Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Ғылыми жұмыс тақырыбы : Тез дайындалатын тағамдардың адам ағзасына зияны. Дайындаған : Махметов Батыр 2 курс студенті Жетекшісі :Рахимова Райса Бекболатвна

Ғылыми жұмыс тақырыбы : Тез дайындалатын тағамдардың адам ағзасына зияны. Дайындаған : Махметов Батыр 2 курс студенті Жетекшісі :Рахимова Райса Бекболатвна

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Ғылыми жұмыс тақырыбы : Тез дайындалатын тағамдардың адам ағзасына зияны.

Дайындаған : Махметов Батыр

2 курс студенті

Жетекшісі :Рахимова Райса Бекболатвна

The Theme of project work:

Harm Of Fast Food for our Health


  1. The importance of the question of fast food……………………………….3

  2. Introduction………………………………………………………………….3

  3. Fast food and health…………………………………………………………3

  4. Why do we eat fast food?...........................................................................7

  5. Disadvantages of Fast food ………………………………………….7

  6. Reasons junk food is bad for your health………………………………………………………………..9

  7. The results of research work………………………………………………11

  8. Сonclusion………………………………………………………………….14

  9. The list of used literature……………………………………………………15


1. The importance of the question of fast food

Fast  food has always been popular. Children have always liked Big Mac and drinks. You can find fast food restaurants in all countries of the world, practically in all big cities. People come in and quickly have their lunches and dinners. They say they like it because it doesn’t take them long, the food is rather tasty and they don’t pay much money for their meals. But is this food really healthy? Nowadays scientists take a lot about eating problems. Some of them say that many people have become fat because they are fond of  junk food  - hamburgers, cheeseburgers, chips, and so on. And these are the things we usually buy and eat in fast food restaurants. There is not enough fruit and vegetables on the menu and there is too much sugar in sweet pies and cakes. This food is low in vitamins. Eating such food is risky and can be really dangerous.      

2. Introduction.

The question about fast food is very important today. A lot of children and grown- ups eat fast food with great pleasure every day.

 The object of my work is: fast food.

The subject of my work is: people’s attitude to fast food.

The aim of my work is: to study people’s attitude to fast food and understand to eat fast food or not.

The tasks are:

  1. To learn the history of fast food;

  2. To learn benefit and harm of the ingredients of fast food;

  3. To analyze opinion of grown-ups about fast food.

The hypothesis of my work is: a lot of people don’t know or don’t think about harm of fast food, so they eat much fast food. I chose this subject because a lot of my friends quite often buy potato chips, French fries, fish burgers, hamburgers, hotdogs and other products in stalls fast to satisfy hunger. But from parents and teachers we constantly hear that it is harmful. A healthy diet can reduce the risk of major chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and some cancers. I want to answer the questions:

Methods are: studying literature, sociological questioning, modeling.

3. Fast food and health

Fast food is convenient and inexpensive. Hamburgers, hot dogs, french fries, fried chicken, fried fish, pizza, gyros and doughnuts are fast foods eaten by millions. Although these often fried and processed foods contain nutrients, such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, they are also loaded with sodium, cholesterol, unhealthy fats, sugar and calories. Consuming fast foods, especially if you eat them often, may increase your risk of chronic disease.

There was never a time in the world, when people would only eat junk food. Meanwhile, breakfast and lunch at a fast food restaurant and the pizza home delivery as dinner - the trend of today. In combination with physical inactivity uniform absorption and calories - a straight road to obesity and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Of these diseases in a natural way "flow" modern "epidemic" of diabetes and cardiovascular events.

Determines the range name. Fast food (English fast food - fast food) - food prepared for a quick meal on the go or even on the move. This is a dish that is not ready to order, both in the restaurant and warm up of the semis. Thus, the range of fast food is very limited: hot dogs, hamburgers, buns, fries, saucesbags.

Fast, fast, faster. Quick food industry has created a kind of sports even on speed eating fast food. However, participants in this sporting event becoming who eat this way. Fast food eaten quickly, not really chewing, resulting in stomach fall unground and saliva soaked pieces of food. As a consequence, an increased likelihood of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, ulcers, etc.) increases significantly. Food is absorbed on the go or for a limited amount of time is dangerous to health.

