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The Declaration of Independence This famous document declared the freedom of the original 13 colonies from British rule. A large part of it was written by Thomas Jefferson. The Declaration stated that the colonies were now free and independent states” and officially named them the United States of America.
This historic document said that ‘all men are created equal’ and all people have the right to ‘life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.’ The Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Congress on the fourth of July, 1776. This day is now celebrated in the USA as Independence Day, or the Fourth of July.
The Liberty Bell The Liberty Bell is a symbol of freedom. It was made in London and taken to Philadelphia in 1752 where it cracked when it was first used. It was repaired, and when the Declaration of Independence was sighed, it rang out the day. It cracked again in 1835 and 1846. In 1976 it was placed in a special case of glass and steel behind Independence Hall (the building in Philadelphia where the Declaration of Independence was written and signed)
Stars and Stripes The flag of the US has 13 stripes for the 13 original colonies and 50 stars for the 50 states. American citizens and immigrants sometimes recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag: “I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, One Nation, under God, Indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all.” The flag is also called “Old Glory”.
The Statue of Liberty The Statue of Liberty was a present to the people of the United States from the people of France. It was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartoldie and brought to America in 1884. The Statue of Liberty stands on Liberty Island in the Middle of New-York harbor. It has become a symbol of hope and freedom and was the American sight seen by many people who went to the US for a better life. The statue is 46 metres high and weighs 204 tons.
The American Eagle The American Eagle is the national symbol of the United States. It holds an olive branch (a symbol of peace) in one foot and arrows (a symbol of strength) in the other foot. It is also called ‘the bald eagle’ and it appears on the Great seal of the United States and on some coins.
Uncle Sam Uncle Sam has initials US and is unofficial symbol of the US government. He first appeared in the 1960s on posters asking people to join the army, pointing his finger and saying ‘Uncle Sam needs you!’ His top hat and clothes are always decorated with the stars and stripes of the American flag.
The Donkey and the Elephant The Donkey and the Elephant first appeared in political cartoons as symbols of the two main political parties in the US – the Democrats and the Republicans. There are not clear differences between the two parties. The Republicans tend to be more conservative and to have more support among the upper classes. The Democrats tend to be more liberal and to have more support among the working classes and the poor.
Conclusion as one can see, each symbol has its own unique history; Americans are very patriotic people. They are proud of their country and its history; most Americans share a belief in democracy and freedom as well as pride in the historic places and monuments that symbolize these beliefs.
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