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London is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is an old city, its history counts more than two thousand years. London is both the capital of the country and a huge port.
The Map of London
London is situated upon both banks of the Thames, about forty miles from the mouth and is divided into two parts by the river: north and south.
There are 17 bridges that cross the river
The population of London is more than 9 million people
The history of London goes back to Roman times. Due to favorable geographical position, soon after the Roman conquest, a small town became an important trade centre.
The City is the oldest part of London with narrow streets and pavements. There are many offices, companies and banks in this part of London. The City of London is the financial centre of the UK. Only a few thousand people live there. But in the day-time it is full of people: as about half a million people come to work there. The biggest banks and offices are concentrated in the City.
Another important district of London is Westminster, where most of Government buildings are situated.
Westminster Palace is the seat of the British Parliament. Westminster Palace was founded in 1050. It is situated in the centre of London
The Towers of the Houses of Parliament stand high above the City.
On the highest tower there is the largest clock in the country which is known as Big Ben. One can hear Big Ben strike every quarter of an hour. The clock “Big Ben” came into service in 1859. Big Ben is the biggest Clock bell in Britain.
There are many nice squares in London. Trafalgar square is one of them.
There are many museums, libraries and galleries in London
The Tate Gallery is one of the well-known galleries in London Henry Tate was a sugar manufacturer. He was fond of paintings and collected many pictures
The underground, constructed in London, was the first underground in the world