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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Урок английского языка в 10В классе

Урок английского языка в 10В классе

  • Иностранные языки

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Урок английского языка в 10В классе.


Тема: « Famous People. Anne Frank»

Цель урока: Совершенствование речевых умений на основе аудио и печатного текста.

Задачи: Совершенствовать навыки аудирования на уровне короткого текста.

Активизировать употребление предлогов.

Закрепить лексический материал по изученной теме.

Развивающие цели: Развитие интеллектуальной, эмоциональной, мотивационной сферы обучающихся.

Воспитательные цели:

Воспитание толерантности на основе материалов по теме «Холокост»

Совершенствование навыков сотрудничества в ходе работы в паре, группе

Формирование социальной активности и личной позиции по поводу проблемы Холокоста

Оборудование: Компьютер, раздаточный материал.


ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ КАРТА УРОКА АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА

этапа

Этап урока

Цель этапа

Содержание этапа

Деятельность

учителя

Деятельность

обучающихся

Прогнозируемый

результат

t

Приме-

чание

1

Организационный

этап

Введение в атмосферу иноязычного общения

Приветствие

Постановка проблемной задачи

Выход на тему урока

Организует класс к началу работы


Эмоционально настраиваются на работу

Психологическая готовность учащихся к уроку

2

ИКТ

2

Стадия вызова

Целеполагание

Мотивация учащихся к работе

Знакомство с целями и планом урока




Совершенствование лексических навыков


Виртуальная экскурсия по Амстердаму

Определение темы урока

Установка на пошаговую работу

Повторение

лексики

по теме


Пытается заинтересовать

обучающихся


Повторение слов и речевых моделей по теме



Четкое понимание учащимися задач предстоящей деятельности

Показ практической значимости материала урока

3

ИКТ




3





4










5




6

Стадия осмысления


Восприятие иноязычной речи на слух


Работа с текстом в парах

1) предтекстовый этап








2) текстовый этап




3) послетекстовый этап


Совершенствование навыков понимания иноязычной речи на слух

Совершенствование речевых умений на основе аудиотекста

Снятие лексических трудностей

Совершенствование грамматических навыков по теме «Употребление предлогов», повторение материала предыдущего урока


Совершенствование навыков работы с текстом


Совершенствование речевых умений на основе печатного текста

Восприятие и понимание коротких текстов на слух





Знакомство с новыми словами

Выполнение тренировочных упражнений






Чтение текстов:

1-Жизнь до войны

2-Убежище

3-Арест

4-Дневник Анны

Систематизация материала, обмен информацией

Обращает внимание на незнакомые слова

Зачитывает текст

Задает вопросы



Разбирает незнакомые слова

Осуществляет контроль, координирует работу обучающихся






координирует работу обучающихся



Задает вопросы, выделяет ключевые слова

слушают тексты, отвечают на вопросы





Просматривают незнакомые слова

Выполняют упражнения








Чтение текста, систематизация информации


Обмениваются информацией на основе прочитанного

Повторение слов и речевых моделей по теме

Совершенствование навыков восприятие иноязычной речи на слух

Снятие лексических трудностей

Выяснить степень усвоения изученного материала

Определить типичные ошибки



Совершенствование навыков чтения и перевода иноязыч-ного текста



Мини-высказывание по теме текста

5





3



2



5








10





8











Задания на карточках

Ключи через

Мульти-мед.

проектор


Раздаточный материал


Мульти-

медийный проектор

7

Физкультминутка

Снятие напряжения




Снятие напряжения

Выход на заключительный этап урока

2


8

Стадия рефлексии


Незаконченное предложение

Совершенствование лексических навыков

Совершенствование навыков устной речи

Обобщение материала урока

Координирует

работу

Выход на результаты урока


Совершенствование умения устной речи

Повторение лексики по теме

4


9

Подведение итогов урока



Выставляет оценки за урок. Благодарит ребят за работу




1






ПРИЛОЖЕНИЯ

CRAD 1

  1. They believed ___ a better life.

  2. Anne described departure ___ their flat in her diary.

  3. They needed protection ___ the Nazis.

  4. Anne had a great talent ____ writing.

  5. The Franks had serious reasons ___ hiding.

  6. German invasion ___ Amsterdam took place in May 1940.

  7. The Germans were very cruel ___ the Judos.

  8. Anne became famous ___ her diary.

  9. Their Achterhuis was crowded ___ people.

  10. The Franks were arrested ___ hiding.


The Diary of a Young Girl

In July 1945 Otto Frank found Ann`s diary. Anne's diary began as a private expression of her thoughts and she wrote several times that she would never allow anyone to read it. She described her life, her family and companions. Otto Frank gave the diary to the historian Annie Romein-Verschoor, who tried unsuccessfully to have it published. She then gave it to her husband Jan Romein, who wrote an article about it, titled "A Child's Voice", published in the newspaper Het Parool on 3 April 1946. His article attracted attention from publishers, and the diary was published in the Netherlands as Het Achterhuis in 1947, followed by a second run in 1950.

