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Made by the teacher of English Zhuravkova V.A.
Eton College has educated boys (there are no girls at Eton) for nearly six centuries! Eton is a very old school. It was founded by King Henry VI (who was only 18 at that time). Henry’s aim was to give education to 70 poor boys so that they could then go to Cambridge University (which was founded at the same time). He wrote that the chosen boys should ‘have a good character, be good at reading, Latin grammar and singing’.
Eton has traditionally been referred to as "the chief nurse of England's statesmen", and has been described as the most famous public school in the world. The school is headed by a Provost and Fellows (Board of Governors), who appoint the Head Master. It contains 25 boys' houses, each headed by a housemaster, selected from the more senior members of the teaching staff, who number some 160.
A lot of world –known people have been to Eton, including the novelists Henry Fielding, George Orwell, Aldous Huxley, Percy Shelley and Ian Fleming, 18 British prime ministers, and, in recent years, Prince William and Prince Harry. Two important Etonians in British politics today are David Cameron, the leader of the Conservative Party, and Boris Johnson, the Major of London. Men who have been educated at Eton are called “Old Etonians” and they often want to send their sons to Eton too.
Famous novelists George Orwell Aldous Huxley
George Eliot Henry Fielding
Percy Shelly Ian Fleming
Prince William Prince Harry
Etonians in British politics David Cameron, the leader of Conservative Party Boris Johnson, the Mayor of London
Eton is a boarding school where boys between 13 to 18 live and study away from home. Each boy has his own small room with a bed and a desk which he can decorate as he likes (with limits, of course) and where he can entertain his friends. Having your own room from the first day at school (even if you are only 13) is central to Eton’s philosophy. The teachers want their students to think independently and take responsibility for themselves.
When a boy comes to Eton he joins a ‘house’ of 50 boys. This house will be the hub (центр деятельности) of his life for the next five years. Each house is under the care of a house master, who looks after the boys, supporting them and, if necessary, makes sure they behave themselves. The house master is supported by a dame (куратор), who looks after the boys’ health and helps them with personal matters.
When a boy comes to Eton he joins a ‘house’ of 50 boys. This house will be the hub (центр деятельности) of his life for the next five years. Each house is under the care of a house master, who looks after the boys, supporting them and, if necessary, makes sure they behave themselves. The house master is supported by a dame , who looks after the boys’ health and helps them with personal matters.
Eton’s Uniform Students wear a strange old-fashioned school uniform. It consists of a black tailcoat (or morning coat), black pin-striped trousers, a black waistcoat, well-polished black shoes, a false-collar and a white tie. This uniform is not for special occasions, it is worn at all times and if you’ll see the boys walking around the campus (территория) in this strange clothes. In the past Eton students also wore a top-hat and a walking-cane.
With its combination of excellent teachers and small classes, Eton gives its students a very good education. A personal tutor looks after the progress of every boy. When students leave Eton, they usually go to top universities, such as Oxford or Cambridge. Although the collage looks old-fashioned, it is very well-equipped and has state-of-the-art laboratories. Every boy has a lap-top computer, and a network connects all classrooms and all boys’ bedrooms to the Internet.
Foreign languages Languages are very important at Eton. Every boy takes least two modern languages chosen from French, German, Japanese, Russian and Spanish. Students also study Latin for at least one year and many choose to study Greek as well. Outside the timetable they may choose Chinese or Arabic. The academic year starts at the end of September and has three terms. The year finishes with the exams in early June.
Sports Sport is a feature of Eton. There is an extensive network of playing fields. Their names include Agar's Plough, Dutchman's, Upper Club, Lower Club, Sixpenny,The Field, and Mesopotamia (situated between two streams and often shortened to "Mespots"). Students play different sports. They take part in lots of competitions. But the most favourite are rugby, football and cricet.
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