Добавить материал и получить бесплатное свидетельство о публикации в СМИ
Эл. №ФС77-60625 от 20.01.2015
Свидетельство о публикации

Автоматическая выдача свидетельства о публикации в официальном СМИ сразу после добавления материала на сайт - Бесплатно

Добавить свой материал

За каждый опубликованный материал Вы получите бесплатное свидетельство о публикации от проекта «Инфоурок»

(Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ: Эл №ФС77-60625 от 20.01.2015)

Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Тесты / Grammar Rules Reported Speech
ВНИМАНИЮ ВСЕХ УЧИТЕЛЕЙ: согласно Федеральному закону № 313-ФЗ все педагоги должны пройти обучение навыкам оказания первой помощи.

Дистанционный курс "Оказание первой помощи детям и взрослым" от проекта "Инфоурок" даёт Вам возможность привести свои знания в соответствие с требованиями закона и получить удостоверение о повышении квалификации установленного образца (180 часов). Начало обучения новой группы: 28 июня.

Подать заявку на курс
  • Иностранные языки

Grammar Rules Reported Speech

библиотека
материалов

Grammar Rules

Reported Speech

Direct speech - “I am working hard”, he said.

Reported speech - He said (that) he was working hard.






When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past. So all the verbs usually change into a past form.


Present Simple Past Simple

I work hard”, he said.He said (that) he worked hard.

Present Continuous Past Continuous

I am working hard”, he said. He said (that) he was working hard.

Present Perfect Past Perfect

I have worked hard”, he said. He said (that) he had worked hard.


Past Simple Past Perfect or can stay the same

I saw Jane at a party a week ago”, he said. He said (that) he saw (had seen) Jane at a party a week before.


Note: Past Perfect and Past Continuous usually remain the same in the reported speech.


  • We don’t always need to change the tense of the verb if you say something that is believed to be true.

Jane said “New York is bigger than London”. Jane said (that) New York is (or was) bigger

than London.


  • We leave modals must, might, could, would, should, ought to unchanged in reported speech. But we normally change may to might in reported speech.

You must work harder”, she said. She said (that) I must work harder.

You may explain it better”, he said.He said (that) I might explain it better.


  • We change time words and certain words in the following way:


Direct Speech

Reported Speech

tonight, today,

this week/month/year

that night, that day,

that week/month/year

now

at that time, at once, immediately

now that

since

yesterday,

last night/week/month/year

the day before,

the previous night/week/month/year

tomorrow,

next week/month/year

the following day/the day after,

the following/next week/month/year

two days/months/years etc. ago

two days/months/years etc. before

this/these

that/ those

here

there

come

go




Подайте заявку сейчас на любой интересующий Вас курс переподготовки, чтобы получить диплом со скидкой 50% уже осенью 2017 года.


Выберите специальность, которую Вы хотите получить:

Обучение проходит дистанционно на сайте проекта "Инфоурок".
По итогам обучения слушателям выдаются печатные дипломы установленного образца.

ПЕРЕЙТИ В КАТАЛОГ КУРСОВ

Краткое описание документа:

When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past. So all the verbs usually change into a past form.

 

Present Simple    Past Simple

“I work hard”, he said.  → He said (that) he worked hard.

       

Present Continuous   Past Continuous

“I am working hard”, he said.  He said (that) he was working hard.

       

Present Perfect   Past Perfect

“I have worked hard”, he said.  He said (that) he had worked hard.

 

Past Simple   Past Perfect or can stay the same

“I saw Jane at a party a week ago”, he said.  He said (that) he saw (had seen) Jane at a party a week before.

 

Note: Past Perfect and Past Continuous usually remain the same in the reported speech.

 

·   We don’t always need to change the tense of the verb if you say something that is believed to be true.

Jane said “New York is bigger than London”.  Jane said (that) New York is (or was) bigger

      than London.

 

·   We leave modals must, might, could, would, should, ought to unchanged in reported speech. But we normally change may to might in reported speech.

“You must work harder”, she said.  She said (that) I must work harder.

“You may explain it better”, he said.He said (that) I might explain it better.

 

·   We change time words and certain words in the following way:

 

 

Direct Speech

Reported Speech

tonight, today,

this week/month/year

that night, that day,

that week/month/year

now

at that time, at once, immediately

now that

since

yesterday,

last night/week/month/year

the day before,

the previous night/week/month/year

tomorrow,

next week/month/year

the following day/the day after,

the following/next week/month/year

two days/months/years etc. ago

two days/months/years etc. before

this/these

that/ those

here

there

come

go

Автор
Дата добавления 20.04.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Тесты
Просмотров308
Номер материала 489310
Получить свидетельство о публикации
Похожие материалы

Включите уведомления прямо сейчас и мы сразу сообщим Вам о важных новостях. Не волнуйтесь, мы будем отправлять только самое главное.
Специальное предложение
Вверх