Урок в 10 классе
Тема урока: Соединённые Штаты Америки
Цель урока: Практиковать учащихся в устной речи, чтении, аудировании.
Совершенствовать навыки аудирования, чтения, устной речи. Отрабатывать Present Simple, Past Simple, the Passive Voice, the Article в географических названиях.
Тренировать учащихся в работе с лексикой.
Развивать познавательный интерес, память, внимание, чувство языка.
Воспитывать позитивное отношение к изучению английского языка и страны США.
Оборудование: мультимедийная доска, компьютер, аудио записи, фрагменты фильмов, карта США, рисунки национальных символов страны.
Организационный момент. Приветствие.
T: Good morning! Glad to see you again!
Take your places please!
Cообщение темы и целей урока. ( Slide 1)
T: Today we’ll discuss the:
history of the country;
T: Have you ever been to America?
Would you like to visit America?
Than meet the USA.
Презентация- cообщениe учащихся. (Приложение 1)
P1: We know many interesting facts about the USA.( Слайд 3)
It is situated on the North American continent and is washed by two oceans: the Pacific and the Atlantic. It borders on two countries: Canada and Mexico. This large country has a lot of mountains, rivers, lakes. The main mountains are: the Cordilleras, the Appalachian and the Rocky mountains.
The longest rivers are: the Mississippi and the Missouri.
The USA is the highly developed industrial and agricultural country.
P2: (Слайд 4) Who discovered America? The answer is: nobody knows.
North America may have been discovered by Vikings. In 1492 three ships under Columbus landed the continent. But he thought that he came to India. In 1507 Amerigo Vispucci introduced new land to the world. This continent was called after him – “America”. In 1776 English protestants separated from Britain and declared liberty and freedom and formed original colonies.
(Слайд 5) The USA divided into 50 states. Each of states has its own capital, government and symbol.
(Слайд 6) The population of the USA is more than 300 million people.
The anthem of the USA. (Слайд 2)
Americans put the right hand over their heart and face the flag when the national anthem is sung.
(Слайд 7) The flag of the USA. “Old Glory”, “The Stars and Stripes”. What does it mean?
50 stars mean 50 states, 13 stripes mean original colonies.
National colours are red, white and blue.
(Слайд 8) The American Bald Eagle is a national symbol of the country. It is symbolized each individual’s independence and strength. It was officially adopted in June 20, 1782.
P3: (Слайд 9) The United States of America is a parliamentary republic. The Government is divided into three branches: legislative (the US Congress), executive (the President and his Administration) and judicial (the US Supreme Court). There are two main political parties in the USA: the Democratic (symbolize by an ‘’elephant’’).
The US President is both a head of State and Government.
(Слайд 10) Do you know how many presidents were in the USA?
There were 44 presidents.
(Слайд 11) The President of the USA is a federative state. All the legislative power is vested in Congress which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
P 4: (Слайд 12) The capital of the USА is Washington. It was named in honour of the first American President.
The famous cities are: New York, Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, Detroit.
(Слайд 13) The major holidays in America are: New Year’s Day on January 1,
(Слайд 14) Easter in spring, Memorial Day on the 31st of May,
(Слайд 15) Independence Day on the 4th of July,
(Слайд 16) Labour Day on the 1st Monday of September,
(Слайд 17) Halloween on the 31st of October,
(Слайд 18) Thanksgiving Day on the last Thursday in November,
(Слайд 19) Christmas on December 25,
(Слайд 20) Mother’s Day on the first Sunday of May,
(Слайд 21) Father’s day on the first Sunday in June,
(Слайд 22) St.Valentine’s Day on the 14th of February.
T: You see you know quite enough about the USA but do you want to learn more?
When we think of Americans, we usually associate them with colourful clothes, noisy behaviour, hamburgers and Coca-Cola. But what are they really like? What is their way of living? Let’s try to answer these questions.
Pre-Reading Tasks (Слайд 23)
Work in group.
Write down three things that each of you thinks foreigners consider typical for the USA. Discuss whether the stereotypes are right or wrong.
P1: We think Americans are drive, initiative and active.
P2 In our opinion they are ambitions and hardworking.
P3 To our mind American people are very open, relaxed and funny.
Think of each thing below and decide if it is lucky or unlucky in the USA.
Opening an umbrella in the house … /unlucky/
A black cat … /unlucky/
Number 13 … /unlucky/
A four-leaf clover … /lucky/
A horse-shoe … /lucky/
Walking under a ladder … /unlucky/
Breaking a mirror … /unlucky/
Crossing your fingers …/lucky/
Reading Tasks (Приложение2) (Слайд 24)
Look at the heading and think what this text is about. You may start with:
At first sight …
I am sure …
As for me, I think …
In my opinion …
Answer the questions.
Do you think Americans differ from Europeans?
Compare American and our nation and specify the common things and differences.
After-Reading Tasks (Слайд 25)
1. Answer the questions.
Why do you think the Americans are proud of their country and themselves?
What do you think of Americans? What are they like?
What American features of character do you like?
Did you have an opportunity to communicate with American people?
2.Think of some positive and negative qualities of European and American people. Fill in the chart.
Positive Negative Positive Negative
Listening Comprehension Check (Слайд 26)
Before listening to the text “Alaska” read the words and their definitions.
