Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение
среднего профессионального образования Нижегородской области
«Краснобаковский лесной колледж»
Методические указания к развивающему
курсу английскогоязыка для студентов II курса
«Город, деревня, инфраструктура»
Настоящие методические указания предназначены для студентов II курса всех специальностей КБЛК очной и заочной формы обучения для организации аудиторной и самостоятельной работы студентов.
Методические указания состоят из тематических циклов, которые ориентированы на совершенствование знаний, умений и навыков студентов.
Учебно-методические указания составлены преподавателем английского языка ГБОУ СПО НО КБЛК Ворониной М.В.
Problems of cities and countryside.…………...………………………………………22
Лексический словарь по теме «Дом»...……………………………………………. 33
Лексический словарь по теме «Покупки».………………..…………………..…....36
Лексический словарь по теме «Проблемы города и деревни»…..………………..39
Список рекомендуемой литературы по изучаемой тематике……………………..41
Настоящие Методические указания предназначены для студентов очного и заочного отделения всех специальностей лесного колледжа. Они составлены в соответствии с Примерной программой учебной дисциплины Английский язык для специальностей СПО.
Целью обучения английскому языку является подготовка студентов к общению на этом языке в устной и письменной формах, что предполагает наличие у них определённых знаний, умений и навыков, которые после окончания курса дадут им возможность:
- читать оригинальную литературу по специальности для получения необходимой информации;
- принимать участие в устном общении на английском языке в объёме материала, предусмотренного Примерной программой;
- приобрести навыки самостоятельной работы с иностранной литературой.
В процессе изучения английского языка реализуются также общеобразовательные и воспитательные задачи обучения.
Курс обучения английскому языку студентов ГБОУ СПО НО КБЛК делится на два этапа: вводно-коррективный и развивающий курсы.
Методические указания включают в себя основные темы развивающего курса, содержащие адаптированные текстыи диалоги, практические упражнения по его закреплению способствующих развитию и совершенствованию произносительных навыков.
Материал указаний может быть рекомендован для всех лиц, желающих повысить уровень владения английским языком.
couple– пара (супружеская)
free of charge – бесплатно
similar– подобные, похожие
sleeping quarters – спальный район
food processor – кухонный комбайн
living room – гостиная
bookcase– книжный шкаф
children’s room – детская комната
dressing table – трюмо
fluffy carpet – пушистый ковер
bathroom– ванная комната
wash basin – умывальник
bathrobe– банный халат
bedside cabinet – прикроватный столик
2. Read the text.
My parents got married in 1983 when the Soviet Union still existed. As you know, at Soviet Union times almost all young couples were given flats free of charge, which looked absolutely similar. The same happened to my parents. They were given a three-roomed flat in one of the sleeping quarters of our town. But my mother tried to make our flat unlike the others.
There are three rooms, a hall, a kitchen, a bathroom, a toilet and two balconies in my flat. When you enter my flat, you appear in a long hall where you can find a set of wardrobesand a big mirror.
On the right hand there is a kitchen. Our kitchen is not very big but it is very cozy. There you can find all the appliancesyou need in a modern kitchen. There is a fridge, a gas cooker, a microwave oven, a food processor, a mixer, a coffee makerand so on. Also there is modern furniture, a kitchentable and four chairs. The walls are decorated with embroidered pictures. There is a big window in the kitchen and that’s why this room is always full of sunlight. My family likes to spend time in the kitchen because it is the warmest and the most comfortable place in my flat.
Going along the hall, you will enter a living room (also on the right hand). This room is my father’s favourite. He likes to have a rest there, lying on the sofa and watching TV. There is a set of wardrobes and bookcases on the right side of the room. On the left side there is a sofa, two armchairs and a coffee table between them. Also there is a big TV set in front of the sofa. There is a big window and a balcony in this room. My mother likes plants very much and that’s why this room and the balcony are full of plants.
Next to the living-room you can find a children’s room. It used to be my sister’s and my room but as my sister lives separately, this room is mine now. This is the smallest room in the flat but it doesn’t diminish its advantages. There is a wardrobe, a sofa, a bookcase, a desk with a computer on it and a dressing table. There is a fluffy carpet on the floor. There are posters on the walls and pot plants on the windowsill.
Our bathroom is painted in green colours. Our bathtub and a wash basin are yellow. Our towels and bathrobes are of different colours, the rugis blue, so that’s why when you enter this room you have an impression that you are inside a rainbow.
The toilet-room is really very small. There is nothing except a toilet and a small cabinet next to it.
So, let’s move to the last room in my flat. It is at the end of the hall on your left hand. This is my parents’ room. There is a double-bed, two bedside cabinets and a big wardrobe in this room. It is painted in warm colours and it is always a pleasureto rest there, reading a book or watching TV, which is on the wall. There is the second balcony in this room.
As they say, “My home is my castle”. So my home is a real castle for me and I don’t want to have another one.
№1. Answer the questions:
What place are you from?
Have you a flat or a house?
How many rooms are there in your flat (house)?
What floor is your flat on?
Is it convenient to live on the ground floor? …on the top floor?
Is there a lift in your house?
What modern conveniences are there in your flat (house)?
Is there a chute for refuse?
Have you got a gas or an electric stove?
What furniture is there in the kitchen?
Which is the largest room in your flat (house)?
What is there in this room?
You have a room of your own, haven’t you?
What colour curtains are there on the windows?
What colour is the wallpaper in your room?
Where is a TV set in your flat (house)?
What do you want to have in the kitchen?
What do you want to put at the wall?
Have you got musical instruments in your flat (house)?
Do you like your flat (house)? Why?
№2. Find the words: swimming pool, workout room, upstairs, driveway, laundry room, basement, garage, mailbox, kitchen.
They are written horizontally, vertically and diagonally.
№3. Read the description of the rooms and guess what room is about.
The room is small. There is a bed, a mirror and a table there. We sleep there.
In this room there is a desk, a chair and an armchair, a sofa, a TV set and a carpet.
In this room there is a desk, bookshelves, a computer. You can do your homework or play there.
This room is large. In the middle of the room there is a big table. There are some chairs near the table. On the table there are cups, plates and spoons.
In this room you may wash your hands and face, clean your teeth.
There is a refrigerator, a stove and a cupboard in this room. We usually cook there.
This is not a room. There is no table there. There is a telephone and a chair. There is a mirror on the wall.
№4. Which word doesn’t fit:
1) a table, a desk, a sofa, nice, a chair.
2) a hall, a bathroom, a basement, a living room, a picture.
3) to clean the house, to watch TV set, to sweep the floor, to wash the sink in the
4) nice, big, round, square, a piano, cosy.
5) a refrigerator, a stove, a piano, a cupboard, a table.
№5. Divide all the words according to the names of the rooms:
A chair, a sofa, a bed, an armchair, a stove, a TV set, a carpet, flowers, a bookshelf, curtains, a table, a window, a chair, a video, a stereo, a desk, a computer, a wardrobe, a wall unit, a refrigerator, a piano, a mirror, a microwave oven, a balcony, a kettle, a plate, a cup, a spoon, a saucepan, a pan, a telephone, a shelf.
Read, translate and act out the following dialogue.
- I hear you have moved to a new apartment Steve. Is it true?
- Yes, it is. One of these days we'll arrange a housewarm-party. And I want you and your wife Carol to be present.
- Thank you for the Invitation. How do you like your new apartment?
- It is very comfortable. It is a three bedroom apartment with modem conveniences: electric stove and a lot of built-in cupboards.
- On what floor is it?
- Our apartment is on the tenth floor of a high-rise dwelling house. We've got two elevators which work round o'clock.
- Is it far from the centre of the city?
- Rather. It takes me about an hour to get to the centre by bus and by metro. If I drive a car, it takes me thirty minutes.
- I see. Have you bought new furniture?
- We've bought wall units, two armchairs and a new icebox. We are planning to buy two carpets and a dining set.
- Good luck!
- Thanks. Are you going to move to a new apartment?
- No, I am not. We have been living in our two-room apartment for about eight years and we don't want to move anywhere.
- Your apartment is comfortable, isn't it?
- Yes, very. My wife arranged everything very nicely and I like it very much. We don't have much furniture, but we have got everything we need.
- I am glad to hear it.
Learn by heart the poems
This is my room, I like it, you know.
It’s cosy, comfortable, light, not low.
