Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Тесты / Задания для контроля навыков чтения для 8 класса в формате ОГЭ
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Задания для контроля навыков чтения для 8 класса в формате ОГЭ

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Reading Variant 1

Task 1

Read the texts. Match the names of disasters to the texts. One name is extra.

  1. Flood

  2. Avalanche

  3. Tsunami

  4. Tornado

  5. Earthquake

  6. Drought



  1. The Reuters journalist arrived in the city of Van to see police holding back a crowd of distraught people from the scene of destruction. A father whose daughter was trapped under the ruins screamed hysterically, waving his hands in the air as rescue workers desperately tried to reach her.

Rescuers working under floodlights tried to reach those trapped and ambulance crews waited near two collapsed buildings. Other buildings next to them were untouched. Trucks and cranes were used to shift the wreckage.

  1. The storm intensified very rapidly in around 10 minutes. The wind speed was 95 miles per hour and travelled approximately 3.5 miles. It cut a path of destruction 17 miles long and 1.3 miles wide. “I parked and it was raining hard, I started opening my door and shut it back because I looked down and saw all that water swirling and that is the last I remember,” said Mrs. Smith, one of the victims. Heavy rains, lightning and egg-size hail slowed rescues at times. The twister destroyed at least two schools. Officials said water, electricity and cell phones service was down in some areas. They urged people to stay away from the area.

  2. Sofia , a six year old girl, is brave beyond her years. She and her sister are just two of the millions of children in urgent need due to the crisis in East Africa. Much of their livestock died. Without the goats they have nothing to drink and eat. Even if they had income, the price for food and water has skyrocketed. Her little sister suffers from malnutrition and must go to the center to re3ceive treatment. In addition to a visit with the health worker, the girls receive emergency food rations, high-energy biscuits and vitamins. We have not had rains for two years. There is no place for us to move. All places are dry like this.

  3. On April 20th my friends and I met in the parking lot of Loveland ski area to enjoy some backcountry skiing. We divided into two groups to explore the north and the south slopes. We returned from our tour and hung out waiting for the other group to return. The weather forecast promised a snowstorm and we began to worry. When the snow started to fall, it swept all the skiers. They were all buried in the snow. However they managed to dig themselves out of the snow. All of them were in distress but we realized how lucky they were to survive it.

  4. Heavy rain in the Philippine capital, intensified by tropical storm Trami, forced the closure of government offices, schools, banks and most private companies on Monday. The residents in most parts of the city and nearby provinces had to leave their homes because of rising water. At least three people were killed and two were missing in accidents caused by the rain and flooding disaster – the government officials said. The rainy season was the worst in the Philippines which is regularly damaged by heavy weather including at least 20 typhoons a year.







Task 2

  1. Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs A-E. One title is extra.

  1. WHY DOES EACH HURRICANE HAVE A NAME?

  2. WHAT DO THE HURRICANE CATEGORIES MEAN?

  3. WHAT ARE HURRICANES?

  4. WHAT HAPPENS LATER?

  5. CAN WE DO ANYTHING TO STOP THEM

  6. HOW DO THEY OCCUR?

Hurricanes

It was supposed to hit the coasts of Florida. But hurricane Isaak changed the course midway. It directed its fury towards the three Gulf states of Loisiana, Mississipi and Alabama.

  1. Hurricanes also known as cyclones in some parts of the world are super powerful storms. They gain strength from winds that help them blow at speeds ranging from 75 to 225 miles per hour, resulting in massive destruction when they hit land. When a hurricane first begins, the rising winds blow in towards the center of the storm. While the hurricane is attempting to go straight, the Earth’s movement causes it to turn to the right, forcing it to go counter-clockwise.

  2. For hurricanes to occur, the ocean temperatures must be at least 80 degrees Fahrenheit and the atmosphere around it, full of moisture. Also, the winds must be blowing in the same direction and the same speed to force the air upward from the surface of the ocean. The warm water creates low-pressure air, causing it to rise. As the air rises, it collects moisture-forming thunderclouds. The warm air produces more heat and rises faster, forcing colder air to rush in. This increases the intensity of the storm. This water is the most deadly part of the hurricane, because it dumps into any landmass it hits, causing floods and devastation (опустошение)

  3. Hurricanes are given names, so that scientists can track the storms from start to finish. In the fifties hurricanes were named after the phonic alphabet, like Able, Baker etc. From 1953 to 1979, the US Weather Bureau decided to shift to only women’s names. Since then they have chosen between male and female names and now have six different name lists that they change each year. If a hurricane causes real major devastation, like Katrina did to New Orleans in 2005 the name is never used again.

