Задания муниципального этапа всероссийской олимпиады школьников 2012-2013 учебного года
Time: 45 minutes
You are going to read a newspaper article about sport. Choose the most suitable heading from the list A-l for each part (1-7) of the article. There is one extra heading which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).
A A healthy option.
В Government funding for the future?
С Always play to win.
D On the other hand....
E Experiments in the past.
F A useful way to control violence.
G Too many expectations can lead to problems.
H A question of sport.
I Key question remains unanswered.
Sporting excellence: a worthwhile goal?
1. What is the point of sport? Whenever certain sporting stories are brought to our attention, we talk about them for days. Should we force children to do sport at school? Should the government spend more on sport? Is a famous football player's broken leg a matter of importance?
2. The answer to the initial question is not easy to find. First we have to decide why we do sport. Fitness is the one benefit on which most people agree. Healthy people are happier and more capable of looking after themselves. Children who take plenty of exercise are more likely to become healthy adults
3. Traditionally, sport is considered a useful way of teaching people to contain aggressive feelings. In team sports, it also teaches people to work together. Sport helps to make society safer by teaching people to obey rules. It also prepares them for success at work, where it is necessary to compete.
4. Others have argued that sport encourages aggression and does nothing to control it. Children, therefore, should be taught to co-operate rather than compete. They should not have to compare themselves to others at school or on the sports field.
5. Many of these beliefs, popular in the 1960s, were put into practice with little success. Many countries that wanted to discourage children playing against each other did the opposite. Others produced "super athletes" with the help of drugs and money. They tried to create sportsmen who were unbeatable.
6. There are lessons to be learnt from this. Many of these "super athletes" faced problems. Too much pressure led to rained health. So, doing well at sport isn't to do with how much effort an individual country puts in. A country should support its athletes, but achievement should not always be expected
7. But this still doesn't answer the opening question. Is sport valuable to a child's development? Is it a good way to relax or is it just a way of getting fit?
8. General agreement on these questions is unlikely because everyone's experience of sports at school is different. Some feel their schooldays were ruined by sports lessons. Others feel they could not have survived without them. The government should perhaps concentrate on providing better opportunities for those who want them. Maybe this will prevent the sporting failures Britain is familiar with.
Task 2. You are going to read an article about an ice-skater. Seven sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences (A-H) the one that fits each gap (9-14). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).
We've given up everything to make our daughter a star
June and Malcolm Harding spent their life savings on their first home, and thought they were set for life. But just over a year later, June handed the keys back to the estate agent. Since then they've also sold most of their furniture.
What started as a way to stop Kelly being bored in the summer holiday has become the focus of all their lives. She won her first competition after only 10 weeks of skating lessons. Soon after, Kelly's coach left Britain for Canada and her parting words changed the Harding's lives for ever. "Find the money to keep Kelly on the ice," she urged. "She'll go all the way to the top." From then on, there was no question - whatever it cost to make Kelly a winner, they'd find a way. 0 –D
9 - "I started skating when I was 10," June said. "I saved all the money I could for lessons by doing errands for neighbours. But Mum and Dad were poor and when Mum saved to buy me boots, Dad said that was it... I never skated again. I wasn't going to let that happen to Kelly." They had to take Kelly out of school so she could practice more. As she was still only fourteen, they had to guarantee the local authorities she'd continue her studies until she was seventeen.
"I worked out we only got £500 for £5,000 worth of furniture - but at least it paid for some more lessons," said June. "The only things we kept were the TV and video because we can never afford to go out. Luckily, our new accommodation is furnished. We took our car off the road because we can't afford to run it. We haven't had a phone for four months, or a holiday in six years.
Despite being permanently poor, June and Malcolm have no doubt they're doing the right thing. "Just seeing Kelly on the ice, smiling and happy, makes it all worthwhile," her father said.
Kelly, now seventeen, was placed 13th in last year's junior championship and has won nearly thirty competitions so far. "I know I'm very lucky," she admits.
Her coach, a former British champion, is convinced she'll go far. "I think she'll make the Olympic squad in 1998," she said. "Kelly is an exceptional girl - gifted and very hardworking."
14 It's unlikely that her mum will ever see her win, though, because she gets too nervous to watch. "People think we're mad giving up everything," continues June, "but we believe in our daughter ... I'd do it all over again tomorrow."
A "Mum and Dad have given up their own lives just for me and I'm determined not to let them down."
В That meant the added cost of a private tutor at £140 a month.
С Kelly now hopes to make the final three in the British Ice Skating Championship.
D All to give their daughter Kelly the chance to become a world champion ice-skater.
E The last time I bought a dress was for my son John's wedding last year.
