Международный конкурс "Мириады открытий"
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The aim of my research is to learn the information about the eyes of animals; to learn the parts of an eye and their functions; to define how animals use their eyes.
Parts of an Eye This is an elephant’s eye. The eyelid and the eyelashes protect the eyeball. There are tears in the eye, too. The eyelid opens and closes, and the tears clean the eye.
The pupil lets light into the eye. This helps people and animals to see. When there is lots of light, the pupil is little. When there’s no light, the pupil is big.
Seeing Animals see with their eyes. Goats have square pupils, it helps to see at a 330 degree angle, a person can see at a 185 degree angle.
Looking for food. Animals look for food. The gecko has big eyes. It can see well at night. It looks for insects to eat. People can’t see colours in dim moonlight, gecko can see colours at night. Their eyes are 300 times stronger than person’s when it comes to seeing colour.
Protection Eyes help to protect animals from other animals. The crab has two eyes on top of its body. It can see big animals, and then it can run away.
Seeing Far Away People and many animals have two eyes at the front of their head. This helps them to see things far away. The hawk can fly fast and it can see very well, too. This helps it to hunt little animals to eat.
The monkey has eyes at the front of its head. It can jump from tree to tree and it doesn’t fall. Owls have eyes at the front of their head. Some owls can move their head around and see behind.
Seeing All Around Many animals have eyes at the sides of their head. They can see in front and behind. The hammerhead shark has a long flat head. It has eyes at the sides of its head. When it swims, it can see all around.
The stalk-eyed fly can see all around, too. It has eyes on two long stalks.
Adaptations Animals adapt to their habitats- the places where they live. The flatfish has two eyes on one side of its body. It can lie at the bottom of the ocean and look up.
The seal lives on land and in water. It has big, round eyes. It can see very well in water. It hunts fish to eat.
At night, some animals sleep. Many other animals look for food. The lemur looks for fruit and little animals to eat. It has big eyes with big pupils. It can see very well in the dark.
It is very dark at the bottom of the ocean. The flashlight fish has lights under its eyes. This helps it to look for little fish to eat.
Some animals have many eyes. Many spiders have six or eight eyes.
The scallop can have more than 50 little eyes.
Some insects have very many eyes. Each eye of a dragonfly is thousands of little eyes together.
Protection of eyes. It‘s important for animals to protect their eyes. In the desert there’s a lot of sand. The camel has long eyelashes so the land doesn’t go in its eyes.
The meercat lives in the desert, too. It is sunny and windy there. Its eyelids clean the sand from its eyes. The meercat has black fur around its eyes. This protects its eyes when it’s sunny.
Hippos can see under water very well. Their eyes have the membrane that protects them.
Animals use their eyes for: seeing, looking for food and hunting, looking far away, looking all around, protecting from other animals.
Eyes are very important. Protect them.
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