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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Тесты / Зачёт по английскому языку в 11 классе

Зачёт по английскому языку в 11 классе



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  • Иностранные языки

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I вариант

1. Раздел Чтение.

Read the text. Put the sentences 1–5 into the correct order according to the text.

A man and woman had been married for more than 60 years. They had shared everything. They had talked about everything. They had kept no secrets from each other except that little: old woman had a shoebox on the top of her closet that she had cautioned her husband never to open or ask her about.

For all of these years, he had never thought about the box, but one day the little old woman got very sick and the doctor said she would not recover.

In trying to sort out their affairs, the little old man took down the shoebox and took it to his wife’s bedside. She agreed that it was time that he should know what was in the box. When he opened it, he found two knitted dolls and a stack of money totaling $95,000.

He asked her about the contents.

When we were to be married,’ she said, ‘my grandmother told me the secret of a happy marriage was to never argue. She told me that if I ever got angry with you, I should just keep quiet and knit a doll.’

The little old man was so moved; he had to fight back tears. Only two precious dolls were in the box. She had only been angry with him two times in all those years of living and loving. He almost burst with happiness.

Honey,’ he said, ‘that explains the dolls, but what about all of this money?

Where did it come from?’

Oh,’ she said, ‘that’s the money I made from selling the dolls.’

1) The man was surprised and moved by his wife's explanations.

2) The man took the shoebox.

3) They had been happily married for 60 years.

4) The woman told her grandmother's secret of a happy marriage.

5) The old woman got ill.

2. Раздел Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11–B16,однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11–В16.

UK: Conservation and Environment

B11 Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in Britain.

Despite its high __________________ density and widespread POPULATE

urbanization, the UK has many unspoilt rural and coastal

areas.

B12 Twelve National Parks are freely accessible to the public and

were created to conserve the __________________ beauty, NATURE

wildlife and cultural heritage they contain.

B13 Most of the land in National Parks is privately owned, but

administered by an independent National Park Authority which

works to balance the expectations of __________________ VISIT

with the need to conserve these open spaces for future

generations.

B14 The UK also works to improve the global environment and has

taken global warming __________________ ever since SERIOUS

scientists discovered the hole in the ozone layer.

B15 In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding

developed countries to reduce emissions of the six main

greenhouse gases. The Protocol declares environmental__________________ PROTECT

B16 Nowadays British __________________ are taking part in one SCIENCE

of the largest international projects that is undertaken to protect

endangered species.

3. Put the adjectives in the necessary form.

1.The  (large) the house is, the more money it will cost. 
2. The more leisure time she has, the (happy) she is. 
3. The  (much) books you read, the more ideas you have. 
4. The  (many) ideas you have, the more knowledgeable you become. 
5. The  (good) they knew him, the more disillusioned they became. 
6. The more, the  (merry).

4. Use the correct form (to infinitive or V-ing) of the verbs in brackets.

1. It was a nice day, so we decided … (go) for a walk.

2. Could you please stop … (make) so much noise?

3. I don't mind you … (use) the phone as long as you pay for all your calls

4. It has started … (rain).

5.Conditional sentences . Complete with the correct forms of the verbs.

1. If you come early, you (have) to wait.

2. If you came early, you (have) to wait.

3. If you had come early, you (have) to wait.



Бланк ответов

Класс 11 а

Фамилия, имя, отчество _____________________________________________________

I вариант

1. Раздел Чтение.







2. Раздел Грамматика и лексика

B11


B12


B13


B14


B15


B16

3. Put the adjectives in the necessary form.

1.


2.


3.


4.


5.


6.

4. Use 4. Use the correct form (to +infinitive or V-ing)



or V-ing





1.


2.


3.

5.

4.

5. Conditional sentences.

1.



2.



3.








Ключи

I вариант

1. Раздел Чтение.

3

5

2

4

1


2. Раздел Грамматика и лексика

B11 population


B12 natural


B13 visitors


B14 seriously


B15 protection


B16 scientists

3. Put the adjectives in the necessary form.

1. larger


2. happier


3. more


4. more


5. better


6. merrier

4. Use 4. Use the correct form (to +infinitive or V-ing)



or V-ing





1. to go


2. making


3. using

№5. №

4. raining

5. Conditional sentences.

1. will have



2. would have



3. would have had










Ключи

II вариант

1. Раздел Чтение

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

1

4

6

8

5

2

7

2. Раздел Грамматика и лексика.