This is the place, where I rest and work,
Listen to music after my walk.
The room is neither big nor small,
You enter it just from the hall.
There is a desk, two chairs and a sofa.
I watch TV on it, when homework is over.
The wardrobe is to the left of the door.
There is no furniture any more.
There is a window opposite the door,
The curtains match the walls and (a) carpet on the floor.
There is a picture above the TV set.
The picture depicts (shows) my favourite cat.
The bookshelf with (text) books is to the right.
My children’s room has attractive sight!
We have a house. It isn’t small.
We have a house – not high at all.
It isn’t old, it isn’t new.
The rooms are big,
But there are few.
The windows are big and light,
The walls in the room are clean and bright,
The floor is brown, the ceiling’s white.
The house has attractive sight!
Home is the nicest place to be,
With father and mother, and brother and me,
With grandpa and granny, and sister and cat,
Oh, no place can be nicer, than that.
Discuss the proverbs
There is no place like home
East or West – home is best
Charity begins at home.
Every bird likes its own nest
He has no home whose home is everywhere
It's good to be visiting, but it's better at home.
Do you know the difference between the words "a house" and "a home"?
a home - is a place where you feel comfortable and safe.
a house - is a building which people live in.
Texts for reading
The majority of Americans live in or near large cities, but small living-town is still widespread. A suburb (a small community near a big city) offers the advantages of safer, more intimate small-town life with the recreational and cultural activities of the big city nearby. For the typical American family, home may be at different place every five or six years. Most moves relate to new job opportunities, but sometimes the American pioneering spirit and desire for adventure inspire the move.
About two-thirds of Americans live in homes or apartments that they own. But many people rent their living quarters. Some high-rise apartments are very expensive and elegant, but many are built for moderate or even law-income families. Many apartment buildings are condominiums or cooperative apartments, which means that each family owns the unit it lives in.
More than 10 million Americans live in mobile homes, living quarters built on wheels. They can be moved, but are generally brought to a site that becomes more or less permanent. Then the wheels are removed and the home is attached to the ground. Because they cost less than conventional homes, mobile homes are especially popular with young couples and retired couples with limited incomes.
American homes are some of the biggest and best in the world. Many have a garage for one or two cars, a big modern kitchen, a living room, and a playroom for the children. Upstairs there are two bathrooms and three or four bedrooms.
Some families have two homes. They have one house or apartment in the city or suburbs. They live and work there. But they have another home near the sea or in the mountains. They go to their second home on weekends and for vacations. Seventy percent of Americans buy the house they live in. They are lucky. But thirty percent cannot buy a house or an apartment. Some of them rent their home from a landlord. Some landlords are good, but some are not. Windows break, or roofs get old, and the landlord does not always help.
The poorest people live in "public housing" apartments. These apartments are not like rich American homes. People do not like to live in public housing projects. They are afraid of thieves and drug sellers.
Americans who live in towns and cities move often. A family stays in one house for four or five years, and then they move again. Some people move because they have found a new job. Other people move because they want a bigger or a smaller home. In American suburbs, families come and go all the time.
Americans are always trying to make their homes better. They take a lot of time to buy furniture and make their homes beautiful. They buy books and magazines about houses and furniture. They work hard on their homes in the evenings and on weekends.
Americans like to think the United States is a young country, but really it has a long and interesting history. You can see some of its history in the styles of the houses. The lovely pueblo houses of Native American villages, the old pioneer log cabins, the plantation houses in the South, the beautiful colonial homes of the Northeast — they are all a part of American history. They are part of modem America too, because people copy the old styles in new houses. The history lives on.
An Ideal House
A person’s home is as much a reflection of his personality as the clothes he wears, the food he eats and the friends he spends his time with. Everybody has in mind an “ideal house” and an “ideal home”. How do I see my “ideal house”, how do I see my life there?
There are many kinds of dwellings, from town houses, which include terraced houses, semi-detached, detached houses, to country houses.
I want to live in my own house, maybe in a cottage in the suburbs. My house will consist of the ground and the first floor. There will be six rooms in it. In front of the house I will have a small garden with different flowers. I’ll also have a garage for my car.
Here is a brief description of the house I dream of. My bathroom is very good-looking: the walls are tiled in cream, the washbasin, the toilet are pastel pink. My towels are also pink. Then I go to the kitchen to have breakfast. It is always pleasant to cook in it because it is very comfortable. I make my tea and sandwiches and have breakfast. Then I go to my work, but in the evening “there is no place like home”. I have rest in the living-room. I can sit on the sofa and read or watch TV. Then I go to the bedroom. It is my favourite room. Here I sleep and see my sweet dreams.
There are 22 million homes in Britain — big homes and small homes, old cottages and new buildings, houses and flats. (Americans say "apartment" but British people say "flat"). Many British people love old houses and these are often more expensive than modern ones.
They also love gardening and you will see gardens everywhere you go: in towns, villages and out in the country. Some are very small with just one tree and a few flowers. Others are enormous with plenty of flowers and enough vegetables and fruit trees. Two third of the families in Britain own their houses.
Millions of these houses are the same with two or three bedrooms and a bathroom upstairs, dining-room and kitchen downstairs. To pay for their house, home owners borrow money from a "building society" and pay back a little every month.
There are a great many different kinds of homes in Britain, but there are not enough! It is often very difficult for young people to find a home when they want to start a family. British homes are usually smaller than American homes. But like Americans old people, young families and unmarried people do not usually live together.
Dwelling. California Lifestyles
Why do so many new ideas come from California? It must be something in the air. New lifestyles, new kinds of medicine, new religions, new house styles — so many new things come from California.
Let's talk about bungalows, for example. A bungalow is a simple house of one storey with a yard around it. Bungalows first became popular in southern California around 1900. Thousands of them were built very quickly. The style travelled all over the U. S., and for a long time all bungalows were called "California bungalows".
And now about the Spanish style of house. It's popular in many places now. But it started in California. The old Californian "Spanish Mission" houses have thick adobe wails and round roof tiles. They are cool and comfortable. Inside, there are tiles on the floor, and heavy wooden doors. Santa Barbara, a favourite Californian vacation town, is famous for its Spanish architecture. The story began in 1925. A big earthquake destroyed many of the buildings. After this disaster, a woman called Pearl Chase worked hard to bring in new laws. All the buildings in Santa Barbara, she said, must be in the Spanish style, with white walls and red roofs. People agreed with her, and Santa Barbara today is one of the prettiest towns in the United States.
Californians love the sun, and their houses show it. The old ranch houses of California copied the mission style. In the centre of the house was an open place, or "patio", with buildings on two or three sides. Californians liked the patio. They liked to live half inside and half outside. New houses today often have patios. People work, cook, sunbathe and talk to their friends on the patio.
New modern houses all over the United States have copied the idea of the Californian patio. Some Californian ideas are not so easy to copy. Go up in an airplane, and look down at Los Angeles or San Diego. What are all those blue things next to the houses? That's right. They're swimming pools. Not many people outside California can pay for their own swimming pool in their own backyard.
This is my last year at school, and I work hard to pass my final exams successfully. As I am very busy, I can't help my parents much in keeping the house. But still I have some household duties.
Every day I do my room, wash up, dust the furniture and usually go to the baker's after I have dinner. I buy some brown and white bread, biscuits and cakes. The shop is not far from our house and it does not take me long to do everyday shopping.
Once a week I help my mother to do all other work about the house. We wash our linen, iron and mend it, clean the flat. We beat the dust out of the carpets, vacuum the floors and polish them. It's not difficult to keep the flat tidy if you do your rooms regularly. This is my usual round of duties.
But sometimes I have some other things to do. When my mother is ill or away from home, I do the cooking and the washing up, the buying of food and the planning of meals. I am not a good cook, but my vegetable soup is always tasty. I can also boil an egg or fry some meat. I also lay the table and clear away the dishes. If I'm too busy or can't do these things, all the duties are organized among other members of our family.
Sometimes I have to visit everyday services: hairdresser's, shoemaker's, tailor's, dry-cleaner's. At the hairdresser's I have my hair cut. At the shoemaker's I have my shoes and boots repaired. Service is generally good, but in some cases it leaves much to be desired.
My brother has his own duties at home. He helps to fix and repair some things. For example, he repairs electrical appliances when they are out of order. He has already repaired our mother's electric iron, my desk lamp and his own shaver.
