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Slyudyanka (Russian: Слюдя́нка) is a town in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located at the southern tip of Lake Baikal, 127 kilometers south of Irkutsk. It is a stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway. Slyudyanka is the administrative center of Slyudyanskiy District. Population is about 18,574 people.
The town takes its name from the Russian word for mica, reflecting the numerous mineral deposits in the area.
A railway station of Slyudyanka and a settlement around it were established in 1905.
Apatite On a bed of colorful massive calcite sits a beautiful, equant, doubly terminated apatite crystal with the most exquisite deep blue-green color. It has the very glassy luster, unusually good transparency and color.
The town with the history that began in 1802 when the winter hut had been found during the Cirkumbaikal railroad’s construction, has many historical and nature possessions (architectural and historic monuments, among them - marble station). Slyudyanka has the municipal museum of local history and economy and the private mineralogical museum only in the region. water-tower
First of all, tourists like that this area is situated in immediate proximity to Baikal Lake. This place is for people fond of extreme tourism and wild, untouched nature. Here tourists can hunt, fish, walk around taiga and Baikal. Although the city infrastructure isn’t developed here, tourists can have quite a comfortable rest after extreme tourism.
Lake Baikal is the freshwater lake with greatest volume in the world, containing roughly 20% of the world's unfrozen surface fresh water, and at 1,642 m (5,387 ft), the deepest. It is also among the clearest of all lakes, and thought to be the world's oldest lake at 25 million years. It is the 7th largest lake in the world by surface area.
Lake Baikal is rich in biodiversity. It hosts 1,085 species of plants and 1,550 species and varieties of animals. More than 80% of the animals are endemic (found only at Lake Baikal). The Baikal Seal or nerpa is found throughout Lake Baikal.
Perhaps the most important local species is the omul . It is caught, smoked and then sold widely in markets around the lake. Of particular note are the two species of golomyanka or Baikal oil fish.
The Baykalsk Pulp and Paper Mill was constructed in 1966, directly on the shore line, bleaching paper with chlorine and discharging waste into the Baikal. In September 2013, the mill underwent a final bankruptcy, with the last 800 workers slated to lose their jobs by December 28, 2013.
Hostel Slyudyanka is situated at the south-east coast of the lake Baikal in town Slyudyanka. Slyudyanka is located 110 km far from Irkutsk. Slyudyanka is situated conveniently at the crossing of tourist routes around the South Baikal region. In this town one may get interested in its history and in its sightseeing.
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