A cup of coffee


B4

me

B5

wouldcome

B6

worst

The Great Wall of China


B7

greatest

B8

wasbuilt

B9

began

B10

hasbecome

3. Put the adjectives in the necessary form.

1 earlier


2 harder


3 slimmer


4 nearer


5 fatter


6 uglier

4. Use №4.Use the correct form (to +infinitive or V-ing)

1 turning


2 dancing


3 to drive


4 stealing

5. Conditional sentences.

1. will; 2. would; 3. would have helped








В4 me

В5 wouldcome

В6 worst

В7 greatest

В8 wasbuilt

B9 began

B10 hasbecome

B11 population

B12 natural

B13 visitors

B14 seriously

B15 protection

B16 scientists

II вариант

1. Раздел Чтение

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G.Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. Travel memories

2. Animal lover magazine

3. Travel to stars

4. Star dreams

5. Popular hobby

6. Family magazine

7. People and nature

8. Animals in danger

A. Most people who spend a holiday travelling take a camera with them and photograph anything that interests them – sights of a city, views of mountains, lakes, waterfalls, men and women, children, ruins of ancient buildings, and even birds and animals. Later looking through their albums they will remember the happy time they have had, the islands, countries and cities they have seen.

B. Of course, different people dream of different things. Someone wishes a calm and quiet life; others imagine their life as a never-ending adventure. The majority dream of something concrete: a villa in some warm place, an account in a Swiss bank, a splendid car… It’s interesting to know what the dreams of people who already have all this are. Celebrities, as we know, never hide their unusual hobbies, and often shock us with their extravagant behaviour.

C. It is Junior Baseball Magazine’s mission to provide information that enhances the youth baseball experience for the entire family. The player improves his skills and is more successful. The family enjoys the activity more and sharesthis precious time in their life. Junior Baseball emphasizes good sportsmanship, safety, physical fitness and wholesome family values.

D. The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison like industrial, nuclear and chemical waste. The Mediterranean Sea is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following it. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done aboutit, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas. Every ten minutes one species of animal, plant or insect dies out forever.

E. Lots of people all over the world enjoy collecting stamps. Stamps are like little pictures. Very often they show the flowers or the trees which grow in this or that country, or they can show different kinds of transport of the country. Stamps may also have portraits of famous people on them. Some stamps show art work from the history of the country.

F. “Friend” is the title of my favourite magazine. It consists of 70 pages, with lots of colourful and bright pictures and provides interesting and useful information for people who love animals. The magazine includes numerous articles devoted to various topics connected with domestic animals, ways to take care of them, pet food, animal health and many other topics crucial for any animal lover.

G. People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not just somebody else’s. Many people join and support various international organizations and green parties. What could be more important than human life? Polluted air, poisoned water, wastelands, noise, smoke – all these influence not only nature but people as well. Everything should be done to improve ecological conditions on our planet.



2. Раздел Грамматика и лексика. Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо,слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами B4–B10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4–B10.

A cup of coffee

Once I was travelling in Italy. It was a lovely day. I wandered along the street until I came upon some parasol-shaded tables

B4 which seemed to __________________ . I very nice. I settled and opened my book. It was taking a long time for the waiter to arrive, but I was in

B5 no hurry. I was sure that the waiter __________________soon. COME

But finally, becoming impatient, I turned to signal for service

B6 and saw the neon sign. That was the __________________ BAD

moment ... I discovered that I was sitting outside a store selling garden furniture.

The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China runs for 6,700 kilometers from east to

B7 west of China. It is one of the __________________ wonders GREAT

of the world.

B8 The Great Wall __________________ in order to protect BUILD

the country form different aggressors.

B9 The construction of the Wall __________________ in the 6th BEGIN

century BC and lasted until the 16th century AD.

B10 Since then, the Great Wall of China __________________ BECOME

a symbol of wisdom and bravery of the Chinese people and

a monument to Chinese nation for many hundreds of years.

