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RUSSIA, MY BELOVED MOTHERLAND
INTRODUCTION: We are going to talk about your dearest and most favorite place on the Earth, about the greatest and most powerful country. Can you guess what country it is?
WARM UP Let’s do the quiz to see how you know your country:
The official name of our homeland is… Russia the Russian Federation the Republic of the Russian Federation
The largest mountain chain, which separates Europe from Asia. the Urals the Altai Mountains the Caucasus
Russia is washed by 12 seas of three oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic, the Atlantic and the Indian the Pacific, the Arctic and the Indian the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic
Russia stretches from … in the West to the Pacific Ocean in the East. the Baltic Sea the Caspian Sea the Black Sea
The Caucasus Mountains are.... between the Black and the Caspian Seas in the East of the country along the border with Mongolia
The Ob is situated… on the West Siberian Lowland on the East European Plain in East Siberia
The longest river in Europe is… . the Volga the Don the Neva
The Volga is situated… in East Siberia on the East European Plain on the West Siberian Lowland
The original name of the city on the Neva banks was… Petrograd Leningrad St Petersburg
The five ancient Russian towns which are known as Zolotoe Koltso include Rostov Velikiy, Suzdal, Vladimir, Zvenigorod and… Tver Yaroslavl Smolensk
THE PRIDE OF RUSSIANS When we speak about Russia we can say that it is also famous for great people who have contributed to our country’s prosperity and development. Whom are you proud of you? And why? Complete the sentence: I’m proud of …. because (s)he….
Match “A” with “B” A B 1. Alexander Pushkin a) He was the first human to journey into outer space 2. Aleksey II b) He was a Russian polymath, scientist and writer, who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. 3. Michael Lomonosov c) He was the last Emperor of Russia and Autocrat of All the Russians 4. Nicholas II d) He is the President of Russia, a position he has held since 7 May 2012. 5. Yuri Gagarin e) He was the 15th Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia, the primate of the Russian Orthodox Church 6. Vladimir Putin f) He is the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature
Well, Russia is a wonderful country. It has always been a country of mystery and attraction for foreigners. Winston Churchill once said that Russia "is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma". Some pupils of our group have been working on a project “Welcome to Russia!” for some weeks. Now they are ready to introduce their first results on “What do foreigners imagine when they think of Russia?”
Russia is well known for its customs and traditions: Now you will have a chance to demonstrate that we are really friendly and hospitable. Today we are waiting for a foreign guest. Let’s meet our guest according to the old Russian tradition with bread and salt. They are symbols of hospitality.
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS: a) The main dishes of the traditional menu are blini (pancakes) with honey, caviar or sour cream, different soups (like shchi and borshch), pirozhki, pelmyeni (boiled pastry with meat filling) served with mustard, butter, vinegar or sour cream. Russian people eat brown bread with nearly every meal.
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS: b) Perhaps the greatest Russian love is tea. It's drunk without milk and is often served with homemade jam (varienye), baranki (circles of dry pastry) and pirozhki (baked pastry with some filling). Russian-style tea is a special ceremony when people sit around a table with a samovar (tea-urn) placed in the middle, and drink hot strong tea with a slice of lemon either from cups or from glasses in glassholders.
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS: c) Usually tourists buy such traditional Russian souvenirs as beautifully painted mugs, plates and spoons from the village of Khokhloma, Palekh boxes and Matryoshka dolls. Matryoshka is a symbol of the Russian folk art. The doll first appeared in Russia at the end of the 19th century and since then it has always been the most favourite Russian souvenir. But Russian Matryoshka is not only a toy with surprise or just souvenir. It is a symbol of motherhood, family and unity.
Let’s enjoy reading “Happy Together”
Some say the creation of the Russian nesting doll began in Japan. But there is another tale that we share here. Russian nesting dolls were first created in the late 1800’s by a Russian man named Murmantov. The Happy Together idea for the dolls was based on a Russian nursery tale. That old tale went something like this . . .