World Map. International Network TGI conducts consumer research in more than 50 countries. Age of respondents - 18 years and above. The study showed in 2005, the largest number of consumers of fast food are from the USA and Australia. In these countries, about nine out of ten people choose to "fast food." The most ardent fans of such power in the two countries are males aged 18 to 24 years. Third place goes to Israel, is 85% of the population consume fast food. In fourth place - Canada (83%).
With good separation from other European countries are becoming the UK. Here, the number of consumers of fast food a little less than in North America - 82%.
According to research by TGI Global, the most noticeable changes in the quick service segment in recent years have taken place in China. Changing lifestyles, the shift toward Western culture led to a steady increase in the consumption of fast food. The American "fast food" seriously pressed ethnic cuisine, including Chinese fast food. Its main customer is, as in the case of Australia and the U.S., youth. Over the past year 79% of the population aged 18 to 24 years visited the Western fast food type. Compared with the data of five years ago, it increased by 15%. The number of young people who attended the Chinese fast food establishments for the same period is 52%. Over the past five years, it increased by only 8%. In other words, the increase in attendance of Chinese fast food is almost two times lower than the U.S.In the European continent, the popularity of fast food is much lower. France - 57%. Moreover, in contrast to the situation in China, American fast-food French are not welcome. In French in "McDonald's" fed exclusively by tourists and expatriates. The root of the population prefers patriotic widely sold baguettes with ham, cheese and sauces. On the same level with France keeps Bulgaria, where devotees fast food 54%, Mexico (53%) and Germany (51%). In Spain, the consumers of fast food less than half - 43%. Even lower rates in Hungary - 35%. The popularity of fast food in many European countries due to busy rhythm of life, when do not have enough time to polnotsennyyobed, and, importantly, the pricing for the restaurant market. For example, in Belgium, where the business lunch costs about 10-12 euros, most prefer to eat a sandwich for 3 euros.

Aftermath. USA, home of fast food, is perhaps the fattest country - four obese children there suffer 43 million American adults, or one in seven residents. First degree of obesity, where the body weight exceeds the physiological norm by 30% to reach 170 million of the 300 million people in the United States. Obesity - a major cause of death in the U.S. Russia, the country is developing fast food in recent years has become one of the ten most obese countries.

To eat or not to eat fast food - an individual decision. On the correctness of the decision depends on the duration of your life. Make the right choice. Eat healthy and live long!

Fast food and the health of the nation. Fast food - a convenient form of nourishment for those whose working day is written down to the minute. For speed eating people are willing to sacrifice their health. As recognized by many respondents if they had the chance, they would deal with the development of their own food, but the pace of business life leads them to a different choice. In the U.S. about one-third of consumers say they "do not have time to cook a meal." The same argument put forward South Africans. However, not all fans of fast food explain their choice too busy at work. Despite increasing every year the number of supporters of a healthy way of living is a lot of people who at the sight of a hamburger (hot dogs, pizza, etc.) simply lose the will. And then all sensible arguments in favor of proper nutrition can be extremely persuasive, but they do not follow the strength or desire. In Mexico, about three-quarters of consumers (73%) say that they like the "foods that are harmful or undesirable for them." According to the study, most TGI Global fast food lovers consider such food harmful to health. In Hungary, nearly half (46%) of residents agree that "fast food" - is a high-calorie food with low nutritional value. In Mexico, a similar view is held by 62% of the population.

Active promotion of healthy lifestyles though not everywhere, but it brings some results. As shown by research, despite the popularity of fast food in most countries, more and more people realize the urgency of the matter of proper nutrition. Almost one-third of Canada's population (34%) reported that the eating of fast food to overcome with a sense of guilt, two-thirds (66%) agree with the statement "I really should start eating their own advantage." Most progress is noticeable in the UK: here the number of those who, sitting down at the table, the first step begins calculating the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, in the past five years has increased by 23%. In addition, during the same period was 18% more than those who agree that "fast food" is too rich in calories and has a low nutritional value.

In Russia, the attitude to fast food, according to the study "COMCON" (Russian Index of target groups), however, is improving. Attendance of fast food in the last five years has grown by 8.4%. The number of those who think fast food harmful, declined compared to 2010 by 9.6%.