Last year I was at my grandparents. They are elderly people and need care and attention. During my stay there, I swept the floors and washed them, fed the chickens, collected the eggs and weeded the vegetable-beds. I don't know how to milk the cow but I helped to feed the other animals: lambs, sheep and pigs. I enjoyed this work very much.
Home Is Where the Heart Is.
I think that home is a small world where one lives according to his own rules. It's a place where you feel comfort, warmth and reliability. And I believe that it's not the size of the place where you live that matters, but the way you feel about it. And if your house is not just a building for you but a place that you can call home, it means that you want to stay there as long as possible and it's a place you always want to return to.
The importance of home is depicted in the languages of all nations: we say "East or West, home is best ", the English say "My home is my castle." Home is a place that awakens the most pleasant feelings and high emotions in the soul of every person. For me there is no place like home.
I'm sure that the home of a person is as much a reflection of his personality, as the clothes he wears, the food he eats, the books he reads and the friends he spends his time with. Home reflects the way of life and habits of its owner.
I adore my home; I like to be there, because it's always filled with happiness and joy. After the first few minutes in our flat you can understand all the hospitality and friendliness of this place. Our flat is very warm and cosy, so it makes any person feel at home. It's the place where I wake up every morning to the refreshing smell of coffee from the kitchen and where every day of my life starts, that's why it is so important for me.
My home, my sweet home... Sometimes after long journeys I return home like a baby that returns to its mother. I love every corner and every thing in my flat. "My home is my fortress", it is my territory, my place where I feel good and comfortable. And nobody can disturb me here.
1. Vocabulary Definitions
When we want to buy things, we usually say we are going shopping. We go to a store (American English) or shop (British English). If it is a group of shops together we might say we are going to the shopping center. If we want to buy food, we may say we are going grocery shopping. A shopping mall is a large group of shops in a covered area in which you can walk around.
2. Read the text.
Different Kinds of Shops:
A large shop that sells all kinds of foods is called a supermarket. A hypermarket usually includes a supermarket and department store. A department store is a large shop with different sections or departments selling lots of different things.
A delicatessen or deli sells cooked foods or prepared foods like salads, cold cooked meats and cheeses.
A butcher sells different meat products.
A fruit and vegetable shop or greengrocer sells fruit and vegetables.
A bakery sells different kinds of bread.
A florist is a shop or company that sells flowers, especially flowers that have been put together in a special way.
A secondhand shop has things that are not new.
A plant shop or garden center is a place where you can buy flowers and plants to grow in your garden.
A boutique sells women's clothing and jewelry.
Factory outlets are stores selling brandname clothes and shoes at discounted prices.
A stall is a place in a market where you can sell things.
A store that sells milk, ice-cream, small amounts of groceries etc and is often open longer than other stores has different names in different English speaking countries: for example, convenience store, 7-Eleven (parts of Australia), dairy (New Zealand), corner store, superette or newsagent. You need to find the name that is used where you are living.
A store that has a drive-thru or drive-through part allows you to buy something without leaving your car.
People in shops:
The person who helps or serves you in a store is known as a shop assistant or sales assistant. If we need to see the person in charge, we ask to speak to the manager or a supervisor.
Parts of a Store:
A changing room is a place in the shop with a mirror where you can try clothes on.
The checkout is the place where you pay for what you have bought. Thetill(British English) or cash register (American English) is the machine used to add up how much is spent and give change.
At a supermarket you put your food in a cart known as a shopping cart or trolley.
If you want to exchange something, you want to change or replace it for something else because it is the wrong size etc.
A receipt is a piece of paper that lists what you bought from a shop and the price.
If you get a bargain, you think something is a cheap or good price.
If you pay in cash, you pay in money in notes and coins.
If something is on special, the price of something is lower than it usually is. When a shop has a sale, it is selling things at lower prices than it usually does.
Fresh food is food that is not old and it has been made or picked not long ago.
№1. Answer the questions:
Do you like to go shopping?
How often do you go shopping?
Who do you often go shopping with?
When you buy something, do you "shop around" and go to many stores to compare prices?
When you buy something, what is most important to you: price, quality, fashion trend, status/image?
What kinds of shops do you like most?
Do you sometimes buy second-hand things?
Do you sometimes buy things that you don't need?
Do your parents give you pocket money?
- How much?
- What do you use it for?
- How often do they give it to you?
How much did you spend yesterday?
What is preferable for you — to buy food in a big supermarket or in small shops?
What is the most expensive thing you've ever bought?
How much do you usually spend each month on food?
Have you ever found any money? If so, what did you do with it?
If someone gave you a million dollars, what would you do with it?
What is something that you want to buy, but don't have enough money to buy.
№2. Read short texts and be ready to answer some questions.
The Corner Shop is a small shop on or near a street corner. They usually sell food.
Harrods is a department store. It has 230 departments. It has a library, a bank. It is a very expensive shop.
Sainsbury’s is the biggest of the supermarket chains. It suggests good food, wine, do it yourself goods.
Mark & Spencer is a chain store. It is a number of department stores which sell men’s and women’s clothing, home furniture, plants and food. The company has over 700 stores over the world.
The Body Shop sells perfumes, soap, shampoo, skin-care products for men and women.
- What do they sell in the Corner Shop (Harrods, Sainsbury’s, Mark & Spencer, the Body Shop)?
– What similar shops have we got in Krasnye Baki?
– What is your favourite shop in Krasnye Baki?
№3. Do the test
1. Lasagne is....................... food.
2. People don't eat................. when they are on a diet.
a) fruit and vegetables
b) Italian food
c) humpback and sazan
3. Usually shops are different in.............
4. You can't buy a............... of sugar.
5. Englishmen use.................. in the shops.
a) pounds and pence
b) roubles and kopecks
c) dollars and cents
6. Humpback is a................
7. We can buy fish at the...............
8. If you want to make a cake you need............
a) eggs, sugar, flour
b) ham, sugar, eggs
c) chips, sugar, flour
Read, translate and act out the following dialogue.
– Good morning. How are you?
– Morning. Fine, fine you?
– Fine, thanks. Can I help you?
– Yes. Have you got pineapples?
– Certainly. How much would you like?
– One tin, I think
– What about fresh biscuits?
– No, thank you. I’m on a diet. I prefer fruit and vegetables.
– Anything else?
– May be some fish: sazan or humpback.
– I strongly recommend you to buy humpback.
– OK. Give me one fish. How much does it cost?
– 133 roubles. Oh, just a minute. Do you like lasagne?
– Oh, it’s not bad. But I don’t like Italian food. Here are 150 roubles.
– Thank you. You change is 17 roubles.You are welcome
Tom : Sarah, what did you do today?
Sarah : I went shopping.
Tom : Did you buy anything?
Sarah : Yes, I bought a few things.
Tom : What did you buy?
Sarah : I bought this coat. Do you like it?
Tom : Yeah, I like it a lot. It's very pretty. Where did you buy it?
Sarah : At the mall on 5th street.
Tom : Was it expensive?
Sarah : No, it wasn't expensive. It was on sale for 20 dollars.
Tom : That's cheap.
Sarah : I know. It was a really good deal.
Tom : I don't think you'll need to wear it for a while. It's been really hot lately.
Learn by heart the poems
Look! Shop windows are so bright!
They are coloured, they are light.
Window-shopping says, “Oh, hi!
Would you like to come in and buy?”
There are different kinds of shops
We visit every day:
The baker’s, the butcher’s,
The greengrocer’s and grocer’s –
We choose the food and pay!
At the baker’s people buy
White and brown bread.
At every table it’s important,
It is called “a head”.
At the butcher’s we can find
Mutton, pork and beef.
Mother always cooks for us
Cutlets, chops, roastbeef!
Then let’s go to the grocer’s
To buy buckwheat, millet, rice.
All the cereals with butter
And with milk are very nice!
Sugar, salt and macaroni,
Noodles, flour and peas
Are in packets on the shelves
Pay the money, buy them, please!
You are also suggested
Buying sausage, bacon, ham,
Bars of chocolate and biscuits,
Coffee, marmalade and jam.
The greengrocer offers you
Carrots, onions, beets and greens
Cauliflower and radish
Cabbage, cucumbers and beans!
Apples, plums, bananas, lemons,
Oranges and tangerines –
All of appetizing colours:
Violet, yellow, red, green.