  4. In the past scientists tried various inventions to weaken these storms. But they gave up in the 1960’s after realizing that the weather patterns were too large to affect. Instead, they changed their focus to understanding how hurricanes form and move, so that they could predict the time and intensity with greater accuracy. But like other acts of nature, this too remains an inexact science that is neither completely predictable nor controllable.

  5. The hurricane categories range from 1 to 5. It is a way to measure their intensity, with 5 being the worst. A typical season sees about six hurricanes, the peak of the season is not until the end of September. The good news is that Isaac is the fourth hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic season - the first three did not land on the US soil. So maybe the USA will escape the rest too, which would make this the best hurricane season Americans have had in many years.

  1. Read the text again and mark the statements True (t), False (F), or Not Stated (NS).

  1. Hurricanes are very dangerous as they can destroy anything on their way.

  2. Hurricanes hit the surface of the ocean causing huge waves.

  3. In fact, hurricanes occur due to the difference in the atmosphere temperatures.

  4. Most of the hurricanes have male names.

  5. Hurricanes are named to help scientists study them.

  6. Scientists have invented traps for hurricanes to stop them.

  7. Nowadays scientists successfully predict the direction and time of any hurricane.

  8. The lower the category of the hurricane the easier it is to predict it.

Reading Variant 2

Task 1

Read the texts. Match the names of disasters to the texts. One name is extra.

  1. Avalanche

  2. Tornado

  3. Tsunami

  4. Drought

  5. Earthquake

  6. Flood







  1. On April 20th my friends and I met in the parking lot of Loveland ski area to enjoy some backcountry skiing. We divided into two groups to explore the north and the south slopes. We returned from our tour and hung out waiting for the other group to return. The weather forecast promised a snowstorm and we began to worry. When the snow started to fall, it swept all the skiers. They were all buried in the snow. However they managed to dig themselves out of the snow. All of them were in distress but we realized how lucky they were to survive it.

  2. The storm intensified very rapidly in around 10 minutes. The wind speed was 95 miles per hour and travelled approximately 3.5 miles. It cut a path of destruction 17 miles long and 1.3 miles wide. “I parked and it was raining hard, I started opening my door and shut it back because I looked down and saw all that water swirling and that is the last I remember,” said Mrs. Smith, one of the victims. Heavy rains, lightning and egg-size hail slowed rescues at times. The twister destroyed at least two schools. Officials said water, electricity and cell phones service was down in some areas. They urged people to stay away from the area.

  3. Sofia, a six year old girl, is brave beyond her years. She and her sister are just two of the millions of children in urgent need due to the crisis in East Africa. Much of their livestock died. Without the goats they have nothing to drink and eat. Even if they had income, the price for food and water has skyrocketed. Her little sister suffers from malnutrition and must go to the center to re3ceive treatment. In addition to a visit with the health worker, the girls receive emergency food rations, high-energy biscuits and vitamins. We have not had rains for two years. There is no place for us to move. All places are dry like this.

  4. Heavy rain in the Philippine capital, intensified by tropical storm Trami, forced the closure of government offices, schools, banks and most private companies on Monday. The residents in most parts of the city and nearby provinces had to leave their homes because of rising water. At least three people were killed and two were missing in accidents caused by the rain and flooding disaster – the government officials said. The rainy season was the worst in the Philippines which is regularly damaged by heavy weather including at least 20 typhoons a year.

  5. The Reuters journalist arrived in the city of Van to see police holding back a crowd of distraught people from the scene of destruction. A father whose daughter was trapped under the ruins screamed hysterically, waving his hands in the air as rescue workers desperately tried to reach her.

Rescuers working under floodlights tried to reach those trapped and ambulance crews waited near two collapsed buildings. Other buildings next to them were untouched. Trucks and cranes were used to shift the wreckage.





Task 2

  1. Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs A-E. One title is extra.