It was first published in Germany and France in 1950, and after being rejected by several publishers, was first published in the United Kingdom in 1952. The first American edition was published in 1952 under the title Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl and was positively reviewed.

A play based upon the diary, by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, premiered in New York City on 5 October 1955, and later won a Pulitzer Prize for Drama. It was followed by the 1959 movie The Diary of Anne Frank, which was a critical and commercial success.

With Otto Frank's death in 1980, the original diary, including letters and loose sheets, were willed to the Dutch Institute for War Documentation.

On 3 May 1957, a group of citizens, including Otto Frank, established a museum of Anne Frank. The Anne Frank House opened on 3 May 1960. It consists of the Opekta warehouse and offices and the Achterhuis. It has become one of Amsterdam's main tourist attractions, and in 2005 received a record 965,000 visitors. The House provides information via the internet, as well as travelling exhibitions, for those not able to visit. In 2005, exhibitions travelled to 32 countries in Europe, Asia, North America and South America.

In 1963, Otto Frank and his second wife, Elfriede Geiringer-Markovits, set up the Anne Frank Fonds as a charitable foundation, based in Basel, Switzerland.

Over the years, several films about Anne Frank appeared and her life and writings have inspired a diverse group of artists and social commentators to make reference to her in literature, popular music, television, and other forms of media.

In 1999, the Time named Anne Frank among the heroes and icons of the 20th century on their list The Most Important People of the Century.

Arrest, Deportation and Death

On the morning of 4 August 1944, the Achterhuis was stormed by the German Security Police, somebody betrayed them. They were taken to the Gestapo. On 5 August, they were transferred to the House of Detention, an overcrowded prison. Two days later they were transported to Westerbork, a camp, by this time more than 100,000 Jews had passed through it. Having been arrested in hiding, they were considered criminals and were sent to the Punishment Barracks for hard labor.

On September 3 they were deported from Westerbork to the Auschwitz concentration camp, and arrived after a three-day journey. In the chaos the men were forcibly separated from the women and children, and Otto Frank was wrenched from his family. Of the 1,019 passengers, 549—including all children younger than fifteen—were sent directly to the gas chambers.

With the other females not selected for immediate death, Anne was forced to strip naked to be disinfected, had her head shaved and was tattooed with an identifying number on her arm. By day, the women were used as slave labor and Anne was forced to haul rocks and dig ground; by night, they were crammed into overcrowded barracks. Witnesses later testified that Anne became withdrawn and tearful when she saw children being led to the gas chambers, though other witnesses reported that more often she displayed strength and courage. Anne's skin became badly infected by scabies. She and Margot were moved into an infirmary, which was in a state of constant darkness, and infested with rats and mice. Edith Frank stopped eating, saving every morsel of food for her daughters and passing her rations to them, through a hole she made at the bottom of the infirmary wall.

On 28 October, selections began for women to be relocated to Bergen-Belsen. More than 8,000 women, including Anne and Margot Frank were transported, but Edith Frank was left behind and later died from starvation.

In March 1945, a typhus epidemic spread through the camp and killed approximately 17,000 prisoners. Margot fell from her bunk in her weakened state and was killed by the shock, and that a few days later Anne died. They stated that this occurred a few weeks before the camp was liberated by British troops on 15 April 1945, although the exact dates were not recorded. After liberation, the camp was burned in an effort to prevent further spread of disease, and Anne and Margot were buried in a mass grave, the exact whereabouts of which is unknown. Otto Frank survived


