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The Patriotic War Of 1812 Speaking about famous people
New words: to conquer- побеждать, завоевывать to defeat- наносить поражение to invade a country- вторгаться в страну drive - энергичное наступление, атака gate- ворота to burn (burnt, burnt) smth.- сжигать что-л. flame- пламя to bear – нести, переносить Field Marshal - генерал-фельдмаршал valour - мужество, бесстрашие Retreat - отступление
Napoleon Bonaparte(15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821)
Read more information about Napoleon. Napoleon Bonaparte(15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was the Emperor of France from 1804 to 1815. He wanted to make himself the master of all Europe. He had conquered Italy, Germany and Spain. In 1812 Napoleon led a huge French army to invade Russia.
By the end of September Napoleon and his army had reached the gates of Moscow.
Alexander I (12 December 1777 – 19 November 1825)
Read more information about Alexander i. Alexander I, the grandson of Catherine the Great, had never wanted to be a Tsar. He wanted to leave Russia and to live in America with his wife as a private person. But in 1801 his father Paul was murdered, and Alexander had to take his place as a Tsar. Also he soon had to turn his attention to war.
Mikhail Kutuzov (16 September 1745 – 28 April 1813
Read more information about Mikhail Kutuzov. Mikhail Kutuzov, a one-eyed general of the Army of nearly 70 years old, a cunning man who had fought in many wars. Kutuzov knew that the terrible Russian winter would soon begin. Russians were used to it, but the French soldiers would find cold weather hard to bear.
M. Kutuzov also decided not to defend Moscow but to burn it. When the French army reached Moscow, they found that the great city was in flames.
The weather got colder and colder until the temperature was well below freezing point. At last Napoleon decided that he must retreat from Moscow. The French retreat from Moscow was one of the most terrible marches that any army has ever made.
They had no bread to eat, no horses and there were almost no roads. When the French army at last reached the Russian frontier, only one man in every twelve was still alive.
Barklai De Tolli (16 December 1761 – 14 May 1818)
Read more information about Barklai De Tolli Barklai De Tolli was a Russian Field Marshal and Minister of War during Napoleon's invasion in 1812 Barclay commanded the right flank at the Battle of Borodino (7 September 1812) with great valour and during the council at Fili advised Kutuzov to surrender unfortified Moscow to the enemy. After Napoleon was driven from Russia, the success of Barclay's tactics made him a romantic hero.
Questions for discussion: Who are the main people of the Patriotic War?
Napoleon Bonaparte Alexander I Mikhail Kutuzov Barklai De Tolli
What was a cosmonaut a warrior a politician the Russian Tsar the President the Queen the explorer a painter the Emperor a writer a musician a scientist an actor (actress) a general Napoleon Bonaparte ?
What was a cosmonaut a warrior a politician the Russian Tsar the President the Queen the explorer a painter a composer a writer a musician a scientist an actor (actress) a film-maker Alexander l ?
the Russian Tsar
What was a cosmonaut a warrior a politician the Russian Tsar the President the Queen the explorer a painter a composer a writer a musician a scientist The Commander-in-Chief Mikhail Kutuzov?
How would you describe M. Kutuzov?
Не was a one-eyed man, of nearly 70 years old. He was a cunning man.
What was a cosmonaut a warrior a politician the Russian Tsar the President The Minister of War the explorer a painter a composer a writer a musician a scientist The Commander-in-Chief Barklai De Tolli
The Minister of War
What did the French army find when they reach Moscow?
The great city was on fire.
Why did Napoleon decide that he must retreat from Russia?
The weather was so cold and the soldiers were frееzing.
When was the Battle of Borodino?
It was on 7 September 1812.
What do you think about these statements? The Russian people used to say that they had one general who could never be conquered: General Frost. Napoleon's own opinion was:"The French showed themselves to be worthy of victory, but the Russians showed themselves worthy of being undefeated."
Who or what, in your opinion, played the most important role in the War of 1812?
The Russian people