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bricklayer

a worker who builds with bricks.



Profession bricklayer hello_html_m3679cf8b.jpg

Bricklayers lay and bind bricks, pre-cut stone, concrete blocks and other types of building blocks in/with mortar and other substances to construct walls, foundations, partitions, arches and other structures.






Diploma in Bricklaying:

1. Understanding the construction of

foundations and interpreting drawings

2. Understanding the construction of internal

and external walls

3. How to construct thin joint masonry for use

with concrete and steel-framed buildings

4. How to plan and erect solid walling to a

required specification

5. How to erect isolated and attached piers to

required specification

6. How to set out masonry structures

7. How to set out regular-shaped masonry

structures on level ground

8. Planning and erecting cavity walling,

including how to form openings






]




Bricklayers work in structural or civil engineering where they are constructing buildings, tunnels, bridges or the like. They build masonry made of bricks as well as concrete. Moreover, they assemble scaffolds, construct wooden casings, steel reinforcements, concrete stairs and ceilings, apply plaster and install canalizations pipes. There is a choice between two areas of specialization in the bricklayer training process: structural engineering or civil engineering. The corresponding “structural engineering” or “civil engineering” area of specialization will be indicated in the certificate of accomplishment. Structural engineering mainly comprises buildings, such as houses, malls, schools or industrial buildings, while civil engineering includes tunnels, bridges, canalization or infrastructural buildings such as sewage plants. Because bricklayers sometimes work at high elevations, it is important that they do not suffer from dizziness and possess a secure step. The work is physically demanding but also requires intelligence, i.e. for reading blueprints and implementing them correctly. Bricklayers almost always work in a team which is usually guided by a foreman.




Tools (инструменты)


a wheelbarrow – тачка

a flat point shovel –плоская лопата

a masonry hoe –тяпка каменщика

a mortar stand and board – подставка под раствор

a level –уровень

a trowel –мастерок

а jointer –расшивка, инструмент для расшивки швов

a brick hammer –молоток каменщика

a chisel –долото, стамеска, зубило

a steel square and carpenter pencilsуголок, стальной квадрат и карандаши плотника

a box cutter (a knife) –макетный (канцелярский) нож

a masonry brush –кисточка, щетка

wire cutters –кусачки/плоскогубцы

a nylon line –нейлоновая нить

adjustable brackets –регулируемые кронштейны, скобки

gloves –перчатки




Construction Equipment


1


a dozer



бульдозер


2


an excavator



экскаватор


3


a dump truck



грузовик


4


a loader



погрузчик


5

a forklift



грузоподъемник








Tools (инструменты)


a wheelbarrow – тачка

a shovel – лопата

a masonry hoe –

a mortar stand and board –

a level –

a trowel –

a jointer –

a brick hammer –

a chisel –

a steel square and carpenter pencils –

a box cutter (a knife) –

a masonry brush –

wire cutters –

a nylon line –

adjustable brackets –

gloves




Construction Equipment


1



бульдозер



2



экскаватор



3



грузовик



4



погрузчик



5



грузоподъемник



Building Materials


mud/clay-глина

cut stone-обработанный камень

brick-кирпич

concrete-бетон

prestressed concrete-железобетон

steel-сталь

plastics-пластмасса

foamed glass-пеностекло

paint-краска



Parts of a Building

а basement-фундамент

а foundation-основание

а framework-каркас

a floor-пол, этаж

a wall-стена

a roof-крыша

a beam-балка

a girder-перекрытие


Systems of a building

plumbing-сантехника

water supply-водоснабжение

sewerage system-канализационная

система

ventilation-вентиляция

heating-отопление

electricity-электричество


to erect (to build)-строить

to complete-завершать

to construct-строить

to clothe-покрывать

to design-разрабатывать

to proportion-рассчитывать

to protect-защищать

to provide-обеспечивать

estimate –смета














(Соедините слово с его транскрипцией):


quebracho

timber

concrete

steel

lime

stone

brick

sand

fine sand

masonry

mortar

plaster

['mo:tə]

['meisnri]

[sænd]

[brik]

[fain' sænd]

[sti:I]

['konkri:t]

['timbə]

[laim]

[p'la:stə]

[stoun]

[kə'brat∫əu]




Tell me please, what is your profession? (Скажите, кто вы по профессии) Do you work with building materials? (вы работаете со строительными материалами?) Do you like it? (Нравится?)


