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Scotland He who has not seen Scotland does not really know Great Britain.
Презентация подготовлена Свечкаревой Л. В., учителем английского языка МОУ Туриловская СОШ, Ростовской области
Scotland is a country in the United Kingdom to the north of England. Scotland gets its name from the Scots, who first arrived in Argyll in the late 3rd to mid 4th centuries AD. Scot, Scotch – Irish, Scotsman, Scotchman Scottish – people living in Scotland.
Scotland’s Geography Scotland is approximately half the size of England. It has about 10 000 km of coastland. Scotland is split into two natural parts, the Highlands and Lowlands.
The symbols of Scotland.
The Stone of Destiny. Legend says that the Stone of Destiny was used by Jacob ( the Bible) as a pillow. It was believed to have been brought to Scotland in the 9th century. The Stone was used as a part of the crowning ceremonies of the kings of Dalriada. It was taken away by King Edward 1 of England in 1296 and remained under the Coronation Throne at Westminster Abbey in London for 700 years.
The stone came home to Scotland on St. Andrew’s Day, 30 November 1996. It is housed beside the other Honors of Scotland in Edinburgh Castle. There is a replica of the Stone of Destiny in front of the Chapel on Moot Hill.
The Highlands. is a populated area with mountains rising to over 4 000 ft. In fact two thirds of Scotland is either mountains or moor land. It is the largest council area within Scotland And the least densely populated due to the nature of the landscape with its many mountains and lochs.
The border between Scotland and England. stretches for 174 km . Hadrian’s Wall, built by the Romans, ran further south to the river Tyne in the east.
Edinburgh is known as Athens of the North. It is an ancient city and if you can touch on history at every step. The two most interesting parts of the city are the Old Town and the New Town.
The Castle. The Castle hangs over the city like some Disney cartoon – but it is real. The castle is older than the city. It used to be a fortress and then a royal palace. It attracts a lot of tourists.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
Royal Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh
National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh
Glasgow, merchant city is the heart of industry. It is a center of business and trade. It has large port and busy streets. Culturally, Glasgow is home to Scottish Opera and Ballet and Royal Scottish National Orchestra.
Botanical Gardens, Glasgow.
Aberdeen. Is known to many as the “ City of Roses”. Around 12 000 different types of roses cover every square inch of Duthie Park’s Rose Hill. It is an important trade, fishing center. There are oil fields in the North Sea.
Inverness. The capital and principal crossroads of the Highlands. The Eden Court Theatre is the focal point of cultural life in the Highlands and Bught Park is the setting for the annual Highland Games.
The Scottish bagpipe.
The Kilt. A traditional Scottish kilt is made with 8 yards of material – always 100 percent wool. Kilts don’t have pockets, so the sporran is used for keys, money. Sporrans are worn at the front of a kilt.
Tweed and Tartan. Tartan was worn originally in Scotland as a fashionable type of dress. Today many Scottish clans and families are represented with a particular tartan - some 200 years old, some 2 years old. Today there are more than 3 700 named tartans. Tweed is still woven throughout the island.
Fortingall Yew Fortingall is a small village in Perthshire. The Yew tree growing there is at least 3000 years old and possibly 5000 years. It is certainly the oldest living organism in Britain. Its girth is 56 feet.
Festivals in Scotland Edinburgh International Festival presents a rich programme of classical music, theatre, opera, dance. Highland Games is a way of celebrating Scottish and Celtic culture and heritage.
A real Scottish New Year’s Hogmanay is the Scots word for the last day of the year. The most widespread national custom is the practice of first – footing which starts immediately after midnight. A local Hogmanay custom is the fireball swinging.
Scottish food. Traditional Scottish food consists of a heavy barley – vegetable soup, Scotch pies, Stovied tatties ( potatoes), Fish and seafood have always been Scottish staples. The Scots have a “sweet tooth” and are famed for scones and other wonderful treats. The Scots make and eat a lot of cheese.
Bannocks ( Oatcakes ). ( They are often eaten with cheese )
Scotch Eggs This popular Scottish dish is served either hot or cold at picnics, using sausage meat, peeled hard boiled eggs, bread scrumbs, flour, egg water .
Scotch pies. A round crusty pie, approximately 10 cm in size. They are filled with minced meat.
Haggis. The best known Scottish delicacy. It is made from sheep’s inner organs which are boiled and then minced. This is mixed with beef suet and oatmeal. This mixture is placed inside the sheep’s stomach.
Black Bun It is a very rich fruit cake made with raisings, currants, brown sugar…. This traditional treat is often eaten at Hogmanay.
Heather is one of Scotland’s most prolific and abundant plants.
This is Scotland.
Thank you for your attention.
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Презентация приглашает учащихся в заочное путешествие в Шотландию. Представлена информацию о географическом положении Щотландии, символах страны. Более подробно дается информация о высокогорье Шотландии, Hadrian Wall. Столица и ее достопримечательности, а также крупные города и их достопримечательности. Фестивали и праздники. Fortingall Yew, шотландские волынка, кильт, тартан, споран, твид - информация представлена. Учащиеся познакомятся с легендой о камне судьбы и его историей. Известно, что один из символов - это чертополох, но также еще одно растение любимо в Шотландии - вереск. В заключение дается информация о популярных в Шотландии блюдах.