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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Тесты / Дидактический материал по английскому языку
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  • Иностранные языки

Дидактический материал по английскому языку

библиотека
материалов

Verb

Meaning

Example

blow up

explode

The terrorists tried to blow up the railroad station.

bring up

mention a topic

My mother brought up that little matter of my prison record again.

bring up

raise children

It isn't easy to bring up children nowadays.

call off

cancel

They called off this afternoon's meeting

do over

repeat a job

Do this homework over.

fill out

complete a form

Fill out this application form and mail it in.

fill up

fill to capacity

She filled up the grocery cart with free food.

find out

discover

My sister found out that her husband had been planning a surprise party for her.

give away

give something to someone else for free

The filling station was giving away free gas.

give back

return an object

My brother borrowed my car. I have a feeling he's not about to give it back.

hand in

submit something (assignment)

The students handed in their papers and left the room.

hang up

put something on hook or receiver

She hung up the phone before she hung up her clothes.

hold up

delay

I hate to hold up the meeting, but I have to go to the bathroom.

hold up (2)

rob

Three masked gunmen held up the Security Bank this afternoon.

leave out

omit

You left out the part about the police chase down Asylum Avenue.

look over

examine, check

The lawyers looked over the papers carefully before questioning the witness. (They looked them over carefully.)

look up

search in a list

You've misspelled this word again. You'd better look it up.

make up

invent a story or lie

She knew she was in trouble, so she made up a story about going to the movies with her friends.

make out

hear, understand

He was so far away, we really couldn't make out what he was saying.

pick out

choose

There were three men in the line-up. She picked out the guy she thought had stolen her purse.

pick up

lift something off something else

The crane picked up the entire house. (Watch them pick itup.)

point out

call attention to

As we drove through Paris, Francoise pointed out the major historical sites.

put away

save or store

We put away money for our retirement. She put away the cereal boxes.

put off

postpone

We asked the boss to put off the meeting until tomorrow. (Please put it off for another day.)

put on

put clothing on the body

put on a sweater and a jacket. (I put them on quickly.)

put out

extinguish

The firefighters put out the house fire before it could spread. (They put it out quickly.)

read over

peruse

read over the homework, but couldn't make any sense of it.

set up

to arrange, begin

My wife set up the living room exactly the way she wanted it. She set it up.

take down

make a written note

These are your instructions. Write them down before you forget.

take off

remove clothing

It was so hot that I had to take off my shirt.





talk over

discuss

We have serious problems here. Let's talk them over like adults.

throw away

discard

That's a lot of money! Don't just throw it away.

try on

put clothing on to see if it fits

She tried on fifteen dresses before she found one she liked.

try out

test

tried out four cars before I could find one that pleased me.

turn down

lower volume

Your radio is driving me crazy! Please turn it down.

turn down (2)

reject

He applied for a promotion twice this year, but he was turned down both times.

turn up

raise the volume

Grandpa couldn't hear, so he turned up his hearing aid.

turn off

switch off electricity

We turned off the lights before anyone could see us.

turn off (2)

repulse

It was a disgusting movie. It really turned me off.

turn on

switch on the electricity

Turn on the CD player so we can dance.

use up

exhaust, use completely

The gang members used up all the money and went out to rob some more banks.





















Inseparable Phrasal Verbs (Transitive)
With the following phrasal verbs, the lexical part of the verb (the part of the phrasal verb that carries the "verb-meaning") cannot be separated from the prepositions (or other parts) that accompany it: "Who will 
look after my estate when I'm gone?"

Verb

Meaning

Example

call on

ask to recite in class

The teacher called on students in the back row.

call on (2)

visit

The old minister continued to call on his sick parishioners.

get over

recover from sickness or disappointment

got over the flu, but I don't know if I'll ever get overmy broken heart.

go over

review

The students went over the material before the exam. They should have gone over it twice.

go through

use up; consume

They country went through most of its coal reserves in one year. Did he go through all his money already?

look after

take care of

My mother promised to look after my dog while I was gone.

look into

investigate

The police will look into the possibilities of embezzlement.

run across

find by chance

ran across my old roommate at the college reunion.

run into

meet

Carlos ran into his English professor in the hallway.

take after

resemble

My second son seems to take after his mother.

wait on

serve

It seemed strange to see my old boss wait on tables.

















