We want to tell you about the capital of England, London. There are many Interesting places to visit.
Big Ben is one of the most famous clocks in the world. It is a symbol of London and Britain.
TOWER OF LONDON.
The Tower of London is very old. It was a fortress, a royal palace and a prison. Today it’s a museum.
Westminster Abbey is the most well-known English churh. Many important ceremonies take place there.
Holidays in England.
There are a lot of holidays in England. One of the famous religious holiday is
It is celebrated at the end of winter and at the beginning of spring. People give each other chocolate eggs.
The most favourite holiday is Christmas. It is celebrated on the 25th of December. People decorate Christmas trees, buy presents. A traditional meal is roast turkey and Christmas pudding.
Another popular holiday is Halloween. It is celebrated on the 31st of October. People decorated their houses with pumpkins and sceletons. Children dress in costumes go from door to door saying «trick or treat».
There are a lot of famous writers in English Literature. Lewis Carroll is one of the well-known writers. He is famous for his famous book for children "Alice in a Wonderland".
The English are very particular about their meals. A traditional English breakfast is bacon and eggs. A traditional Christmas meal is roast turkey and Christmas pudding.
Tourists can buy beautiful souvenirs in London. Often in shops touristsu can buy figurs of Big Ben, double-decker buses, mugs, magnets, pencils, soft toys with the flag and symbol of London.
London is one of the largest and most beautiful cities in the world. It is open to guests from all over the world. It's great fun to visit London.
Welcome to London!
We want to tell you about Tatarstan, one of the biggest republics of Russia. There are two state languages in Tatarstan: Russian and Tatar.
The capital of Tatarstan is Kazan. It is located on the left bank of the Volga river and was founded in 1177 by the Bulgar tzar Ibrahim. It is a big political, economic and cultural centre. Kazan is also the cultural centre. There are many libraries, theatres, museums, monuments and other places of interest in it.
The Kazan Kremlin.
Kazan is famous for the Kazan Kremlin. It is unique because historically and architecturally it discovers the history between several cultures and civilizations.
The Kazan Kremlin is the only surviving Tatar fortress.
Nowadays the Kazan Kremlin symbolizes the nation’s history, its culture and traditions. In 2000 the Kazan Kremlin became a monument of UNESCO World Heritage.
The Kul Sharif mosque is one of the main mosques of the Republic of Tatarstan and Kazan . It is located in the Western part of the Kazan Kremlin. Many important ceremonies take place there.
Suyumbike’s tower is the main symbol of Kazan. According to the legend, Ivan the Terrible learned about the tsarina’s Suyumbike beauty. But Suyumbike refused the Russian tsar. Then Ivan the Terrible went to Kazan and conquered it. Suyumbike agreed to marry the Terrible but on one condition – He had to build the highest tower in Kazan in 7 days. By the end of the 7-th day the tower had been built. Suyumbike rose to the top of it and threw herself. In memory of this event people called the tower after Suyumbike.
Holidays in Tatarstan
There are many national holidays in Kazan.
Sabantuy is one of the most popular festivals in Tatarstan. It
is "a celebration of the plough" (in the Tatar language "saban" means
«plough" and "tuy" means "festival"). This holiday takes place at the
beginning of summer, after the first haymaking. During this festival
there are a lot of competitions. The most exciting are the horse racings.
Another popular competition is koresh. At the end they choose a winner. He is usually given a good prize.
There are also a lot of funny competitions and sport games, for example, egg-races, "running-in-bags" races. Climbing up a high pole is rather difficult, but very funny.
Kurban-Bayram is the biggest Muslim holiday. The essence of the holiday is bringing sacrifices. (Суть праздника заключается в принесении жертвы) According to the story from the Koran, Abraham tried to sacrifice his son Ishmael. For this devotion God rewarded Abraham, he sent him a lamb.
Rules of the holiday prescribe to treat everyone, and especially to the poor. In the following after the feast days are required to visit relatives and friends.( Правила праздника предписывают угощать всех, а в первую очередь бедных. В следующие после праздника дни необходимо посещать родственников и друзей.)
" Nauruz" means the "New Year Day". It is a very old festival. This festival takes place on the 21st of March. On this day the daytime is as long as night. Days become longer and nights become shorter. This holiday symbolizes the end of darkness and the victory of the light over the evil. It is a bright and unforgettable festival.
People choose the most beautiful girl. She is called "Nauruz-bikeh". She drives throughout the town in a coach, decorated with flowers, bright ribbons and bells. Everywhere people greet her cheerfully. People sing songs and dance.
There are a lot of famous writers in Tatar Literature. Gabdulla Tukai is Tatar well-known poet, literary critic, publicist and translator. He is famous for his fairy tales “Шурале”, “Водяная”.
Tatar meals are very tasty. One of their favourite meal is "ishpishmak". It is a triangle-shaped pie with chopped meat, potatoes and some onion.
Gubadiya is one of the main treats for large celebrations. Губадия is a round cake with kort, rice, eggs and raisins.
Chak-chak is Tatar sweetness, which is a pastry with honey. It is very tasty with tea.
Tourists can buy beautiful souvenirs in Kazan. One of the national souvenirs are
Chuvyaki are soft leather shoes without heels. They are very comfortable.
Also you can buy Tatar national headdress tyubeteika. It is a round cap with embroidered patterns.
You can buy a small souvenir of Kazan cat. It is a monument in Kazan, in the middle of the Bauman street.
I’m very proud of my Motherland and I’ll be very happy to show it to my foreign friends. Kazan is open to guests from all over the world. It's great fun to visit Kazan.
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Проектный метод получил в настоящее время очень широкое распространение в обучении. Его можно использовать в любой школьной дисциплине, где решаются большие по объему задачи, желательно для учащихся среднего и старшего звена.
Большую роль в процессе формирования профессионального самовоспитания школьников играют такие методы обучения, как метод проектов.
Проектная деятельность направлена на сотрудничество педагога и учащегося, развитие творческих способностей, является формой оценки в процессе непрерывного образования, дает возможность раннего формирования профессионально-значимых умений учащихся. Проектная технология нацелена на развитие личности школьников, их самостоятельности, творчества. Она позволяет сочетать все режимы работы: индивидуальный, парный, групповой, коллективный.