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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Исследовательская работа по теме "Роботы в жизни человека" 10 класс

Исследовательская работа по теме "Роботы в жизни человека" 10 класс

  • Иностранные языки

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Research work :



"Robots in human life"








Nowadays we are surrounded by robots. This topic is very broad in our day as about robots make films, write articles columns about them, so in the internet about them a lot of information ...
I believe that the robot will not integral part of man.
The robot will be next to a man, will help him and so on. In general, robots will evolve and develop their Bulut create and establish as a robot can play in human life is not a small value. Robots have replaced humans in a rather complex and dangerous work. And humanity is just as napolzu reduced human injury and death.
The aim of the research is to study the possible causes of the influence of the robot on human life. Starting from this goal, I set the following objectives:
1. To study the scientific literature on this topic.
2 .Contains the necessary information demonstrates the importance of the invention of robots.
3.To identify the positive and negative sides of the robot importance in human life.
The object of study is a robot with its functions.
The subject is the impact of robots in human life.
On this day, this is the problem of influence on the robot's life is very crucial. Exhibitions of robots, each robot is original. Though you see robots not every day, but they are popular they are shown on television and so on. But not every one of us wondered how the robot will affect a person's life.
Having set a goal and objectives, I held a public poll on school № 1.





Robots in antiquity.
The history of robots and similar creations are rooted in antiquity. For example, there is a myth about how the ancient Greek god of the blacksmith Hephaestus created themselves servants of the metal. As well known myth of Pygmalion and Galatea - revived the statue, which was in love with the sculptor. From Jewish mythology out the Golem - the creation of clay, animated by the mysterious rituals. If you believe the Bible, and Adam, in some sense, is the likeness of a robot and a golem at the same time - because God created him from clay and then breathed life into him.
In 1950 in the works of the great genius of all time Leonardo da Vinci, scientists have found drawings of a mechanical knight who can ride a horse, and fight using various weapons. Plans dated 1495 year.
Later devices robots used magicians and illusionists in their submissions. Everyone knows the focus from the orange tree, when the pot to the ground for a few moments would grow "true" fruit-bearing trees, is actually a complex mechanism.
In 1738, the first working humanoid device (an android), a French engineer and inventor Jacques de Vokanson. His robot was playing a different tune on the flute.
Robots in the Modern World
Of course, all these myths and facts are reflected in the literature. Be the first robot wrote Homer in "Iliad," even though he only told the myth of Hephaestus. The novel "Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus" (1818) as often as the first product, which embodies the problem of man and his living creation. However, the word "robot" first appeared in the product "Rossumskie Universal Robots" Czech writer Karel Capek. The word «robota» Czech language means "hard labor", "hard work" - hence appeared «robot». The play, "Ruhr" takes place at the factory for the production of robots, though they were not made of steel machines, but rather androids - in fact they were created from human tissues. Capek first asked the question to readers - whether humanely use artificial people as expendable material and what the consequences might have to create them.
And, of course, for many the word "robot" is strongly associated with the name of a famous science fiction writer Isaac Asimov.
Azimov is not only dedicated robots most of his works, he is also the author of the famous "Three Laws of Robotics":
1. A robot may not harm humans or, through inaction, allow a person was injured.
2. A robot must obey orders a person to the extent that it does not conflict with the First Law.
3. A robot must protect its security in the extent to which it is not contrary to the first and second laws.
However, Asimov said repeatedly that its laws are not absolute, and even argued that they can be circumvented in any given situation. But despite this, Three Act and to this day considered a guarantor of future security of mankind and the protection of artificial intelligence. After Asimov large number of authors have described in their writings the various aspects of the relationship between humans and robots.