High Blood Pressure. Fast foods contain high amounts of sodium, to reduce spoilage and accentuate flavor. High sodium in your diet can increase your blood pressure. High blood pressure makes your heart work harder to pump blood because your arteries are narrowed and resist blood flow. The narrower your arteries are, the higher your blood pressure, and you may not have any noticeable symptoms. High blood pressure can damage your blood vessels and organs and lead to hardening of the arteries, heart failure, heart attack, vision loss and stroke

Increased Cholesterol and Unhealthy Fats.  Fast foods contain high amounts of cholesterol, saturated fat and trans fat, substances that may increase your risk for cardiovascular disease. Animal products, such as meat and dairy, contain cholesterol and saturated fat. Fast food restaurants and processed food manufacturers use trans fat, an industrial processed hydrogenated vegetable oil, to fry foods and as an ingredient in margarine, breads, cookies, salad dressings and potato chips. Trans fat is more dangerous to your health than saturated fat. Trans fat is hard, and may quickly clog your arteries and increase your blood levels of total and LDL cholesterol, the bad cholesterol, and decrease HDL cholesterol, the good cholesterol. This can cause heart attack, stroke and death.

Risk of Obesity. The recommended daily intake of calories per day is 2,200 for most people, with lower calorie requirements for people who are sedentary and increased calorie requirements for people who are physically active. Increasing your caloric intake can increase your weight, especially if you do not increase your physical activity. Fast foods, including fried foods, snacks and sweetened beverages, are high in calories. Individual fast food and beverage items can exceed 1,000 calories each, and combined fast foods and beverages in meals can exceed 2,000 calories.

Increased Risk of Diabetes. Eating fast foods can increase your risk of insulin resistance, a condition in which your body cannot metabolize insulin properly. Insulin resistance can cause your body to produce more insulin, and over time you may not be able to produce sufficient amounts, leading to diabetes. Research by scientists at the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health at the University of Minnesota and published in "Lancet" in 2010 found that eating fast food increases your risk of weight gain, insulin resistance, obesity and type 2 diabetes. Freq 

Nothing except the chemistry. Nothing useful in the food of the "fast restaurants" no. All of this food is processed repeatedly, and then dried, frozen or preserved. And at every stage of processing it added chemicals, which are by no means necessary for the human body. But the important vitamins and minerals in these foods is not at all that more harm health.

The proof is quite easy to get. Many times talked about the burgers that have lain on the shelf for several weeks while "meat" of the bread has not changed its color, texture and smell.

High-calorie fast food contains a lot of fat and not enough vitamins. Energy value of the "standard" quick lunch is only slightly behind the daily intake of calories. Three meals a day in fast food, and the year you get better at least 20 kg.
In fast food added trans fats - they do not oxidize in storage for months and have nothing to do with vegetable oils that we use at home. Spenders accelerate the development of obesity - they get worse quickly absorbed and deposited under the skin. It is no accident, scientists call them "fat-killer." In other studies, the excessive use contained in fast food fudovskoy fat and sugar leads to a real chemical dependence, similar to the drug. In support of this theory is the fact that fans of fast food is very difficult to return to a normal diet.
Fast food contains a lot of preservatives, as well as various dietary supplements. What kind of supplements are used and in what quantities, often remains a mystery. The secret is and the dose, as well as the origin of the other food additives - flavor enhancers, stabilizers, emulsifiers, crosslinking agents, and so on and so forth. The taste and smell of hamburgers uent fast food consumption increases the risk and severity of insulin resistance.

4. Why do we eat fast food?

Conscious harm your body? It is unlikely that people are so sloppy in general. Explanation popularity of fast food, not only in the fact that the speed of life has increased so much that we cannot give yourself the opportunity to eat with feeling, really, with the arrangement of beautifully set table with dishes that are cooked and not warmed up from the semis.

"Fast food" has become a global industry, because it makes us addictive. This is not a global conspiracy to destroy mankind - it is a competition. That's why every manufacturer of fast food has its own "secret ingredient" - the flavor and flavor, without which the other food we begin to seem fresh and tasteless. And other fast food cannot be repeated in the home, it is a chemical plant.