3. Put the adjectives in the necessary form.

1. The quicker you are, the (early) you will be. 
2. The  (hard) you work, the more results you obtain. 
3. The  (slim) you are, the quicker you run. 
4. The  (near), the better. 
5. The more you eat, the  (fat) you become. 
6. The  (ugly) it is, the worse it is. 

4. Use the correct form (to infinitive or V-ing) of the verbs in brackets.

1. Would you mind … (turn) the radio down?

2. I enjoy … (dance) very much.

3. How old were you when you learnt … (drive)?

4. She admitted … (steal) the money.

5.Conditional sentences . Complete with the correct forms of the verbs.

1. They (help) you if they can.

2. They (help) you if they could.

3. They (help) you if they could have.









































Бланк ответов

Класс 11 а

Фамилия, имя, отчество _____________________________________________________

II вариант

1. Раздел Чтение

A

B

C

D

E

F

G








2. Раздел Грамматика и лексика.

A cup of coffee


B4


B5


B6


The Great Wall of China


B7


B8


B9


B10


3. Put the adjectives in the necessary form.

1


2


3


4


5


6

4. Use №4.Use the correct form (to +infinitive or V-ing)

1


2


3


4

5. Conditional sentences.

1.









2.



3.








Read the article and complete its summary. Fill in the words from the text. Don’t write more than two words in each gaps.

Is it easy to be young in the 21st century?

There is an opinion that youth is the best part of a person’s life. What is it – a fact or a stereotype? Happy Youth supporters’ arguments sound very convincing. According to them, when you are fifteen or sixteen, the future seems cloudless, the world around you is beautiful and friendly, and you feel strong and optimistic. Neither health nor other problems trouble you yet. You have the parents who protect and support you. You have friends who never betray you. Conflicts are certainly unavoidable, but they don’t last long, and it’s usually not a problem to survive through them. This is a conventional idea about young people. But is it true?

Psychologists insist that they have lots of work with teenagers. In their “happiest” years they have too many problems, and in most cases they don’t know how to solve them. They lack life experience and are not self-confident enough. They are often too categoric and can’t forgive other people’s faults and mistakes. A quarrel or misunderstanding can lead to serious suffering. “I don’t feel happy at all”, says Jack Green, 14. “I have no friends. It always works the same. At first it seems that I’ve found a real friend, but then I feel very disappointed because he betrays me – tells silly stories about me in the school, or doesn’t help when I need help. It has happened many times.”

“The thing which worries me a lot is my future job”, says Helen Carter, 15. “To have a good life in the future, I have to find a good job. If I want to find a good job, I have to get a good education first. But how am I supposed to choose my career line?! I don’t know what’s good and what’s bad for me. I cannot make an informal choice. I need to make some decision about my education very soon and I feel awfully scared. What if I make a mistake and get an education for a wrong job? This means that I’ll have to do the job which I don’t like or even hate. This makes me feel sick.”

On reading these words we, adults, realize that being young is not so easy. It’s rather challenging to be a teenager of the 21st century, when the world changes so rapidly and people have to work very hard to keep pace with it (успевать за ним). Who can help young people feel less stressed out and more self-confident? Who can provide them with information and advice? The answer, I suppose, is evident.

___________________________



The author of the article thinks that the opinion that the youth is the best of human life may be true. He presents rather (1)_____________ arguments for the idea. The strongest argument is that teenagers have fewer

(2) _____________ in comparison with adult people, let along the elderly. And it goes without saying that healthy people feel stronger, more energetic, more optimistic and consequently happier than people in poor health.

However, the author also presents some facts which do not go with the (3) _____________ idea that “youth” and “happiness” are synonyms. Psychologists say that teenagers do have problems. Most of them are caused by their lack of (4) _____________ and lack of self-confidence Another typical teenage problem is that they cannot compromise. Looking for an ideal relationship they often feel bitterly (5) _____________ with their friends who are not able to meet high requirements.

Worries about the future career add up to the teenager syndrome. It’s extremely difficult for a 15-16 year old person to make an (6) _____________, as they don’t have enough information yet. At the end of the article the author concludes that being a teenager in our dynamic world is rather (7) _____________. Adults should realize that teenagers often need their support and advice.