Types of robots
Mega Hurtz Tactical Robot - multi-robot killer. This robot is the personal development of Chris Rogers (Chris Rogers). This machine terrific, easy-to-remember name - «Mega Hurtz Tactical Robot», which translated to English means, roughly, as follows: "I am - a tactical robot. Hit you it hurts! "Nevertheless, despite its funny name, this robot has a mass of serious merit. For example, this machine is controlled remotely. To do this, you will be given a virtual headset, through which you can change the direction of "killer robot" remotely. This robot can easily break through the wall of concrete. Also, at this "killer" set Sentry: rate of 20 rubber bullets in a second. Weighs a miracle of technology about 130 pounds. The machine can do everything your heart desires, even the run up to your feet on a certain team!
Gun mounted on the robot, not deadly. But if this development will fall into the hands of the U.S. military: air force, navy, special forces, and not so secret services, the bloodshed is inevitable. Do not underestimate the capacity of this machine.
There are several delivery options «Mega Hurtz Tactical Robot», they differ, only, built-in tool. For example, there is a version of the game with a gun paintball, assault rifle, as well as a limited edition with infrared night vision device, which, in essence, is a wireless means. To all this, this machine has all-wheel drive to all four wheels with higher frequency of torque. This is a really "killer". At least, based on the specifications.
The project «Mega Hurtz Tactical Robot» focused on Special Forces SWAT, emergency services, rapid response teams, as well as security systems. As developers say: "Security for our people above all else! A robot, so that these robots, we still do it! "How very nice of them!
Scientific laboratory to Mars for a long time working on an instrument that will measure radiation levels on the planet. Radiation Assessment Detector (Detection and Evaluation of radiation), simply as RAD. The robot will monitor any type of radiation that can damage the living organism. By the way, this tool will measure the surface of Mars.
This measurement will be done with a view to landing people on Mars, where they waited for a favorable habitat conditions. To all this, this robot is interested in NASA because the measurement is very accurate. This makes it easy for astronauts to see whether land is, or elsewhere.
In any case, regardless of what place the galaxy astronaut is going to visit, whether it be an asteroid, or moon, protection against radiation is necessary in any case. This makes the robot RAD universal. Also, this unit can calculate the amount of radiation to the outer paths of Earth-Mars.
RAD tool will monitor the incoming solar energy in the form of atomic and subatomic particles. A meeting of a living person with such a substance may result in lethal. A lot of these particles, as a matter of Mars, and on the outer track.
RAD robot weighs about two pounds, as well as the telescope, which monitors the changes in static particles with mass, like iron. Also, this machine can detect secondary neutrons, which are prevalent on Mars. The command for creating RAD includes scientists, experts in the field of geology, most of this astronaut developers directly instrument, and many others.
Ever, the expedition will remain on the "Red Planet" on the Martian year (about two Earth years). They will just need to constantly measure the levels of radiation. And that will help them? Of course, RAD! This robot is not only a good monitor radioactive elements, it also darn durable. Two years on Mars, it does not have a problem. And then, RAD performs measurement for the presence of harmful particles every 15 minutes.
The main objective of this project - to determine the best place for life on Mars. Such a favorable space should not be dangerous to humans, namely, should exclude the presence of any harmful chemicals. Highly radioactive substance, RAD easily study them, and will enable us to more "deep" to explore Mars. And not just today but throughout the lifetime of the "Red Planet".

