Школьная олимпиада «Шанс» -2015 9-11 кл
Eating and Health
Fifteen-year-old Peter tells us about his eating habits and how they affected his health.
I've always been a very unhealthy eater, I'm sorry to say. When I was at primary school, I refused to eat my vegetables. My mother says it was impossible to make me eat anything I didn't like, so she gave me whatever I wanted, like chocolate and cake. My favourite was jam sandwiches. I think this is where my problems began.
When I first started secondary school three years ago, I didn't like the kind of food that was served as main meals. Instead, I chose what seemed like tastier snacks, which were not the healthiest options. Eating burgers and chips regularly, it wasn't a surprise when I put on a lot more weight.
I had to study really hard because I wanted to get good marks, so I stayed in with my books after school every day and never got any exercise. I did extra lessons at weekends and I didn't have time to think what I was eating. When my parents were out working, they always left something healthy for my sister and me to eat, but I just made jam sandwiches and drank lemonade. I continued to get fatter.
The person who has helped me most is my big sister, Alice. She told me very clearly that I had to change or I would have serious health problems soon. She showed me a website with information about the damage that can be caused by eating the wrong foods. I didn't like it, but she encouraged me to go on a strict diet, with three meals a day and no snacks in between. I realised she was right. Sometimes you only understand something when somebody else explains it to you.
Now I've lost a lot of weight and I feel great, and everybody says I look healthier, too. I eat salads and fruit and I take regular exercise. My marks are still good, and I don't miss burgers or sweets. But sometimes, when Alice isn't looking, I have a jam sandwich. I still love them!
('Cambridge English Preliminary for Schools' Cengage Learning)
Peter is in the text.
A) describing his favourite meals
B) talking about healthy food
C) saying how his eating habits have changed
D) explaining why you should eat proper food
What do you learn about Peter from the text?
A) He has learnt from his past.
B) His favourite food has changed.
C) His mother made him eat sweets.
D) He doesn't like jam sandwiches any more.
Peter was so busy at his secondary school that
A) hated doing sports
B) didn't do anything at weekends
C) didn't eat anything there
D) didn't pay attention to his diet
A) never eats unhealthy food
B) taught Peter something important
C) understood that Peter was ill
D) took Peter's advice about eating
Choose the true sentence.
A) Peter's marks got worse because of his eating habits.
B) Peter does very well at school.
C) Peter's favourite food is fruit now.
D) School food usually makes students fatter.
Peter might say: ' '
A) I feel better because I eat healthy food. I wish I could eat fast food.
B) Eat whatever you like, your food always makes you happy.
C) Food can cause lots of problems if you get too much exercise.
D) Although you might not like it, you should listen to other people's advice.
II. Use of English
For questions 1 - 10, read the sentences and fill in the gaps with suitable words from the table below, corresponding equivalents are given in the brackets. There is one extra word in the table.
a) have a word
I had to go and pick up the (0) kids (children) from school.(0-g)
I (7) ___________ (think) we'll get the money (8) _____ (quite) soon.
Do you (9) ____________ going out? (would you like)
I managed to (10) __________ up (arrange) an appointment for 7.30.
My flat is very (11) __________ for the shops (convenient).
I thought the book was (12) _____________ (marvelous).
Most of the students in this class are (13) ____________ (intelligent).
What's (14) ______________? (the matter)
When we get to the hotel, I'll (15) ______________ with them. (speak to)
I called him, but the (16) ______________ (man) didn't seem to hear.
III. Use of English
17. I... glasses since I was a child,
a) wear, b) wore, c) am wearing, d) have been wearing.
18. When the phone rang, I... dinner.
a) cook, b) was cooking, c) had been cooking, d) have been cooking.
19. He usually had dinner at 4 p.m., ... ?
a) had he, b) hadn't he, c) did he, d) didn't he.
20. He works ... and makes good progress.
a) hard, b) hardly, c) good, d) badly.
21. He reminds me ... someone I knew in the army.
a) of, b) to, c) from, d) about.
22. Mary is here. Where are ... ?
a) other, b) others, c) the others, d) another.
23. What ... bad weather we are having today!
a) the, b) a, c) an, d) — .
24. Did you read ... English books at school?
a) some, b) many, c) much, d) none.
25. I want to know what ...,
a) are you doing, b) were you doing, c) will you do, d) you are doing. *•
26. I've made ... mistakes now than I made last time.
a) few, b) a few, c) fewer, d) less.
27. Can ... of you help me?
a) some, b) any, c) somebody, d) anybody.
28. This translation is twice as ....
a) easy, b) easier, c) the easiest, d) much easier.
29. We ... two compositions this month.
a) write, b) wrote, c) were writing, d) have written.
a) is, b) was, c) has been, d) had been.
31. She won't see him ... he phones her.
a) except, b) after, c) unless, d) because.
32. ... only one theatre and two cinemas in this city ten years ago.
a) there is, b) there was, c) there are, d) there were.
33. My watch....
a) stops, b) has stopped, c) have stopped, d) stop.
34. Do you know when he ... ?
a) comes, b) will come, c) shall come, d) come.
35. I don't have any pets. Neither ....
a) she does, b) does she, c) is she, d) does she have.
36. His parents didn't let him ... TV late.
a) to watch, b) watch, c) watching, d) watched.
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