Song “Hippoty Hop”
Hippoty hop to the corner’s shop
To buy some sweets for Sunday
Some for you,
Some for me,
Some for sister Sandy.
Hippoty hop to the baker’s shop
To buy some bread for Monday
Some for you,
Some for me,
Some for sister Sandy.
Hippoty hop to the buther’s shop
To buy some meat for Tuesday
Some for you,
Some for me,
Some for sister Sandy.
Hippoty hop to the green grocery’s shop
To buy some apples for Saturday
Some for you,
Some for me,
Some for sister Sandy.
There are some English proverbs. Can you find the right Russian equivalent?
The buyer needs hundred eyes, the seller but one.
A fool and his money are soon parted.
Look after the pennies and the pound will look after themselves.
Lend your money and lose your friend.
Buy a pig in a poke.
Sell what you have and buy what is really good.
A man with a sour face should not open the shop.
Read the jokes:
Friend: Gee, you smell good. What have you got on?
David: Clean socks.
It is tasty, it is white and brown.
It can be square, oval and round. (Bread)
They are coloured and sweet like honey.
I like to buy them. (Sweets)
It is tasty, cold and white.
We can Lick it like an ice. (Ice-cream)
It’s nice. I eat a piece or three.
And we like with it
Drinking tea. (A cake)
Texts for reading
A supermarket shopping trip
Diana and Roger Frost are in a large supermarket in Wembley. They shop here every Saturday morning. Their two children are at home with Rosa.
"I’ll get the fruit and you get the vegetables!" Diana tells her husband. Roger puts four small lettuces into his basket. Then he sees some large tomatoes from Holland and some very small cherry tomatoes from Spain. He likes tomatoes very much so he takes both types.
Diana always buys a lot of bananas. They are good value and the children like them. The Frosts have apple and pear trees in their garden so they do not buy any green fruit. They also have a lot of raspberries in their freezer.
"Have you got the potatoes?" Diana asks.
"Yes, English ones - King Edwards!" answers Roger.
"Well, you can get the ham, cheese and olives. I’ll get the butter, milk, yoghurt and pizza bases."
Roger takes a ticket from a small machine and waits for his number. Then an assistant in a white uniform serves him with 200 grammes of Honey Roast ham, 350 grammes of Cheddar cheese and 100 grammes of small, black olives.
Diana is very quick. Her basket is now very full. She has also got a packet of Mozarella cheese for the pizza topping and a large free-range chicken for Sunday lunch. She meets her husband near the bread counter.
They buy two loaves of French bread for the weekend and some large square tin loaves of white and brown bread to put in the freezer.
"Let’s get the ice-cream and go home." Roger says. "Supermarkets aren’t my favourite places!"
"I know!" answers Diana. "You’d like to do all your shopping by computer! There are two more things on my list. We need toothpaste and toilet paper!"
Shopping in London
London has many large department stores, which sell everything: shoes and shirts, paper and perfume, fur coats and frying pans. The most expensive department store is Harrods in Knightsbridge. You can buy almost anything in Harrods, and you know you’re getting the best. Twice a year, in January and July, Harrods has a “sale”. Some things are almost half price, and there are thousands of bargains. But on the first days of the sale the shop is very crowded. Some people stand and wait all night so that they can be first in the shop when it opens.
The smartest and most expensive shops are in Knightsbridge, but more people come to Oxford Street, London’s most popular shopping centre. Most of the hundreds of shops sell clothes or shoes. The street is more than a mile long.
There are several big department stores in Oxford Street. The best known are Selfridges, John Lewis and D.H. Evans.
Oxford Street has the most shops, but in some ways King’s Road in Chelsea is more fun. This is where fashionable young Londoners buy their clothes in the many small “boutiques”.
You can buy what you like in the big shops, but the small markets have a lot to offer too. There are several big street markets in London, and many small ones. Some markets open only one day a week. Go to the Portobello Road on Saturday, or to petticoat Lane on Sunday. Covent Garden market is open every day. Come here for antiques, old clothes, hand-made jewellery and many other rather special things.
Restaurant in London
British restaurants are not, unfortunately, famous for their good food… Too often, they offer only sausages and ships, fish and chips – chips with everything in fact! But there are some wonderful surprises in British cooking, especially the many delicious cakes and desserts, and the British certainly enjoy their food. There’s a fantastic variety of restaurants of all nationalities in London.
Most British families only go to restaurants on special occasions, like birthdays, or wedding anniversaries. The restaurant’s best customers are businessmen, who meet in them to talk business in a relaxed atmosphere away from the telephone. They can eat what they like, because the company pays the bill! But when a boy and girl want to get to know each other better, they often go out to a restaurant together. After all, it’s easier to talk in a quite atmosphere, with soft music, wine and good food.
For visitors to London, eating out can be fun. Try Rules, in the West End. The traditional menu and décor are just like they were in Queen Victoria’s day, a hundred years ago.
Or take a walk down the King’s Road in Chelsea where there are dozens of small restaurants.
But if you want that special London feeling, go to the Ritz in Piccadilly for tea any afternoon at about half past four. Too expensive? Then try England’s favourite food – fish and chips. Take it away and eat it where you like – in the park, on the bus, or while you walk down the street. That’s what Londoners do!
Pubs are an important part of life in Britain. People go to the pub to relax, meet friends, and sometimes to do business.
But pubs are not open to everyone, and they are not open all the time. People under the age of 14 cannot go into pubs. And they are only open from about 11 am (“opening time”) until 2.30 pm, and 5.30 pm until 10.30 or 11 pm (“closing time”). When it’s closing time, the barman calls “Time!” or “Time, gentlemen, please!”
You can buy most kinds of drink in a pub: beer, lager, all kinds of wine, spirits, liqueurs, fruit juice and soft drinks. Beer is the most popular drink, and there are many different kinds. You ask for beer by the “pint” (a little more than half a litre) or the “half pint”. When people buy beer they ask for “bitter” (strong beer), “mild” (less strong), or lager. Some people just say the name of the maker: “A half of Double Diamond, please” or “Two halves of Export, please”.
PROBLEMS OF CITIES AND COUNTRYSIDE
countryside – сельская местность
well-paid – хорошо-оплаченный
village - деревня
city - город
all in all – вобщем
bustle - суета
accommodation - условия
in the rush hour – вчаспик
city-dweller – жительгорода
combustion plants – установкадлясжигания
underground - метро
2. Read the text.
Lots of people prefer living in cities rather than in the countryside because it is often easier to get good education and find a well-paid job. Besides, there is usually a wide choice of public transport, so you don’t need to own a car, which is necessary when you live in the countryside. What is more, there are a lot of interesting things to do and places to see. If you live in the village, you have almost nowhere to go, but if you live in the city, you can eat in good restaurants, visit museums, and go to the theatre and to concerts. All in all, city life is full of bustle and variety, and you will never feel bored.
However, some people choose to live in the countryside because living in a city is often very expensive. It is particularly difficult to find good cheap accommodation. What is more, public transport is sometimes crowded and dirty, particularly in the rush hour, and even the parks can become very crowded, especially on Sundays when it seems that every city-dweller is looking for some open space or green grass. On the contrary, the air in the countryside is very clean and there are no noisy crowds, so living in the country can be useful for your health. Last of all, despite all the crowds, it is still possible to feel very lonely in a city because people often don’t know their neighbours whereas in the countryside people know each other and you have many friends.
In my opinion, it’s possible to solve most of the problems of big cities, for example, the problem of pollution. Cutting down on emissions from large combustion plants and exhaust fumes from vehicles would help solve the problem. I think we should try to use alternative energy such as solar energy and wind energy and design plants and cars that run on electricity, a much cleaner fuel than petrol. In addition, I think the government should ban cars from city centres. We can also improve the situation with traffic if the government encourages people to use the underground more. I would argue that if the underground was made cheaper, many people would decide to leave their cars at home.
As for me, I would prefer city life because I am keen on visiting theatres, cinemas, museums and galleries and do not mind noise and pollution. Besides, my city offers me good opportunities to continue my education and I hope to find a prestigious job in the future. However, I enjoy the peace and fresh air of the countryside and in summer I usually go to my country house where I have a good time with my friends.