Backbone for MANUFACTURE
We are surrounded by a variety of machines. Machine building houses, metal processing, dig, mine, petroleum, coal. With the help of machines we produce tissue harvest, overcoming great distances ...
And no matter how diverse the world of these machines are not alike, we most appreciate those that best facilitate work and increase productivity.
The steady growth of labor productivity is only possible on the basis of technological progress, through an early introduction in the production of all the achievements of science and technology. To the public wealth, as Marx wrote, poured full flow, it is first necessary to equip each worker with the latest machinery and appliances, make it a true master of the production process.
Therefore, we need these machines, which not only would provide significant productivity gains for the same flow of human energy and the same time costs, but also greatly lessen the proportion of manual labor in the production process, and if possible, and would relieve a person from this type of Labour, leaving him only a function of machine control. But also to operate modern machines with their high performance, complex technological processes, high-speed, temperature and pressure using conventional hardware too hard. In vceh these cases to help people come automatic.
At the present level of production without the automation can not be dispensed. If, until recently, automation has played only a supporting role in the development of the production, today, it characterizes the state of technological progress and a prerequisite for its further development.
Technological progress is closely linked to the further development of automatic machines. Each year to replace the machines running in the halls of our companies account for more sophisticated machines, opening up new opportunities and a wide scope for the integrated automation of all production units.
One of the main directions of technological change is the introduction of robotics. Agile and tireless robots have become indispensable helpers of man. They are cast metal, forged in the smithy move, cut and finished goods in the shops, weld and paint car body cleverly collected a variety of products, and much more. Robots have found employment in the chemical, light industry, food industry, agriculture, construction, transportation, and even at home. The robots are coming to where a person is difficult, where he engaged in heavy and low-productivity jobs. Today, robots are able to do much more can we expect from them in the coming years.
The introduction of industrial robots much faster solution to many problems of production. Experience shows that the combined application of industrial robots can improve productivity, increase the Structural Change of the equipment. Significantly improved rhythm and general culture of production.
Robots are used in flexible automated production systems, which allow fast and without big production costs to implement the restructuring of the equipment companies to produce new products, providing the most benefits in terms of frequent change of products.
The widespread use of robots and provides real opportunities for a more advanced manufacturing processes, not related to the restrictions imposed by the direct participation of these rights.
Opening entirely new opportunities in complex industrial automation, robotics, allows to solve not only technical, economic, and social issues. Robots make human labor more productive, creative, play an important role in the elimination of manual and heavy physical labor.
Entering into life, in everyday practice of socialist production, robotic systems contribute fully to improve it and thus gain their present and reasonable purpose - to multiply the national welfare. This is the basic meaning of today widespread introduction of robots in all spheres of national economy.
You can imagine that your home theater walked up to you from room to room, carrying with it and a picture? That is how a robot can do mediatsentr R2-D2, which is a replica of 1 / 2 robot from fiction saga Star Wars. " This is indeed a real robot, equipped with sensors for safe movement around the house, which publishes funny sounds, like his prooobraz soundtrack and a friendly blinking LED displays. But this is not just a toy robot from "Star Wars" - a high-tech and high-quality multi-function media device that has multiple functions.
Functional features:
• DLP projection system with projection size up to 2 meters (resolution - 1024x768 pixels.)
• Built-in CD / DVD-player;
• slot, which is connected iPod;
• stereo system (speakers) Dolby Digital;
• USB-connector for multiple devices and a memory card slot;
• remote control - a replica of the star ship "Millennium Falcon";
• built-in card reader for several types of memory cards.
Describes the features of the robot R2-D2
Image (movies, pictures, video), projected onto the robot with superb contrast - 1800:1 and a resolution - 1024 x 768 pixels. The projection area equivalent to the plasma panel with a screen 2 m along the diagonal. R2-D2 can change the projection angle, bringing it to the ceiling.
Robot R2-D2 Media Center has all the functionality you need in order for you to watch movies, videos, photos and music with excellent quality reproduction and superb sound. Virtually any of your gadgets or media will be compatible with the R2-D2, because it contains CD / DVD-player slot for iPod, USB-connector and a slot for memory cards.
To R2-D2 quietly and without moving accidents in the space of your home, it is equipped with special sensors that allow him to not bump into obstacles and maintain balance.
Robot motion-media center R2-D2
Sound and light effects from the saga "Star Wars" .R2-D2 plays the 11 sounds of the famous saga, which makes it even more realistic. Front lights when you turn on the robot starts flashing red and blue, but the point rear indicator light up in random order, red and green colors.

Handy remote control .
For easy control of a robot provided remote control, made a copy of the spacecraft Millennium Falcon from Star Wars. " Lights located in the cab and the motor vehicle system, remote control, come on. Console is installed on a specialstand-podium, came with the robot R2-D2.
Remote control for robot R2-D2