Wilderness – wild uncultivated waste land;
Inlet – strip of water extending into the land from a larger body of water (the sea, a lake) or between islands;
Glaciers – mass of ice, formed by snow or mountains, moving slowly along a valley;
Canyon – deep gorge (usually with a river flowing through it);
Salmon – large fish, valued for food;
Halibut – large, flat sea fish used as food;
Barley – grass-like plant, seeds used for food and for making beer;
Hardly crops – plants able to endure frost without being injured.
Listen to the text and finish the sentences. ( Слайд 27)
The name Alaska comes from ___________________________.
Alaska is by far the largest_______________________________.
Spreading across the northwest corner of North America, it is separated from Washington state ________________________--.
The Pacific Coast Ranges reach into Alaska, where ____________.
Alaska has almost all the active volcanoes in the United States, as well as ____________________________-__________________.
Mount McKinley rises 20320 feet (6194 metres) above the sea level, _________________________________________________.
Huge forests cover about _________________________________.
The middle section has low, rolling hills and __________________.
The southern coast is cut by hundreds of small bays and narrow steep-sided inlets, while thousands of glaciers________________.
Wild animals include polar bears, grizzly bears, _______________.
The world’s largest population of northern fur seals ___________.
The climate and soil allow farmers to grow barley, ____________.
Crops grow rapidly because the summer ____________________.
At Point Barrow in the Arctic, from May 10 to August 2, the sun __.
1. Review the rules of forming and using the Passive Voice and put the verbs in brackets in the Passive Voice. (Слайд 28)
Many things now considered American – or enjoyed by Americans –actually(to introduce) by immigrants, or created by them after they arrived.
There are almost 2 million Oriental Americans ( from Japan, China and Philippines), who (to concentrate) mainly in California.
America (to discover) by Christopher Columbus.
The region that is now the South-western United States (to colonize) by Spain in 1500s.
By the end of the 18th century, the whole of the Eastern coast of North America (to colonize), largely by the British.
The formal Declaration of Independence (to make) on 4 July1776.
Washington (to divide)into four quadrants; inconsequence street addresses (to repeat) 4 times.
Football (to play) by two teams of 11 players each.
Soap operas (to sponsor) by soap advertisers.
Harvard University (to name) for a Puritan minister, John Harvard, who left the college his books and half of his estate.
2.Use the appropriate article where necessary. (Слайд 29)
1. … Rio Grande flows on the border between … United States and … Mexico.
2…. Times Square is the central square in … New York City.
3….Fifth Avenue is the street which is famous for its expensive shops.
4….USA has never had an official language, but … English has always been … chief language spoken in … country.
5. …Spanish is … second most common language in … United States.
6.Other languages spoken include … Chinese, … Polish, … Korean, …Vietnamese, … Portuguese, …Japanese, … Greek, … Arabic, … Russian, …Ukrainian, …French.
7. …American War of … Independence lasted over six years.
8. To … west of … Great Plains is … Cordillera.
9. …Missouri is … longest river in …eastern part of … country.
10. … Natural Channels connect … Great lakes in … north of … USA.
VIII. Test (Слайд 30)
Who discovered America?
vikings 3) nobody knows
Columbus 4) Amerigo Vispuci
How many presidents were there in the USA?
60 3) 44
39 4) 72
The USA is a …
The American continent was called “America” after …
Viking Eric the Red
Five large lakes, called the Great Lakes are connected with…
The first colony in North America was founded in 1607 at Jamestown, Virginia, by…
In 1620 the Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, Massachusetts, on the ship…
The Native Americans were…
There are 13 stripes on the American national flag. They mean …
The first 13 colonies
The main 13 rivers
The first 13 American Presidents
The first 13 states
Many immigrants came to America
Looking for “American dream”
Looking for a better life
Trying to escape from police
Looking for an easy life
What do you know about famous American people? (Слайд 31)
P1: Benjamin Franklin discovered lightning rod and wrote the American Declaration of Independence.
P2: George Washington, the first American President.
P3: Abraham Lincoln, the 16th American President, proclaimed the freedom of the slaves.
P4: Thomas Edison invented the electric light, photograph and the telephone.
P5: Dr. Martin Luther King was a great fighter for equal rights for African Americans.
P6: Merilyn Monroe is a famous actress.
P7: Bill Gates is a founder of Microsoft corporation.
P8: Steve Jobs is the founder of Apple corporation.
T: You know America is the homeland of many types of music. (Слайд 32)
P9: (Слайд 33) Rock has a large variety of styles, with famous artists from each decade.
It’s the “all-American” music.
P10: (Слайд 34) Popular music has many styles and has grown into other genres. The first famous pop star was Frank Sinatra.
P11: (Слайд 35) Country began in the countryside of the Southern US in the1920s. Famous country artists are: John Cash, Loretta Lynn, Dolly Parton, Merle Haggard.
P12: (Слайд 36) From the “Deep South” of the US – origins in African American work songs, ballads. Famous blues artists are: John Lee Hooker, Charles Brown, Nat “King”Cole, B.B.King.
P13: (Слайд 37) Jazz is a mix of African and European music, began in the Southern US. There are many styles of Jazz .
P14.: (Слайд 38) Reggae developed in Jamaica in the 1960s and came over to the USA.
X. T: Children, you worked hard at the lesson. I’ll check your works and give you complex marks for the lesson.
Your home task is
to find some interesting facts from the history of the American nation and tell us about it;
to write a short composition “Would I like to immigrate to America?”