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IMPROVING COMMUNICATION IN THE MENTORING RELATIONSHIP Saadat Guliyeva School #21 Shirvan
HERON’S SIX CATEGORIES OF INTERVENTION. John Heron defines six major styles of intervention that we can use to increase the effectiveness of our communication skills in mentoring relationships. Effective mentors are clear about intention (məqsəd) of their interventions(questions ,statements,observations etc.)and are skilful in their choice and application. The interventions are described according to their intention rather than content.As you read this list-think about which of these styles of intervention you usemost and least in your own communication with patients,colleagues and family.Notice whether you use some more than others.
AUTHORITATIVE INTERVENTIONS 1.Prescriptive: A prescriptive intervention seeks(araşdırır) to direct the behaviour of the patient/colleague,usually behaviour that is outside of the practitioner/patient relationship. For example-”I would like you to discuss this issue with your senior colleagues.”
2.Informative An informative intervention seeks to impart(ötürmək) knowledge,information and meaning to the other person. For example:-”Grants are often made available for this tipe of work.”
3.CONFRONTİNG A confronting intervention seeks to raise the awareness of the patient/colleague/ person about some limiting attitude or behaviour of which he/she relatively unaware. For example – “I notice this is the third time we have talked about this-and you have still not been able to act-I wonder what is going on?
Facilitative Interventions. 4. CATHARTİC: A cathartic intervention seeks to enable (imkan vermək) the other person to discharge and express painful emotion,usually grief,anger,or fear(Heron believed that unexpressed emotion could block development and creativity) For example –”I notice that whenever you speak about your research you look rather anxious”.
Catalytic 4.A CATALYTİC intervention seeks to elicit self discovery,self directed learning,and problem solving. For example – “Tell me about previous time when you had to work with a colleague who you found particularly challenging…how did you deal with that?”
Supportive A SUPPORTIVE intervention seeks to affirm the worth and value of the other person,and their qualities,attitudes and actions. For example – “ It sounds like you handled that in a very mature(dolğun) and confident way.” Note: In developing effective mentoring relationships it is usual for the mentor to rely more on facilitative interventions rather than on authoritative ones – to enable the mentee to develope their own solutions and autonomy.
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