Media Center
Menu R2-D2 Russified, so you will not be difficult to understand its functioning. Robot R2-D2 Media Center will enjoy not only the fans of "Star Wars", but also for people who appreciate comfort and quality throughout.
Specifications robot R2-D2: Projector
• projector 2xLVDS DLP, the visual system with DDP2230;
• projection with a maximum size: 2 m in the diagonal;
• Video Resolution: 1024 x 768 XGA;
• Brightness Projector: 1500 lumens;
• the contrast of projected images: 1800:1;
• the optimal distance of the projector: 1 to 10 m.
CD / DVD-player control panel
• Supported formats: DVD-Video, DVD-R/RW, VCD, SVCD, Audio-CD, CD-R/RW, WMA, MP3, DivX 3.0-6.21, MP4, JPEG;
• there is a control panel on the robot;
• equipped with backlit buttons.
Robot motion
• forward, backward, right and left circular head turning, tilting back and forth;
• management is carried out by remote control.
Speaker System
• Two built-in speakers 2x10 W;
• tweeters;
• support for surround sound Dolby Digital 5.1Ch, DTS 2.0.
Docking Station for iPod
• Works with mini-, photo-, third-generation iPod `s and newer models;
• plays audio and video from iPod;
• The iPod is designed and pictures and menus;
Inputs and outputs
• Inputs: RCA (video), Mini DIN (S-Vid), RCA (Audio L / R Phono), DVI-I PC / Mac;
• Outputs: jack for stereo headphones, optical digital audio output, RCA video, 5-channel FM-transmitter.
USB and memory card
• images, video and music from USB flash drive or memory cards;
• Supported memory cards: SD, Memory Stick, Smart Media card, Multi Media card;
• Supported formats: WMA, MP3, MP4.
Sensors
• surface sensors for each wheel;
• Sensors stability to maintain equilibrium during the motion;
• designing sensors to determine the optimum distance for the design.
Food
• mains 110-220V;
• Battery 7.2V NiMH.
Dimensions and weight of the robot
• Dimensions in cm: 51.9 (H) x 34.3 (W) x 32.8 (depth);
• Weight: 10.
Remote Control
• replica ship "Millennium Falcon" on a scale 1 / 100;
• management of all functions;
• effects: lighting the cabin and the motor system;
• Due to the mobile panel at the remote offers quick access to all buttons;
• there is a stand-podium for the remote control with which to manage its effects;
• size of the console, see: 19 (height) x 14 (W) x 7.5 (depth);
• Stand dimensions in cm: 17 (length) x 14 (W) x 14 (height).
Package Contents:
• robot mediatsentr R2-D2;
• remote control in a space ship "Millennium Falcon";
• Stand for remote control;
• power cord;
• Batteries 7.2 NiMH for R2-D2;
• AAh3 batteries for the remote control;
• batteries AAh3 rack;
• Cover the lens of the projector;
• Instruction Manual on CD-ROM;
• A brief guide to use.
Human-robot
ROBOTS where a person is difficult, harmful, dangerous .Thus, robots are surely part of our lives. Opening entirely new opportunities in the completion of a comprehensive automation, robotization means today is not simply a transition to automated production output, the solution is not only complex scientific, technical, economic, and social issues. After the liberation of man from routine and physical toil, to provide a reliable safety, improving the overall culture of industrial activity mean, as they say, humane production.
Success of automation that includes robotics, today raise questions over what will be replaced by people at different stages of the process. What will the automation of a person in the near future? What brings it today?
Robots have arisen as a response to the social order of social development. However, the motives for their use, as well as any new technology, of course, depend on the social system in which this technique