№1. Answer the questions:
1. Is the city life stressful? Why?
2. How would you improve the living conditions in the place where you live?
3. Why do young people tend to live in cities?
4. Where do you think people will live in the future, in cities or in the countryside? Why?
5. Would you like to change the place where you live? Why?
№2. Give a talk on the life in the city. Remember to discuss:
• why people prefer to live in the city
• why some people choose to live in the countryside
• whether it is possible to solve all the problems of big cities, why
• where would you prefer to live, why.
№3. Fill the table:write pros and cons of living in the city and in the countryside.
№4. Speak about your native town (settlement):
1. What place are you from?
2. Where is it situated?
3. What is its population?
4. When was it founded?
5. Whom was it founded by?
6. Do you like your native place?
7. Does it play an important role in the cultural life?
№5. Write a short article aboutwhereyou would like to go and why? Use the word combinations from exercise 3.
№6. Discuss in the pairs:
Are you live in the city or in the country? Tell the reasons why you like live there where you are. Think about place where you live.What sounds can you hear?
- in the morning?
- in the evening?
- in the afternoon?
- at night?
№7. Match the words with the correct definitions:
a) park your car
b) eat and drink
3. post office
c) change money
4. sports centre
d) catch a plane
f) see paintings by famous artists
g) buy stamps
h) watch a play
9. car park
i) see a film
j) catch a train
k) watch a football match
l) buy fruit and vegetables
n) report a robbery
o) buy food, drinks and home articles
16. police station
p) take the underground
17. underground station
q) read a book
r) have lessons
s) have a surgery
20. rail station
t) swim and play sports
№8. Match the opposites. Create sentences with the opposites
noisy, clean, boring, cheap, dangerous, tourist, industrial, exciting, safe, quiet, busy, small, interesting, ugly, expensive, dirty, residencial, polluted, beautiful, crowded, comercial, peaceful.
Read, translate and act out the following dialogue.
If you had an opportunity to choose, where would you live?
If I could choose, I would prefer to live in a big city like London. It’s a wonderful city. I’ll be able to walk in beautiful parks and spend my free time in the museums.
I don’t think it’s a good idea to live in a big city. Well, it’s great to come to London as a tourist but if you live there all the time, I’m sure you will be fed up with all these sights. Just think about noise, pollution and traffic jams during rush hours. Besides, accommodation in big cities is rather expensive because there aren’t enough houses for everybody.
As for me, I don’t mind noise and pollution. But if I live in a city, I’ll be able to find an interesting job and earn a lot of money.
I can’t agree with you. It’s difficult to find a job in a big city. You’ll have problems with getting to work. As for me, I would prefer to work for myself and live somewhere in the countryside.
First of all, the air in the countryside is fresh and there is no pollution. I ’11 be able to grow fruit and vegetables for my family and we will enjoy a healthy lifestyle. Besides, I’ll live in my own house with lots of rooms. I think it’s better than living in a small stuffy flat in the city.’
I would agree with you but, in my opinion, there is nothing to do in the countryside. You’ll soon get bored with such a lifestyle. In addition, I think it’s very hard to grow fruit and vegetables. You’ll have to work hard all day long. And in case of bad weather, you can lose all your crops.
What about living in the mountains? The air and water in the mountains are exceptionally clean and we would be able to enjoy magnificent mountain views.
But what shall we do for a living? I think it’s impossible to find any work in the mountains.
Not exactly. We could work as tourist guides in summer and in winter we could teach tourists downhill skiing. Our life will be easy and exciting!
On the contrary, it will be rather boring: only work and absolutely no entertainment. There are no cinemas and theatres in the mountains. Besides, it’s always cold there and life can be really dangerous because of severe weather conditions.
Let’s live in a small town at the seaside. The climate is warm and nice there. We could open a small hotel near the sea and have lots of tourists. It’s not hard to run a private hotel. Besides, we’ll have an opportunity to communicate with people from all over the world. It’s exciting!
Great idea! There is no pollution at the seaside and we can enjoy a healthy lifestyle. We could go to the beach early in the morning or late in the evening and swim in the sea. And we could eat lots of fruit and vegetables.
And if we get bored with the sea and the sun we could go to the cinema or to a disco with our friends. So, what place do you think we should choose?
If you agree, we’ll choose to live at the seaside.
I completely agree with you.
Learn by heart the poems
The City Mouse And The Country Mouse
A City Mouse, with ways polite,
A Country Mouse invited
To sup with him and spend the night.
Said Country Mouse: "Delighted!"
In truth it proved a royal treat,
With everything that's good to eat.
Alas! When they had just begun
To gobble their dinner,
A knock was heard that made them run.
The City Mouse seemed thinner.
And as they scampered and turned tail,
He saw the Country Mouse grow pale.
The knocking ceased. A false alarm!
The City Mouse grew braver.
"Come back!" he cried. "No, no! The farm,
Where I'll not quake or quaver,
Suits me," replied the Country Mouse.
"You're welcome to your city house."
Jean de La Fontaine
This Is the Key of the Kingdom.
This is the key of the kingdom.
In that kingdom there is a city,
In that city there is a town,
In that town there is a street,
In that street there is a lane,
In that lane there is a yard,
In that yard there is a house,
In that house there is a room,
In that room there is a bed,
In that bed there is a basket,
In that basket there are some flowers.
Discuss the proverbs
There is no place like my home.
East or West – Home is best.
An Englishman’s home is his castle.
Every bird likes its own nest best.
Texts for reading
My native city
The city of Nizhniy Novgorod is my native place. I mean to say that I was born in it and I have been living here since my birthday.
This large city is known as an important industrial, commercial and cultural centre as well. It is one of the largest cities in Russia. Its population amounts to nearly two million people. It is situated at the confluence of two great Russian rivers – the Volga and the Oka. The city is administratively divided into 9 districts, but traditionally and geographically, it is divided into two major parts – the Upper part and the Lower part. Nizhniy Novgorod has a rich historical past. It was founded by the Russian prince Yuri Vsevolodovich in 1221. Many outstanding and famous people were born or lived here among whom one can find the names of Russian writers, composers and artists, such as Balakirev, Shalyapin, Korolenko and many others.
The best way to see the sights of Nizhniy Novgorod is to go to Minin Square which is situated in the centre of the city. In the middle of the square there is a monument to Kozma Minin, out national hero. In front of it there is the Kremlin – an ancient Russian fortress. Now it is used as a museum. Inside the Kremlin you can admire a fine specimen of Russian architecture – Archangelskiy Cathedral. Minin is buried in it.
The business heart of Nizhniy Novgorod is Big Pokrovskaya Street in which the main banks, shops and offices are concentrated. This place is always overcrowded and noisy. It is always full of people. A lot of old and magnificent buildings are to be found here.
Our city is considered to be a great educational centre as well. Nizhniy Novgorod has a highly developed industry. It is well-known all over the world for its Automobile Plant that produces cars and trucks and for the Sormovo Plant which produces river and sea boats.
My native city is a beautiful place. There are a lot of magnificent buildings, historical monuments, wonderful parks, squares and gardens in it. It has quite a number of churches and cathedrals, many of which have been restored lately. The guest of our city enjoy walking along the High-Volga Embankment from which they can get a beautiful view over the Volga, the river port and many sights as well.
Answer the questions:
1. What is the centre of modern Nizhniy Novgorod?
2. How many parts is it traditionally divided into?
3. What monument is there in the middle of Minin Square?
4. How was the Kremlin used in old times?
5. What famous Russian citizens were born and lived here?
6. What places of interest would you like to show to the tourists?
7. What is the most beautiful place in Nizhniy Novgorod, do you think?
Read short descriptions of some of the biggest and the most important cities in the US and be ready to tell your groupmates about them.
Los Angeles is the largest city on the west coast and the second most populous city in the USA preceded only by New York. It currently has a population of nine million and an area of 480 square miles. How can one describe this city of contrasts, with every possible type of architecture where skyscrapers contrast with the Mexican quarter? It was created in 1781 by the Governor of California and was called in Spanish-The Town of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels - Los Angeles for short. The main growth of Los Angeles did not begin until after the arrival of the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. From 1890 to 1940, Los Angeles was the focus of a prosperous orange-growing area and developed as a resort. The city's population doubled in the 1920s, as new discoveries enriched the oil industry and Hollywood became the centre of the film industry. Aircraft manufacturers became the city's primary engines of growth during and after World War II. Developers bought up cheap land and built whole new communities, such as Lakewood, for the growing workforce, while old housing in Watts and south-central Los Angeles became home to incoming blacks and Hispanics. These ghettos became a symbol of American urban ills such as unemployment, housing decay, and poverty. The district of Watts exploded in protest riots in August 1965; 34 people died. One of the worst riots in US history erupted in south-central Los Angeles in April 1992 after the acquittal of four white police officers charged with the videotaped beating of a black suspect, Rodney King; 58 people died in the rioting. In April 1993, two of the police officers were convicted for their roles in the beating of King, and the two other officers were acquitted.
