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Обзорная экскурсия THE NOTHERN IRELAND
MY LAND ( BY THOMAS DAVIS ) SHE IS REACH AND RARE LAND , SHE IS A FRESH AND FAIR LAND, SHE IS A DEAR AND RERE LAND, THIS NATIVE LAND OF MINE …. NO MEN THAT HERS ARE BRAVE HER WOMEN’S HEARTS NO WAVER, I ‘D FREELY DIE TO SAVE HER AND THINK MY LOT DIVINE. SHE IS NOT A DALL OR COLD LAND , NO, SHE IS A WORM AND BOLD LAND, SHE IS TRUE AND OLD LAND , THIS IS NATIVE LAND OF MINE. SHE IS REACH AND RARE LAND , SHE IS A FRESH AND FAIR LAND, SHE IS A DEAR AND RERE LAND, THIS NATIVE LAND OF MINE
IRELAND Ireland is the second largest of the British Islands lying in the Atlantic of the west coast of Great Britain. The island if Ireland is politically divided into two parts: Northern Ireland , which forms part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland - a separate state named Eire in Irish
Northern Ireland is self governing country within the United Kingdom with the capital in Belfast . The country occupies an area of 14 120 square kilometers . It is often referred to as the province of Ulster . The Northern Ireland comprises six countries of Ulster where the protestants had majority in the population : Antrim , Armagh , Down , Fenmanagh , Londonderry and Tyron .
THOSE EVENING BELLS ( BY JAMES MANGAN ) THOSE EVENING BELLS ! THOSE EVENING BELLS ! HOW MANY A TALE THEIR MUSIC TELLS, OF YOUTH AND HOME AND THAT SWEET TIME , WHEN LAST I HEARD THEIR SOONING CHIME . THOSE JOYOUS HOURS ARE PAST AWAY AND MANY HEART THAT THEN WAS GAY WITHING THE TOMB NOW DARKLY DWELLS AND HEARS NO MORE THOSE EVENING BELLS AND SO ‘T WILL BE WHEN I AM GONE ! THAT TUNEFULL PEAL WILL STILL RING ON , WHILE OTHER BARDS SHALL WALK THESE DELLS, AND SING YOUR PRAISE, SWEET EVENING BELLS!
ANTRIM Along the North coast the country Antrim meets Atlantic ocean with its beautiful seaside . It is a part of Ulster and its capital is Antrim . It is seaside country . Shipbuilding and the extraction of salt are the main branches of business. The stock and manufacture of flax are the second production of Antrim. There are many places of interests which includes nine valleys of Antrim . Each of green valleys has a character of its own . Together they form a lovely and romantic area of rivers , waterfalls wild flowers and birds .
The giants Causeway – the eighth wonders of the world And one of them Causeway! It is mass of stone columns standing very near together . The tops of the columns from stepping leading from the cliff foot and disappearing under the sea . Over the whole Clauseway there 40000 of these stone columns . Visitors in modern times have been told that the Causeway is a strange geographical feature and the result of volcanic action Wonders of the world…
The beginning of writing in Irish Irish has one of the oldest literatures in western Europe after Greek and Latin The Irish became fully literate with the arrival of Christianity in the fifth century. Before that time a simple writing system known as "ogham" was used for inscriptions. The introduction of Latin led to the adaption of the Latin alphabet to the Irish language and the rise of a small literate class, both clerical and lay. The earliest Irish literature consisted of original lyric poetry and versions of ancient prose tales. The earliest poetry, composed in the 6th century, illustrates a vivid religious faith or describe the world of nature, and was sometimes written in the margins of illuminated manuscripts. The literary language known as Classical Irish .