Three-Word Phrasal Verbs (Transitive)
With the following phrasal verbs, you will find three parts: "My brother 
dropped out of school before he could graduate."

Verb

Meaning

Example

break in on

interrupt (a conversation)

I was talking to Mom on the phone when the operator broke in on our call.

catch up with

keep abreast

After our month-long trip, it was time to catch up with the neighbors and the news around town.

check up on

examine, investigate

The boys promised to check up on the condition of the summer house from time to time.

come up with

to contribute (suggestion, money)

After years of giving nothing, the old parishioner was able tocome up with a thousand-dollar donation.

cut down on

curtail (expenses)

We tried to cut down on the money we were spending on entertainment.

drop out of

leave school

I hope none of my students drop out of school this semester.

get along with

have a good relationship with

I found it very hard to get along with my brother when we were young.

get away with

escape blame

Janik cheated on the exam and then tried to get away with it.

get rid of

eliminate

The citizens tried to get rid of their corrupt mayor in the recent election.

get through with

finish

When will you ever get through with that program?

keep up with

maintain pace with

It's hard to keep up with the Joneses when you lose your job!

look forward to

anticipate with pleasure

I always look forward to the beginning of a new semester.

look down on

despise

It's typical of a jingoistic country that the citizens look down on their geographical neighbors.

look in on

visit (somebody)

We were going to look in on my brother-in-law, but he wasn't home.

look out for

be careful, anticipate

Good instructors will look out for early signs of failure in their students

look up to

respect

First-graders really look up to their teachers.

make sure of

verify

Make sure of the student's identity before you let him into the classroom.

put up with

tolerate

The teacher had to put up with a great deal of nonsense from the new students.

run out of

exhaust supply

The runners ran out of energy before the end of the race.

take care of

be responsible for

My oldest sister took care of us younger children after Mom died.

talk back to

answer impolitely

The star player talked back to the coach and was thrown off the team.

think back on

recall

I often think back on my childhood with great pleasure.

walk out on

abandon

Her husband walked out on her and their three children.


































Intransitive Phrasal Verbs 
The following phrasal verbs are not followed by an object: "Once you leave home, you can never really 
go back again."

Verb

Meaning

Example

break down

stop functioning

That old Jeep had a tendency to break down just when I needed it the most.

catch on

become popular

Popular songs seem to catch on in California first and then spread eastward.

come back

return to a place

Father promised that we would never come back to this horrible place.

come in

enter

They tried to come in through the back door, but it was locked.

come to

regain consciousness

He was hit on the head very hard, but after several minutes, he started to come to again.

come over

to visit

The children promised to come over, but they never do.

drop by

visit without appointment

We used to just drop by, but they were never home, so we stopped doing that.

eat out

dine in a restaurant

When we visited Paris, we loved eating out in the sidewalk cafes.

get by

survive

Uncle Heine didn't have much money, but he always seemed to get by without borrowing money from relatives.

get up

arise

Grandmother tried to get up, but the couch was too low, and she couldn't make it on her own.

go back

return to a place

It's hard to imagine that we will ever go back to Lithuania.

go on

continue

He would finish one Dickens novel and then just go on to the next.

go on (2)

happen

The cops heard all the noise and stopped to see what wasgoing on.

grow up

get older

Charles grew up to be a lot like his father.

keep away

remain at a distance

The judge warned the stalker to keep away from his victim's home.

keep on (with gerund)

continue with the same

He tried to keep on singing long after his voice was ruined.

pass out

lose consciousness, faint

He had drunk too much; he passed out on the sidewalk outside the bar.

show off

demonstrate haughtily

Whenever he sat down at the piano, we knew he was going toshow off.

show up

arrive

Day after day, Efrain showed up for class twenty minutes late.

wake up

arouse from sleep

woke up when the rooster crowed.



Краткое описание документа:

Любому лигвисту понятно, что изучение английского языка немыслимо без изучения фразовых глаголов, помогающих обогатить речь, сделать ярче мысль, доносимую собеседнику и избежать иногда неуместной официальности в разговоре. Я собираю, систематизирую фразовые глаголы английского языка и оформляю в виде карт, котрые можно использовать как раздаточный материал,  в качестве основы для тестов. Причем тесты могут быть "устроены" сразу, по мере работы с такой картой, когда закрываются одна из частей листа, а обучающемуся предлагается восполнить по памяти недостающую информацию.

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Дата добавления 11.02.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Тесты
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