In late October and early November 1993, bushfires spread through parts of the Los Angeles metropolitan area and destroyed thousands of hectares of property. In January 1994, an earthquake measuring 6.7 on the Richter scale struck Los Angeles. The quake caused three major motorways to collapse, disabling the city's road system. Fifty-seven people were killed, and thousands of buildings were damaged or destroyed.
The parks of Los Angeles contain many of the city's recreational and cultural facilities. The El Pueblo de Los Angeles State Historic Park includes the Plaza Church (1822) and the lively Mexican shops of Olvera Street. Hancock Park is the site of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the George C. Page La Brea Discoveries Museum. Griffith Park contains the Los Angeles Zoo and the Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum. Exposition Park is the site of a museum of science and industry; a natural history museum; and the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, home of the Los Angeles Raiders American football team. Elysian Park, in central Los Angeles, is the location of Dodger Stadium, home of the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team.
Other points of interest in Los Angeles include the Armand Hammer Museum of Art and Cultural Center; the History Center of the California Historical Society; the Southwest Museum, featuring a collection of Native American artefacts; the Museum of Contemporary Art; and the Hollywood Bowl - an amphitheatre. The Civic Center, a massive complex of government buildings, includes the Los Angeles City Hall and the Music Center for the Performing Arts Complex. Popular among tourists are the Farmers Market, an open-air bazaar of shops and restaurants; Chinatown; Little Tokyo; and the film studios located in Hollywood and nearby Burbank and Culver City. Two communities on the outskirts of LA Beverly Hills and Hollywood Hills are home to many celebrities.
This paragraph summarizes the text on Los Angeles. Supply the missing information
Los Angeles was… in 1781 by the Governor of California. The main growth of the city began after… of the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1876. Los Angeles… as a resort. One of the worst… in US history erupted in south-central LA in April 1992 after…of four white police officers…with…of a black suspect.
In January 1994, a…measuring 6.7 on…struck Los Angeles.
The parks of Los Angeles contain many of the city's… and cultural…. Exposition Park is the sight of a land natural history museum. Other points of interest include the southwest Museum featuring a…of Native Americans… .
Popular among tourists is the Farmer Market, an…bazaar of…and… .
New York is a true attraction on its own. It is difficult to describe and understand. You can say anything you like about it and always be right. If you listen to different people talking about it they can each describe a different town. For some, it is a centre for art, music and theatre, for others, a city of finance and politics. New York is America's most populous city, and one of the world's leading commercial, financial, and cultural centres. New York is subdivided into five boroughs; in descending order of area, the boroughs are Queens, Brooklyn, Staten Island, the Bronx, and Manhattan. Almost all of the Bronx is situated on the mainland, but the other boroughs are situated on, or comprise, islands. In all, New York comprises some 50 islands. In postal addresses, New York City is synonymous with Manhattan.
New York has been the first glimpse of American city life for the 12 million foreigners who arrived in New York harbor during the wave of European immigration between 1892 and 1924. The first destination of many tourists to the USA today is this "gateway to America". The population of the city remains more racially and ethnically diverse than many areas of the United States. In 1990, the population of New York was 52 per cent white, 29 per cent black, 7 per cent Asian and Pacific Islander, and 12 per cent other races. Those of Hispanic origin comprised 24 per cent of the total population. The latest influx is from post-Communist Russia. Land area, 800 sq km. Population 7,311,966.
New York is a financial, commercial, manufacturing, and tourist centre. A national focus of road, rail, water, and air transport, it also contains the headquarters of many major corporations. The financial district of Lower Manhattan, centred on Wall and Broad streets, includes the New York Stock Exchange (1817) and a United States Federal Reserve bank as well as other prominent banking, brokerage, and financial institutions. Much domestic and international trade is conducted in New York's offices. Two international airports: Guardia and John F. Kennedy, both in Queens, major air-cargo terminals, and large amounts of freight pass through the city's port facilities.
Wholesale and retail trade are important to New York's economy. The city is particularly noted for its many retail outlets, including large department stores and specialized shops. Fifth and Madison avenues, in Manhattan, are especially famous for their elegant shops.
As a manufacturing centre, New York is a national leader in the production of clothing (notably in the Garment District of Midtown Manhattan on the West Side), printed materials, and processed foods. Other principal products include wood, paper, and metal goods, machinery, chemicals, and textiles.
New York, and particularly Manhattan, boasts many distinguished architectural sites. Skyscrapers dominate the skyline; the Flatiron Building, completed in 1902, was one of the first in the city. Others include the Chrysler Building (1930), the Woolworth Building (1915), the Empire State Building (1931), the group of buildings that constitute Rockefeller Center (1931). Older structures include Gracie Mansion (late 18th century), now the mayor's residence, and City Hall (1802-1811). Among the city's well-known churches are St Patrick's Cathedral (1879), the Cathedral Church of St John the Divine (1892) New York's most famous landmark is the Statue of Liberty (1886) on Liberty Island; Ellis Island, from 1892 to 1954 was the point of entry of immigrants to the United States; Grand Central Terminal (1913) is the main railway station; and the vast United Nations complex is along the East River in Midtown Manhattan. Professional baseball teams play at Yankee Stadium in the Bronx (New York Yankees), and Shea Stadium in Queens (New York Mets). Other major sports facilities in the city include Madison Square Garden in Manhattan, home of the New York Knickerbockers (Knicks) basketball and New York Rangers ice hockey teams. The New York Islanders ice hockey team plays in Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in nearby Uniondale.
Among the leading art museums are the vast Metropolitan Museum of Art; the Museum of Modern Art; the Frick Collection; the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, and the Whitney Museum of American Art. Other museums include the American Museum of Natural History; the Jewish Museum; El Museo del Barrio, devoted to the culture of Puerto Rico and Latin America; the Studio Museum in Harlem, exhibiting works by black artists; and the National Museum of the American Indian. The centre of the city's theatre district is Times Square, with more than 30 theatres. Near the south-western corner of Central Park is the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, a large cluster of buildings that includes the Metropolitan Opera House; Avery Fisher Hall, home of the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, commonly known as the New York Philharmonic; the New York State Theater, where the New York City Ballet and New York City Opera perform.
In September 2003 New York suffered a large-scale interruption of electric power through a technical failure in the electrical power system, which brought wide media attention around the world. For more than 24 hours New York City citizens were without electricity.
How much have you learn? Complete the sentences
1 New York is
a.the 1st destination of tourists to the USA today.
b.a small town
c.has never been very important to the US economy
2. New York is subdivided into- boroughs
3.The New York Stock Exchange and a US Federal Reserve bank are situated:
a.on Wall street
b.on Madison avenue
c.on 25th street
4.The first skyscraper in New York was built in 1902, it was-
a.the Chrysler Building
b.the Empire State Building
c.the Flatiron Building
5.The United Nations complex is
a.on Liberty Island
b.in the Bronx
c.along the Esat River
6. On Madison avenue one can find
a.the leading art museums
7.The centre of New York theatre district is
8.The works by black artists are exhibited in
b.El Museo del Barrio
c.the Studio Museum
Statue of Liberty - the most famous monument in the world.
It is a colossal statue on Liberty Island located in the harbor of New York. The statue and the island were declared a national monument in 1924. The statue symbolizes liberty and is in the form of a woman who holds a torch in her right hand and carries in her left a book inscribed “July 4, 1776”; broken chains, symbolizing the tyranny, lie at her feet.
The statue is one of the largest in the world. It measures 93.5 m from the bottom of the pedestal to the tip of the torch. The figure itself is 46.4 m high; the right arm is 12.8 m long; the hand is 5.03 m long; and the head, which is reachable by staircase or lift, measures 8.5 m from neck to diadem. The statue weighs 250 tons.
