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Инфоурок Английский язык КонспектыПодборка наиболее часто употребляемых словообразований в ЕГЭ

Подборка наиболее часто употребляемых словообразований в ЕГЭ


Образуйте от слова CALCULATE 

Invention of Computer

Many encyclopedias say that the first computer was developed by Howard H. Aiken (and his team) in America between 1939 and 1944. It was a large-scale, programme-controlled machine which could make a very complex _____ .

Образуйте от слова USUAL .

Invention of Bubble Gum

Bubble gum is a type of chewing gum that is especially designed for blowing bubbles. It is ______ pink in colour and has a particular flavour.

Образуйте от слова REAL 

Invention of Crossword Puzzle

Crossword puzzles are the most popular word puzzles in the world. However, their history is ______ short.

Образуйте от слова MOVE .

Migrating Birds

In autumn you can see large flocks of birds flying from Russia to warmer countries. In spring, they come back to us. Migration is the periodic seasonal ______ of birds.

Образуйте от слова DARK однокоренное слово так, чтобы оно грамматически и лексически соответствовало содержанию текста.

The Least Successful Explorer

Thomas Nuttall spent many years studying the plants and trees in north-west America. He was different from most other explorers because he was almost always lost.

One night he did not come back and a group went out to search for him. When Nuttall heard them in the ______ , he was frightened.

Образуйте от слова POPULATE 

UK: Conservation and Environment

Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in Britain. Despite its high ______ density, the UK has many unspoilt rural and coastal areas.

Образуйте от слова POPULAR

Chicago from above

Following a recent renovation, the new Hancock Observatory invites you to enjoy Chicago’s best views from the city’s highest open-air Skywalk. It has quickly gained ______ with both Chicagoans and visitors of the city.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово MARVEL 

The Opening Night

The Phantom of the Opera, Cats, Mama Mia… They are all stage musicals. The opening night of a new musical is always a ________________ event.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DARK 


The main emergency telephone number in Britain is 999. The number 999 was chosen because, on the old dial phones, it was considered to be the easiest to dial in __________________ or smoke.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово VARY 

Looking after the environment

Protecting the environment is now a major concern in Britain. But despite many efforts __________________ threats to the environment remain.

Образуйте от слова WIDE 

Ray Bradbury

Ray Douglas Bradbury is a US writer of fantasy, horror, science fiction and mystery. He is _________ considered to be one of the 20th century’s greatest and most popular writers of science fiction.

Образуйте от слова COUNT 


The importance of animals in British life is reflected in many ways. In the past, landowners liked to be portrayed with their dogs and horses. ______ pictures of this kind can be seen in art galleries and private residences.

Образуйте от слова REAL .

Why do we sleep?

A recent study may have an answer to one of the greatest unsolved mysteries in science — what is the purpose of sleep? The work suggests it’s ______ about making animals function more efficiently in their environments.

Образуйте от слова SCIENCE 

Future population

The United Nations (UN) has published its prediction about the size and age of the world’s population three hundred years from now. This report can help environmental ______ and policy-makers to understand dramatic changes in the world’s population in the future.

Образуйте от слова EXPENSIVE 

Invention of Potato Chips

The potato chip was invented in 1853 by George Crum who was a chef at a restaurant in New York. Fried potatoes were popular at the restaurant because they were rather ______ , but one day a visitor complained that the slices were too thick.

Образуйте от слова ENVIRONMENT 

Tourism in Australia

The growth of tourism infrastructure related to the base of Ayers Rock, or Uluru began in the 1950s. Soon it started to produce adverse ______ impacts.

Образуйте от слова SCIENCE 

The World’s Language

The English language is famous for the richness of its vocabulary. Webster’s New International Dictionary lists 450,000 words, and the new Oxford English Dictionary has 615,000, but that is only part of the total. Technical and ______ terms would add millions more.

Образуйте от слова USUAL 

Entertaining guests

The most usual way to entertain friends at home is to invite them for a meal, either in the evening or at lunch-time on a Sunday. When guests are invited for a meal, they often sit and chat while they have a drink before the meal, and coffee is ______ served afterwards.

Образуйте от слова DEFENSE 

Castle Clinton

Castle Clinton was built in the times of Napoleonic wars and great tension between Britain and the US. New York was almost ______ and in a short time five new forts, Castle Clinton among them, were built.

Образуйте от слова EXPENSE 

The King’s New Dress

Many years ago, there was a King who spent all his time and money on dressing up. He loved riding round in his ______ garments so that everybody could see him.

Образуйте от слова DISCOVER 


Nicknamed the “Golden State”, California is the third largest state in area after Alaska and Texas The ______ of gold

Образуйте от слова POPULAR 

A Typical Day

My job would probably rank as one of the most ______ but I really like it. I am an accountant and I work from 9 am until 6 pm (although it takes an hour by train to reach my office in the City).

Образуйте от слова NECESSARY 

Advantages of a regular homework

What is homework? Should it always be done in writing, or can it be oral? Is it ______ connected with the information and tasks from the text books?

Образуйте от слова GREAT 

New Tourism in France

France is one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations. To most people perhaps, the ______ of France lies in her art and culture.