Правильные ответы.

1) convincing 2) problems 3) convential 4) life experience 5) disappointed

6) informed choice 7) challenging

UK: Conservation and Environment

B11 Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in Britain.

Despite its high __________________ density and widespread POPULATE

urbanization, the UK has many unspoilt rural and coastal

areas.

B12 Twelve National Parks are freely accessible to the public and

were created to conserve the __________________ beauty, NATURE

wildlife and cultural heritage they contain.

B13 Most of the land in National Parks is privately owned, but

administered by an independent National Park Authority which

works to balance the expectations of __________________ VISIT

with the need to conserve these open spaces for future

generations.

B14 The UK also works to improve the global environment and has

taken global warming __________________ ever since SERIOUS

scientists discovered the hole in the ozone layer.

B15 In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding

developed countries to reduce emissions of the six main

greenhouse gases. The Protocol declares environmental

__________________. PROTECT

B16 Nowadays British __________________ are taking part in one SCIENCE

of the largest international projects that is undertaken to protect

endangered species.



I variant

Use the correct form (to infinitive or V-ing) of the verbs in brackets.

1. It was a nice day, so we decided … (go) for a walk.

2. Could you please stop … (make) so much noise?

3. Have you finished … (wash) your hair yet?

4. I don't mind you … (use) the phone as long as you pay for all your calls.

5. Did you remember your sister … (make) a report?

6. It has started … (rain).

____________________________________________________________________



II variant

Use the correct form (to infinitive or V-ing) of the verbs in brackets.



1. Would you mind … (turn) the radio down?

2. I enjoy … (dance) very much.

3. How old were you when you learnt … (drive)?

4. I'll do the shopping when I've finished … (clean) the flat.

5. We must do something. We can't continue … (live) like this!

6. She admitted … (steal) the money.

_____________________________________________________________

I variant

Use the correct form (to infinitive or V-ing) of the verbs in brackets.

1. It was a nice day, so we decided … (go) for a walk.

2. Could you please stop … (make) so much noise?

3. Have you finished … (wash) your hair yet?

4. I don't mind you … (use) the phone as long as you pay for all your calls.

5. Did you remember your sister … (make) a report?

6. It has started … (rain).

__________________________________________________________________

II variant

Use the correct form (to infinitive or V-ing) of the verbs in brackets.



1. Would you mind … (turn) the radio down?

2. I enjoy … (dance) very much.

3. How old were you when you learnt … (drive)?

4. I'll do the shopping when I've finished … (clean) the flat.

5. We must do something. We can't continue … (live) like this!

6. She admitted … (steal) the money.



I variant

Use the correct form (to infinitive or V-ing) of the verbs in brackets.

1. It was a nice day, so we decided … (go) for a walk.

2. Could you please stop … (make) so much noise?

3. Have you finished … (wash) your hair yet?

4. I don't mind you … (use) the phone as long as you pay for all your calls.

5. Did you remember your sister … (make) a report?

6. It has started … (rain).





CONDITIONAL sentences

Complete with the correct forms of the verbs.

01. If you arrive early, you (have) to wait.

02. If you arrived early, you (have) to wait.

03. If you had arrived early, you (have) to wait.

04. They (help) you if they can.

05. They (help) you if they could.

06. They (help) you if they could have.

07. If you drink too much you (be) sick.

08. Unless you work hard you (not pass) your test.

09. If you stop smoking you (live) longer.

10. Practise hard and your English (improve).

11. We would have gone out if (stop) raining.

12. If I (go) away, I would have written to you.

13. If he (work) harder, he would have succeeded.

14. He not (write) unless he was lonely.

15. She would have come if you (invite) her.

16. Unless the greenhouse effect is mitigated, the seas (rise).

17. If you were older, you (be) wiser.

18. If I had known you weren't coming, I not (bake) a cake.

19. If you run, you (catch) the train.

20. If I were you, I (go) on holiday.

  • 1. The  (large) the house is, the more money it will cost. 
    2. The more leisure time she has, the  (happy) she is. 
    3. The  (much) books you read, the more ideas you have. 
    4. The  (many) ideas you have, the more knowledgeable you become. 
    5. The  (good) they knew him, the more disillusioned they became. 
    6. The more, the  (merry). 
    7. The quicker you are, the  (early) you will be. 
    8. The  (hard) you work, the more results you obtain. 
    9. The  (slim) you are, the quicker you run. 
    10. The  (near), the better. 
    11. The more you eat, the  (fat) you become. 
    12. The  (ugly) it is, the worse it is. 



