Шкарина Елена Юрьевна
«Феодосийская санаторная школа-интернат»
Тема: Охрана природы
Topic: Nature protection
Equipment: cards for vocabulary work, pictures, posters, the video-film, songs.
T. Read the poem by W.H. Davies.
What is this life, if full of care,
We’ve no time to stand and stare.
No time to see when wood we pass,
Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass.
No time to see in broad daylight
Streams full of stars like skies at night.
A poor life this is, if full of care,
We’ve no time to stand and stare.
T. What is our life without nature?
2 Many prominent people wrote about our planet and its protection.
What quotations do you know?
In pairs explain one of the quotations. You have got 3 minutes.
Which one is your favourite?
The world is a fine place and worth fighting for. (Ernest Hemingway).
Our planet is showing us the red warning light – to be careful!
To take care of the planet is to take care of your own house. (The Dalai Lama).
Look after your planet, its only one we have. (Prince Philip of Britain).
The words by Hemingway will be the motto of our lessons.
III.T. We live surrounded by wonderful nature. (The film “Our Earth”).
What role doesthe nature play in our life?
Nature supplies us with...
Nature gives us...
Nature presents us with...
T. But today we’re having a burning problem. It’s ecology.
By the way, what does the word “ecology” mean?
P. As far as I know the word ”ecology” came from Greek word which means “home”.
This idea of “home” includes the whole planet of ours.
Environment, ecology, pollution, living things, to release, harmful substances, toxic wastes, to contaminate, etc.
Read the meaning and guess the word:
The scientific study of the natural relations of plants, animals, people to each other and their surroundings.
The act of making (air, water, land) dangerously impure.
Too many people in one place.
The act of destroying, putting an end to the existence of something.
The act of throwing things away untidily.
Plants, animals, people.
(littering, pollution, overcrowding, ecology, living things, destruction).
V. T. Now our “home” – our planet is in danger. Try to answer two main questions:
Is the situation really dangerous?
Divide into 3 environmental problems groups and think of as many problems of the nature as you can and write them down on a sheet of paper. (Pupils’ answers) - air pollution, water pollution, forest trees, extinction of the plant and animal species.
The pupils prepared reports about ecological problems face nowadays. What can we do to protect the nature and to save our planet?
P1. I want to tell you about water pollution. The situation is really gloomy and sometimes even hopeless. Rivers, lakes, seas, oceans cover more then 70% of our planet. Scientists say “man will die if oceans die”. Over 5 million tons of oil products pollute the ocean each year. About 2 million tons of these products come from cars. First the oil products go into atmosphere. From the atmosphere they go into oceans. Experts believe life in oceans will be destroyed within 25 years.
P2. Well, we see that water which is necessary for our life is polluted awfully. As for me, I want to say about another problem – the problem of air pollution. Nobody and nothing on the Earth could live without air. People pollute the air all over the world. A great number of trees growing on the planet produce oxygen and clean the air. But vast forests are cut and burn in fire. Their disappearance upset the oxygen balance.
P3. We must keep in mind that not only the industry pollutes the nature. Every year each family creates one ton of rubbish. Just only some facts: it takes more than 2 years to decompose paper. Cans and tins are destroyedfor more than 90 years. Plastic packets are decomposed for more than 200 years, glass – more than 1000 years.
VI.There are a lot of international organizations which are trying to stop the destroying of the nature.
Listen to the recording. You should answer the following questions:
What is the name of the organization?
What is its aim?
Every ten minutes, one kind of animal, plant or insect disappears. If nothing is done about it, over one million species will disappear in twenty years from now.
The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead; the North Sea is following. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas.
The tropical rainforests, which are the home of half the Earth’s living things, are being destroyed. If nothing is done about it, they will disappear in twenty years.
Fortunately, there are people who are trying to do something about it. In 1961, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) was founded – a small group of people who wanted to raise money to save animals and plants. Today, the World Wildlife Fund is a large international organization. It has raised over ₤ 35 million for conservation projects, and has created or given support to National Parks in five continents. It has helped 30 mammals and birds to survive. Perhaps this is not much, but it is a start. If more people give more money – if more governments think of what is happening, perhaps the World Wildlife Fund will be able to help us to protect the natural world and all of us with it.
What do you understand from the text?
VII. T. We know that people like to spend their free time fishing, gathering berries, having picnics and lighting barbecues. Unfortunately, they leave a lot of different litter in their campsites.
(Photos of the countryside)
P 1, 2, 3... 1) The water is polluted.
2) Dogs are not under control.
3) The trees are cut.
4) Fires are burnt.
5) Litter is left.
6) Bottles, cans, tines are left everywhere.
7) Papers and plastic packets are thrown out.
T. And what about you? Do you behave yourselves in the countryside the same way?
P 1, 2, 3... – We never break trees when we go to the forest.
– We always take litter home after a picnic.
– We never throw rubbish into the water.
– We always leave the place clean when we hike.
– We save energy and water at home.
– We reuse plastic containers.
T. Now, pupils, let’s make up the Code of Ecological Rules for all pupils of our school.
Write down them on the board.
Code of Ecological Rules
- Don’t break trees.
- Don’t leave litter.
- Keep dogs under control.
- Put litter away.
- Keep your place tidy.
- Grow trees and flowers.
- Don’t cut wild flowers.
- Don’t burn fires.
VIII.Our lesson is coming to the end. In conclusion, we’ll sing the song “Imagine”. An outstanding English writer John Galsworthy said: “If you don’t think about the future, you will not have it”. Let’s think about the future. Let’s keep our planet tidy and make it better place to live in. Let’s save the Earth for ourselves and for the next generations.
You home task will be to write an article, do a school newspaper about ecological problems in our village and district, and the ways of their solutions.