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ИнфоурокИностранные языкиСтатьиСтатья на тему " Museums in Great Britain"

Статья на тему " Museums in Great Britain"

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MUSEUMS IN GREAT BRITAIN


Pavlodar pedagogical colledge named after B.Akhmetov

Mukanova B.T.

Teacher of English, Master of Humanitarian


Summary


This article is devoted to the museums in Great Britain , that plays an important role in the process of educating and inspiring people about a nation’s history, heritage or legacy.


Museums are always the biggest source to educate and inspire people about a nation’s history, heritage or legacy. There are hundreds of museums and galleries in the Great Britain which attracts are more than a million people every year. Museums revitalize society, making the vicinity more vigorous and create a center of attention. Museums egg on to share familiar experience and depict the new thoughts and cultivate forbearance and indulgence. Britain’s civilization is lighthearted, all-encompassing and flamboyant in particular as English people make merry of their past as the chronicle of their present.

Here is a list of some of the famous museums in Great Britain-

The British Museum located in London is out-and-out committed to the human being’s olden times and traditions.  The museum houses some eight million articles and objects as permanent collection, which is the prevalent and most wide-ranging in existence. It was established in 1753 and was unbolted for the public on 15 January 1759 in Montagu House in Bloomsbury.

The museum has conquered the skies and considered as the largest building site in Europe during 1825-50. The museum building was disrupted and reconstructed during 1925-50. The circular reading space was premeditated by Sydney Smirke and opened in 1857. For approximately 150 years researchers came here to confer with the Museum’s cosmic library.

The Natural History Museum is one of the largest museums located in South Kensington, London. This name “Natural History Museum of London” was officially attained in 1992. The museum is a non-departmental civic body supported by the division for Culture, Media and Sports.

The museum is the home for the life and earth science samples consisting of approx 70 million items in five categories: Botany, Entomology, Mineralogy, Paleontology and Zoology. The Natural History Museum Library contains extensive books, journals, manuscripts, and artwork collections linked to the work and research of the scientific departments.

The British Museum (Natural History) became a self-governing museum with its own Trustees, with the British Museum Act 1963. Dippy, one of the most illustrious and prominent display is a 105-footlong facsimile of Diplodocus Carnegie skeleton positioned in the central hall.

The gallery opens Monday to Saturday 10:00-17:50 and Sunday 14:00-17:00.

Established in 1857, the Science Museum is one of the three major museums in South Kensington attracting 2.7 million visitors annually. Science Museum does not impose any admission charge.

It has seven floors of interactive and edifying exhibits which will definitely mesmerize anyone. The Museum now holds an assortment of over 300,000 items, including Stephenson’s Rocket, the first jet engine and citations of the first typewriter.

Science Museum also organizes “Science Night”, all night extravaganza with a scientific twist inviting children aged between 8 -11 accompanied with adults.

One of the most famous and popular museums in Great Britain is Madam Tussaud`s museum. Madam Tussaud’s is the most popular waxworks museum in the world. There are wax models of the famous and infamous, both living and dead. You can meet great characters of history and art. There are actors, film stars, pop-singers, criminals, politicians and members of the Royal family here. There is a place where you can see all the celebrities at once.
The museum is situated in Marylebone Road, not far from the street which is famous as the home of the first great detective in fiction, Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes.
There are several halls at Madam Tussaud’s: the Grand Hall, the Chamber of Horrors and The Spirit of London exhibition.
The wax figures are extremely realistic. When they look at you their eyes are sparkling and you feel uncomfortable. Computer-controlled figures (audio animatronics) are especially popular with the visitors. Their speech and sound are recordered onto CDs and synchronized with the movements.
In the Grand Hall you will find all kinds of celebrities and there is a special place for the Royal family.
Most people agree to be portrayed, but some refuse. Mother Teresa was one of the few who declined, saying her work was important, not her person.

Madam Tussaud's is the most popular and talked about wax museum in the world. There are wax models of the famous and infamous, both living and dead, from every walk of life.

Elvis Presley, the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Marilyn Monro, Michael Jackson, Alfred Hitchcock, Charlie Chaplin, the British Royal family, Bill Clinton, Jack the Ripper... There is no other place where you can see all the celebrities at once, even if they are only wax figures. So if you want to rub shoulders with kings and queens or the latest pop stars, or probably with notorious criminals, this is the place to go.

The museum is situated in Marylebone Road, not far from the street which is famous as the home of the first great detective in fiction, Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes.

There's usually a long queue in front of the museum. No wonder! Many tourists would consider their trip to London worthless if they didn't visit the famous Madam Tussaud's. There are several halls at Madam Tussaud's. Highlights include the Grand Hall, the Chamber of Horrors and "The Spirit of London" exhibition.

The wax figures are standing and sitting, and sometimes even moving and talking. They are extremely realistic and when they look at you, their eyes sparkling, you often feel uncomfortable in their company. Computer controlled figures (they are called audio animatronics) are especially popular with the visitors.

New models are being produced all the time while the old ones are quietly removed from display. Over the years hundreds of celebrities have made their way to Madame Tussaud's studio. Most people agree to be portrayed, but some refuse.

Mother Teresa was one of the few who declined, saying her work was important, not her person.






References:

  1. http://engmaster.ru/topic/3152

  2. http://festival.1september.ru/articles/632601/

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