Life in the Achterhuis

On the morning of Monday, 6 July 1942, the family moved into the hiding place. Their apartment was left in a state of disorder to create the impression that they had left suddenly, and Otto Frank left a note that they were going to Switzerland. As Jews were not allowed to use public transport, they walked several kilometers from their home, wearing several bags of clothing. The Achterhuis (a Dutch word denoting the rear part of a house, translated as the "Secret Annexe" in English editions of the diary) was a three-story space entered from the Opekta offices. Two small rooms, with a bathroom and toilet, were on the first floor, and above that a larger open room, with a small room beside it. From this smaller room, a ladder led to the attic. The door to the Achterhuis was later covered by a bookcase to ensure it remained undiscovered. Victor Kugler, Johannes Kleiman, Miep Gies, and Bep Voskuijl were the only employees who knew of the people in hiding. These contacts provided the only connection between the outside world and the occupants of the house, and they kept the occupants informed of war news and political developments. They brought food, a task that grew more difficult with time. Anne wrote of their dedication. All were aware that if caught they could face the death penalty for sheltering Jews.

On 13 July, the Franks were joined by the van Pels family: Hermann, Auguste, and 16-year-old Peter, and then in November by Fritz Pfeffer, a dentist and friend of the family. Anne wrote of her pleasure at having new people to talk to. Some time later Anne and Peter fell in love. She received her first kiss from him.

In her writing, Anne Frank examined her relationships with the members of her family, and the strong differences in each of their personalities. She considered herself to be closest emotionally to her father. Anne often wrote of her difficult relationship with her mother.

Margot and Anne each hoped to return to school as soon as they were able, and continued with their studies while in hiding. Most of Anne's time was spent reading and studying, and she regularly wrote and edited her diary entries. She wrote about her feelings, beliefs and ambitions, subjects she felt she could not discuss with anyone, she wrote of more abstract subjects such as her belief in God. Anne aspired to become a journalist

She continued writing regularly until her final entry of August 1, 1944.


Pre-war Life

Anne Frank was the second daughter of Otto Frank and Edith Frank-Holländer. Margot Frank was her elder sister. The Franks were liberal Jews the children grew up with Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish friends. The Frank family did not observe all of the customs and traditions of Judaism. Edith Frank was the more devout parent, while Otto Frank, a German officer from World War I, was interested in studies and had a big library; both parents encouraged the children to read.

On 13 March 1933, elections were held in Frankfurt, and Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party won. Antisemitic demonstrations occurred almost immediately, and the Franks began to fear what would happen to them if they remained in Germany. Later that year, Edith and the children went to Aachen, the Netherlands, where they stayed with Edith's mother, Rosa Holländer. Otto Frank remained in Frankfurt, but after receiving an offer to start a company in Amsterdam, he moved there to organise the business and to arrange accommodation for his family. The Franks were among about 300,000 Jews who fled Germany between 1933 and 1939.

Otto Frank began working at the Opekta Works, a company that sold the fruit extract pectin, and found an apartment in Merwede Square in Amsterdam. By February 1934, Edith and the children had arrived in Amsterdam, and the two girls went—Margot in public school and Anne in a Montessori school. Margot demonstrated ability in arithmetic, and Anne showed aptitude for reading and writing. Margot and Anne had highly distinct personalities, Margot being well-mannered, reserved, and studious, while Anne was outspoken, energetic.

In 1938, Otto Frank started a second company Pectacon, which sold herbs, salt and mixed spices, used in the production of sausages. In 1939, Edith's mother came to live with the Franks, and remained with them until her death in January 1942.

In May 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands, and the occupation government began to persecute Jews. Margot and Anne were excelling in their studies and had many friends, but with the introduction of a decree that Jewish children could attend only Jewish schools, they were enrolled at the Jewish Lyceum. In April 1941, Otto Frank took action to prevent his company from being confiscated as a Jewish-owned business.

For her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942, Anne received a book she had shown her father in a shop window a few days earlier. Although it was red-and-green with a small lock on the front, Anne decided she would use it as a diary, and began writing in it almost immediately. On the pages of her diary she told about her life and also discussed some of the changes that had taken place in the Netherlands since the German occupation. Anne dreamed about becoming an actress. She loved watching movies, but the Dutch Jews were forbidden to go to the cinemas.

In July 1942, Margot Frank received a call-up notice from the Central Office for Jewish Emigration ordering her to go to a work camp. Anne was told by her father that the family would go into hiding in rooms above and behind the company's office on Prinsengracht, a street along one of Amsterdam's canals, where some of Otto Frank's most trusted employees would help them.

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Тема: « Famous People. Anne Frank»

Цель урока: Совершенствование речевых умений на основе аудио и печатного текста.