  1. WHAT DO THE HURRICANE CATEGORIES MEAN?

  2. WHY DOES EACH HURRICANE HAVE A NAME?

  3. WHAT HAPPENS LATER?

  4. WHAT ARE HURRICANES?

  5. HOW DO THEY OCCUR?

  6. CAN WE DO ANYTHING TO STOP THEM

Hurricanes

It was supposed to hit the coasts of Florida. But hurricane Isaak changed the course midway. It directed its fury towards the three Gulf states of Loisiana, Mississipi and Alabama.

  1. Hurricanes also known as cyclones in some parts of the world are super powerful storms. They gain strength from winds that help them blow at speeds ranging from 75 to 225 miles per hour, resulting in massive destruction when they hit land. When a hurricane first begins, the rising winds blow in towards the center of the storm. While the hurricane is attempting to go straight, the Earth’s movement causes it to turn to the right, forcing it to go counter-clockwise.

  2. For hurricanes to occur, the ocean temperatures must be at least 80 degrees Fahrenheit and the atmosphere around it, full of moisture. Also, the winds must be blowing in the same direction and the same speed to force the air upward from the surface of the ocean. The warm water creates low-pressure air, causing it to rise. As the air rises, it collects moisture-forming thunderclouds. The warm air produces more heat and rises faster, forcing colder air to rush in. This increases the intensity of the storm. This water is the most deadly part of the hurricane, because it dumps into any landmass it hits, causing floods and devastation (опустошение)

  3. Hurricanes are given names, so that scientists can track the storms from start to finish. In the fifties hurricanes were named after the phonic alphabet, like Able, Baker etc. From 1953 to 1979, the US Weather Bureau decided to shift to only women’s names. Since then they have chosen between male and female names and now have six different name lists that they change each year. If a hurricane causes real major devastation, like Katrina did to New Orleans in 2005 the name is never used again.

  4. In the past scientists tried various inventions to weaken these storms. But they gave up in the 1960’s after realizing that the weather patterns were too large to affect. Instead, they changed their focus to understanding how hurricanes form and move, so that they could predict the time and intensity with greater accuracy. But like other acts of nature, this too remains an inexact science that is neither completely predictable nor controllable.

  5. The hurricane categories range from 1 to 5. It is a way to measure their intensity, with 5 being the worst. A typical season sees about six hurricanes, the peak of the season is not until the end of September. The good news is that Isaac is the fourth hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic season - the first three did not land on the US soil. So maybe the USA will escape the rest too, which would make this the best hurricane season Americans have had in many years.

  1. Read the text again and mark the statements True (t), False (F), or Not Stated (NS).

  1. In fact, hurricanes occur due to the difference in the atmosphere temperatures.

  2. Hurricanes are named to help scientists study them.

  3. Hurricanes are very dangerous as they can destroy anything on their way.

  4. Scientists have invented traps for hurricanes to stop them.

  5. Hurricanes hit the surface of the ocean causing huge waves.

  6. Most of the hurricanes have male names.

  7. Nowadays scientists successfully predict the direction and time of any hurricane.

  8. The lower the category of the hurricane the easier it is to predict it.

Grammar test

Change the verb to make a sentence.

Where … ….. from? He is Scottish. (Martin/ come)

Vegetarians … meat. (not/eat)

  1. Where … your brother ? (work)

  1. Hurry up! Everybody … for you. (wait)

  1. How is your English? Not bad. I think it … slowly.

  1. .. you .. what I mean? (understand)

  1. I was very tired, so I … the party early. (leave)

  1. I was in a hurry, so I … time to call you. (have)

  1. They … tennis at 5 o’clock yesterday.

  1. Jenny … for me, when I … .(wait/arrive)

  1. I haven’t seen Alan for ages. When I last …. (see) him, he … (try) to find a job.

  1. When I was young, I …. (want) to be a pilot.

  1. Where is your key? I don’t know. I … (loose) it.

  1. Are your friends here yet? Yes, they … (just/arrive).

  1. We …(know) each other for a long time.

  1. She …. (play) table tennis for 8 years.

  1. I … (learn) Spanish since December.

  1. The house was very quiet when I got home. Everybody .. (go) to bed.

  1. Kelly didn’t want to go to the cinema because she …(already/see) the film.

  1. When we ….(arrive) at the cinema, the film … (already/begin).

  1. The girl … (do/already) her homework when her mother …(come)

  1. When you … (phone), I ….(play) a computer game.







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