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Клише к выполнению задания 4 устной части ЕГЭ

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Устная часть ЕГЭ:

Речевые клише для заданий 4

Основные ошибки, которые допускают учащиеся во время выполнения задания 4:

  • описание сюжета двух картинок, а не их сравнение;

  • отсутствие выделения общих и отличительных характеристик картинок;

  • отсутствие выражения отношения к картинкам;

  • отсутствие вступительной и заключительной фраз;

  • отсутствие разговорных клише при сравнении картинок;

  • фонетические и лексико-грамматические ошибки в ответе

Вот на какие типичные ошибки при сравнении фотографий обращают наше внимание эксперты:

  1. Дается не сравнение, а последовательное описание фотографий.

  2. Не выделяются общие и отличительные черты фотографий.

  3. Не выражено личное отношение.

  4. Нет вступительной и заключительной фразы.

  5. Не использованы разговорные клише.

  6. Не использованы средства логической связи.

Список полезных выражений, которые помогут вам сравнить две фотографии на английском языке:

Подчеркиваем сходство:

  1. both pictures — обе фотографии

  2. the same — одинаковые

  3. in the same way / in the same manner — похожим образом

  4. similar/ alike — похожие

  5. another similarity — еще одно сходство

  6. have in common — иметь общее

Подчеркиваем различия:

  1. another difference — еще одно различие

  2. be different from — отличаться от

  3. in the different way — отличным образом

  4. instead of — вместо …

  5. have little in common — иметь мало общего

Противопоставляем:

  1. Unlike the first photo … — В отличие от

  2. On the contrary,… — Наоборот,…

  3. On the other hand, … — С другой стороны,…

  4. In contrast to … — В противоположность…

  5. whereas — в то время как…


Задание 4 представляет собой монолог-сравнение двух фотографий или картинок.

Чтобы успешно выполнить это задание, нужно придерживаться предложенного плана:

  • дайте краткое описание фотографий (что происходит на картинке, место действия)

  • скажите, что общего у этих фотографий (какая тема их объединяет) 

  • скажите, чем отличаются эти фотографии

  • выразите свое предпочтение по одной из фотографий

  • объясните, почему вам близка тема выбранной фотографии

 Время на подготовку — 1.5 минуты

Продолжительность вашего ответа — 2 минуты

Максимальный балл  - 7 баллов

Cледующие советы помогут вам составить логичное описание фотографий  или картинок:

 - при описании комнаты или дома используйте прием справа-налево или слева-направо (so called «walking tour of the house»);

при описании фотографий или картин используйте прием слева-направо, справа-налево, от краев к центру, от переднего плана к заднему;

при описании человека используйте прием сверху-вниз или снизу-вверх.

Task4 Variant 1

Study the photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

  • give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

  • say what the pictures have in common

  • say in what way the pictures are different

  • say which kind of the activities presented in the pictures you'd prefer

  • explain why

Ответ начните с вступительной фразы:

I would like to compare and contrast these two photos. / I would like to point out right at the beginning that there are different ways of going in for sports. And these two photos prove that. 

I should say that the common theme of these pictures is doing sports. / I think the common thing here is ... / I believe that the theme which relates these photos is ... / One thing that picture 1 and picture 2 have in common is ...

Sample answer:                   

hello_html_m1ef51fdc.jpg

Photo 1

Let me start with the first picture which shows a little girl who is in the gym at the moment. The girl is going to play table tennis because she is carrying a red tennis racket in her hand. As we can see the gym is well equipped. In the middle of the gym there is a big blue table with a tennis net on it. In the background of the picture you can see some sports facilities such as flying rings, a gymstick, a rope, a hoop and others.  All in all, it seems to me that the gym is quite large and light.      

As for the second picture it shows a young man running in the field. It might be summer time because he is wearing a green t-shirt, black shorts and white sports shoes.  Also, he is wearing a watch on his wrist for timing his heats. Though the sky is blue and the weather is warm and sunny you can see two mountain peaks covered with snow in the background of the picture.      

As I've already mentioned both pictures are connected with doing sports. You can't but agree with me that both — a girl and a young man look fit and healthy. 

hello_html_m65ea4f04.jpg

Photo 2

Obviously, we can see certain (some) differences. The first picture shows a little girl whose hobby is playing tennis. On the contrary, the man in the second picture is a professional sportsman as he looks very sporty and strong. Besides, the first picture shows the girl who is playing tennisindoors while the young man is going in for sports in the open air. Moreover, table tennis is a team game and you need at least one more person to play it with. As to the track-and- field athletics, you can do it on your own.