Задачи: Совершенствовать навыки аудирования на уровне короткого текста.

Активизировать употребление предлогов.

Закрепить лексический материал по изученной теме.

Развивающие цели: Развитие интеллектуальной, эмоциональной, мотивационной сферы обучающихся.

Воспитательные цели:

Воспитание толерантности на основе материалов по теме «Холокост»

Совершенствование навыков сотрудничества в ходе работы в паре, группе

Формирование социальной активности и личной позиции по поводу проблемы Холокоста

Оборудование: Компьютер, раздаточный материал.

 

ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ КАРТА УРОКА АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА

этапа

Этап урока

Цель этапа

Содержание этапа

Деятельность

учителя

Деятельность

обучающихся

Прогнозируемый

результат

t

Приме-

чание

1

Организационный

этап

Введение в атмосферу иноязычного общения

Приветствие

Постановка проблемной задачи

Выход на тему урока

Организует класс к началу работы

 

Эмоционально настраиваются на работу

Психологическая готовность учащихся к уроку

2

ИКТ

2

Стадия вызова

Целеполагание

Мотивация учащихся к работе

Знакомство с целями и планом урока

 

 

 

Совершенствование лексических навыков

 

Виртуальная экскурсия по Амстердаму

Определение темы урока

Установка на пошаговую работу

Повторение

лексики

по теме

 

Пытается заинтересовать

обучающихся

 

Повторение слов и речевых моделей по теме

 

 

Четкое понимание учащимися задач предстоящей деятельности

Показ практической значимости материала урока

3

ИКТ

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

6

Стадия осмысления

 

Восприятие иноязычной речи на слух

 

Работа с текстом в парах

1) предтекстовый этап

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2) текстовыйэтап

 

 

 

3) послетекстовый этап

 

Совершенствование навыков понимания иноязычной речи на слух

Совершенствование речевых умений на основе аудиотекста

Снятие лексических трудностей

Совершенствование грамматических навыков по теме «Употребление предлогов», повторение материала предыдущего урока

 

Совершенствование навыков работы с текстом

 

Совершенствование речевых умений на основе печатного текста

Восприятие и понимание коротких текстов на слух

 

 

 

 

Знакомство с новыми словами

Выполнение тренировочных упражнений

 

 

 

 

 

Чтение текстов:

1-Жизнь до войны

2-Убежище

3-Арест

4-Дневник Анны

Систематизация материала, обмен информацией

Обращает внимание на незнакомые слова

Зачитывает текст

Задает вопросы

 

 

Разбирает незнакомые слова

Осуществляет контроль, координирует работу обучающихся

 

 

 

 

 

координирует работу обучающихся

 

 

Задает вопросы, выделяет ключевые слова

слушают тексты, отвечают на вопросы

 

 

 

 

Просматривают незнакомые слова

Выполняют упражнения

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Чтение текста, систематизация информации

 

Обмениваются информацией на основе прочитанного

Повторение слов и речевых моделей по теме

Совершенствование навыков восприятие иноязычной речи на слух

Снятие лексических трудностей

Выяснить степень усвоения изученного материала

Определить типичные ошибки

 

 

Совершенствование навыков чтения и перевода иноязыч-ного текста

 

 

Мини-высказывание по теме текста

5

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

2

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Задания на карточках

Ключи через

Мульти-мед.

проектор

 

Раздаточный материал

 

Мульти-

медийный проектор

7

Физкультминутка

Снятие напряжения

 

 

 

Снятие напряжения

Выход на заключительный этап урока

2

 

8

Стадия рефлексии

 

Незаконченное предложение

Совершенствование лексических навыков

Совершенствование навыков устной речи

Обобщение материала урока

Координирует

работу

Выход на результаты урока

 

Совершенствование умения устной речи

Повторение лексики по теме

4

 

9

Подведение итогов урока

 

 

Выставляетоценки заурок. Благодаритребятзаработу

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

ПРИЛОЖЕНИЯ

CRAD 1

  1. They believed ___ a better life.

  2. Anne described departure ___ their flat in her diary.

  3. They needed protection ___ the Nazis.

  4. Anne had a great talent ____ writing.

  5. The Franks had serious reasons ___ hiding.

  6. German invasion ___ Amsterdam took place in May 1940.

  7. The Germans were very cruel ___ the Judos.

  8. Anne became famous ___ her diary.

  9. Their Achterhuis was crowded ___ people.

  10. The Franks were arrested ___ hiding.

 

The Diary of a Young Girl  

In July 1945 Otto Frank found Ann`s diary. Anne's diary began as a private expression of her thoughts and she wrote several times that she would never allow anyone to read it. She described her life, her family and companions. Otto Frank gave the diary to the historian Annie Romein-Verschoor, who tried unsuccessfully to have it published. She then gave it to her husband Jan Romein, who wrote an article about it, titled "A Child's Voice", published in the newspaper Het Parool on 3 April 1946. His article attracted attention from publishers, and the diary was published in the Netherlands as Het Achterhuis in 1947, followed by a second run in 1950.