Originally conceived as a gesture of international friendship, the statue has become a global symbol of freedom, marking the arrival of millions of immigrants to the United States.
Liberty island is reachable through the ferry service. The ferry ride is about 40 min however the passengers should allow 3 hours to visit the Statue of Liberty because of the long lines to board the ferry. Please be aware that large packages and suitcases are not permitted on the ferry or on the island. Visitors and their belongings are subject to inspection. The security service appreciates the patience and understanding of travellers of these procedures and the additional time they require.
Answer the questions:
Where is the Statue of Liberty located?
What does the Statue hold in her right hand?
What can you see at her feet?
Can tourists enjoy the view from the top of the statue?
Complete the sentences use the data from the text:
The statue is considered to be one of the largest in the world because…
The statue is regarded as the symbol of freedom because…
Лексический словарь по теме «Дом»
Types of dwellings
detached house (mansion) - особняк
semidetached house - полуособняк (дом, имеющий общую стену с другим домом)
duplex house - двухквартирный дом
country house - поместье, загородный дом, дача
cottage - коттедж, крестьянский дом
housing estate - дачный поселок
bungalow - одноэтажный дом
log-cabin - бревенчатая хижина
hut - хижина
weekend house - дачный домик
block of flats - многоквартирный дом
multi-storey block of flats - многоэтажный многоквартирный дом
sky-scraper - небоскреб
palace - дворец
castle - замок
barracks - казарма
flat (apartment) - квартира
penthouse - роскошная квартира (обычно на последнем этаже)
studio - студия (квартира, не разделенная стенами на отдельные помещения)
1. living-room - зал
2. sitting-room - гостиная
3. bedroom - спальня
4. children’s room - детская
5. study - кабинет
6. dining-room - столовая
7. bathroom - ванная
8. lavatory/toilet - туалет
9. kitchen - кухня
10. hall - прихожая
11. recreation room – комнатаотдыха
12. workoutroom – комната для спортивных занятий
13. basement - подвал
14. subsidiary room – подсобка
15. pantry - кладовая
1. bed - кровать
2. mattress - матрас
3. sheet - простыня
4. pillow - подушка
5. blanket - одеяло
6. pajamas - пижама
7. wardrobe - шкаф
8. bed-side table - тумбочка
9. night-light – ночник, светильник
10. wallpaper - обои
11. alarm-clock - будильник
12. counterpane – покрывало
13. pillowcase – наволочка
14. rocking-chair –кресло-качалка
15. slippers - тапочки
16. chest of drawers –комод
17. dressing table – туалетный столик
1. TV-set - телевизор
2. DVD-recorder – ДиВиДи плеер
3. sofa - диван
4. arm-chair - кресло
5. video-recorder - видеомагнитофон
6. chandelier – люстра
7. wall-unit - стенка
8. flowers - цветы
9. book-case – книжныйшкаф
10. vase – ваза
1. fire-place - камин
2. coffee-table – журнальный столик
3. curtains - занавески
4. fireplace – камин
5. photos – фото
6. floor lamp - торшер
7. piano - пианино
8. ottoman - пуфик
9. carpet - ковёр
10. table – стол
11. sideboard - сервант
1. chair - стул
2. toys - игрушки
3. game - игра
4. car - машинка
5. ball - мяч
6. doll - кукла
7. rattle - погремушка
8. blocks - кубики
9. drawings - рисунки
10. puzzle – пазлы
11. picture books – книга с картинками
12. carriage - коляска
13. toys - игрушки
14. crib – детская кроватка
gas-stove - плита
fridge - холодильник
saucepan - кастрюля
frying pan - сковорода
toaster - тостер
mixer - миксер
blender - блендер
kettle - чайник
mug - кружка
dishwasher – посудомоечная машина
food processor - комбайн
stool – табурет
trashcan - ведро для мусора
oven - печь
bath - ванна
shower - душ
washing machine - стиральная машина
soap - мыло
shampoo - шампунь
bast - мочалка
towel - полотенце
towel-dryer – полотенцесушитель
sink/ basin - раковина
toothbrush – зубная щётка
toothpaste – зубная паста
soap-holder – мыльница
faucet/ tap- кран
cup - чашка
plate - тарелка
saucer - блюдце
spoon - ложка
fork - вилка
knife - нож
dish - блюдо
napkin - салфетка
table-cloth - скатерть
cupboard – буфет
bowl - миска
glass - стакан
tea-pot – заварной чайник
computer - компьютер
bookshelves книжные полки
pen - ручка
pencil - карандаш
scanner - сканер
copybook - тетрадь
desk – письменный стол
table lamp – настольная лампа
printer - принтер
lavatory pan - унитаз
toilet paper – туалетная бумага
toilet brush - ёршик
air refresh - освежитель
lavatory rinser –туалетный утёнок
discharge tank - сливной бачок
mat - коврик
sewerage - канализация
wastebasket – урна
cleanser - чистящее средство
broom - метла
dust pan - совок
mop - швабра
vacuum cleaner - пылесос
iron - утюг
ironing board – гладильная доска
fan - вентилятор
wash-basin - тазик
dust – тряпка
coat rack - вешалка
brush - щётка
rug - коврик
telephone - телефон
5.mirror – зеркало
6. key - ключ
7. picture - картина
8. clock - часы
9. comb - расчёска
10. telephone book–телефонная книга
Лексический словарь по теме «Покупки»
Shops and sellers
Antiquarian A person who studies, collects and sells antiques
Antiquary A shop selling antiques
Arcade A covered passage or area, especially one with an arched roof and shops along one or both sides
Bakery A place where bread is baked for sale
Baker A person who bakes
Bookseller A person whose main job is selling books
Bookshop A shop which sells mainly books
Bookstall Stall or stand at which books, magazines, newspapers are sold
Boutique A small shop selling clothes and other items of the latest fashion
Butcher A person cutting and selling meat
Butcher’s A place selling meat
Cake shop A shop selling sweet food
Chandler A person who makes or sells candles, oil, soap, paint, etc
Chemist A person who prepares and sells medicines
Chemist’s A shop selling medicines, cosmetics, toiletries
China and glass A shop selling china and glass goods
Chip shop A shop selling micro chips
Confectioner A person who (makes and) sells sweets, cakes, etc
Confectionery Confectioner’s shop
Creamery A place where milk, cream, butter, etc are sold
Dairy A shop where milk, butter, eggs, etc are sold
Delicatessen A shop selling prepared foods, often unusual or imported, ready for serving
Department store A large shop where many kinds of goods are sold in different departments
Dime store A shop selling almost unworthy goods for low prices
DIY shop/do-it-yourself A shop selling articles for handicraft activities
Draper A shopkeeper who sells cloth and clothing
Drapery A shop selling cloth and clothing
Dressmaker A person who makes women’s clothes
Dress shop A shop selling women’s clothes
Electric appliances A shop/department selling electric goods
Emporium A centre of trade; market; a large shop
Fishmonger A person whose job is to sell fish in a shop
Fishmonger’s A shop for selling fish
Florist A person who sells flowers
Florist’s A shop selling flowers
Furniture-maker, cabinet-maker A person who makes furniture
Furniture A shop selling movable articles
Furniture-dealer A person selling furniture
Gallery A place for showing/selling works of art
Garden-centre A place selling gardening equipment, seeds, plants, etc
Greengrocer A shopkeeper selling vegetables and fruit
Greengrocer’s A shop selling vegetables and fruit
Grocer A shopkeeper selling food in packets, tins or bottles and general small household goods
Grocer’s A shop selling food in packets, tins or bottles and general small household goods
Haberdasher 1) (Br) a shopkeeper who sells small articles for sewing;
2) (Am) a shopkeeper who sells men’s clothing
Haberdashery A haberdasher’s shop
Hatter A person who makes or sells hats
Hat shop A shop for selling hats
Hosier A person who sells stockings or socks
Hosiery A shop/department selling stockings, socks and knitted or woven underwear
Hypermarket A very large self-service shop, selling a wide range of goods and offering a number of services (eg hairdressing), usually situated outside a town
Ironmonger A dealer in tools, household implements
Ironmongery/ (Am) hardware A shop selling tools, household implements
Jeweller A person who sells, makes or repairs jewellery or watches
Jeweller’s A shop selling jewellery
Linen Household articles (sheets, table-cloths, clothing)
Linen-draper A person who sells linen
Lingerie Women's underwear
Mall A street or covered area with rows of shops, closed to traffic
Men’s outfitter A shopkeeper selling men’s clothing
Milliner A person who makes or sells (trimmings for) women’s hats
Millinery A business of making or selling women’s hats
