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Планирования урока по английскому языку: "Sport in Kazakhstan"

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Sport in Kazakhstan


Sport helps people to stay in a good shape, keeps them fit, healthy and makes them more organized, better disciplined in their daily activities and energetic.

Many sports are popular in Kazakhstan. They are: football, tennis, hockey, weight-lifting, track and field, basketball, volleyball, boxing, judo and karate, cross-country skiing, figure skating, climbing mountains, horse-racing.

All these sports have their strong supporters and fans. Thousands of people go to the stadium to support their favorite team and many thousands more watch the game on TV. For many people sport is the main form of entertainment. The people in the Republic of Kazakhstan are not only sports fans. They take an active part in all sports and sports activities, professional and amateur.

There are different sporting societies and amateur clubs in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Some of them constantly take part in different international tournaments and are well-known all over the world.

Kazakhstan sportsmen have won a great number of world records in gymnastics, judo, wresting, athletics.

International and national matches attract many fans. Some most important games and sport events are transmitted over the radio and TV.










Hobbies


There are more than 1000 hobbies known in the world. It is impossible to describe all of them.

A hobby is something to which a person chooses to give time and energy and which he is interested in. Hobbies differ like tastes.

If you have a hobby your life becomes more interesting. Hobbies increase your knowledge in some particular field and broaden your general out look. There are 4 large groups of hobbies: doing things, making things, collecting things and learning things. Gardening is one of the oldest hobbies. The English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses.

Some collections have no value, some others are so large and valuable that they are kept in museums and galleries. Some people are interested in photography. They always take their cameras with them when they are on holiday. A usual hobby is collecting tape-recordings. You may have recordings of operas, folk-music or jazz concerts.

It is difficult to describe all hobbies known in the world. The main things is that they help you to obtain knowledge.








The Environment and You

Some years ago the problem of Environment was widely discussed in the newspapers,radio and TV programmers in many countries of the world.Now we also have the same problem before us.

Why does this problem worry the people of the world?

The environment as it is known is all living and non-living things that surround us.They are animals and birds, woods and forests, air and water, land and atmosphere. All this may be called natural living conditions and resources.

National resources such as minerals, oil, wood lands and water are widely used for purposes of home industry and agriculture. As a result the wide use of national resources upsets the biological balance, pollutes air, water and soil. The people face the problem of the pollution of environment. Now it is becoming clear as never before that our environment needs strong protection from harmful actions in home industry and agriculture. Most people understand that it is necessary to fight pollution of the environment. We all should try to do our best in order to make air, forests and soil cleaner than before.

It concerns everyone who lives in our country. We know that the policy of our state in environment protection is to control air and water pollution but at the same time we think that it cannot be done without everyone’s help.












The problem of Ecology

Many people are concerned about ecology today because it is of vital importance for humanity. Everybody is talking about pollution nowadays: land pollution, water pollution, air pollution. The things we eat, the places we live in and the air around us are made dirty and unhealthy by machines and factories. Pollution is the result of industrialization and it threatens everything living: plants, animals, people. It is dangerous for life.

Pollution deprives people of fresh air, clear water and healthy food. The examples are numerous: the waters of Aral Sea are polluted and it became much l pollution, les than some years ago, the Caspian Sea becomes smaller too, people from Semey suffer from radioactivity.

International cooperation of scientists in environmental protection has already begun its work. People demand to stop bomb testing and arms race. They want to protect heir future.












English around the world

Although there are about three thousand languages in the world, English is the most wide spread. It is the official language in many countries. It is also spoken as a second language in many parts of India and Africa.

English is the most widely used language in international business, science and foreign affairs. Some people say that English should be the environment language because it is the most widespread language in the world. They think that many problems may solved easier if everyone speaks English. So we can say English concerns everyone.

Learning English is becoming important for everyone because we live in real life and we should know what is going on around us in the world. The world is changing rapidly in many fields, of technology, business, science, education, arts and medicine. These changes will influence us sooner or later. Today the Republic of Kazakhstan is integrating into the world mutiny and the problem of learning English for the purpose of communication is especially important for us.


















Christmas

For many British families Christmas is the most important holiday. Christmas is celebrated in GB on the 25th of December. Christmas is a religious holiday and one of the happiest holidays of the year, because it is the day that Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ.

People prepare for Christmas weeks before: they buy gifts for their families and friends, choose fur-trees and decorate them with ornaments, coloured paper, holly and lights, different toys and candles.

There are a lot of traditions connected with Christmas but perhaps the most important one is Christmas presents. Children wait for Santa Claus who comes to every house and brings presents. Going to bed children leave their stockings and shoes to receive presents the next morning.

There are a lot of jokes and fun on Christmas day. Young people like to spend it together in good companies. Family members sit down to a big turkey dinner followed by Christmas pudding and Christmas cake. Later in the afternoon they will watch the Queen on TV as she delivers her traditional message to the UK and the Commonwealth.

People wish each other a “Merry Christmas!”






