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The inventors of the cinema The Lumiere brothers
Although the greatest cinema empire is Hollywood, the inventors of the cinema were the French, not Americans
Auguste and Louis Lumiere Besancon, France Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas Lumiere (1862-19540) Louis Jean Lumiere (1864-1948)
Auguste and Louis Lumiere Louis developed a new dry-plate process in 1881 at the age of seventeen In 1892 the brothers began to create moving pictures
Auguste and Louis Lumiere The cinematographe was patented on the 13 of February 1895 This Lumière movie camera recently sold at auction for $80 000
Auguste and Louis Lumiere The first screening occurred on the 22 of March 1895 “Workers leaving the Lumiere factory” was shown It lasted 46 seconds
The programme of films at the Grand Cafe: La Sortie de usines Lumiere (46 sec) La Voltige (46 sec) La Peche aux poissons rouges (42 sec) Les Forgerons (49 sec) L’ Arroseur arrose (49 sec) Le Repas de bebe (41 sec) La Place des Cordeliers a Lyon (44 sec) LA Mer (38 sec)
“Arrival of a Train” are often cited as the first primitive documentaries In that film a train came towards the camera People ran out of the cinema, thinking it was a real train.
Auguste and Louis Lumiere In 1903 they patented a colour photography process, the ”Autochrome Lumiere” They also developed a loudspeaker, a dressing to heal burns and the homonoid forceps (a medical tool) North-African soldiers, Oise, France, 1917. Autochrome color picture by Jean-Baptiste Tournassoud.