Образуйте от слова APPRENTICE 


Ilya Yefimovich Repin was born in Kharkov, Ukraine in 1844. Aged 22, after an ______ that covered icon painting and portraiture, he was admitted as a student to the Imperial Academy of Arts in St Petersburg.

Образуйте от слова POPULAR 

The Old Theatre

For years the old town theatre was a failure. It was very expensive but not comfortable, and most of the plays performed were ______ .

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово POPULATE 

UK: Conservation and Environment

Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in Britain. Despite its high __________________ density and widespread urbanization, the UK has many unspoilt rural and coastal areas.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово CONSERVE 

Cyberspace communication

Nowadays most of us go to our computers to connect with friends instead of using our phones. Cyberspace relationships have become the norm for many people, even the most ____________ ones.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово FINAL 

History of animated cartoons

Cartoon animation has a long history. A cartoon is made by drawing many pictures and showing them one after another so quickly that the pictures ______________ seem to move. The most prominent of animated cartoons were made by Walt Disney.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово 

When was the parachute invented?

Have you ever felt like jumping out of a plane? Plenty of people have, but _____________ most of them did it after parachutes had been invented.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SUCCESS 

Great Britain at the 2012 London Olympics

This is certainly the greatest Games for Britain in more than a century, and realistically the greatest ever. The British were more ______________ only once in 1908, in London, when a third of all the competitors were from the UK.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово SCIENCE 

Chemistry or no chemistry

I was planning a career in biology but was not looking forward to taking chemistry in my first year at Carleton University in Ottawa. However, the professor of chemistry was a famous ____________.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово DOMINATE 

2012 London Olympics

How has London 2012 changed the sporting map of the world? The United States won the highest number of gold medals and the most medals in total, with China dropping to second place on the medals table after unprecedented _____________ at their home Olympics in Beijing four years ago.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово BEGIN 

Famous inventions stories

Have you ever wondered how the most famous inventions were created? From the ____________ of time, humans everywhere have been inventing.

Преобразуйте, если это необходимо, слово INVENT 

Morse Code

Before phones, computers, and telegraphs were invented, messages would take months or even years to reach their destination. Samuel Morse was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, in April 1791, not knowing that he would be a famous ____________.

Образуйте от слова ROMANCE .

English Heritage

English Heritage is a public body within the British Government that looks after historic sites. History is all around us — not just in museums, beautiful castles, stately homes or __________________ ruins.

Образуйте от слова AMERICA 

English Heritage

Today children love to buy pens and pencils which come in all shapes and colours in stationary shops. But in early_______________ schools students used a quill pen and ink to write. Since these schools did not have many supplies, children often had to make their own ink at home.

Образуйте от слова BUILD 

The heart of Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital of Thailand. Its numerous high-rise __________________, heavy traffic congestion, intense heat and naughty nightlife may not immediately give you the best impression.

Образуйте от слова TROPIC 


Bangkok is the capital and the most populous city of Thailand. This __________________ metropolis is also one of the most traveller-friendly cities in Asia. Bangkok was not the first capital of Thailand, in fact it has taken that role comparatively not long ago.

Образуйте от слова SUDDEN 

Victoria Falls

Before you even see the falls, you hear and feel them. As you walk along the trail to the entrance, the sound of rumbling water sounds in the background and __________________ your face is hit with a breeze of humidity and mist.

Образуйте от слова NATURAL .

Robots of the future

Robotic engineers are designing the next generation of robots to look, feel and act more human, to make it easier for us to warm up to a cold machine.

Realistic looking hair and skin with embedded sensors will allow robots to react __________ in their environment.

Образуйте от слова BUILD 

St. Basil’s Cathedral

St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow was built between 1555 and 1561. According to legends, Ivan the Terrible blinded its

__________________ so that he could never build such a magnificent structure again.

Образуйте от слова ABSOLUTE 

Pronunciation is important

Some learners of English think that pronunciation is not very important. That is __________________ wrong.

Образуйте от слова MASS 

City Living

Humans have lived together in cities since ancient times, but even in 1800 urban areas were home to just 3 per cent of the world’s population.

The __________________ explosion of urbanization that accompanied the Industrial Revolution saw that figure rise 15 per cent in the space of 100 years.

Образуйте от слова APPEAR 

National Symbols

Britain is often represented by national symbols. There are two personifications of Britain: John Bull and Britannia. John Bull represents the typical Englishman, supposed to have a ‘bullish’ _________ and characteristics.

Образуйте от слова TRAVEL 


Bath is the finest place on earth for you may enjoy it without getting tired”. These are the words of the 18th century __________________ James Boswell upon his first visit to the place.

Образуйте от слова OPEN 

Clothes and Personality


What do your clothes really say about you? Some people wear their personality ___________ on their sleeves, while others try to hide it deep in the dark layers of their clothes. Nonetheless, one’s clothes can often be a window into the workings of their head.

Образуйте от слова COMPETE 

Texas Rodeo

The rodeo is a really exciting event. It is a thrilling __________________ between cowboys from all over the country.

Образуйте от слова OPEN 


What do your clothes really say about you? Some people wear their personality ___________ on their sleeves, while others try to hide it deep in the dark layers of their clothes. Nonetheless, one’s clothes can often be a window into the workings of their head.

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