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Let’s start... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. Britain does not have a written constitution, but a set of laws Parliament is the most important authority in Britain. Technically Parliament is made up of three parts: the Monarch, the House of Lords; and the House of Commons. In reality the House of Commons is the only one of the three which has true power.
The House of Commons consists of Members of Parliament. There are 650 of them in the House of Commons. They are elected by secret ballot. General elections are held every five years. The country is divided into 650 constituencies. All citizens, aged 18 and registered in a constituency, have the right to vote. But voting is not compulsory in Britain. Only persons convicted of corrupt and certain mentally ill patients don't take part in voting.
The House of Lords This is the upper chamber but the one with less authority. Its main roles are to revise legislation and keep a check on Government by scrutinizing its activities. Since 1911, its power to block "money bills" is limited to one month and its power to block other bills is limited to one session, so ultimately it cannot block the will of the House of Commons.
İMPORTANT!!! It's in the House of Commons that new bills are introduced and debated. If the majority of the members are in favour of a bill, it goes to the House of Lords to be debated. The House of Lords has the right to reject a new bill twice. But after two rejections they are obliged to accept it. And finally a bill goes to the monarch to be signed. Only then it becomes law.
There are few political parties in Britain thanks to the British electoral system. The main ones are: the Conservative Party, the Labour Party and the Liberal / Social Democratic Alliance. Each political party puts up one candidate for each constituency. The one who wins the most votes is elected MP for that area.
Let’s check up your knowledge (mark the statement as TRUE of FALSE) Great Britain is the only active constitutional monarchy in the world. true/ false 2. A constitutional monarch is a figurehead with no power in the government. true false 3. Queen Elizabeth II is also known as Her Majesty Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada. true false
5. The Prime Minister is the Commander-in-Chief of the British Armed Forces. true false 6. Britain has a written constitution similar to the United States Constitution. true false 7. In the British system, the Queen appoints the prime minister and cabinet ministers and assents to legislative bills passed by Parliament. true false
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