Disadvantages of Fast Food
Many experts admit that such food is full of chemical additives, so there is a risk of food poisoning. Obesity is associated with fast food dining. Fat is carrying a lot of calories, so it is problematic. What is more, fast food is very high in salt. So, experts say that fast food is going out of fashion because it is unhealthy.
Usually, fast food is higher in soya, fat, sugar, oil, fried meat, salt, cheese, mayonnaise and obviously calories. The greatest disadvantage of fast food is the adverse effect that it has on one's health. It is a fact that fast food is more unhealthy than home-cooked meals, as it contains higher amounts of unwanted nutrients like salt, fat and various types of additives (artificial chemicals). It may contain harmful bacteria too. Frying destroys most of the essential nutrients from the food. Very small amounts of vegetables and fruits are normally present in fast food. Moreover, 'serving larger portions' when most people don't need extra portions has led to several health problems. We require a small amount of salt to maintain the health of the cells and tissues. Fast food being rich in salt, adversely affects the heart health and the overall health of an individual. Such type of food is an important contributor to obesity in the American population. Obesity is on the rise, and a direct link is being cited between fast food and obesity in children.
Given the sedentary lifestyle that we lead today, the excess fats and calories that we take in with fast food is not used up completely. The result is that these accumulate in our body as fat deposits that cause complications like cardiovascular diseases and other related diseases of the heart. With obesity come other problems like high blood pressure and diseases of the joints. It is like a chain reaction set off by fast food and carried forward by our unhealthy lifestyle. In fact, a recent study has shown that people who live within walking distance of a fast food restaurant are at 13% higher risk of suffering from strokes than those who live a considerable distance away.

The greater the number of people at a meal in a fast food restaurant, the larger is the bill. Eating at fast food outlets is economical only for a single person. Going out to a fast food eating joint with family once in a while won't matter much. However, frequent visits to such restaurants with one's family can become quite an expensive affair, besides being unhealthy.

Fast food joints are also being seen as a factor that is making a number of families spend less and less time together. Family meal time is something that is considered as an opportunity for all the members to come together and share their experiences. However, the fast food centers are quickly eating into this quality time. This is especially true about youngsters for whom a fast food center is a good place to hangout with friends and peers.
Fast food is an invention of the modern times. Ready-made food being served fast and right in front of us is like a blessing after a hard day's work. However, like everything, it has its own pros and cons. Citing a few points about the advantages of fast food does not mean that I am denying its drawbacks. It is a fact that high amounts of fats and salt in fast food are raising concerns about their adverse effect on health. However, by making some smart choices while placing the order and also resorting to an active lifestyle, we can definitely minimize the drawbacks of fast food.

Reasons junk food is bad for your health

1. Junk food may be the reason behind your fatigue: Although junk food and fast food makes you feel full and satisfied, they lack all the necessary nutrients like proteins and carbohydrates to keep your body energized and healthy.

If you eat junk food every time you’re hungry, you may feel chronically fatigued. It can lower your energy levels to an extent that it may become difficult for you to even perform your daily tasks. Read more about the difference between tiredness and fatigue.

2. Junks food may lead to depression in teenagers: A lot of hormonal changes take place in teenagers which makes them susceptible to mood swings and behavioural changes. And a healthy diet plays an important role in maintaining that hormonal balance. Because junk food lack those essential nutrients, the likelihood of teenagers to suffer from depression is increased by 58 percent. Here are some facts you need to know about depression.

3. It impairs digestion: Those who are addicted to fatty junk food are bound to have digestive problems like gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). That’s because junk food is deep fried. So, the oil from the junk food gets deposited in the stomach causing acidity. They cause irritation of the stomach lining because they are too spicy, and they also lack fibre which is important for proper digestion. Try this  yoga pose to improve digestion.

4. It causes fluctuations in blood sugar levels: Junk food is high in refined sugar which puts your metabolism under stress. Refined sugar causes the pancreas to secrete more amount of insulin in order to prevent a drastic spike in your blood sugar levels. Because junk food lacks sufficient levels of good carbohydrates and proteins, the levels of blood sugar drop suddenly after you eat. This makes you feel irritable and further increases you craving for more junk food.

5. It affects the brain function: A study published in the journal Brain, Behavior, and Immunity shows that one week of eating junk food is enough to trigger memory impairment in rats. Recent research suggests that bad fats (trans fats) from junk food tends to replace healthy fats in the brain and interferes with its normal signalling mechanism. Studies in animals have also shown that fats from junk food slow down the ability to learn new skills. Try these home remedies to boost your brain power.

6. It increases the risk of heart disease: Junks food increases cholesterol and triglyceridelevels which are major risk factors for the development of heart diseases. Moreover, fats from junk food accumulate over the time in your body to make you obese. The more weight you put on, the higher your risk of suffering from heart attack. Refer to these heart healthy diet tips for people with heart diseases.