F June has her own reasons for wanting Kelly's success.
G However, all these sacrifices have not been enough.
H "Even if she doesn't make it, she'll have had the opportunity thousands of girls haven't."
Task 3. Choose the best answer to each question.
It has been documented that, almost twelve million years ago at the beginning of the Pliocene Age, a horse, about midway through its evolutionary development, crossed a land bridge where the Bering Straits are now located, from Alaska into the grasslands of Europe. The horse was the hipparion, about the size of a modern-day pony with three toes and specialized cheek teeth for grazing. In Europe the hipparion encountered another less advanced horse called the anchitheres, which had previously invaded Europe by the same route, probably during the Miocene Period. Less developed and smaller than the hipparion, the anchitheres was completely replaced by it. By the end of the Pleistocene Age both the anchitheres and the hipparion had become extinct in North America, where they had originated. In Europe they had evolved into an animal very similar to the horse as we know it today. It was the descendant of this horse that was brought by the European colonists to the Americas.
Both the hipparion and the anchitheres
(A) were the size of a modern pony
(B) were the native to North America
(C) migrated to Europe in the Pliocene Period
(D) had unspecialized teeth
According to this passage, the hipparions were
not as highly developed as the anchitheres
larger than the anchitheres
about the size of a small dog
The author suggests that the hipparion and the anchitheres migrated to Europe
by means of a land route which is now non-existent
on the ships of European colonists
because of a very cold climate in North America
during the Miocene Period
This passage is mainly about
the evolution of the horse
the migration of horses
the modern-day pony
the replacement of the anchitheres by the hipparion
It can be concluded from this passage that the
Miocene Period was prior to the Pliocene
Pleistocene Period was prior to the Miocene
Pleistocene Period was prior to the Pliocene
Pliocene Period was prior to the Miocene
TRANSFER ALL YOUR ANSWERS TO YOUR ANSWER SHEET
Participant’s ID number
Time: 60 minutes
Fill in the blanks. Use one word only in each space.
Alan wanted to know whether Mary 1 __________ enjoyed her visit to India the 2 __________ month, and whether she 3 __________ planning to go again the 4 __________ summer. Mary told him that India 5 _________ such a vast country that it 6 _________ impossible to see it all in one trip. David 7 _________ if Mary had 8 __________ the Taj Mahal and she answered that she 9 _________. Mary 10 __________ Alan 11 ________ stop interrupting her while she was 12 _________ and added that she 13 _________ answer all his questions one by one. David 14 __________ what she 15 _________ of Indian food and she said it 16 _________ delicious. Alan wondered 17 _________ Mary thought Indian girls 18 _________ prettier than European girls. David asked how much the trip 19 _________ cost and 20 __________ that they all save up money and 21 _________ together as a group the following summer. He asked Mary 22 __________ let him see all her slides of India and said that they 23 _________ meet at 24 _________ house for a slide show the next evening. Mary said she 25 _________ sum up India with a few slides because there 26 _________ so many facets to the “Indian Experience”, and she explained 27 __________ she had only 28 __________ there for five weeks. She said she 29 __________ be going again some time in the future, but that she 30 _________ know exactly when.
Choose the correct answer.
I wish you ____ so fast. I feel quite sick!
a. wouldn’t drive b. haven’t driven c. aren’t driving
This is the young man ____ won a promotion recently.
a. which b. whom c. who
I have visited many European capitals, ____, Rome, London, Paris and Vienna.
a. such b. like c. for example
Alan asked whether ____ a table for two.
a. did I reserve b. had I reserved c. I had reserved
You should fix the brakes on that bicycle, ____ your son may have an accident.
a. otherwise b. in case c. suppose that
If you ____ my help, ___ me!
a. will need, call b. need, will call c. need, call
Never once ____ Paul lose his temper.
a. have I seen b. I didn’t see c. I saw
Tom told his mother that he ____ help organise the school party.
a. will have to b. would have to c. must have
Seldom ____ her these days. I am so busy.
a. I see b. do I see c. I’m seeing
The government ____ your request for a passport ____ you have been resident for at least five years.
a. won’t consider, unless b. considered, if c. considers, unless
That’s the building ____ we lived when I was a child.
a. that b. where c. which
____ you drive carefully, you may borrow the car.
a. In case b. As long as c. Suppose
I can recommend several restaurants in London, many of ____ offer gourmet food at very reasonable prices.
a. which b. them c. these
If you ____ this way madam, the waiter will show you to your table.
a. had just gone b. would just come c. have just come
What ____ if you ____ a millionaire?
a. will you do, were b. would you do, were c. did you do, will be
No sooner ____ my house than she ____ criticizing everything.