Can you lay a brick? (Вы умеете класть кирпич?)


Did you built anything? (Что-нибудь строили?)


In order to build a house or road, you should know what building materials exist, so we must learn types of building materials (Для того чтобы простроить дом иль дорогу, вам следует знать какие строительные материалы существуют).


What building materials do you know in Russian? (какие строительные материалы вы знаете на русском?). But what is for English “кирпич” and so on.


Look at the cards. I suggest you to play a game. Let’s read words try to mach English and Russian words. (Посмотрите на карточки. Я вам предлагаю игру. Подберите русские эквиваленты к английским)


timber

concrete

steel

lime

stone

brick

sand

finesand

toadapt

tobind

masonry

mortar

plaster

quebracho

кирпич

связывать

песок, гравий

мелкозернистый песок

штукатурка

известковый раствор

применять

кирпичная вкладка

сталь

бетон

древесина квебрахо

известь

лесоматериал

камень



I give you five minutes (я вам даю 5 минут). Let’s check (Проверяем). Name one by one (называем по очереди). If it is wrong, correct it (если не правильно, то исправляем).


3. Go on our work with the words (продолжаем работу с лексикой). Look at these lists (Посмотрите на тексты). Let’s read this text sentence by sentence, try to translate (Читаем по очереди каждое предложение и переводим). Some questions are there for you (и после текста будем выполнять задания) (см. Приложение 1.)


I. Read and translate the following sentences and find the passive voice (Прочитайте и переведите следующие предложения, найдите в тексте случаи употребления страдательного залога):


Timber, concrete, steel, lime, gypsum, cement are used in the building construction.


The building brick is made of clay containing a considerable proportion of fine sand.


The most important building materials may now be considered to be structural steel and concrete


II. Pick out from the text all the words denoting building materials; give their translations into Russian (выберите из текста все слова, которые относятся к строительным материалам).


III. Answer the questions (Ответьте на вопросы):


1. What materials are used in building construction?


2. What materials form very important elements in masonry structures?


3. What is the most accurate method of measuring proportions?




Important building materials. 2. Brick. 3. Timber. 4. Lime.


Look at the board again(Взгляните на доску). One person from each group goes to the blackboard and writes what it is (один студент из группы выходит к доске и пишет название строительного материала).


Guess, please, what it is? (Отгадайте, что это) (см. Приложение 2.)


Thank you for your work at lesson. Your work today was rather good. But some of you were very active. I give you “a five”. Other students have made a lot of progress. I put them “a four”. You need some more practice with…











INTRODUCTION TO BRICKLAYING MATERIALS


Build laying materials are as important as the skill of the builder using them. The correct materials are needed to make building both accurate and easy. With this short video we will explain the correct materials needed in the brick laying process.

I am going to explain the basic materials you would need in bricklaying. Basically, you start off with building sand.

There are many different types of sand to use, but building sand is the sand to use for bricklaying because you don't want any stones in your mortar. So we use building sand. We also use cement.

This mixes with the sand and the water and the plasticise and bonds your mortar so it goes hard and solid. We also use plasticiser, a plasticiser is added following the instructions on the plasticiser itself. This just makes the mortar more workable and keeps the mortar wetter for longer.

The idea with plasticiser is that without it the mortar will dry out quite quickly and this means you will have to add more water. In doing this you will weaken the mix as you go. So you will need to use plasticiser in order to keep your mortar more workable.


Other materials you would use in bricklaying are bricks and blocks. Blocks are a different size to bricks. The idea in using blocks is to save you money and for a quicker construction.


Most of the time block work is used when the building will not be seen or is underground. Brickwork is used in any place where it is going to be seen because it looks nice and there are many different types of bricks that you can choose from. It depends on what colour you want and what look you are trying to create.

And they are the basic materials that are needed in bricklaying.



HOW TO LAY BRICKS



Learn how to brick lay just as the professionals do with this easy to follow tutorial.

Basically the good solid construction has full perk, bed joins which gives a maximum life to wall. All the joins are to be tightly filled using pin point trowel by moving on it. Now we join the back of the wall and we need to focus on the front as every body is going to see it.