Nauryz

Kazakhstan has many different customs and traditions. The most important Kazakh holiday of the year is “Nauryz” – Kazakh New Year.

On March 22nd people from smaller villages come to bigger cities. Families get together to help one another on constructing a “yurts” which is the traditional Kazakh home. Since the Kazakhs were originally nomadic people they had homes that could be easily set up and moved from one place to another. These yurts are made of long curved pieces of wood that are tied together and make the skeleton for this round house. Large pieces of felt are placed over the wood and rugs are placed inside the yurt on the floor to keep warmth and protect from cold and rain.

If you enter a yurt on Nauryz you will see that it is decorated with beautiful Kazakh ornaments, rugs and blankets.

As a guest you will sit at long low table and eat such Kazakh dishes as “karta”, “plov”, “baursak” “besbarmak”.

This meat is traditionally served with a sheep’s head, which is set at the “place of honor” - the head of the table. An elder “aksakal” will usually have to task of cutting the sheep’s head and saying words of blessing while giving each part of the head to a different person.

At the end of the meal you will sit and have tea and listen to musicians playing dombyras and kobyz and singing songs. Then you may see many ancient Kazakh games.










Great Britain

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated in the north-west coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean on the north and north-west and the North Sea on the east.

The UK is one of the smallest countries in the world. The area of the UK is some 244100 square km. the population of GB is over 57 million.

GB is not rich in natural resources. Coal and oil are the most of them. The UK is one of most industrialized countries. Agriculture takes also an important sector in the economy of the country. British people grow wheat, fruit, vegetables, oats.

GB is well known in the world as a nature-loving country. Is people care about the flora and fauna of the British Isles. But as a highly industrialized country GB uncounted the problem of environment pollution. And the people of GB had to pay great attention to the problem of environmental protection. Now the state policy of GB in environmental protection is to control air and water pollution and the study of man’s influence on the environment. There are many rives and lakes in GB. The Severn is the largest river, the Thames is the most important one.

The geographical position of GB gives it mild climate. The Gulf Stream influences the English climate greatly. The climate is not the same in all part of the British Isles. The western part of the country is warmer than the eastern one.





Kazakhstan

The Republic of Kazakhstan is situated in the Central Asia. The area of Kazakhstan is 2753000 square km. Its population is about 16 million. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and large villages. Astana is the capital of the Republic. Astana is the central part of the country.

Kazakh is the official language of the country. Russian and other languages are spoken here too.

Kazakhstan borders China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kirgizstan. There is a long border coast line on the Caspian Sea in the southwest.

There are a few rivers and lakes in Kazakhstan. The four rivers are the main resources of water in the country. The flora and fauna of the country are different. They depend on the climate of the area. They are richer in the south and poorer in the north.

The climate of the country is strongly continental. It is cold in winter and hot in summer.

Kazakhstan has well-developed heavy industry in many cities and towns. As the result of the development of heavy industry the country suffers serious environmental problems. Agriculture takes a very important sector in the national economy. The people in the country grow wheat, millet, corn, and cotton.

As a sovereign state Kazakhstan has its own national flag and anthem and national traditions holidays.











Traveling

There are many ways of traveling. The whole world is open for traveling. Now you can choose any place on the earth and go there on your bossiness or holiday.

You can go to the place by sea, by air, by train and by bus. If you want to get somewhere as quickly as possible the best way is to travel by plane. Traveling by plane is very expensive.

Coach tour are not very expensive. If you choose this kind of traveling you will have a chance to do a lot of sightseeing and have a good rest at the same time.

Many people prefer traveling by car. This way you can visit the nearby towns and cities. The greatest advantage of this way of traveling is that you can stop whenever you like and stay there as long as you want. You start from your own front door and take any road you like.

One of the cheapest and most popular way of traveling is hiking. You certainly need to prepare all things which will be necessary for traveling. It is always a great experience for a lover of nature.

Traveling is of a great use for the development of a person. When traveling we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see at home.




Краткое описание документа:

Sport in Kazakhstan

 

Sport helps people to stay in a good shape, keeps them fit, healthy and makes them more organized, better disciplined in their daily activities and energetic.

Many sports are popular in Kazakhstan. They are: football, tennis, hockey, weight-lifting, track and field, basketball, volleyball, boxing, judo and karate, cross-country skiing, figure skating, climbing mountains, horse-racing.

All these sports have their strong supporters and fans. Thousands of people go to the stadium to support their favorite team and many thousands more watch the game on TV. For many people sport is the main form of entertainment. The people in the Republic of Kazakhstan are not only sports fans. They take an active part in all sports and sports activities, professional and amateur.

There are different sporting societies and  amateur clubs in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Some of them constantly take part in different international tournaments and are well-known all over the world.

Kazakhstan sportsmen have won a great number of world records in gymnastics, judo, wresting, athletics.

 

International and national matches attract many fans. Some most important games and sport events are transmitted over the radio and TV.  

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