. IRELAND US THE MOST HOSPITABLE PLACE IN THE WORLD THE IRISH PEOPLE ARE FRENDLY AND FRANKLY IN COMMUNICATION AND HAVE A GOOD SENCE OF HUMOR . THEY THINK THAT IT IS BETTER TO SAY EVERITHING WHAT YOU THINK ABOUT THEN KEEP SILENCE . The Irish have some form of tradition that is passed though generations of families , most of which we never bothering . FAMILY FOR THE IRISH HAS GREAT INPORTANCE . . NOWDAYS THE TWO OFICIAL LANGUAGES IN IRELAND ARE ENGLISH AND GALIC IRISH. GALEC IS CALTIC LANGUAGE CLOSE TO SCOTTISH GAELIC . IT IS USED BY MAJORITY OF THE POPULATION UNTILL 1800. IRELAND IT IS THE COUNTRY OF THE BEST WRITERS LUTERATUE, MUSIC, SONGS AND ART . THE BEST WRITTEN WORKS WERE CREATED HERE BY JOHNATHAN SWIFT, THOMAS MOORE , OSCAR WILD.
Thomas Moore 1779- 1852 Thomas Moore came from a reach Irish family. He was born in Dublin. He studied at University and then studied law in London. An Irish poet who sang his native land in the same way as Robert Burns.
Erin The nation have fallen and thou still art young thy sun is but rising , when other are set And tho savery cloud o ’r thy morning hath hung, the full noon of freedom shall beam round thee yet. Erin, Erin tho ’ long in the shade , thy star will shine out when the proudest halls fade… .
James Clarence Mangan Roll forth my song , like the rushing river, That sweeps along to the mighty sea god will inspire while I deliver my soul of thee ! Tell thou the world , when my bones lie whitening amid the last homes of youth and eld , that once there was one whose veins ran lightning no eye beheld. Roll on my songs and to after ages Tell how disdaining all earth can give He would have taught men from winsdom’s pages they way to live .
County Fermanagh Статус Графство Входит в провинцию Ольстер Административный центр Эннискиллен Население (2002) 55 тыс. (27-е место) Плотность 32,0 чел./км² Конфессиональный состав Протестанты (%) католики (%) Площадь 1691 км² (25-е место)
The rivers and lakes of Fermangh are heavy with fish, and the largest lake in the area Lough Erne holds many fishing records. People who don’t like fishing can hire a boat on Lough Erne And visit islands in the lake on one of the interesting Irelands is Devenish. In the middle age there was a chain of islands monasteries . At Devenish there still stands a perfect 12-th century round tower which the monks used for defence . County Fermanagh
Londonderry The country Londonderry has fine beaches in the north and the Sperrin Mountains in the south . The country town , Londonderry is one of the two most important cities in northern Ireland .Derry has a long history going back fourteen hundred years. At the time of plantation the City of London was sent over builders and money to rebuild Derry The best way to see the city of Derry is to walk along the famous city . In 1688 city was surrounded by James Seconds’ army . People died of starvation before siege was finally ended . This historical events is still very much alive in people’s memories and every year there is a ceremonial closing of city gates to commemorate the siege .
Armagh Armagh is one of the historical countries of Ireland . The north of the country is reach fruit producing area. Armagh was important long before Christianity as the home Ulster kings during six centuries . According to the Irelands' myths this territory was settled by ulads. After defense of Kingdom Ulster in IV century Armagh became a political center . The historical importance of Armagh was great because St Patrick came into this land with his religions teaching . He build churches and founded monasteries where many people could read and write . He was maid bishop of Armagh and grew to be loved by people.
County Tyrone Tyrone is the largest county in Northern Ireland, you'll find fascinating prehistoric sites, lovely forest parks with herds of deer, and of course the beautiful Sperrin Mountains, which stretch for nearly 65 kilometres. With blanket bogs and heather on the upper reaches and farmland and wooded valleys in the foothills, the Sperrins offer excellent attractions for hill walkers and cyclists. Visitors can fish for trout in the tributaries of the River Foyle, or see the many standing stones and burial cairns in the area. Near Cookstown, you'll find the 10th Century Ardboe Cross, the Iron Age fort at Tullyhogue, and the Beaghmore Stone Circles. Take a trip to the Tyrone Crystal factory in Dungannon where you can see molten glass being hand-blown.
