Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Конспект урока английского языка "“Natural Disasters and Issues”

Конспект урока английского языка "“Natural Disasters and Issues”

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I Starting moment

T: Hello, everybody. I’m glad to see you today in this class. So, I wish you to be attentively, quiet and active. I’ve prepared a Quiz for you, therefore let’s make 3 groups/let's be divided into 3 groups.



II Introduction

T: Ladies and gentlemen, listen to the music to understand what is the topic of our lesson today.

- Michael Jackson

What is the aim? How do you think?

So, today we continue to work on the topic “Natural Disasters and Issues”but I want you to make conclusion today «What can we do to stop destroying of environment?»

According to our topic of the lesson, choose the captain and give names your teams.

So, it’s time to start the Quize! You are teams, you have 3 rules DON’T CRY OUT, answer in turn. if you don’t give the answer, I will ask other team in turn.

, read texts connected with some natural disasters, such as tornado and hail, listen to some information and what is more we are going to make an experiment without any scientific equipment. So, are you ready?

P: We are ready!

T: Let’s get started!

III Revision of the Vocabulary

T: Match the words with their definitions (Using the slide)

Drought

A large mass of snow falling down the side of a mountain

Flood

A violent tropical storm in which the air goes round and round

Tornado

An extremely violent wind or storm

Tsunami

A period of time with no rain

Earthquake

A violent wind storm which consists of a tall column of air spinning around very fast

Cyclone

A shaking of the ground

Avalanche

A large amount of water that covers an area which is usually dry

Hurricane

A huge wave caused by an earthquake which flows onto land



T: Fantastic! You were great! We got the information about natural disasters.

IV. Choose used to/be used to/get used to + a verb in brackets.

  • 1) When I was a child I ______________ a lot of questions. (ask) used to ask

  • 2) - Sue lives alone. It is not strange for her. She ______________ alone. (live) is used to live

  • 3) She’s been in Britain for three months and she can’t________ on the left. (drive) get used to drive

V.

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VI. Oral Comprehension.

T: We continue. And now the climax of our lesson. I prepared interesting texts for you and your task to find the problem or problems, understand what it is caused by and find the solution. You have 5 minutes for making.

Card №1

Global Warming

Scientists say the temperature of the earth could rise by 3C over the next 50 years. This may cause drought in some parts of the world, and floods in others, as ice at the North and South poles begins to melt and sea levels rise.

Global warming is caused by the greenhouse effect. Normally, heat from the sun warms the earth and then comes back into space.

But carbon dioxide (углекислый газ) and other gases in the atmosphere catch the sun’s heat, and this is slowly making the earth warmer.


The problem(s) is/are ….

It is caused by ….

The solution is ….


The Ozone Layer

The Ozone layer is a layer of gas high above the surface of the earth that helps to protect it from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation, which can damage our skins and cause cancer.

Scientists have recently discovered holes in the Ozone Layer, caused by substances called CFCs (clorofluorocarbons (хлорфторуглероды)) CFCs are used in refrigerators, aerosol cans and in the manufacture of some plastic products. Some companies now make products that do not contain CFCs, and these are often marked “Ozone Friendly”


The problem(s) is/are ….

It is caused by ….

The solution is

___________________________________________________________________________________


Card №2

Deforestation

Rainforests help to control global warming because the absorb carbon dioxide. In recent years, large area have been destroyed, as the trees are cut down for wood or burned to clear the land for farming. The burning releases large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Many rainforests grow on poor soils, and when they are cut down or burned, the soil is washed away in the tropical rains, so that the area may turn to desert. Many plant and animal species that live there could die.


The problem(s) is/are ….

It is caused by ….

The solution is…


Pollution

Factories, power stations and motor vehicles release lots of carbon dioxide and other gases into the air. This is a major cause of the greenhouse effect. A lot of petrol contains lead (свинец), which is very poisonous and can cause brain damage in children. One of the solutions is to use hybrid cars.

Hybrid cars use batteries but not petrol.

Some poisonous gases come into the atmosphere and then fall to the earth as acid rain. Acid rain also damages trees and buildings, and can kill fish in lakes and rivers. Rivers can also be polluted by industrial waste from factories and chemicals used by farmers.


The problem(s) is/are ….

It is caused by ….

The solution is…

_____________________________________________________________________________________


Card №3

Alternative Energy

Most of the energy we use today comes from coal, oil and gas. But these will not last forever, and burning them is slowly damaging the atmosphere. We need to find other forms of energy. Solar Power (sun’s energy) can be used to make electricity. We can also use wind-power by building modern windmills (ветряная мельница; ветроэнергетическая установка) that spin in the wind. There are several types of water-power: river water can generate hydroelectric power, and we can also` create electricity from sea water flowing in and out with the tides.


The problem(s) is/are ….

It is caused by ….

The solution is…


Recycling

Recycling is the processing of used objects and materials so that they can be used again. About 60% of rubbish from homes and factories contain materials that could be recycled. Recycling saves energy and materials, and also reduces damage to the countryside.

Glass, paper and aluminium cans can all be recycled very easily. Many towns have special bins for bottles and cans where people can leave their empty bottles and cans for recycling. A lot of paper bags, writing paper and greeting cards are now produced on recycled paper.


The problem(s) is/are ….

It is caused by ….

The solution is…

VII. So, your conclusions are absolutely right and next what I would like to to discuss with you it’s the weather. Why how do you think?

The nature and the weather are connected with each other. The nature influences on weather and therefore come/happen different disasters. But before it starts to rain or snow, can we predict it?

Next your task to listen to the text, answer the question and make exercise.

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  1. The majority of our planned activities aren’t based on the weather.______

  2. In the past the people needed to know about the weather in order to their jobs. _______

  3. The people believed different signs like behaviour of animals, survey of plants or soil. ______

  4. If you plan a weekend activities, you should know sayings, rhymes about the weather and use them to predict weather events. ____

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VIII. Conclusion.Reflexion

So, friends, what new facts about natural disasters and weather prediction did you know during the lesson? Your marks are... And now, look at the blackboard,

Thank you for your work.



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