If + Pres.Ind.
If you hurry, we shall catch the train.
If we are leaving, I can shut the window.
If you have finished the work, you can go out.
If + Past Indef
Should + V
Would + V
If I had time, I should come to see you .Если бы у меня было
время , ..(а его нет)
If he played football well, they would take him to our team.
if + Past Perf.
If they had got up earlier, they would have come in time.
(but they got up late)
E X E R C I S E S.
1. Put the verb in the correct form:
1). I shall go there if you _____________ (go) with me.
2). If you stir the sugar, the tea _______________ (be) sweeter.
3). Dad gave me this watch as a birthday present. I ____________(be) terribly upset if I lost it.
4). If she __________________ (know) about his birthday, she would have congratulated him.
5). If it _______________ (not be) too cold, we will go for a swim.
6). If Pete hadn’t driven the car so fast, we ______________________(not have) a bad accident.
7). If he _______________ (be) ill, he wouldn’t have gone to the party.
2. Correct the wrong italicized words:
1). If I shall have more money, I’ll buy it.
2). If I lived in the seventeenth century, I could have known Sir Isaak Newton.
3). The dog will bite you if you entered the gate.
4). She would have ask him if he knew English.
5). If you would have called, they would have gone out with you.
6), Give my love to Ann if you will see her.
7). If you study hard, you pass the next test.
NB! We use a comma when the conditional clause comes first.
3. Complete the following sentences in your own words:
1). If the rain stopped now, we ________________________________ .
2). He would have done the work if he ___________________________ .
3). If you had told me, I ______________________________________.
4). If I were the President, I ___________________________________.
5). You will see Big Ben if you __________________________________.
6). If I knew what you want, I _________________________________.
4. Answer the questions.
1). Do you wish you were a teacher of English?
What kind of books would you use? _______________________________________________________________
2). Do you wish you were an actor / actress? _______________________________________________________________
3). Do you wish you were younger / older? Why? _______________________________________________________________
4). Do you wish you were a painter? What kind of pictures would you paint? _______________________________________________________________
5. Read two jokes with famous last words. Pay attention to the use of the conditionals.
1). A lady to Churchill, “Winston, if I were married to you, I’d put poison in your coffee”.
Churchill, “If you were my wife, I’d drink it”.
2).A lady to Bernard Shaw, “Imagine a child with my body and your brains”.
Shaw, “Yes, but what if it had my body and your brains?”
6. Choose the answers and underline the verbs in the conditional and main clauses.
1). A: If we get engaged to be married, will you give me a ring?
2). A: If you found some money, would you keep it?
B: No, I would ___________________________________.
3). A: What would you do if you were in my shoes?
4). A: If you fall out of that tree and break your leg, ________
5). Two birds were sitting on a branch of a tree watching a jet
plane pass high overhead.
“Look at the speed of that bird”, said the younger bird.
The older bird replied, “__________________________
The answers: a) Polish them.
b). If your tail was on fire, you would fly just as fast.
c). don’t come running to me.
d). Sure. What’s your phone number?
e). spend it.
T E S T.
1 .Define the Conditionals: (type, real or not, underline the verbs, translate the sentences)
If she knew his address, she would write him
When they do the presentation, they will speak in class.
He would have come to the party if he had learnt about it earlier.
2. Open the brackets:
1.They _____________ (come) to you tomorrow if they (know) ________________the way but they don’t know it.
2. If he _____________(learn) the words, he _______________(write) them correctly.
3. If she ____________________(not forget) the key, she ______________ (finish) the work in time.
3 . Correct:
If you was in my shoes, you would do the work better.
When he would come, I ‘ll be far away.
If the water had been warmer, we had swum in the river.
1.If she had known the way, she would have come in time.
2.If they took part in the competition, their team would win.
3. When I come to London, I shall visit the British Museum . _______________________________________________________________________
5. Open the brackets:
If I _____________ (buy) a new dress tomorrow, I _____________ (go) to the party.
If he _______________ (finish) the composition earlier, he _______________ (come) to me.
If my friends ______________(take) the books, we ____________________(translate) the text, but they didn’t do it.
If he would know Ann’s address, he would write her a letter.
If the weather is fine , we should go on an excursion.
She would have bought a present if she had money.
Разработка на тему : "Conditional Sentences" содержит таблицу для повторения основных грамматических правил образования и употребления условных предложений с примерами на каждый случай употребления, систему упражнений на отработку этих правил и тест для проверки навыков усвоения темы.
Упражнения носят разнообразный характер:
- вставить глагол в нужной форме;
- исправить неправильное слово;
- закончить предложение ;
- ответить на вопрос;
- подобрать правильный вариант ответа по смыслу;
Тест, кроме подобных заданий, включает в себя упражнение на перевод и проверку теоретических знаний (определить тип придаточного предложения, подчеркнуть глаголы).