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Автор курса: Логинова Наталья Геннадьевна, кандидат педагогических наук, учитель высшей категории. Начало обучения новой группы: 27 сентября.
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Выступление на конференции: "Скажите "Нет" пагубным привычкам" (9 класс)
Everyone has his own opinion about them. Our pupils’ team collected some arguments against harmful habits, methods of solving these problems and found out facts showing the number of smokers among the pupils of our school.
Smokers and non – smokers.
You know that nowadays smoking is the most common addiction. There are many researches studying social and psychological problems that lead people to consume tobacco. There are also researches about consequences of smoking and addiction to it. We can divide people in two groups, smokers and non-smokers, already at the age of 15, sometimes even earlier, but usually in secondary school, when youngsters start to think they are old enough. That’s why some of us take up smoking. But there are a lot of differences between smokers and non-smokers, especially when it is concerned health and length of life. There are a lot of diseases which are consequences of long-time smoking. However, everyone lives his own life, so non-smokers should accept smokers and their bad habit. On the other hand, it has been found out, that passive smoking is even more harmful than active smoking. The fact is the active smoker has no right to endanger non-smoker’s health and life.
It is well known that every ten seconds a person dies of consequences of smoking. In 2012 more than 3 million people died of smoking, but the number is getting higher every day. If there are no any changes in smoking and use of tobacco, probably 10 million people will die of smoking in 2020. Because of this, many countries have passed several laws that limit or even ban smoking. But some countries, on the contrary, try to gain as much as possible by tobacco. Actually, together by factories producing cigarettes also the government earns money by high taxes on cigarettes. Smokers should themselves be aware of the harm of smoking and also how much money they spend on cigarettes. If you smoke 10 cigarettes per day, you spend about 900 rubles per mouth and about 12000 rubles yearly only on cigarettes. But there are few smokers that smoke only 10 cigarettes a day. Also, if you think this is not so much money, you have to know that you spend it only against your health, which is probably worth more than only 900 rubles per month.
If we look at smoking from a very rational side, we can say there is nothing good in it except the joy and maybe habit. On the other hand, there are a lot of disadvantages, especially the diseases and other problems that should persuade a smoker to give up smoking.
When our parents were young, people could buy cigarettes and smoke almost everywhere – even in hospitals! Today we’re more aware about how smoking is harmful for our health. Smoking is restricted or banned in almost all public places and cigarette companies are no longer allowed to advertise on TV, radio, and in many magazines. Almost everyone knows that smoking causes cancer, emphysema, and heart disease; smoking can shorten your life by 10 years or more; and that the habit can cost a smoker thousands of rubles a year. So why are some people still lighting up? The answer - is addiction.
Smoking is a hard habit to break because tobacco contains nicotine, which is highly addictive. Like heroin or other addictive drugs, the body and mind quickly become so used to the nicotine in cigarettes that a person needs to have it just to feel normal. People start smoking for a variety of different reasons. Some think it looks cool. Others start because their family members or friends smoke. Statistics show that about 9 out of 10 tobacco users start before they’re 18 years old. Most adults who started smoking in their teens never expected to become addicted. That’s why people say it’s just so much easier not to start smoking at all.
There are no physical reasons to start smoking. The body doesn’t need tobacco the way it needs food, water, sleep and exercise. In fact, many of the chemicals in cigarettes, like nicotine and cyanide are actually poisons that can kill in high doses. Nicotine can causes many problems, such as: bad skin, bad breath, bad-smelling clothes and hair, reduced athletic performance, etc. The consequences of this poisoning happen gradually. Over the long term, smoking leads people to develop health problems like cancer, emphysema (breakdown of lung tissue), organ damage and heart disease. These diseases limit a person’s ability to be normally active – and can be fatal. Each time a smoker lights up, that single cigarette takes about 5 to 20 minutes off the person’s life.
Some recommendations and recipes about how to stop smoking.It is not so easy to stop smoking. But there are many ways, which can help you: your hands must work without stopping, breath deeply fresh air, drink more water and give presents to yourself. Every time when you have a willing to smoke – wait 5 minutes before light up, then add time to 10 minutes, to 15 and soon. You’ll keep up with smoking if you’ll drink orange juice. Juice helps to absorb nicotine, the taste of orange juice made your thoughts of smoking unpleasant.
Summary. What do you prefer? Do you prefer a usual life, with its black and white sides, which has ups and downs, a man can have an opportunity to live a long life and can die in his old age? Or would you prefer a short period of time, when smokers lose their own consciousness by harmful and poisoning substances, and who can die being too young because of awful pain? All of us are adults and this is our choice! As our research shows students of 9-th to11-th forms say “No” to smoking. Thank you for your attention, don’t worry be happy!
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