Денежная единица — фунт стерлингов. The largest town in County Tyrone is Omagh, which makes a great base for exploring the surrounding areas, including the picturesque Gortin Glen. The nearby Ulster-American Folk Park, one of the country's best museums, tells the story of Northern Ireland’s unique contribution to the 'New World'. Strabane, a charming town with good accommodation and tourist facilities, is located in the midst of some of the most beautiful countryside in County Tyrone. County Tyrone
DOWN Country down is one of the best farming countries in Ireland . County Down is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland, situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland. Adjoined to the south-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 2,448 km², with a population of about 492,840. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, lying within the province of Ulster. It borders County Antrim to the north, the Irish Sea to the east and south, County Armagh to the west, and County Louth to the southwest. In the east of the county is Strangford Lough and the Ards Peninsula. The largest town is Bangor, on the northeast coast. Three other large towns and cities are on its border: Newry lies on the western border with County Armagh, while Lisburn and Belfast lie on the northern border with County Antrim. Down contains both the southernmost point of Northern Ireland (Cranfield Point) and the easternmost point of Ireland (Burr Point). It is one of only two counties of Ireland to presently have a majority of the population from a Protestant community background, according to the 2001 census. The other is County Antrim.
Music and Irish Society Music is an integral part of societ and Irish culture , enjoyed and performed by large numbers of people around the world . Music examines concepts of regional styles in music and the connection between Irish traditional music and places in Ireland. ). Geographical interest in music may be linked to a longstanding interest in finding ‘a rational and fundamental basis for dividing the earth’s surface into its most significant parts’ (Russell and Kniffen, 1969: 6). Yet, the geographical study of music is a relatively new area. In the mid-1990s, a number of geographers questioned geography’s fascination with the visual at the expense of a sonic experience of the world (Smith, 1994, 1997; Kong, 1995, 1996). Carney attempted to create an understanding of American culture through various phenomena and processes, including the evolution of musical styles and genres that could be traced to cultural hearths (1995; 1998). Almost all geographical studies of music have engaged in a discourse around identity and the creation of boundaries, borders and regions. Thompson suggests that “[m]usic geography is emerging to provide valuable perspectives that question the socially constructed boundaries around the production and consumption of music” (2006: 67). Through the identification of various sounds and spaces, geographers attempt to understand the processes that impact on the generation of music at the margins and the development of new cultural cores (Leyshon et al, 1995; Kong, 1996; Morton, 1998, 2001; Jazeel, 2005).
MUSIC AND THE IRISH SOCIETY Music is an integral part of societ and Irish culture , enjoyed and performed by large numbers of people around the world . Music examines concepts of regional styles in music and the connection between Irish traditional music and places in Ireland. ). Geographical interest in music may be linked to a longstanding interest in finding ‘a rational and fundamental basis for dividing the earth’s surface into its most significant parts’ (Russell and Kniffen, 1969: 6). Yet, the geographical study of music is a relatively new area. In the mid-1990s, a number of geographers questioned geography’s fascination with the visual at the expense of a sonic experience of the world (Smith, 1994, 1997; Kong, 1995, 1996). Carney attempted to create an understanding of American culture through various phenomena and processes, including the evolution of musical styles and genres that could be traced to cultural hearths (1995; 1998). Almost all geographical studies of music have engaged in a discourse around identity and the creation of boundaries, borders and regions. Thompson suggests that “[m]usic geography is emerging to provide valuable perspectives that question the socially constructed boundaries around the production and consumption of music” (2006: 67). Through the identification of various sounds and spaces, geographers attempt to understand the processes that impact on the generation of music at the margins and the development of new cultural cores (Leyshon et al, 1995; Kong, 1996; Morton, 1998, 2001; Jazeel, 2005).
IRELAND IS A BEAUTIFUL LAND OF MOUNTAINS RIVERS LAKES AND GREEN FELDS . IT IS ANCIENT AND YOUNG. I LOVE YOU MY IRELAND ……….
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