As for me, I'd prefer to take up to table tennis because I am fond of doing sports with my best friends or relatives. Secondly, this game develops quick thinking and reaction. Finally, you can do it outdoors as well as indoors and bad weather cannot spoil the pleasure.

In conclusion, I would like to say that both pictures make me think that sport is a great way to spend your free time and, of course, it is useful for your health. 

That's all I wanted to say. Thank you for listening. / That's where I'd like to end.  (заключительная фраза)

Всего получилось 25 фраз. Необходимо строить свой ответ так, чтобы уложиться в отведенное для ответа время (2 мин). Рекомендованное количество фраз: 12 -15, но не менее. Помните, что вступительная и заключительная фразы оцениваются экспертами; их отсутствие негативно повлияет на вашу оценку.

 

Task 4 Variant 2

Study the photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

  • give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

  • say what the pictures have in common

  • say in what way the pictures are different

  • say which kind of the activities presented in the pictures you'd prefer

  • explain why

Ответ начните с вступительной фразы:

I would like to point out right at the beginning that I will compare and contrast these pictures.

I believe that the theme which relates these photos is a life style of the youth.

hello_html_4b44bbe4.jpg

picture 1


hello_html_m20b13e8f.jpg

picture 2

Let me start with the first picture that shows a group of young people who are at work now. The man on the right and a young woman in a black suit are sitting around the table while the woman in a beautiful white suit is standing at the moment. Unfortunately, I can’t see the face of their boss who is giving them some instructions. They are listening to him very attentively. It looks as if they are ready to make some notes because you can see pads (notebooks) in front of them.

As for the second picture I have the impression that the group of young people is enjoying their free time sitting on the grass. I can only guess that they might be co-students at the international language school because you can see them carrying their workbooks. They are probably having their break time now. As the weather is warm and sunny, they decided to spend it in the school yard. They all are smiling and look very happy so I think they did their test successfully.

I should say that the only similarity between picture 1 and picture 2 is that they depict young people who are practically of the same age.

One of the main differences between pictures is that in the left picture you can see two men and two women (four people) working in the office, whereas in the right picture there are two girls and a boy who are having a rest in the open air. The most obvious difference for me between these two pictures is people’s clothes. For example, people in the first picture are wearing suits according to the dress code of their firm, while people in the right picture are wearing casual clothes such as jeans, jumpers and trainers.

As for me, I would rather go to a language school because my dream is to speak English fluently. Moreover, it would be interesting to make some new friends from abroad.

To sum it up, I would like to say that to work or to study together with smart and intelligent people is always great pleasure.

That’s where I’d like to end. (завершающая фраза)

 

Task 4 Variant 3

Study the photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:

  • give a brief description of the photos (action, location)

  • say what the pictures have in common

  • say in what way the pictures are different

  • say which kind of the activities presented in the pictures you'd prefer

  • explain why

Ответ начните со вступительной фразы:

I would like to compare and contrast these two photos.

I think the common thing here is classical music.

hello_html_m1343f3fb.png

Photo 1

Let me start with the first picture which shows a young girl who is performing on the stage at the moment. She is wearing a white blouse and a dark skirt. She is playing the grand piano together with a string orchestra. In the background of the picture there is a beautiful organ. In the foreground of the picture you can see a lot of spectators. That’s why I can say that music is not just her hobby but she is involved in it very seriously.

 

hello_html_20b22d84.png

Photo 2

As for the second picture it also shows a young girl playing the piano. She looks very elegant in her black velvet dress. As you can see she is wearing glasses. In the background of the picture you can see a portrait of a famous composer. Unfortunately I’m not very good at classical music that’s why I don’t know his name. Under the portrait there is a basket of lovely roses, so I can only guess that it might be the anniversary of the composer.

As I have already mentioned the theme which relates both pictures is classical music.  The most obvious similarity between photo 1 and photo 2 is the musical instrument the girls are playing and it is a piano. It is evident that the girls are practically of the same age. In my opinion, they might be very talented.

You can’t but agree with me that the main difference between picture 1 and picture 2 is that the girl in the first picture is performing in a big concert hall whereas the girl in the second picture is playing the piano in a small room.(It is probably the classroom in a local Art School.) Besides, the girls are wearing different items of clothes. Last but not least, in the first picture you can see a lot of audience while in the second picture we cannot see any listeners.

As for me, I would rather go to a big concert hall because I’ve always wanted to listen to the organ.