Once upon a time, a long time ago, there was a very little girl named Oksana who loved to run down the mountain. But she never went alone. Oksana always took one of her sisters with her. There were wolves on the mountain. Happy Together One day, all the women in her family were busy making brightly colored scarves to wear in the coming festival. Oksana's big sister had lovingly made a very small scarf, just the right size for Oksana.
"There you go, my little sister," smiled Oksana's biggest sister as she tied Oksana's new scarf under her chin. Happy Together Oksana was very happy. She gave her biggest sister a hug of thanks and danced outside. Oksana swirled and twirled and spun around.
"Stay close to the house," her mother called absently through the open door of the house. Happy Together "Yes, mother," Oksana said obediently. The ties of her scarf danced in the breeze. It was such a lovely day. Swirling and twirling, she moved farther and farther away from home without even noticing.
Inside the house, her middle sister stood up and stretched. She leaned out the window to take a deep breath of clean mountain air. Happy Together Way in the distance, she could see a colorful speck swirling and twirling in the breeze. Her eyes narrowed. What was it? Could it be? Oh no!
Shouting to her mother and grandmother and sisters, Oksana's middle sister flew down the mountain. Her sisters ran quickly behind her. Her mother ran swiftly behind them. Her grandmother forgot her aches and pains and ran panting behind them. When they all reached little Oksana, They hugged her tightly. Happy Together
Oksana's eyes widened nervously when she realized how very far away from home she had wandered. If not for the love of her family, she would have been all alone on the mountain. If the wolves had noticed, well, better not to think about the wolves. Happy Together Oksana and her sisters and her mother and her grandmother all walked up the mountain, happy together.
… TRUE OR FALSE?
1. Matryoshka was first created in the late 1800’s by a Russian man named Murmantov. 2. Matryoshka is the symbol of the Japanese. 3. According to the Russian tale the prototype of Matryoshka was a little girl Oksana. 4. Oksana went to the mountains without her mother’s permission. 5. Oksana was very happy with her new scarf and went so far from her house. 6. Oksana was not eaten by the wolf because he wasn’t be hungry. 7. The love of her family helped Oksana to escape the danger in the mountains.
Are you proud of your nation? It is fine to be patriotic, but it is not good to be blind to the faults of your nation and to want to be separate and better than all other nations. We are all in this world together! Take this quiz to see how patriotic you are.
1. During the Olympics, you only watch events in which people from your country are performing. True False 2. You have your country’s flag hanging somewhere in your room or home. True False 3. You have friends and pen friends from other nations. True False
4. You would never consider living outside your home country (if it were possible). True False 5. If someone criticizes your home nation, you defend it, even if you know that person’s criticisms are valid. True False 6. You know all the words to your nation’s national anthem. True False
7. You prefer films that are made in your home country, or are in your first language. True False 8. Your favourite rock star is from your home country. True False 9. You know a lot about your nation’s history. True False 10. You think your country is the best country in the world. True False
ANSWERS 90 – 100 points: You are very patriotic. It’s good that you like your country, but don’t forget that you can learn things from other nations, and people from other nations, too. 85 – 65 points: You seem to have a healthy amount of patriotism. You like your country, but you appreciate other countries too. It’s important to be able to see the faults of your country and love it at the same time. 60 – 50 points: You are not very patriotic. Are you a citizen of the world, or do you actually dislike your home country? There are good things about any place. Maybe you have forgotten what makes your home special. Don’t take it for granted a – 10 b – 5 a – 10 b – 5 a – 5 b – 10 4. a – 10 b – 5 5. a – 10 b – 5 6. a – 10 b – 5 7. a – 10 b – 5 8. a – 10 b – 5 9. a – 10 b – 5 10. a – 10 b – 5
Let’s finish our lesson with the quote of Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, “The whole of Russia is our orchard ... we shall plant a new orchard that will be more splendid than this one.”