It was first published in Germany and France in 1950, and after being rejected by several publishers, was first published in the United Kingdom in 1952. The first American edition was published in 1952 under the title Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl and was positively reviewed.

A play based upon the diary, by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, premiered in New York City on 5 October 1955, and later won a Pulitzer Prize for Drama. It was followed by the 1959 movieThe Diary of Anne Frank, which was a critical and commercial success.

With Otto Frank's death in 1980, the original diary, including letters and loose sheets, were willed to the Dutch Institute for War Documentation.

On 3 May 1957, a group of citizens, including Otto Frank, established a museum of Anne Frank. The Anne Frank House opened on 3 May 1960. It consists of the Opekta warehouse and offices and the Achterhuis. It has become one of Amsterdam's main tourist attractions, and in 2005 received a record 965,000 visitors. The House provides information via the internet, as well as travelling exhibitions, for those not able to visit. In 2005, exhibitions travelled to 32 countries in Europe, Asia, North America and South America.

In 1963, Otto Frank and his second wife, Elfriede Geiringer-Markovits, set up the Anne Frank Fonds as a charitable foundation, based in Basel, Switzerland.

Over the years, several films about Anne Frank appeared and her life and writings have inspired a diverse group of artists and social commentators to make reference to her in literature, popular music, television, and other forms of media.

In 1999, the Time named Anne Frank among the heroes and icons of the 20th century on their list The Most Important People of the Century.

  Arrest, Deportation and Death  

On the morning of 4 August 1944, the Achterhuis was stormed by the German Security Police, somebody betrayed them. They were taken to the Gestapo. On 5 August, they were transferred to the House of Detention, an overcrowded prison. Two days later they were transported to Westerbork, a camp, by this time more than 100,000 Jews had passed through it. Having been arrested in hiding, they were considered criminals and were sent to the Punishment Barracks for hard labor.

On September 3 they were deported from Westerbork to the Auschwitz concentration camp, and arrived after a three-day journey. In the chaos the men were forcibly separated from the women and children, and Otto Frank was wrenched from his family. Of the 1,019 passengers, 549—including all children younger than fifteen—were sent directly to the gas chambers.

With the other females not selected for immediate death, Anne was forced to strip naked to be disinfected, had her head shaved and was tattooed with an identifying number on her arm. By day, the women were used as slave labor and Anne was forced to haul rocks and dig ground; by night, they were crammed into overcrowded barracks. Witnesses later testified that Anne became withdrawn and tearful when she saw children being led to the gas chambers, though other witnesses reported that more often she displayed strength and courage. Anne's skin became badly infected by scabies. She and Margot were moved into an infirmary, which was in a state of constant darkness, and infested with rats and mice. Edith Frank stopped eating, saving every morsel of food for her daughters and passing her rations to them, through a hole she made at the bottom of the infirmary wall.

On 28 October, selections began for women to be relocated to Bergen-Belsen. More than 8,000 women, including Anne and Margot Frank were transported, but Edith Frank was left behind and later died from starvation.

In March 1945, a typhusepidemic spread through the camp and killed approximately 17,000 prisoners. Margot fell from her bunk in her weakened state and was killed by the shock, and that a few days later Anne died. They stated that this occurred a few weeks before the camp was liberated by British troops on 15 April 1945, although the exact dates were not recorded. After liberation, the camp was burned in an effort to prevent further spread of disease, and Anne and Margot were buried in a mass grave, the exact whereabouts of which is unknown. Otto Frank survived

 

