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New words: to conquer- побеждать, завоевывать to defeat- наносить поражение to invade a country- вторгаться в страну drive - энергичное наступление, атака gate- ворота to burn (burnt, burnt) smth.- сжигать что-л. flame- пламя to bear – нести, переносить Field Marshal - генерал-фельдмаршал valour - мужество, бесстрашие Retreat - отступление
Read more information about Napoleon. Napoleon Bonaparte(15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was the Emperor of France from 1804 to 1815. He wanted to make himself the master of all Europe. He had conquered Italy, Germany and Spain. In 1812 Napoleon led a huge French army to invade Russia.
Read more information about Alexander i. Alexander I, the grandson of Catherine the Great, had never wanted to be a Tsar. He wanted to leave Russia and to live in America with his wife as a private person. But in 1801 his father Paul was murdered, and Alexander had to take his place as a Tsar. Also he soon had to turn his attention to war.
Read more information about Mikhail Kutuzov. Mikhail Kutuzov, a one-eyed general of the Army of nearly 70 years old, a cunning man who had fought in many wars. Kutuzov knew that the terrible Russian winter would soon begin. Russians were used to it, but the French soldiers would find cold weather hard to bear.
Read more information about Barklai De Tolli Barklai De Tolli was a Russian Field Marshal and Minister of War during Napoleon's invasion in 1812 Barclay commanded the right flank at the Battle of Borodino (7 September 1812) with great valour and during the council at Fili advised Kutuzov to surrender unfortified Moscow to the enemy. After Napoleon was driven from Russia, the success of Barclay's tactics made him a romantic hero.
What do you think about these statements? The Russian people used to say that they had one general who could never be conquered: General Frost. Napoleon's own opinion was:"The French showed themselves to be worthy of victory, but the Russians showed themselves worthy of being undefeated."
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