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God save our gracious Queen, Long live our noble Queen, God save the Queen: Send her victorious, Happy and glorious, Long to reign over us: God save the Queen. 2 O Lord, our God, arise, Scatter her enemies, And make them fall. Confound their politics, Frustrate their knavish tricks, On Thee our hopes we fix, God save us all. 3 Thy choicest gifts in store, On her be pleased to pour; Long may she reign: May she defend our laws, And ever give us cause To sing with heart and voice God save the Queen. Anthem
England is the largest and the richest country of Great Britain. The capital of England is London but there are other large industrial cities, such as Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester and other famous and interesting cities such as York, Chester, Oxford and Cambridge. Stonehenge is one of the most famous prehistoric places in the world. This ancient circle of stones stands in Southwest England. It measures 80 metres across and made with massive blocks of stone up to four metres high. Why it was built is a mystery. Oxford is the home of the oldest university of England. The most famous college is Christ Church. It has a great hall which was built during the reign of Henry VIII and its chapel has become the Cathedral of Oxford. Cambridge is the home of Britain's second oldest university. York was the capital of Northern England. It is one of the best preserved medieval cities of Europe. It was built by Romans, conquered by Anglo-Saxons and ruled by the Vikings. Birmingham is often called the "City of 1,500 trades" because of the great variety of its industries. England
The Royal Arms of England is the coat of arms of the English monarchs. Designed in the HighMiddle Ages, the Royal Arms was subject to significant alteration as the territory, politics and ruleof the Kingdom of England shifted throughout the Middle Ages. .Although officially subsumed into the heraldry of the British Royal Family in 1707, the historic RoyalArms featuring three lions continues to represent England on several coins of the pound sterling,forms the basis of several emblems of English national sports teams (such as the England nationalfootball team), and endures as one of the most recognisable national symbols of England. The Coat of Arms
The English Flag The national flag of England, known as St. George's Cross, has been England's national flag sincethe 13th century. Originally the flag was used by the maritime state the Republic of Genoa. TheEnglish monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from 1190 onwards, so that English shipscould fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean. A red cross acted asa symbol for many Crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. It became associated with SaintGeorge, along with countries and cities, which claimed him as their patron saint and used his crossas a banner. Since 1606 the St George's Cross has formed part of the design of the Union Flag,a Pan-British flag designed by King James I.
The Tudor rose, which takes its name from the Tudor dynasty, was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace. . The Rose
London London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural centre. It's one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is more than million people. London is situated on the river Thames. The city is very old and beautiful. It was founded more than two thousand years ago. Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City, the West End, the East End and Westminster. The City is the oldest part of London, its financial and business centre. The heart of the City is the Stock Exchange. Westminster is the most important part of the capital. It's the administrative centre. The Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Government, are there. It's a very beautiful building with two towers and a very big clock called Big Ben. Big Ben is really the bell which strikes every quarter of an hour. Opposite the Houses of Parliament is Westminster Abbey. It's a very beautiful church built over 900 years ago. The tombs of many great statesmen, scientists and writers are there.
The Northern Ireland Northern Ireland, integral part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, situated in the northeastern portion of the island of Ireland. Northern Ireland is bounded on the north and northeast by the North Channel, on the southeast by the Irish Sea, and on the south and west by the Republic of Ireland. It includes Rathlin Island in the North Channel and several smaller offshore islands. Northern Ireland is also known as Ulster, because it comprises six of the nine counties that constituted the former province of Ulster. The total area of Northern Ireland is 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi). Northern Ireland has an extreme northern to southern extension of about 135 km (about 85 mi) and an extreme eastern to western extension of about 175 km (about 110 mi). The shoreline is characterized by numerous irregularities and is about 530 km (about 330 mi) long.
The Flag of the Northern Ireland (1953-1972) Northern Ireland has not had its own unique, government sanctioned flag since its government was prorogued in 1972, and abolished in 1973 under the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973. During official events, the British government uses the Union Flag which is the official flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and is the only flag used by the government in Northern Ireland.
The Shamrock Title: Shamrock Description: Legend has it that the shamrock was used by St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, to illustrate the Holy Trinity, hence its widespread use on St. Patrick's day on 17 March. It is one of Ireland's national emblems, and is used by mainly by the Nationalist tradition, but is also evident within the Unionist tradition, with bodies such as the Royal Irish Rangers wearing the Shamrock every St. Patrick's day
Belfast The capital and largest city of Northern Ireland is Belfast (population, 1991 preliminary, 279,237), which is surrounded by heavy industries including shipbuilding and textiles. The other major city in Northern Ireland is Londonderry (72,334). Political Divisions. Northern Ireland is divided into 26 districts. Each district is governed by an elected council
Scotland Scotland is the north part of Great Britain. Five million people live in Scotland. Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland. There are two large cities here: Glasgow and Aberdeen. Scotland is full of mountains and lakes. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis. There are a lot of rivers. The sea nearly cuts the mountains into parts.
The Coat of Arms The Royal coat of arms of Scotland was the official coat of arms of the Kingdom of Scotland until the Acts of Unionin 1707.
The Scottish Flag The Scottish flag is a white cross on a blue background. The cross is the cross of Saint Andrew. Saint Andrew was a disciple of Jesus.
The Thistle Common throughout the highlands, islands and lowlands of Scotland, the prickly purple thistle has been Scotland's national emblem for centuries
Edinburgh Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, is one of Britain's most attractive cities. It's a city for people who like to walk. One is never far from green parks, gardens and hills, even in the main shopping areas. It's a busy modern city, but history is everywhere
Wales Wales is located on the South-West of the UK in the East Size: 20 779 km2 Population: 3 074 067 pers. Capital: Cardiff Phone code: 44 Languages: English language, Welsh language
The dragon in the pictures of the state symbols is used in Britain, and, in particular, in Wales, from time immemorial. The modern flag of Wales is a flag, painted white and green, which depicts a red dragon
In fact, there are no legally approved national emblem – it takes the role of the Royal sign of Wales, which since 2008 is the official heraldic symbol. This distinctive emblem is used by Welsh National Assembly for the approval of legislative acts. The Royal badge of the Principality consists of a shield, divided into fields, each of which goes the lion, with blue claws and tongue; two lions are on the gold fields, two – on red.
Cardiff Cardiff is not only the capital of Wales and its largest city, but also a historical and cultural centre of the United Kingdom.
http: http://www.wallconvert.com/search http://www.mapsofworld.com/ireland/cities-map. ww.native-english.ru/topics Использованные источники
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