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The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was born in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 21, 1833. Every year since 1901 the Nobel Prize has been awarded for achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and for peace.
List of Nobel laureates 1901-1951
Emil Adolf von Behring 1901 For his work on serum therapy, against diphtheria, by which he has opened a new road in the domain of medical science.
Ronald Ross 1902 For his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism he has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease.
In recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged. Ivan Pavlov 1904
Robert Koch 1905 for his investigations and discoveries in relation to tuberculosis
Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal 1906 in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system
Ivan Mechnikov and Paul Ehrlich 1908 In recognition of their work on immunity.
Emil Theodor Kocher 1909 For his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid gland.
Albrecht Kossel 1910 In recognition of the contributions to our knowledge of cell chemistry made through his work on proteins, including the nucleic substances.
Allvar Gullstrand 1911 For his work on the dioptrics of the eye.
Alexis Carrel 1912 In recognition of his work of the transplantation of blood vessels and organs.
Róbert Bárány 1915 For his work on the physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus.
Jules Jean-Baptiste Vincent Bordet 1920 For his discoveries relating to immunity.
Archibald Vivian Hill 1922 For his discovery relating to the production of heat in the muscle.
Frederick Grant Banting and John James Rickard Macleod 1923 For the discovery of insulin.
Willem Einthoven 1924 For his discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram.
Christiaan Eijkman and Frederick Gowland Hopkins 1929 For his discovery of the vitamins.
Karl Landsteiner 1930 For his discovery of human blood groups.
Thomas Hunt Morgan 1933 For his discoveries concerning the role played by the chromosome in heredity.
Ernst Boris Chain, Alexander Fleming, Howard Walter Florey 1945 For the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases.
Hermann Joseph "H. J." Muller 1946 For the discovery of the production of mutations by means of X-ray irradiation.
Max Theiler 1951 For his discoveries concerning yellow fever and how to combat it.
Mechnikov Kocher Banting Fleming Behring Ross Pavlov Koch Serum therapy Malaria Physiology of digestion Tuberculosis Immunity Surgery of the thyroid gland Insulin Penicillin insulin