Technological advances, integrated automation - a natural process and for the socialist, and capitalist societies. But how different driving forces and implications of technological progress under capitalism and socialism!
Man and machine - this disturbing and seemingly insoluble problem arose long ago. Back in the late the past century, the famous Russian writer. Kuprin in his novel "Moloch" displayed the savage, brutal and overwhelming force of human machinery factory.
Horror of the blind power of technological progress and permeated many of the works of Western literature and cinema. The man is drawn into them miserable and helpless creature in the realm of machines. ... A long ribbon assembly line carries the details - an endless number of identical, continuously one after the other parts of a machine. In the pipeline - the workers. Their hands perform the same movements, such as standard and adjusted, as well as details on the conveyor.
Little confused man with the funny mustache, tightening the screws. Floats belt. Twitches man spinning the nut. Nut, nut, one more ... Faster moving conveyor faster, jerky movements of the worker. The same small, repeated thousands of times the operation, staggering work, subjects him to the rhythm and pace of the car. This is not the person is - an appendage to the machine, mechanism, accurate, responsive, clear.
Hear a dial tone. Stops the conveyor. But the worker still can not stop. He continues to twitch, spinning is already non-existent nuts - small appliances devastated man who has taken away the human right to think.
So by means of cinema Charlie Chaplin in his film "Modern Times" spoke about the technique that turned into a social evil.
Professor at the University of Paris by Henri De zual told that young workers coming out of the assembly shop, talking so fast that they can not understand, and assembly line at one of the major French fancy factories called "line of silly." "The catastrophe is clearly nervousness" - sadly, sums up the professor.
These examples - an illustration of how technical progress in capitalist society, mutilates and maims people. And there does not need to blame the very idea of ​​automation - to blame it is the capitalist system is "sweating", which brings the work to the highest nervous tension
creates a constant fear that accompanies him in his work.
Who, for example, will challenge today, reaching the United States in the field of robotics manufacturing processes! But, as one of the American union leaders W. Reuter, in their enterprises there is a constant "conflict with the technique:" When I see a robotic vehicles are launched, I was concerned that they can not make consumers'.
Currently, robots are widely used, mainly in the forward-looking, high-tech and high-tech industries - electronics, manufacturing automation and, above all, robotics, laser technology, automotive, metalworking, manufacturing of electrical and radio equipment. Development of these industries requires new skills, particularly of skilled workers engaged in setting up, maintenance and control of industrial robots and electronic equipment.
And here is another, equally typical example. A Japanese factory Komatsu - the country's largest manufacturer of tractors, bulldozers, scrapers and other construction equipment - close to the measured workers robots made by the same company, group work, sweat, turn their enormous cast billets.
No, I do not care about a person is dictated by the process of introduction of robots in the industrialized capitalist countries, and selfish capitalist calculation.
The owner of a small Japanese plant was very surprised when I hung out in response to their announcement, "requires experienced welders," his first visit to a representative of the well-known firm producing robots. "The cost of robots - he said - is about three annual salary of a welder. If you can download robot twenty-four hours a day, a year later, he will work for you for free. Robot does not wait for the family, he did not have a dormitory, he was not on strike, does not require an annual increase to the salary and working conditions. The robot will not stop complete darkness and heat. Timely preventive and front work - that's all he needs. Do not want to buy? Take a lease. In a month it will cost you four or five times cheaper than the "live" Welder. "
The transaction took place. Won both the owner of the factory and save on salary nenanyatyh workers, and the company manufacturing robots. Lost by those who hoped to get a job at this plant.
Technical progress, robotization production in a socialist society provides exactly what you want society - unlimited development of productive forces.