Summarizing, I may say that it is great to have a good ear for music and play a musical instrument because music always makes your life brighter. (23)

That’s where I’d like to end. (завершающая фраза)

Чтобы наиболее эффективно выполнить задание 4 из раздела Говорение на ЕГЭ по английскому языку, используйте следующие выражения:

 Firstly — во-первых

 Secondly — во-вторых

 Thirdly — в-третьих

 Moreover — более того

 It seams to me / It looks like / It might be — Мне кажется/Должно быть

 I can only guess - Могу предположить

If I'm not mistaken — Если я не ошибаюсь...

I'm not sure exactly (what this is) but ... —  Я не уверен точно, что это, но...

As for me / To my mind / In my opinion / I think / I believe / Personally — Что касается меня/По моему мнению/Я думаю / Я уверен / Лично я ...

In contrast / Unlike ... — В отличие 

The most apparent/obvious difference (similarity) between photo 1 and photo 2 is ... — Наиболее очевидное различие (сходство) между фото 1 и фото 2 ...

The main difference/similarity between picture 1 and picture 2 is ... — Основное отличие/сходство между фото 1 и фото 2 ...

The only difference/similarity is ... — Единственное отличие/сходство ...

To sum it up I would like to say that ... — Подводя итог, хочу сказать ...

All in all, it's evident ... — В общем, очевидно ...

Summarizing, I may say that ... — Подводя итог, можно сказать, что ...


стандарт — это определенный шаблон, по которому Вас оценивают эксперты. Отступление от стандарта грозит Вам лишением баллов. Да, печально, но уже со школьной скамьи приучают нас быть одинаковыми, стандартными, иначе… Ну да ладно, перейдем ближе к делу, а именно к сравнению двух фотографий на английском языке. Данное задание (задание 4) относится к высокому уровню сложности и содержит много подводных камней, которые надо обойти. Вот пример сравнения двух фотографий, которое, кажется, вполне нормальным с точки зрения здравого смысла, но содержит ошибки с точки зрения стандарта.

hello_html_m1280256c.jpg

Фотография 1 (с сайта ФИПИ)

hello_html_m1e1869c5.jpg

Фотография 2 (с сайта ФИПИ)

Прочитайте внимательно это описание:

Well, both pictures show an animal, the bear. I would like to start with the first picture that shows a big polar bear in the zoo. The bear is sitting on a stone with its paws up. It is not looking at people, it looks aside and it seems that it is tired of so much attention. A lot of people have gathered near the open-air cage, taking pictures. As the people are wearing warm coats and caps, it is probably late autumn. The colours in this picture are grey and dark.

As for the second picture, it also shows a bear, but it is a brown bear. It is completely different from the first one as it shows the bear in the wild. In contrast to the first picture, the second one is full of bright colours: yellow flowers, green grass. It shows a summer day. The bear is busy, it is carrying a log. I like this picture more and not only because I like summer but also because I believe that keeping wild animals in zoos is inhuman. Although some people say that it is necessary for some educational purposes, to say nothing of entertaiment.

All in all, both pictures make me think of wildlife. As for me, I am sure that wild animals should live free in their natural habitat because they are part of nature.

(из статьи «ЕГЭ по английскому языку. Устная часть»)

* * *

Начало формы

Обратимся к опциям, которые надо раскрыть:

Первое, и самое важное, это решение коммуникативной задачи (или содержание): нужно по каждому аспекту сказать по 2-3 фразы. Итого получится примерно 12-15 фраз. —  Меньше недостаточно! Больше можно, но главное уложиться в 2 минуты, потому что потом Вас просто не будет слышно…

hello_html_m57e6f323.jpg

* * *

Как сравнить две фотографии на английском языке (шаблон)

[Вступление — 10 секунд]

Well, I would like to compare and contrast the photos which are presented here

I would like to give a short talk about the photos which are presented here.

Обратите внимание, что в связи с тем, что Вам могут поставить НОЛЬ баллов, если вдруг экзаменатор посчитает, что вы описывали две картинки поочередно, а не сравнивали их, то советую сразу же во вступлении сказать о теме, которая связывает эти две картинки, а потом уже переходить к их КРАТКОМУ описанию, а именно:

Obviously, both pictures are related to the same theme. It is 

The common theme of these pictures is … — Общая тема этих картинок — …

Аспект 1] Краткое описание фотографий (действие, место) — 20 сек

Let me start by describing the first picture, which shows …

As for the second picture, it shows …

Let me start with the first picture, which shows a polar bear in the zoo. A lot of people have gathered around its open-air cage. They are taking pictures. It is probably late autumn as the people are wearing warm coats and caps.