Life in theAchterhuis  

On the morning of Monday, 6 July 1942, the family moved into the hiding place. Their apartment was left in a state of disorder to create the impression that they had left suddenly, and Otto Frank left a note that they were going to Switzerland. As Jews were not allowed to use public transport, they walked several kilometers from their home, wearing several bags of clothing. The Achterhuis (a Dutch word denoting the rear part of a house, translated as the "Secret Annexe" in English editions of the diary) was a three-story space entered from the Opekta offices. Two small rooms, with a bathroom and toilet, were on the first floor, and above that a larger open room, with a small room beside it. From this smaller room, a ladder led to the attic. The door to the Achterhuis was later covered by a bookcase to ensure it remained undiscovered. Victor Kugler, Johannes Kleiman, Miep Gies, and Bep Voskuijl were the only employees who knew of the people in hiding. These contacts provided the only connection between the outside world and the occupants of the house, and they kept the occupants informed of war news and political developments. They brought food, a task that grew more difficult with time. Anne wrote of their dedication. All were aware that if caught they could face the death penaltyfor sheltering Jews.

On 13 July, the Franks were joined by the van Pels family: Hermann, Auguste, and 16-year-old Peter, and then in November by Fritz Pfeffer, a dentist and friend of the family. Anne wrote of her pleasure at having new people to talk to. Some time later Anne and Peter fell in love. She received her first kiss from him.

In her writing, Anne Frank examined her relationships with the members of her family, and the strong differences in each of their personalities. She considered herself to be closest emotionally to her father. Anne often wrote of her difficult relationship with her mother.

Margot and Anne each hoped to return to school as soon as they were able, and continued with their studies while in hiding. Most of Anne's time was spent reading and studying, and she regularly wrote and edited her diary entries. She wrote about her feelings, beliefs and ambitions, subjects she felt she could not discuss with anyone, she wrote of more abstract subjects such as her belief in God. Anne aspired to become a journalist

She continued writing regularly until her final entry of August 1, 1944.

 

    Pre-war Life  

Anne Frank was the second daughter of Otto Frank and Edith Frank-Holländer. Margot Frank was her elder sister. The Franks were liberal Jews the children grew up with Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish friends. The Frank family did not observe all of the customs and traditions of Judaism. Edith Frank was the more devout parent, while Otto Frank, a German officer from World War I, was interested in studies and had a big library; both parents encouraged the children to read.

On 13 March 1933, elections were held in Frankfurt, and Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party won. Antisemitic demonstrations occurred almost immediately, and the Franks began to fear what would happen to them if they remained in Germany. Later that year, Edith and the children went to Aachen, the Netherlands, where they stayed with Edith's mother, Rosa Holländer. Otto Frank remained in Frankfurt, but after receiving an offer to start a company in Amsterdam, he moved there to organise the business and to arrange accommodation for his family. The Franks were among about 300,000 Jews who fled Germany between 1933 and 1939.

Otto Frank began working at the Opekta Works, a company that sold the fruit extract pectin, and found an apartment in Merwede Square in Amsterdam. By February 1934, Edith and the children had arrived in Amsterdam, and the two girls went—Margot in public school and Anne in a Montessori school. Margot demonstrated ability in arithmetic, and Anne showed aptitude for reading and writing. Margot and Anne had highly distinct personalities, Margot being well-mannered, reserved, and studious, while Anne was outspoken, energetic.

In 1938, Otto Frank started a second company Pectacon, which sold herbs, salt and mixed spices, used in the production of sausages. In 1939, Edith's mother came to live with the Franks, and remained with them until her death in January 1942.

In May 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands, and the occupation government began to persecute Jews. Margot and Anne were excelling in their studies and had many friends, but with the introduction of a decree that Jewish children could attend only Jewish schools, they were enrolled at the Jewish Lyceum. In April 1941, Otto Frank took action to prevent his company from being confiscated as a Jewish-owned business.

For her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942, Anne received a book she had shown her father in a shop window a few days earlier. Although it was red-and-green with a small lock on the front, Anne decided she would use it as a diary, and began writing in it almost immediately. On the pages of her diary she told about her life and also discussed some of the changes that had taken place in the Netherlands since the German occupation. Anne dreamed about becoming an actress. She loved watching movies, but the Dutch Jews were forbidden to go to the cinemas.

In July 1942, Margot Frank received a call-up notice from the Central Office for Jewish Emigration ordering her to go to a work camp. Anne was told by her father that the family would go into hiding in rooms above and behind the company's office on Prinsengracht, a street along one of Amsterdam's canals, where some of Otto Frank's most trusted employees would help them.

Баклашкина С.Н.,

учитель английского языка

 

ГБНОУ РМ «Республиканский лицей для одарённых детей» городского округа Саранск .

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