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Kinds of Music Teacher: Gracheva A.E. School №2045 Moscow 2014
Two major traditions of music: classical music is used to describe the long tradition of ‘serious’ music from the European Middle Ages to the present popular music is characterized by lightly romantic or sentimental melodies
Early Music the church used chants - simple music for one voice some churches added a second voice, producing a kind of harmony music for four or more voices had appeared (by 1400) music both for church and for the courts of kings and nobles was highly developed (by 1600) musical plays gradually developed into opera and ballet polyphonic (many-voiced) style of music was produced
Baroque Music Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) a great organist who composed many pieces for the organ as well as instrumental music (the six Brandenburg Concertos) George Frederick Handel (1685-1759) born in Germany, though spent most of his life in England. His greatest works – oratorios and dramatic works
Classical Music Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio. His contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet" Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. He composed over 600 works
Romantic Music Franz Schubert (1797 – 1828) an Austrian composer His output consists of over six hundred secular vocal works, seven complete symphonies, sacred music, operas, incidental music and a large body of chamber and piano music Robert Schumann (1810 – 1856) a German composer and influential music critic. He composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works
Romantic Music Johannes Brahms (1833 – 1897) a German composer and pianist. A virtuoso pianist, he premiered many of his own works Frederic Chopin (1810 –1849) a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840 – 1893) a Russian composer whose works included symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, chamber music, and a choral setting of the Russian Orthodox Divine Liturgy Brahms Chopin Tchaikovsky (continue)
Modern Music Claude Debussy (1862 – 1918) a French composer. His use of non-traditional scales and chromaticism influenced many composers who followed Maurice Ravel (1875 – 1937) a French composer known especially for his melodies, masterful orchestration, richly evocative harmonies and inventive instrumental textures and effects Igor Stravinsky (1882 – 1971) a Russian composer, pianist and conductor. He first achieved international fame with three ballets commissioned by the impresario Sergei Diaghilev and first performed in Paris by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes: The Firebird (1910), Petrushka (1911) and The Rite of Spring (1913) Debussy Ravel Stravinsky
Modern Music Alfred Schnittke – (1934 – 1998) a Soviet and Russian composer. The ballet Peer Gynt (1985–1987); the Third (1981), Fourth (1984), and Fifth (1988) Symphonies; the Viola (1985) and 1st Cello (1985–1986) Concertos, etc Béla (Viktor János) Bartók (1881 – 1945) a Hungarian composer and pianist. He was one of the founders of ethnomusicology George Gershwin (1898 – J1937) an American composer and pianist. Among his best known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), as well as the opera Porgy and Bess (1935) Schnittke Bartók Gershwin (continue)
Example of Baroque Music BACH click the icon Toccata Re Minor The Best of Bach
Example of Classical Music Mozart Symphony 6 Music of Angels The Best of Mozart click the icon
Example of Romantic Music Tchaikovsky The Best of Tchaikovsky The Seasons Autumn click the icon
Example of Modern Music Debussy The Best of Debussy Moonlight click the icon
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Данная разработка предназначена для учащихся 11-х классов школ с углубленным изучением иностранного языка (5 часов в неделю) по УМК Афанасьевой О.В. и Михеевой И.В.
Презентация составлена на основе текста "Kinds of Music", стр.50-51, упражнение 52 (В).
В презентации представлены мультимедийные (аудио) файлы.
1. Титульный лист
2. Два основных направления в музыке
3. Ранняя музыка
4. Музыка эпохи Барокко
5. Классическая музыка
6. Романтическая музыка
7. Современная музыка
8. Фрагменты музкальных произведений различных стилей (Барокко, классическая музыка, романтическая музыка, современная музыка).