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every day, often, usually, at first, sometimes, ever, then, seldom, on Mondays, after,
V1 / Vs
Yesterday, the other day, last year / month / week, in 1999, 2 days ago, once, when?
V2 / Ved
Who V2 / ed?
Tomorrow, next week, in a day, next month
Who will VI?
Ever, never, just, lately, already, yet, recently, twice, several times
Who has Ved/3
by 5 o'clock, by Sunday, by that time, by the end of the year, when, after, before
Had ... Ved/3
Who had Ved/3
Now, at present, at that moment, Look!
is V ing are
isn't Ving aren't
Who is Ving
At, when, while yesterday at 5.
wasn't weren't Ving
Who was Ving
at 5 o'clock tomorrow in an hour
shall be Ving
shan't be Ving
Shall be Ving
Who will be Ving
Present Perfect Continuous
has been Ving
hasn't been Ving
Has been Ving
Who has been Ving
Глаголы, не употребляющиеся в группе времен Continuous
to love, to remember, to like, to need, to forget, to be, to hate, to see, to hear, to want
in - внутри
out – снаружи
to stay in - остаться дома , to breath in - вдохнуть , to eat in - есть дома,
to stay out - остаться вне дома, to breath out выдохнуть, to eat out - есть вне дома
am / is / are + V3
by - кем-то
was / were + V3
with - чем-то
Shall / will be + V3
Will be V3?
Modal verbs in Passive
Must be V3 ought to be V3
can be V3 should be V3
Had to be V3 didn't have to be V3
"if / when" clauses
If ... V/Vs when ... don't / doesn't VI
If the weather is fine, we shall qo to the forest.
He will tell you when she comes.
Biq - biqqer - the bioaest Исключения:
nice - nicer - the nicest
easy - easier - the easiest
useful - more useful - the most useful.
good-better-the best, bad - worse - the worst,
old - older/ elder -the oldest / eldest
far - further / farther- the furthest/ farthest
little - less - the least much / many - more - the most
So / Neither
I live in London. So do I. So does he.
He saw a film. So did I.
We are at school. So is Bob So am I.
Sam can swim. So can I. So can she.
Bill will be 13. So will Sue. So shall I.
I don't live in Moscow. Neither does she. Neither do I.
He didn't see a film. Neither did I.
They aren't cold. Neither am I Neither is he.
Sam can't swim Neither can Mary.
Bill won't be 14. Neither will Ted.
Live - lived
Lived - had lived
will live - would live
is going - was going
said to - told
tomorrow-the next day this - that here - there
ago - before these - those
next day- the next year now - then
yesterday-the day before today - that day
Ved / V3 fallen - упавший
What a lovely day! What cold weather! What _ long roads!
What fresh air it is! - How Fresh the air is! What a brave officer he is! - How brave the officer is!
It is such a good idea. The idea is so good.
Mother want(s) me / you
I would like him / her to do smth Я хочу, чтобы он / она вернулся.
They don't/doesn't want us / them
Complex object с глаголами чувственного восприятия
see me/us I saw Mother cook / cooking a pie.
Subject watch him/her/it do smth Did you hear him sing / singing at the party?
notice you/them doing smth We did not notice them come / coming in.
hear the girls I heard my sister cry / crying.
Let / make
to make smb + Adj (happy, sad, etc.) to let / make smb do somethinq (active without to)
But: to be allowed / made to do something (passive with to)
1. to look at - посмотреть на; 2. to look for - искать; 3. to look through - просмотреть,
4. to look after - ухаживать; 5. to look up (in) - посмотреть (в словаре)
1. to take after - быть похожим на; 2. to take away - унести; 3. to take off - снимать, взлетать
4. to take back - вернуть; 5. to take down - снимать, записывать.
1. to give back - возвращать; 2. to give out - раздавать; 3. to give away - отдавать;
4. to give up - бросить, отказаться
1. to make up - придумать, гримировать; 2. to make up with smb - помириться с; 3. to make out - разобраться; 4. to make off - сбежать
Uncountables in the plural - Money, hair, advice, work, information, weather, knowledge, progress, news