Present Simple/Continuous Final Test

(Enjoy English 5, Unit 4)

Choose the right item:

1. Mary and John _________ in the garden at the moment.

A. is working B. are working C. work

2. Ann _________ this film! It’s so interesting!

A. like B. is liking C. likes

3. __________ tennis on Saturday?

A. Does he play B. Is he playing C. He plays

4. I usually ___________ to work by car.

A. am going B. go C. going

5. _______________ French now?

A. John is speaking B. Does John speak C. Is John speaking

6. Please, be quiet! I ______________my homework.

A. am doing B. do C. does

7. Jim goes to the country __________.

A. now B. every weekend C. tomorrow

8. She _______________ to watch the show now. She’s busy.

A. isn’t wanting B. don’t want C. doesn’t want

9. We __________ a big house by the lake.

A. having B. have C. are having

10. I __________ Tom right now. There are too many people here.

A. don’t see B. am not seeing C. am seeing

11. Kate always _________ jogging in the morning.

A. go B. is going C. goes

12. My grandparents __________ in Kiev.

A. are living B. live C. lives

13. What _______ you ____________ here? It’s time to go home.

A. do… do B. do C. are… doing

14. We _______________ a great time here in St. Petersburg!

A. are having B. have C. having

  1. Вставьте вместо пропусков must или have to.


1

You ________________ read this book, it’s great.

2

She felt unwell and ________________ leave early.

3

I hadn’t enough cash and I ________________ pay by cheque.

4

You ________________ do what mother says.

5

British pupils ________________ stay at school till the age of 16.


  1. Вставьте mustn’t или needn’t.


1

You ________________ ring the bell, I’ve got a key.

2

Exit doors ________________ be blocked during the performance.

3

You ________________ drink this, it is poison.

4

We ________________ drive fast. We have a lot of time.

5

You ________________ drive fast; there is a speed limit.


Раздел 4. Письмо.

Ваша школа решила стать членом международной организации  “Friends around the world”. Заполните нижеследующую анкету, чтобы найти себе друга по переписке в любой стране мира.

General Information.

Name:

Surname:

Age:     

Nationality:

Address:

Study.

What are your favourite subjects at school?

What languages do you speak?

Why are you learning English?

Family.

How many people are there in your family?

How many brothers and sisters do you have?

Hobby.

What is your hobby?

 

Тест №1 Прошедшее простое время/ The Past Indefinite (Simple) Tense

Выберите правильный вариант ответа. Choose the correct variant:

  1. There isn’t a cloud in the sky, but it (be) cloudy in the morning.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifis
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifwas
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifwere

  2. Mrs. Clay usually finishes her work at half past three, but she (finish) it later yesterday afternoon. 
    hello_html_m391bf301.giffinish
    hello_html_m391bf301.giffinishes
    hello_html_m391bf301.giffinished

  3. Every day I help my Mom about the house, but last week I was very busy with my exam. So I (not/help) her much.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifnot helped
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdidn’t helped
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdidn’t help

  4. Tom isn’t playing tennis tomorrow afternoon, he (not/play) tennis yesterday.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdoesn’t play
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdidn’t play
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdidn’t played

  5. We generally have lunch at 12.30, but yesterday we (have lunch) later.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifhad lunch
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifhave lunched
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifhad had lunch

  6. Now my brother smokes a lot, but he (not/ smoke) before.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifhadn’t smoked
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdidn’t smoke
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifnot smoked

  7. The Frasers live in four-room apartment, but last year they (live) in a small house in the country. 
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifwere living
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdid live
    hello_html_m391bf301.giflived

  8. I (get) to the market myself last time, but now I don’t remember how to get there.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifgetted
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifgoted
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifgot

  9. How you (cut) your finger?
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifHow have you cut
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifHow you cutted
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifHow did you cut

  10. Jack (try) to remember what he had done last April.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifwas tried
    hello_html_m391bf301.giftried
    hello_html_m391bf301.giftryed

  11. Looking through the paper, the teacher (find) several mistakes.
    hello_html_m391bf301.giffinded
    hello_html_m391bf301.giffounded
    hello_html_m391bf301.giffound

  12. He (meet) Mary and (fall) in love with her at first sight.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifhad met, falled
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifmet, fell
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifmeeted, fell

  13. Helen (prefer) tea to coffee.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifpreferred
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifpreffered
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifprefered

  14. When you (write) to your parents last time?
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifWhen do you writed
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifWhen did you write
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifWhen did you wrote

  15. Yesterday Mr. Watson (drink) too much at the party.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdrunk
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdrinked
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdrank

  16. Don’t worry about your letter. I (send) it the day before yesterday.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifsended
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifhave sent
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifsent

  17. When I was a child, I (always/be) late for school.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifwere always late
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifwas always late
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifbe always lated

  18. My husband (work) in the bank for three years since 1990 to 1993.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifwas worked 
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifhad worked
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifworked

  19. We (not/have) a holiday last year.
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifdidn’t have
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifhaven’t had
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifhaven’t had

  20. When Jill (finish) school?
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifWhen did Jill finished
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifWhen was Jill finish
    hello_html_m391bf301.gifWhen did Jill finish 

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами A–G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. 

Reaching a target audience

2. 

Let the air in

3. 

Using modern technology

4. 

Violating regulations



   

5. 

Careless behaviour

6. 

Original meaning

7. 

Needs protection

 

8. 

Use of a dead language





A. 

Distance education or e-learning offers several advantages. Students participating in e-learning programs are often able to set their own schedules and work at their own pace. The learning experience can be supported by multimedia such as videos, interactive websites, and real-time conferencing with experts from anywhere in the world. Additionally, e-learning programs are less expensive than traditional ones.

 

B. 

Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm did not expect to create a children's collection of fairy tales. Instead, they wanted to preserve Germany's oral tradition by collecting different stories. Not until several editions of their collection were published did the brothers realize that children were to be a major audience. Once the Brothers Grimm saw this new public, they tried to refine and soften their tales, which had originated centuries earlier as folklore.

 

C. 

The five Potter books have sold 250 million copies worldwide in 55 languages, including Latin and Ancient Greek. In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, J.K. Rowlings uses spells and charms that are largely based on Latin. But one of the most serious spells, Avada Kedavra, may be a variant of "abracadabra". In the Harry Potter series, it is a spell that causes death. Harry Potter is the only one known to have survived it.

 

D. 

Critics of the Harry Potter books point out that the main characters who are supposed to be “good” are consistently and regularly portrayed as breaking all manner of ethical rules like those against lying, cheating, and stealing. They also regularly break school rules against behavior like going out at night, using magic in the Muggle world, and so forth.

 

E. 

On Christmas Eve of 1968, NASA astronaut William Anders, while orbiting the moon with the Apollo 8 mission, took a photograph that provided a foundation for the modern green movement. His photo shows a small, blue planet Earth peeking over the horizon of the Moon. The image of a small planet, alone in a vast ocean of space, showed billions of people the fragility of our planet and the importance of preserving and protecting Earth.

 

F. 

There are many indoor air pollutants that can be harmful. Indoor air can be up to 100 times more polluted than outdoor air. Organic compounds from some paints, carpets, synthetic fabrics and adhesives are a known health hazard, contributing to the disease known as Sick Building Syndrome. Proper technology can help – open windows to let fresh air in and bad air out.

 

 

G. 

Some people, especially in rural areas, burn their trash in pits or barrels. It seems an easy way to get rid of your garbage, but the smoke it creates has a lot of really unhealthy toxic chemicals. Burning things like foam cups, plastics, and colored and bleached paper in backyards or even fireplaces causes toxic smoke that can spread throughout the neighborhood.

 







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Дата добавления 30.08.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Тесты
Просмотров421
Номер материала ДA-023176
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