The machine does not threaten the Soviet worker. Pattern of development of Soviet technology eliminates this danger. This pattern follows from the whole direction of our technological progress. That's why so different ratio of workers to technological advances, robotics in the capital we have.
It is known that economic calculations are almost always show the effectiveness of technological innovation. But there is a problem that can not provide any calculations. This problem of eliminating the heavy muscular effort and tedious repetitive movements of the worker. You can calculate how much plant or enterprise to increase productivity, how to improve product quality. But it is impossible to take into account how much energy savings from a muscle strain, vision, hearing, nerves spared working robotic systems.
Handmade clock, television sets, stamping, painting cars. Hard work. Monotonous. Uninteresting. Tedious. Rhythm of the pipeline perform other processes more than would correspond to the iron "hand" robot.
And so we see these "hands" and to build hours, presses and machine tools, on site painting of manufactures ... These "hands" do not know tiredness, does not know the mistakes, bad mood, malaise, and today they benefit people in matters of labor productivity, material savings, improved product quality.
In one of the shops Dnepropetrovsk Electric Locomotive Plant operates dozens of machine tools with program management, automated storage and transport intrashop related to the whole computer system. In the same area at carrying parts and all other heavy and unproductive operations using robots.
This shop is considered to be a workshop performance and production standards. Support staff in the shop work is easy. Work came to the shop receives from the electronic computer job to replace, code details. Check performance of machines, he presses a button and electronics finds itself in the cells of the appropriate blank stock, activates mechanisms that bring them to the workplace. From 1140 its available part program selects the desired machine and sends it to the memory of the machine. The worker can only take profits preparation, set on the machine, run it and wait for a signal when it is ready to detail.
At Yaroslavl Electric Machine Building Works commissioned a new robotic equipment. It radically changed the entire process of production of electric motors. What, for example, is an old technology of processing the trails?
It was a cumbersome, Multioperational technology, require working great physical effort and skill, not to mention the huge overhead of time. Was particularly heavy drilling operation. Several times had to manually turn on the machine chetyrehpu-dovy motor housing. And now even the most complex operations are being spent seconds. The robots are built into the line, do not just take part, move and rotate them, but also supply and removal tool. They also coordinate the movement mechanisms.
Freeing the manufacturing process from the restrictions imposed upon him beyond the physical capabilities of the human body, the robots that have come in our shops of enterprises, allow the person to change the hard physical labor on the labor inspector, the operator.
What is ultimately the creation and widespread use of computers? This - the struggle for the speed of obtaining the final results of the movement of thought. Complex calculations previously required weeks, months, and in some cases years, now produces electronic machines at a breakneck pace - a hundred thousand, a million times faster than it did to people. As if completing the cycle of factory automation, robotics and electronic machines are removed from a person not only the physical hardships, but also a significant share of monotonous, tedious, and sometimes crippling mental labor.
Robots and computers - a truly wonderful creation of man! And the most wonderful that they were created by man for man.
In all sectors of our industry, research institutes and other organizations to help people come to robots and computers. And they come first and foremost the place where a person is difficult, dangerous, dangerously, to facilitate its work.
The farther technology progresses, the more processes that require muscle tension, repetitive labor operations and transactions will be passed on to cars. But the physical labor, manual and sometimes heavy and unproductive still, unfortunately, occur at our facilities. The aim is to eliminate the manual, especially the heavy muscular work in all the sectors of the economy. And this is done largely in a period of twelve five-year plan on the basis of comprehensive automation of production processes, large-scale introduction of robots and computers.






















