Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Degrees of comparison of adjectives comparatives and superlatives Степени сравнения прилагательных
Degrees of comparison of adjectives Прилагательные образуют две степени сравнения : сравнительную (comparative degree) и превосходную (superlative degree). Прилагательные в положительной степени (positive degree) обозначают качество предмета без сравнения с этим качеством в других предметах.
Степени сравнения коротких (одно- и двусложных) прилагательных. Positive degree Положительная Comparative degree Сравнительная Superlative degree Превосходная 1, 2 слога cold high long cheap old + er colder higher longer cheaper older the …+ est the coldest the highest the longest the cheapest the oldest Прилагательные из трёх букв big hot thin wet new bigger hotter thinner wetter newer the biggest the hottest the thinnest the wettest the newest
Правила добавления окончаний к сравнительной и превосходной степеням сравнения. Positive degree Положительная Comparative degree Сравнительная Superlative degree Превосходная Оканчиваются на -у y → i busy dirty healthy lucky y → i + er busier dirtier healthier luckier y → i + est the busiest the dirtiest the healthiest the luckiest Оканчиваются на -е white simple fine wide whiter simpler finer wider the whitest the simplest the finest the widest
Степени сравнения многосложных прилагательных. Positive degree Положительная Comparative degree Сравнительная Superlative degree Превосходная 2,3 и более слога более polite modern more more polite more modern the most the most polite the most modern 2,3 и более слога менее expensive interesting less less expensive less interesting the least the least expensive the least interesting Два варианта возможны er, -est / more, the most clever – cleverer / more clever – the cleverest / the most clever quiet, narrow, shallow, simple
Исключения Positive degree Положительная Comparative degree Сравнительная Superlative degree Превосходная good bad much/many little far old better worse more less farther / further older / elder the best the worst the most the least the farthest / the furthest the oldest / the eldest
Write the comparative red strong happy careful important bad beautiful redder difficult large far friendly serious crowded pretty
Write the opposite younger colder cheaper better nearer easier darker thinner older
Write comparative and superlative sharp low comfortable active heavy ripe new understanding bright late green colorful wonderful easy early nice brave fresh thick difficult lazy
Complete the sentence: use a comparative. Sue’s car isn’t very big. She wants a bigger car. This house isn’t very modern. I prefer ____ houses. You’re not very tall. Your brother is ____. Bill doesn’t work very hard. I work ____. My chair isn’t very comfortable. Yours is ____. Jill’s idea isn’t very good. My idea is ____. These flower aren’t very nice. The blue ones are ___. My case isn’t very heavy. Your case is ____. I’m not very interested in art. I’m more ____ in history. It isn’t very warm today. It was ____ yesterday. London isn’t very beautiful. Paris is ____. This knife isn’t very sharp. Have you got a ____ one?
Complete the sentence: use a superlative. This building is very old. It’s the oldest building in the town. It was a very happy day. It was … of my life. It’s a very good film. It’s … I’ve ever seen. She’s a very popular singer. She’s … in our country. It was a very bad mistake. It was … I’ve ever made. It’s a very pretty village. It’s … I’ve ever seen. It was a very cold day. It was … of the year. He’s a very interesting person. He’s … I’ve ever met.
Сравниваем качества При сравнении одинаковых степеней качества используем конструкцию as … as Tom is as tall as Jim. This book is as thick as that book. These fruit are as sweet as sugar.
Сравниваем качества При сравнении различных степеней качества используем конструкцию than Athens is older than Rome. It’s easier to phone than to write a letter. not so … as Your flat is not so big as mine. This film is not so new as that one.
Write sentences with as … as Athens is older than Rome. Rome isn't as old as Athens. My room is bigger than yours. Your room isn’t _______. You get up earlier than me. I don’t _______. We play better than them. They don’t _____. I’ve been here longer than you. You haven’t ______.
Put in as or than. Bob is higher than Frank. I don’t watch TV as much … you. You eat more … me. I feel better … I felt yesterday. Jim isn’t as clever … he thinks. Belgium is smaller … Switzerland. Brazil isn’t as big … Canada. I can’t wail longer … an hour.