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Would prefer & would rather - We use the modal expressions “would prefer” and “would rather” to talk about our preferences in English. - These two expressions mean the same thing and are synonyms to verb “prefer”.
They can be used for present or future preferences. Here are some Examples… Present (or general) preferences: A: Would you prefer coffee or tea? B: I think I would prefer coffee this morning. Future preferences: We would rather live near the beach than the mountains. OR: We would prefer to live near the beach.
The forms of “would prefer” and “would rather” Would prefer: Would prefer can be used with either a noun or a verb: They would prefer coffee. They would prefer to drink coffee. ** Notice that if you use a verb with “would prefer”, the verb is in the infinitive form
The negative of “would prefer” Use would prefer NOT + infinitive Examples… They would prefer NOT to drive because the don’t know this area well. She would prefer NOT to take classes at the afternoon. The morning is more convenient for her to study.
Would rather “Would rather” can ONLY be used with either a verb: They would rather have coffee than tea. NOT: They would rather coffee. ** Notice that the verb that follows “would rather” must be in the simple form (NOT ‘to’).
The negative of “would rather” Use would rather NOT + simple form Examples… We would rather NOT go out tonight because we have to get up early tomorrow. She would rather NOT buy a house in this area because it’s too far from her work.
Contractions: We often use contractions with “would prefer” and “would rather”. Pronouns can be contracted with WOULD to make the following: I would prefer/rather = I’d prefer/I’d rather We would prefer/rather = We’d prefer/We’d rather They’d prefer/They’d rather You’d prefer/You’d rather He’d prefer/He’d rather She’d prefer/She’d rather
More examples: I’d rather visit France than Japan. The students would prefer to do speaking activities in class. We would rather not take a break now. Let’s take a break later. Sam would prefer not to work on Saturdays because he would like to spend time with his family.
Practice… Would you prefer to eat Italian food or Chinese food? Would you rather travel to India or China? Would you prefer to work 5 8-hours days or 4 10-hours days? Would you rather have a cat, a fish or a dog?
**Use the examples in your textbooks, p. 87 ex. 75
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Цель данной презентации - введение нового грамматического материала, а именно - употребление синонимичных конструкций "Would rather/Would prefer", а также отработка их в устной речи.
Предложенный материал изучается в 9 классе по программе Биболетовой М.З. "Enjoy English" и презентация поможет лучше усвоить непривычные для русского языка конструкции, покажет разницу в их употреблении на примерах (утвердительные /отрицательные предложения, краткие формы), даст возможность учащимся самостятельно употребить их в различных предложениях.
Весь материал дается на английском языке.