FOR A GOOD MAN
Freeing the worker from the heavy, harmful and unskilled labor, creating a solid basis for further training and educational level of workers, enabling erasure of significant differences between physical and mental labor, robotization at the same time helps raise living standards of Soviet workers.
The main objective of socialist production - best meet the needs of each member of a socialist society. Robotization directly serves this purpose. It allows you to raise living standards more quickly than was possible until now.
One of the most important indicators of robotics - its high economic efficiency.
Robotization helps reduce production costs generated by enterprises, as significantly reducing costs of raw materials, basic and auxiliary materials, energy and fuel.
The practice of many companies also shows that the broad introduction of robotics is greatly reduced marriage and increase product quality. Reduced and the cost of repairs. The reason is that the robots ensure the stability of the flow process and the uniformity of treatment of the equipment. And all of this, in turn, reduces equipment wear and increases the time between repairs.
Saving production space allows, in turn, increase production capacity without building new facilities.
A more rational layout of the robotic equipment, the union of separate parts production into a single process stream, in turn, reduce the cost of building auxiliary facilities (warehouses, stores, etc.).
Robotics, thus leading to significant savings in capital costs.
Robotization significantly improves and other economic performance of enterprises.
But the main effect of robotics, as already noted - is to increase productivity. On enterprises, where robots are introduced, productivity increases, as a rule, 2-5, and willows are often 10 times. In cases where the introduction of robotics at the same time accompanied by a transition to new processes, productivity increases of 30-50 times or more.
Thus, the introduction of robots and advanced technology enables significant economic effect, allows a lower cost of labor to create more products. And this is confirmed by numerous examples from many Soviet enterprises.
Robotization significantly increases and production culture. How is changing the face unrecognizable robotic shops and businesses!
At the same time understand the causes of unrest and representatives of business circles in the U.S. and the West are following with interest for each new word in the field of robotics, spoken in the Soviet Union and other socialist countries. Robots, making it easier to work of people creating problems and social consequences, which in the capitalist world it is difficult to predict. The rapid decline of functions of human labor in the capitalist countries leads to a further rise in unemployment, "an undesirable effect in the distribution of income."
The sharp rise in the competitiveness of the capitalist firms forcing them to accelerate the introduction of robotics. And she, in turn, entails the massive layoffs of workers.
American economists calculate that robotization entire U.S. industry would reduce its need. workforce with seventeen-plus million to a half million workers. America would have received five and a half million unemployed. But, in addition, can automate and construction, and transportation ...
Talking about the future of the American worker, the American magazine "Fortune" wrote: "The approaching dark, cold era for the American worker ... In the future, legions of workers sentenced for inaction. " Robotization is working in the capitalist countries curse rather than blessing. It increases the profits of corporations and workers is unemployment and disqualification.
Soviet people in robotics see the natural and necessary way of development of production, way of improving their lives. The robot - a reliable ally of the Soviet people in the struggle for mastery of natural resources. That is the socialist system has opened the possibility of the widest of all, without exception, robotics industries.
At first glance it might seem that if robotization reduces the number of staff and dramatically increases productivity, it can lead to unemployment in our country. But nothing like this in a socialist society where the means of production are owned by the people, can not happen.
Economic prerequisite general robotics in the USSR is the unrestricted market capacity. Mass production in the Soviet Union provided and mass marketing. Created by robotic means of production lines will always be implemented. Sales achieved and consumer goods. Demand of the population is continuously growing, increasing real wages ... Finally, in the Commonwealth countries - CMEA is always possible to establish a mutually beneficial exchange of goods.
Does not represent a major problem and ensure full employment of people. Let's take a moment imagine that in our country has come a time when the rate of release of the workforce in relation to robotic production exceeded the demand for this vysovobozhdayuschuyusya workforce. Under the conditions of socialist production, it will be only one of the prerequisites for the further reduction of the working day, and not for the formation of the army of unemployed.
When considering the release of labor force in connection with robotic production should be borne in mind and other factors. For example, it is known that the continuous development of the socialist economy is accompanied by a systematic increase
Some number of working not only in the sphere of material production, but also in culture, science, health, trade and consumer services. Hence, the need for people will increase. This gap between the demand for labor and the presence of it and should eliminate robotization.
At present, this gap does not exist yet. Listen to the radio - several times a day it sends messages about what plants, factories, institutions, invite people to work. In every city, large and small, we can see the ads on the recruitment of labor. Our young people are waiting for new construction, new factories, farms, cattle farms, the giant hydropower station, the new blast furnace, open-hearth furnaces, enterprises of light and food industries.
Increasingly require highly skilled professionals - installers of robots and machines, electrical engineering, radio engineering, programmers and operators. And this is one of the consequences of robotic manufacturing. The significance of robotics in the Soviet socialist society. She has a beneficial effect on all aspects of Soviet life. As the material basis for improving productivity Rights robotization increases the wealth of society

Robotization indefinitely pushed the limits of productivity growth.
Spending is several times less power, energy, time, work, service robots, gives the same output as before! Or for the same amount of work - five to ten times more output. Consequently, the robots are not just eased human
vechesky work, they have enriched it and made more concise, more efficient .And such examples are countless, and they are all very convincingly speak about a huge relief of human labor, the great economic results, which brings robotization production processes in Soviet industry.
The robot - a machine obedient, strong, not knowing weariness.
It can always be taught to perform the desired operation. Its performance is also the same all the days of the week. And this is just some of the properties of robots, which distinguish them from the working-man.
Robots are able to today, not only weld metal, to collect a variety of products, to paint the car, cut out steel sheets, but also produce coal, pouring metal and perform many other jobs. Robots are especially needed where human capabilities are inferior nature, where it more profitable to find a replacement in order to free up forces for other, more important creative affairs.
Robots exempt workers and heavy or monotonous types of work. In many cases they ensure the safe operation of the man. But not only in industrial enterprises of our country are working to alleviate the labor, the struggle for high performance. It is being today and in the field of mental activity of man.

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Дата добавления 06.12.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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