Now we do the most common finish on the brickwork/block work using the Brick Jointer Trowel which is a half rounded joint. Using the Brick Jointer Trowel to do the vertical joins first and next bed joints with the elbow of the Jointer Trowel.









Mason bricklayer installing red brick with trowel putty knifе outdoorshello_html_4c100c3f.jpg



workplace

workman

worker

work

wall

uniform

trowel

tool

technology

stone

spatula

solution

skill

site

repairing

reconstruction

real

putty

professional

process

plastering

occupation

mortar

master

masonry

mason

man

lime-sand

laborer

labor

knife

installing

industry

industrial worker

industrial

hardhat

estate

equipment

craftsman

constructor

construction workers

construction worker

construction tools

construction equipment

construction

cement

calcium-silicate

building

builder

brickwork

bricklaying

bricklayer

brick

Construction site worker installing concrete brick pavement using hammer

hello_html_65d1775d.jpg




construction mason worker bricklayer working level levelling bricks


hello_html_2b5b6c3e.jpg







bricklayer laying bricks to make a wall 


hello_html_2402b1e8.jpg









Brick by Brick build a house on your own. Building a home. Power tools on the dusty construction site. House under construction



hello_html_1d72b4a9.jpg







yourself

work

wall

under construction

tool

structure

site

scaffolding

saw

sale

roofing construction

roofing

roof

real

property

progress

professional

prefabricated

power

new

materials

masonry

loan

living

it

interior

industry

housing

house

homeless

home construction

home

grinder

floor

fix

estate

dust

dry

do

diy

cutter

craft

construction tools

construction site

construction

concrete

circular

chop

cement

building site

building construction

building

build

bricklaying

bricklayer

brick house

brick

block

benefit

architecture

apartment



A bricklayer’s job is to create and maintain structures, walls, chimneys, walkways and foundations using various types of blocks and tiles. He generally works on residential, commercial or industrial projects. Although he normally works with a team of construction workers, he may also work alone.


Although a bricklayer used to work only with traditional bricks and concrete cinder blocks, construction materials became more diverse as technology advanced. Today’s bricklayer also builds with structural tiles, chunks of marble and terracotta blocks. He may also work with blocks made of glass or gypsum. The most common material used to adhere these materials is still mortar, a substance that has been used as a binder for centuries.


Under the supervision of a general contractor or masonry contractor, a bricklayer usually begins a project by measuring and marking the area in which the construction will take place. He then calculates the amount of materials needed, which normally include only the building material of choice and the mortar. Once the materials and tools are in place, the building process begins.


Laying bricks is a precise skill that requires years of practice to master. The bond between the blocks or bricks that is secured by the mortar is one that needs to be consistent from top to bottom and side to side to make it stable. It is also commonly expected to be visually appealing.











Tools of the Trade – A Bricklayer`s Bucket

What things would we find in a Bricklayer`s Bucket?

Well i am sure we would find many things in the bucket, some i am sure that have nothing to do with work. A bricklayer tends not to use the traditional tool box`s other trades love to use, normally it is just a bucket of tools, spirit level and the obligatory radio  (DAB if you are posh)

The right tool makes any job easier and that is no exception in Bricklaying. There are many tools you could buy when starting and i will try to put you on the right track for the essential tools you will need. If you are just starting, there are a few basic tools that will get you started. I have found from experience that cheap tools for bricklaying will just not last. Bricklaying by nature is very hard wearing on tools and you will regret buying the cheap option, as these will wear out in no time. There are some essential tools you will need and i will try to list them out for you in this article.

