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WORK AND PLAY
English is taught all over the world, by all sorts of teachers to all sorts of learners. Schools and classrooms enormously in their different forms from place to place . But, whatever the conditions you are working, there is one resource which is universal and unlimited: the human mind and imagination. This is probably the one single most valuable teaching and learning resource we have . Nothing can change it .
We’d like to introduce you some methods we consider very useful and interesting. They help to increase students vocabulary , imagination and to improve the learners knowledge CONCRETE POEMS: 1.Show the learners a subject. 2.ask them to write all words associating with it. 3.ask the learners to write the associating words in a shape of the subject. :
EXAMPLES My house Furnished Furnished Spacious Recently renovated Detached house In good condition Studio , renting , paying the bills clean roomy Tiny bright bedsit , couch carpet shower
spashesl rain drizzle dripping soaking Cool wet Autumn, spring wander street
Diamond poems. Such poem has seven lines in a shape of a diamond . The first half of the poem doesn’t go with the second one. The first line has the only one word. The second line has two words. The third line has three words. The fourth line has four words. The fifth line has three words. The sixth line has two words. The seventh line has one word.
Cat cuddly, furry purring, sleeping, pouncing mouser, feline, canine, climbing barking, sniffing, playing friendly, loyal Dog. Examples:
My parents Mother kind , careful cooking ,helping, kissing young, patient, strict , strong brave, handsome, tall hardworking, reliable Father Обои дня: Обои дня:
Phonetic poems Ask the learners to make up a rhyming sentence using different words with one common vowel sound. Examples : Mike took my bright tie. [ ai ] You see me swimming in the sea. [ I: ]
Listen. Choose. Read. 1. а)tree — three б) three — tree 2. а) man — men б) men — man 3. а) cheap — chip б) chip - cheap 4.а) bet - bed - bad б) bed - bad - bet 5.а) cut - cat - caught б) cat - caught – cut 6.а) hat -hard- heard б) hat- heard - hard
Young designers (group work) Show the learners a toy. Divide the learners into groups. Ask the learners to improve and modernize it. Ask the learners to write down all steps of their work and draw the toy before and after their work. After work each group must choose a representative who will be protect their work. The learners can use notes during their answer.
Reading Divide the class into groups. Divide the text into parts. Distribute them among groups. Groups read their parts and try to role play them in order, collecting the text as puzzles.
Furniture New language ‘Furniture vocabulary area (for example, chair, table, cupboard). Revision ‘Rooms’ vocabulary area. Place prepositions (for example, near, beside, between). Materials Short descriptions of a living-room on a poster, or on the board; pictures of the furniture you wont to teach; if you are using a poster. Preparation Make the poster, if you are using one, or do the drawings on the board. Make the pictures. Make notes for the short descriptions of the room.
1. Put up the plan of the living- room. Tell the class ‘I’m moving house. This is my new living-room. It’s empty now. I’ve got to move in all the furniture’. Show them the sofa and ask ‘Where shall I put the sofa?’ Prompt them with suggestions, for example: Teacher Where shall I put the sofa? Here, by the window? Or over here, next to the door? Learners Next door, next door! Teacher Next to the door. O.K. Let’s put the sofa next to the door (pins picture to plan). What about the armchair? (etc). 2. When all the furniture is in position, pretend to be on the phone to a friend telling her about the new room and how you have arranged it; for example: I’ve just moved in. The living-room’s really nice. I’ve put the sofa next to the door. And next to the sofa there’s an armchair… etc. 3. Ask a learner to come up to the board. Ask him or her to point the pieces of furniture as you repeat your description. 4. Write the names of the pieces of furniture on the board. Below them, write the list of prepositions, leaving space on both sides. Get the learners to repeat the words in chorus. If necessary, practice pronunciation. 5. Make the list of prepositions into a substitution table like this: There’s a ________ near the ___________ an next to
opposite, etc. * Take down, or rub out, the pictures of furniture on the plan. * Tell the learners that they are going to work in pairs. Give each pair two pieces of paper. * Get one learner in each pair to copy the plan of the room onto one piece of paper. Meanwhile, the other learner should tear up the other piece of paper and write a name of a piece of furniture on * Repeat your descriptions of the room. The learners should arrange the small pieces of paper in the right position on their plans. * Ask learners to make sentences to describe their rooms.
What do I spy? LANGUAGE Revision of colours, shapes ,and sizes ,and the name of things your learners use in the classroom ,for example: a pencil, a brush, e.t.c. Things in pictures around the classroom: a star ,the moon ,etc. Rhyme: ‘What do I spy?’ RESOURCES AND PREPARATION everything you have in the classroom including the pictures on the walls. Be prepared to describe the size, shape, and colour of what your learners can see. …………………………………………….. Tell your class that you are going to describe six different items in the room. You can tell them the size, shape, and colour of each item. They have to guess what you are describing. Say this short rhyme before you describe a new thing in the room: What do I spy? What do I spy? Way down low Or way up high. Can you tell me What I see? It’s near you And it’s near me. … It’s in this room. It’s small and round and red. What is it?
When your learners want to answer they should put up their hands. Okay …do you know what I am describing? ...Yes, …you have your hand up … Yes…the pencil sharpener…on my desk … Very good. When your learners have guessed your six items ask them to get into groups. Tell them to pick four things and prepare to answer questions from the other groups’ objects and to guess what the other groups’ objects are. When they are ready tell them that each group has to say the rhyme before one learner says the clue the team that guesses correctly gives the next description if no one guesses a description from the size, shape, or colour, the team can give the extra clues.
Ask your learners to give more clues in their first description. For example, they could say: what something is made of: ‘ It’s made of wood’, ‘It’s made of plastic’, etc. what it is used for: ‘ You use it to drink water’, ‘ You use it to rule the page’, etc. what sound the name in English starts with: ‘It starts with the sound “sh”.
Thank you for your attention !!!
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Эта презентация представляет собой активные методы обучения, полученные в ходе занятий с преподавателем из Америки.Они основаны на коммуникациях, объективно возникающих как между учащимися, так и между учениками и учителем.Используя данные формы и прёмы работы на уроках мною было отмечено, что данные методы активно задействуют природную любознательность учащегося, то есть использование активных методов становится элементом положительной мотивации ученика.
Здесь представлены грамматические,лексические,орфографические игры,которые безусловно способствуют формированию языковых навыков и дальнейшему их развитию и возможность проявить самостоятельность.