Newsagent/ news-dealer A shopkeeper selling newspapers and magazines
News-vendor A person selling newspapers
Off-licence / Package store (US) A shop where alcoholic drinks are sold to be taken away
Outlet A shop selling goods made by a particular company
Perfumer A person who makes or/and sells perfumes
Perfumery A place where perfumes are made or sold
Pet shop A place where animals, birds, etc are sold as pets
Pharmacist A person who is trained to prepare medicines and/or to sell them
Pharmacy A place where medicines are prepared and given out
Poulterer A person who sells poultry and game
Second-hand A shop selling goods previously owned by sb else
Silverware Articles made of silver
Souvenirs A shop selling things, taken, brought or received as a gift, and kept to remind of a person, a place or an event
Sport goods A place selling sport equipment and/or sportswear
Stationer A person who runs a shop selling stationery
Stationery A shop selling writing materials
Supermarket A large shop selling food, household goods, etc which one takes from the shelves oneself and pays at the exit
Textiles Woven or machine-knitted fabrics
Tobacconist A shopkeeper who sells cigarettes, cigars and pipe-tobacco
Toyshop A shop where toys are sold
Vendor A person who sells food or other items from a stall in the open air
Video shop/ rent A shop selling/renting video films
Лексический словарь по теме «Проблемы города и деревни»
City A large town
Countryside The land and scenery of a rural area
Hamlet A small settlement, generally one smaller than a village, and strictly (in Britain) one without a church
Settlement A place, typically one which has previously been uninhabited, where people establish a community
Town A built-up area with a name, defined boundaries, and local government, that is larger than a village and generally smaller than a city
Village A group of houses and associated buildings, larger than a hamlet and smaller than a town, situated in a rural area
Alley A narrow passageway between or behind buildings
Avenue A broad road in a town or city, typically having trees at regular intervals along its sides
Backstreet A minor street away from the main roads
Boulevard A wide street in a town or city, typically one lined with trees
Bridge A structure carrying a road, path, railway, etc. across a river, road, or other obstacle
Bystreet A side street off the main thoroughfare
Downtown In or relating to the central part or main business and commercial area of a town or city
Embankment A wall or bank of earth or stone built to prevent a river flooding an area
High-street The main street of a town, especially as the traditional site for most shops, banks, and other businesses
Lane A narrow road, especially in a rural area
Park A large public garden or area of land used for recreation
Pavement A raised paved or asphalted path for pedestrians at the side of a road
Road A wide way leading from one place to another, especially one with a specially prepared surface which vehicles can use
Square An open, typically four-sided, area surrounded by buildings in a village, town, or city
Street A public road in a city, town, or village, typically with houses and buildings on one or both sides
Subway A tunnel under a road for use by pedestrians
Underground Situated beneath the surface of the ground
Uptown Characteristic of the residential area of a town or city
Bank A financial establishment that invests money deposited by customers, pays it out when required, makes loans at interest, and exchanges currency
Café A small restaurant selling light meals and drinks
Cathedral The principal church of a diocese, with which the bishop is officially associated
Church A building used for public Christian worship
Cinema A theatre where films are shown for public entertainment
Circus A travelling company of acrobats, clowns, and other entertainers which gives performances, typically in a large tent, in a series of different places
Club An association dedicated to a particular interest or activity
Exhibition A public display of works of art or items of interest, held in an art gallery or museum or at a trade fair
Fire station A facility where fire engines and other equipment of a fire department are housed
Gallery A room or building for the display or sale of works of art
Hospital An institution providing medical and surgical treatment and nursing care for sick or injured people
Library A building or room containing collections of books, periodicals, and sometimes films and recorded music for people to read, borrow, or refer to
Museum A building in which objects of historical, scientific, artistic, or cultural interest are stored and exhibited
Pharmacy A store where medicinal drugs are dispensed and sold
Police station The office or headquarters of a local police force
Post office The public department or corporation responsible for mail services and (in some countries) telecommunications
Restaurant A place where people pay to sit and eat meals that are cooked and served on the premises
School An institution for educating children
Shop A building or part of a building where goods or services are sold; a store
Stadium A sports arena with tiers of seats for spectators
Stall A stand, booth, or compartment for the sale of goods in a market or large covered area
Theatre A sensational or dramatically sudden action or turn of events, especially in a play
Zoo An establishment that maintains a collection of wild animals, typically in a park or gardens, for study, conservation, or display to the public
Garden A piece of ground adjoining a house, used for growing flowers, fruit, or vegetables
Kitchen garden A garden or area where vegetables, fruit, or herbs are grown for domestic use
Well A shaft sunk into the ground to obtain water
Forest A large area covered chiefly with trees and undergrowth
River A large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or an other river
Field An area of open land, especially one planted with crops or pasture, typically bounded by hedges or fences
Hill A naturally raised area of land, not as high or craggy as a mountain
Список рекомендуемой литературы по изучаемой тематике
Тема 2.5 Город, деревня, инфраструктура
(с. 132-133, с.136)
1. Planet of English: учебник английского языка для учреждений НПОи СПО / [Г.Т.Безкоровайная, Н.И.Соколова, Е.А.Койранская, Г.В.Лаврик]. — М. : Издательский центр «Академия», 2012. — 256 с. : ил.(с.24,28,31)
2. Агабекян И.П. Английский язык для средних специальных заведений. Серия «Учебники и учебные пособия» - Ростов н/Д: «Феникс»,2001 -320 с. (с. 262)
3. Вейзе А., Панова И., Английский для абитуриента – Мн.: ТПЦ Полифакт», 1992.- 128 с. (с. 92)
4. Голубев А.П.: Английский язык: Учеб. пособие для студ. сред. проф. учеб. заведений. – 2-е изд., испр. – М.: Издательский центр «Академия», 2006 – 336 с.(с.132,133,136)
5. Зиновьева Л.А. Английский язык: 1000 фраз и диалогов: для выпускников и абитуриентов – М: Эксмо, 2009. – 352 с. (с. 63,69)
6. Карпова Т.А. Английский язык для колледжей: учебное пособие – 9-е изд.,перераб. и доп.. – М.:КНОРУС,2013 – 288 с. (с.61)
7. Корнеева Е.А, Баграмова Н.В., Чарекова Е.Л. Практика английского языка. Сборник упражнений по устной речи. СПб.: СОЮЗ. 1997 – 336 с. (с.139-140)
1.Planet of English: учебник английского языка для учреждений НПО и СПО / [Г.Т.Безкоровайная, Н.И.Соколова, Е.А.Койранская, Г.В.Лаврик]. — М. : Издательский центр «Академия», 2012. — 256 с. : ил.(с.92)
2. Голубев А.П.: Английский язык: Учеб. пособие для студ. сред. проф. учеб. заведений. – 2-е изд., испр. – М.: Издательский центр «Академия», 2006 – 336 с.(с.111-113)
3. Зиновьева Л.А. Английский язык: 1000 фраз и диалогов: для выпускников и абитуриентов – М: Эксмо, 2009. – 352 с. (с. 143,147)
4. Корнеева Е.А, Баграмова Н.В., Чарекова Е.Л. Практика английского языка. Сборник упражнений по устной речи. СПб.: СОЮЗ. 1997 – 336 с. (с.193-205)
5. Трофимов В.Н. Пособие по английскому языку для поступающих в ВУЗы, часть вторая: М.: Издательский Рученькина», 1997 – 240 с. (с. 64)
«Жизнь города и деревни»
1.Planet of English: учебник английского языка для учреждений НПО и СПО / [Г.Т.Безкоровайная, Н.И.Соколова, Е.А.Койранская, Г.В.Лаврик]. — М. : Издательский центр «Академия», 2012. — 256 с. : ил.(с.172)
2. Вейзе А., Панова И., Английский для абитуриента – Мн.: ТПЦ Полифакт», 1992.- 128 с. (с. 93)
2. Корнеева Е.А, Баграмова Н.В., Чарекова Е.Л. Практика английского языка. Сборник упражнений по устной речи. СПб.: СОЮЗ. 1997 – 336 с. (с.320)
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