Women who changed the world
Teacher: Tolokova A.A.
1. Активизация разговорной речи.
2.расширение интеликтуального крогозора.
3. Приобщение к культуре разных стран.
4.Ориентирование детей на самостоятельное извлечение информации и организацию мероприятия.
Presenter: Good morning dear friends. Welcome to our party which is devoted o the image of woman from ancient times till now days. Today you’ll see such beautiful women and their images in a endless timeline
It’s not a secret that most of the time woman have a second role in history. But even in most patriarchal periods of history there were women who were able to change the world.
1. Helen of Troy. The ratio of women in antiquity.
The rights of women were minimal, since her main role was to care about the family and children, in the arrangement of comfortable living conditions for her husband. Girls were not taught grammar and writing. From the very young age they were programmed to be housewives. They could go out very seldom as visiting social events were exclusively male prerogative. The woman was only able to give birth to children, and infertility was considered as a great shame.
One of the most beautiful women of antiqity was Elena The Beautiful. There are many legends and stories about her. One of them tell us that she became the wife of Menelaus, the future king of Sparta. And because of her the Trojan war began. She embodies the image of a very smart and beautiful woman. The possibility of her existence was questioned, but hopefully soon will be found evidence of its existence.
2. An attitude to women in religion.
The Christian woman was in a utility role if we compare her to her husband. However, the woman has a high role as a mother and a deep respect for herself. Children’s respect to the mother was not less than reverence to the father. An irreverence to his mother sometimes was accompanied by even particularly serious consequences. We know the high value of women in the spread of Christianity. Shariat provides for a significant difference in roles between men and women in rights and duties. In the Arab world, women have fewer rights than men.
3. The image of the "Beautiful Lady". Attitude to women in the Middle Ages.
Medieval woman had no rights. Her only duty and right was a birth and bringing up children. She belonged to her husband, and was part of his property. Female beauty and purity praising and knights dedicated their victories to the beautiful ladies. But at the same time a woman could beat her husband. She might be killed by the Inquisition because of her beauty or if she was suspect of witchcraft.
Three criteria of Beautiful Lady
First, she had to be divinely beautiful. Poets have preserved for us the ideal of medieval women: fragile and delicate, with a light air gait, tiny legs, long thin neck, luxurious golden curls, snow-white skin fresh and rosy cheeks. At the same time she has to be modest, childishly innocent, kept, bred and educated.
Second, the Beautiful Lady was supposed to be inaccessible and unattainable. As a rule, this woman was married. And she was married the man, who was more noble and held a high social status than her knight.
Third, she has to take a high social position, be noble and wealthy. Woman of humble origin could not be beautiful ladies.
5. Woman in New times.
Change the position of women. The legislation strengthened penalties for men who beat their wives. Women, unlike men who worked mostly at home, for the needs of the family. Legally, the marriage was not equitable. However, the woman in the house still had some power. Women-aristocrat had enough influence in high society.
In the 17th century rich women normally were taught at home by a tutor, they were taught subjects like Latin, French, Needlework and they were also taught how to look pretty and to play the piano and other instruments.
When they became older their parents decided who they were going to marry and the family of the woman should pay a dowry to the parents of the husband. A rich woman wouldn't normally get a job, they could just stay at home and look after the family and tell the servants what to do.
Poor women did not go to school or did not have an education; they just looked after their home, children and prepared meals or worked in fields. They didn't get paid much and had to work hard.
In the 19th century rich women were educated at home and learned pretty much the same as in the 17th century. They were learned to play the piano, speak French, entertain guests and look attractive. After 1870 it was made compulsory for all women to have an education. Girls didn't learn the same subjects as boys. Girls learnt subjects like laundry, cookery, needlework and housewifery skills.
Rich women did not work, but ran their home with the help of their servants, after 1870 some women became teachers and others could work as secretaries or clerks. So, women could work but there was a condition. At that time any woman had to retire when she got married.
Servants of rich women did all her domestic tasks at home. So all they needed to do at home was to look good and attractive and boss servants around.
Poor women had to work as well as bringing up her children, they had to work in coal mines and factories for long hours earning little money. Until 1870 young children from poor families had to work too.
6. In Russian literature : Tatyana Larina
Tatyana Larina, the main heroine of the novel "Eugene Onegin". She is the standard of female characters in many works of Russian writers. Tatyana is a real Russian woman, at the same time passionate and pure, dreamy and straightforward. She is a true friend and a faithful wife.
7. Daisy (“The Great Gatsby”).
In the mid-30s of the twentieth century a new ideal of the woman becomes fashionable. Silly but cute and attractive, fickle and capricious, subordinate and dependent on men. Burlesque becomes fashionable and playful, but let the girl, becomes fashionable with it. Appearance and the ability to do household chores becomes value than intrinsic qualities. Daisy from “The Great Gatsby” is a pefect example.
8. Women during the Great Patriotic War.
All the most precious and sacred, that there is in the world, due to the woman. And it is not easy with such important in everyone's life words like honor, conscience, fame, victory, war, battle - feminine words. Yes, "War is not a woman's face", "not a woman thing - to fight," but if Motherland calls his "children" to the protection of life, love, freedom, no longer has any meaning, what sex you are. Survive the fire, the horrors of war are able to very strong people, so the war is considered to be a man's job, but Russian women are in no way inferior to men.
During the Great Patriotic War in the Army, he served 800,000 women, and asks for the front more. The woman was not only a nurse, worked in the rear, waited and believed that the loved one will return safe and sound, but also on a par with men was the enemy. These are the facts, and the fate of them, whole life, inverted, twisted war: the loss of loved ones, lost health, women's loneliness, unbearable memory of the war years. Cruel necessity pushed her to take this step, the desire to protect the country from the most ruthless enemy that struck on her land, her home, her children. Sacred right! The names of thousands of fallen characters carved on the obelisk depicted in works of literature, sound in the immortal songs, watching with recruiting posters that terrible time.
9. The first and second-wave feminism.
In the second half of the twentieth century, the second wave of feminism comes to Europe and the United States. Feminists began to fight for a wide range of problems associated with the actual inequality, sexuality, family, workplace, and reproductive rights. Women have become free and liberated. Now every girl can wear pants, engage in career and live the way she like.
10. The image of the modern woman: Katniss Everdeen
Katniss Everdeen - a fictional character in the trilogy of books Suzanne Collins' The Hunger Games. "Katniss adequately passes through all the trials that fate in store for her and fantasy author (Collins when creating books inspired the myth of Theseus (Theseus) and the Minotaur (Minotaur)), and becomes the symbol of a new uprising districts that manage to lose power soon on Capitol punishment. In the epilogue says that she became the wife of Pete and bore him two children, a girl and a boy, but a very long time to decide on this - to bring new life to a world where children can kill other children at the behest of adults.
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