7. It can cause kidney disease: The reason why you can never say no to fries and chips is because they contain high amount of finely processed salt which increases salivation and secretion of enzymes that enhances your cravings. High amount of bad fats and sodium from salt increases blood pressure and affects the kidney function.

8. It can damage your liver: High levels of trans fats found in a number of junk food can cause deposition of fats in the liver, which can cause liver dysfunction.

9. It can cause type 2 diabetes: When you eat a healthy diet, your body gets a steady supply of glucose which helps to maintain insulin sensitivity. But when you eat only junk food, the excessive stress exerted on your metabolism can affect the ability of your body to use insulin properly. This can lead to diabetes. Here are 10 tips to prevent diabetes.

10. It increases your risk of cancerA study published in the European Journal of Cancer Prevention revealed that consuming too much of fast foods that are high in sugar and fat can increase your chances of developing colorectal cancer. Another study from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle showed that men who ate fried foods more than twice in a month had increased risk of developing prostate cancer. Here are 10 simple ways to prevent cancer.

Parents and teachers can educate and empower children by involving them in creating

simple, fun, and creative homemade alternatives. Teaching children skills such as grating

cheese, washing and cutting vegetables, may make them more apt to preparing meals themselves,

and less likely to purchase fast foods. Some ideas are baked potatoes, which are a good source

of potassium, iron and vitamin C. They can be topped with low-fat sour cream, reduced fat

cheese and steamed vegetables such as broccoli. Another idea is homemade pizza made with

pita bread, tomato sauce, grated low fat cheese, and fresh vegetables. Other ideas are turkey

burgers made with lettuce, low fat cheese and mayonnaise or burritos made with baked beans,

low-fat cheese, and vegetables.

9. The results of research work

I made a research work.  

I asked these questions to (students from 9 to 11forms) :

  1. Do you like fast food?

  2. How often do you eat fast food?

  3. What kinds of fast food do you prefer?

  4. Do you know about harm of fast food?

 Now I want to show you the results of my work.



  1. Conclusion

This research work should be interesting and useful for adults and children who like eating fast food. People should know about disadvantages and harm of fast food. It’s their choice: to eat or not to eat.

Personally, I think that every man must think about his life, make right decisions. The health

of a person is the main value in the life. There is no price for it. Being sick, you cannot realize all your dreams and be successful in the modern world.I think that this work is very useful for me. Now I know that home-made food is better than fast food and a balanced diet is a very impotant thing.

I say «No» to Fast Food!

I say «Yes» to Healthy Food!

I’ ve calculated my daily calories!

I drink 2 liters of water every day!

Having analyzed all facts we came to the conclusion that fast food is really harmful for people's health.

The list of used literature

1.“Fast Foods in Schools”

By Rebekah Richards, eHow Contributor

2. “Pros & Cons of Fast Foods in School”

By Minot Pettinato, eHow Contributor

3. “Types of Food That Stimulate the Brain”

By Stacy Taylor

4. How to Persuade Parents to Buy Fast Food

By an eHow Contributor

5. “Advantages of Fast Foods”

By Valerie Tandoi

6.”What Are the Causes of Fast Food's Popularity?”

By Allison Edrington

Краткое описание документа:

Жаңақала колледжі

Ғылыми жұмыс тақырыбы : Тез дайындалатын тағамдардың адам ағзасына зияны.

Дайындаған : Махметов Батыр

2 курс студенті

Жетекшісі :Рахимова Райса Бекболатвна

The Theme of project work:

Harm Of Fast Food for our Health

1. The importance of the question of fast food

Fast food has always been popular. Children have always liked Big Mac and drinks. You can find fast food restaurants in all countries of the world, practically in all big cities. People come in and quickly have their lunches and dinners. They say they like it because it doesn’t take them long, the food is rather tasty and they don’t pay much money for their meals. But is this food really healthy? Nowadays scientists take a lot about eating problems. Some of them say that many people have become fat because they are fond of junk food - hamburgers, cheeseburgers, chips, and so on. And these are the things we usually buy and eat in fast food restaurants. There is not enough fruit and vegetables on the menu and there is too much sugar in sweet pies and cakes. This food is low in vitamins. Eating such food is risky and can be really dangerous.

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