a white beard and white and red clothes. He is always merry. They say he comes from the North Pole. He brings presents for the children. , merry — веселый
North Pole — Северный полюс
Waits are a group of singers who sing carols. They sing carols, for example, in front of a Christmas tree. In small towns and villages waits often come and stand in front of the house and sing or play carols. They receive money for their singing or playing. They give the money to poor and old people.
waits — рождественский хор
carols — рождественские гимны
sing or play carols — поют гимны или разыгрывают сценки (на основе этих гимнов)
singing or playing — пение или игра
A carol is a Christmas song. People often sing carols on Christmas Eve in the streets or at home.
This is the big dinner people eat on Christmas Day. You know already that they eat Christmas pudding for Christmas dinner, and that children put holly on the pudding. They also eat a turkey for Christmas dinner. The dinner ends with mince pies,
turkey — индейка
mince pies — сладкие пирожки
31. Christmas Turkey
A turkey is a traditional Christmas bird. People eat it on Christmas Day.
32. Mince Pies
Mince pies are small round pies. Children like these sweet pies very much, round — круглые sweet — сладкие
33. Christmas Card
Every English family sends and receives many Christmas cards. Traditionally there is a robin on almost every card (and you know already that a robin is a Christmas bird). Sometimes there is a bunch of holly on the Christmas card. You can read on the card: "Merry Christmas!"
sends and receives — посылает и получает Merry Christmas! — Счастливого Рождества!
34. Christmas Box
Traditionally people put their Christmas presents into boxes. That is why the day on which they give and receive these boxes is called Boxing Day. A Christmas box is wrapped in bright coloured paper with ribbons.
is wrapped in — заворачивается в
ribbons — ленты
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