The Trowel
hello_html_305575d1.jpg

The bricklaying trowel will become an extension of your arm in time. You will spend  many hours of your life holding it, if you buy nothing else from a shop; buy your trowel from a builder`s merchant so you can get the feel for it. Trowels come in many shapes and sizes and cost. Don`t buy the cheapest or the biggest, big trowels can make your brickwork look messy and be difficult to handle. A bricklayer will tend to have 2 trowels, one for face brickwork and one for mass blockwork. I have written an article How to Choose a Brick Trowel




Spirit Level

This is another tool you should not buy cheap. A good spirit level can set you back £80 and is worth every penny, cheap levels tend to be very weak and due to the nature of bricklaying, will always leave you with the fear they have gone out of level. I find a 1200mm level is the best for building corners and a smaller 600mm for general levelling, especially when setting out the first course of blockwork to make sure that course is upright.


hello_html_m2fec8c41.jpg

Line Pins

Line and pins is again something you will use all time, apart from building a corner, you will spend most of your working life running in brick`s and block`s to a very tight line. My only advice would be not to buy the plastic type, buy a good hard steel pin and good quality nylon line. Be careful not to get knot`s in any line, these will catch on the edge of your brick and be very annoying.



hello_html_5e3f73ea.jpg




Club Hammer

Club Hammer or more commonly referred to as a lump hammer is a tool that again is often used, especially when laying blockwork. They range in different weight`s and material, a lot of them today are an all-in-one construction and are less prone to the handles falling off and causing injury. A good medium weight is a good idea; although i have seen people use cut-down sledge hammers.




hello_html_m77f7b17e.jpg


Tape Measure

The Tape Measure is a very important part of the tool bucket and again come in many different sizes, i tend to buy the rubber cased variety, as with working at height you do tend to drop them, the all plastics ones just fall to pieces. Tape measures come in many different lengths, i tend to go for one between 5m and 7,5 m.


hello_html_2aee91f9.jpg

Bolster or Chisel

The bolster must be a good quality tool; these tools take an awful lot of punishment in their daily life. The normal width would be 100mm as this is the general size of the width of a brick and block. There are other small chisels you may use, but i would buy these as you need them to avoid getting dozens of chisels you will never use.



hello_html_5dd62ec3.jpg


Brick Hammer

The brick hammer is a very useful tool, this tool is often used to trim a brick after it has been cut with a hammer and chisel. Some bricklayers will do the whole cut with this hammer, be aware that this tool needs some practice, be careful of your fingers with this.

 

hello_html_m14daee98.jpg


Jointer

These come in many sizes and shapes and will just tend to be used for a variety of pointing called “bucket handle” and can be used for both face brickwork and blockwork. Please be sure to read my article on Types of  Brickwork pointing and don`t forget to brush off your pointed work.



hello_html_m591160cb.jpg



Health & Safety

Please be aware of the dangers that are always involved with using impact tools and were you come into contact with chemicals that are contained within cement. Always follow the relevant Health and safety advice at all time.


bricklaying (Building materials)

Sand
Sharp sand is a course and gritty material, normally used with other aggregates for making concrete and floor screeds bricklayers always use soft sand known as builders sand it has a finer grade than sharp sand and is mixed with cement to produce mortar.

Cement
The most commonly used binder in bricklaying mortars is ordinary Portland cement o.p.c. masonary cement is fine but is rarely used as it contains only 75% o.p.c. the rest being a filler which has no binding capability.

Hydrated limes
In the 19th and early 20th century hydrated limes were used as the only binding agent in mortars even if they were still available they would not be practical for the majority of building work as they harden slowly rather than set rapidly as cement mortars do today powdered limes are often added to Portland cement to improve workability being water retentive lime also improves the bond with the bricks and helps against rain resistance.

Plasticisers
Cement sand and water alone often produce harsh mortars which are difficult to use their workability can be improved by adding lime or liquid plasticisers which entrap minute bubbles of air in the mortar you should only use permitted plasticisers such as fed mix the builders alternative such as fairy liquid should be avoided as it produces uncontrollable amounts of bubbles producing weaker less durable mortars.

Coloured mortars
There are 2 ways of producing coloured mortars the first is to buy pre coloured sand the other is to add a pigment such as cement tone make sure you gauge this properly as it will come out different shades of colours.

Ready mixed mortars
Ready mixed mortars are available to buy, they are delivered in plastic tubs and have retarders in them to make them last 24 hours, the trouble is they are more expensive and in bad weather they will be wasted.

Efflorescence
Sometimes after building a new wall white patches can appear on brickwork this is because of the soluble salts in the bricks being brought to the surface by water usually after the first heavy rainfall once the wall has dried out efflorescence should not appear and should naturally weather away if not a brick cleaning acid can be used









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Дата добавления 15.09.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров95
Номер материала ДБ-196499
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