Origin The gerund is a descendant of the Old English noun and the present participle. reading OLD English cyning
The verbal noun had the endings: The Old English The Middle English -ung -ing(e) The Modern English - ing
Noun Anglo-Saxon cyning Mordern English King
The present participle The Old English -ende The Middle English – inge The Morden English - ing
The verbal noun and the participle became merged into one form -ing
As the result of the blending of the two forms, The verbal noun in (-ing) began to develop verbal characteristics Under the influence of the participle
The Old English ending “ing” had the meaning of “the son of” Sverting Scylding (Beowulf)
In Middle English and in Early Mordern English the noun was preceded by the definite article and followed by the preposition OF Compare: He thanked him for the saving of his life. He thanked him for saving his life.
The sphere of the usage Gerund replaced the Infinitive and the Participle in many adverbial functions. Its advantage was that is could be used with various prepositions
The advantage of the gerund was that is could be used with various prepositions I am fond of reading. He felt satisfaction in helping them. Did you find any difficulty in solving this problem? When do you think of going there? There is no sense in going there today. Have you any reason for saying such a thing?
Modern English Gerund Nominal verbal characteristics Can be used in the syntactic Function of subject, Object, predicative. Can be preceded by a Preposition Can be modified by a Noun in the genitive case or By a possessive pronoun. Can take a direct object Can be modified by an adverb. Has tense distinctions Has voice distinctions
ВНИМАНИЮ ВСЕХ УЧИТЕЛЕЙ: согласно Федеральному закону N273-ФЗ «Об образовании в Российской Федерации» педагогическая деятельность требует от педагога наличия системы специальных знаний в области обучения и воспитания детей с ОВЗ. Поэтому для всех педагогов является актуальным повышение квалификации по этому направлению!