a. she entered, started b. had she entered, started c. did she enter, start
Daniel says he ____ his new job.
a. loves b. loved c. would love
I wouldn’t force you to go to this play if you really ____.
a. won’t want to b. wanted to c. didn’t want to
I don’t understand ____ he behaves so rudely.
a. that b. which c. why
The city council ____ the new sports centre as soon as the building ____ checked by a safety expert.
a. will open, has been b. are opening, will be c. will open, will be
3. Underline word or phrase that should be corrected or rewritten
51. She wishes that we DIDN'T SEND HER THE CANDY yesterday BECAUSE she’s ON a diet.
52. Today was SUCH BEAUTIFUL DAY that I couldn’t BRING myself TO COMPLETE all MY CHORES.
53. WHILE THEY were away at the beach, they allowed THEIR NEIGHBORS USE their barbeque grill.
54. The artist tried STIMULATE INTEREST in painting BY TAKING his students TO THE museums.
55. The harder he TRIED, the WORST he DANCED before the LARGE audience.
56. Mumps ARE a very COMMON DISEASE WHICH USUALLY affects children.
57. Nancy said THAT she WENT TO the supermarket BEFORE COMING home
58. BEFORE she moved here, Arlene had BEEN president OF THE organization SINCE four years.
59. Each OF THE nurses REPORT to the operating room when his or HER NAME IS CALLED.
60. The ATHLETE, together WITH HIS COACH and several relatives, ARE traveling to the Olympic Games.
61. Professor Duncan TEACHES BOTH ANTHROPOLOGY as well as sociology EACH FALL.
62. My brother is IN California ON vacation, but I wish he WAS here so that he could help ME REPAIR MY CAR.
63. I CERTAINLY appreciate HIM TELLING us about the delay in DELIVERING the materials because we had planned to begin work tomorrow.
64. The chemistry instructor explained the experiment IN SUCH OF A WAY that it WAS EASILY UNDERSTOOD.
65. Rudolph Nureyev HAS BECOME one of THE GREATEST DANCER that the ballet world has EVER KNOWN.
66. He has LESS friends in HIS classes now THAN he had LAST YEAR.
67. The town we visited WAS a FOUR-DAYS journey from our hotel, so we TOOK the train instead OF THE BUS.
68. The influence of the NATION'S Literature, art, and SCIENCE HAVE captured WIDESPREAD attention.
69. The leader emphasized THE NEED FOR JUSTICE and equality BETWEEN his PEOPLE.
70. MANY of the population in the RURAL AREAS is COMPOSED of manual LABORERS.
Choose the one word or phrase that BEST KEEPS THE MEANING of the original sentence
71. The landscape can change abruptly after a rainstorm in the desert Southwest.
72. Travel agents will confirm your reservations for you free.
73. J.P.Morgan had a reputation for being a prudent businessman.
74. Discretionary funds are included in most budgets to cover expenses that the contractor might run into during the work.
(1) forget to do
(2) pay for
(3) meet unexpectedly
(4) add on
75. The audience applauded enthusiastically after the performance at the Grand Old Opera.
76. A legal combination of United States Airways, Inc., and the Intercontinental Airlines Company was approved at a joint board of directors meeting.
77. News commentator, Eric Sevareid, had to yell to be heard about the hubbub.
(1) noise and confusion
(2) loud music
(4) sports activity
78. John Dewey loathed the idea that children should not participate in activities as part of their educational experience.
79. The pact has been in effect for twenty years.
80. The remnants of the Roman Empire can be found in many countries in Asia, Europe, and Africa.
(2) small pieces
TRANSFER ALL YOUR ANSWERS TO YOUR ANSWER SHEET
Participant’s ID number
USE OF ENGLISH
Participant’s ID number
YOU CAN USE THE OPPOSITE SIDE
(Monologue; Time: 1,5 - 2 minutes)
In a minute you will have to speak on what you like doing in your spare time, whether you have enough leisure time, why?
(Dialogue; Time: 3 - 5 minutes)
Discuss with your partner what subcultures are popular with teenagers nowadays. Why? Would you like to join any informal group? Give arguments and examples in support of your opinion. You may or may not come to an agreement with your partner. Remember it is a discussion and not a monologue.
(Monologue; Time: 1,5 - 2 minutes)
In a minute you will have to speak on what teenagers like doing in their spare time, how leisure activities have changed over the last years.
(Dialogue; Time: 3 - 5 minutes)
Discuss with your partner why teenagers sometimes join different groups and movements. Give arguments and examples in support of your opinion. You may or may not come to an agreement with your partner. Remember it is a discussion and not a monologue.