As for the second picture, it also shows a bear. But it is a brown bear in the forest. The bear is carrying a log and looks quite happy. The season is probably summer and the picture is full of bright colours: yellow flowers, green grass.

Аспект 2] Сравниваем две фотографии: что общего – 15 секунд

The pictures have a lot (little) in common. 

As I have already mentioned, both pictures show/ have/ were taken in 

There is (are) …. in both of them

  1. As I have already mentioned, both pictures show an animal, the bear.

  2. Both pictures were taken in summer.

  3. There is an animal, the bear, in both of them.

Аспект 3] Сравниваем две фотографии: чем отличаются – 15 секунд

Obviously, there are some (certain) differences. The first picture shows… but in contrast the second one shows…

As for the …, the second picture is different from the first one as it shows…

Besides, the … in the first picture  look(s) more … than in the second one. 

The first picture shows … but the second one shows …

1. Obviously, there are some differences. The first picture shows the bear in the zoobut in contrast the second one shows the bear in its natural habitat, in the forest.

ИЛИ

2. Actually, the second picture is different from the first one. The first one shows the bear in the zoo whereas in the second one the bear is in its natural habitat, the forest.

ИЛИ

3. The first picture shows the bear in the zoo but the second one shows the bear in the forest. (более простой вариант)

ДАЛЕЕ ДОБАВЛЯЕМ, ИСПОЛЬЗУЯ СЛОВА-СВЯЗКИ!!

Besides, the bear in the first picture looks tired and unhappy. On the contrary, the second bear seems rather happy and lively. It is busy with carrying a log.

Finally, the season is different. The sad and gloomy colours of the first picture are contrasted to the bright and cheerful colours of the second.

[Аспект 4] Выражаем (личное мнение).– 15 секунд

  • Personally, I like … — Лично мне нравится

  • I would prefer … — Я предпочел бы

Personally, I would prefer freedom for wild animals.

[Аспект 5] Аргументируем свое мнение и объясняем почему — 15 секунд:

As for me, I would prefer to …-

As for me, I am keen on…/ a great fan of…

Well, it’s my idea of

It gives me the impression of …

It makes me feel as if

Looking at the picture, I can’t help feeling…

  1. As for me, I am keen on protecting nature and wildlife and I really do think that keeping wild animals in the zoo is inhuman.

  2. Well, it’s my idea of freedom. I believe that everybody, I mean every living being, should have the right to be free.

  3. The second picture gives me the impression of something dull and grey, the colours are bleak, the bear seems tired of people’s attention.

  4. Looking at this busy bear, I can’t help smiling.

7. [Заключение]

In conclusion, I would like to point out that …

All in all, both pictures make me think of …

I have come to the end of my talk, thank you for listening.

That’s all I wanted to say. —

In conclusion, I would like to say that both pictures make us think that our world is not perfect and we have a lot of problems to solve.

I have come to the end of my talk, thank you for listening.

Сравнение двух фотографий на английском языке по шаблону

[Введение] Well, I would like to compare and contrast the photos which are presented here.

Obviously, both photos are related to the same theme. It is animal life.

[Аспект 1] Let me start with the first photo which shows a polar bear in the zoo. A lot of people have gathered around its open-air cage. They are taking pictures.

As for the second photo, it shows a brown bear in the forest. The bear is carrying a log and looks quite happy. The season is probably summer.

[Аспект 2] The photos have little in common. The only similarity is that they show an animal, the bear.

[Аспект 3] Obviously, there are a lot of differences. The first photo shows a bear in the zoo but, in contrast, the second one shows a bear in its natural habitat, the forest.

Besides, the bear in the first photo looks gloomy whereas in the second one the bear seems rather happy and lively.

Finally, the season is different. The sad and gloomy colours of the first photo are contrasted to the bright and cheerful colours of the second one.

[Аспект 4, аспект 5] Personally, I would certainly prefer freedom for wild animals. That is why I feel strongly against the first photo. I can’t help feeling sad and worried about that unlucky bear, which looks tired of people’s attention. I really do think that keeping wild animals in zoos is inhuman. More than that, I strongly believe that every living being should have the right to be free.

[Аспект 5] In conclusion, I would like to say that both pictures make us think about animal life but in a different way.

I have come to the end of my talk, thank you for listening.

У меня получилось 20 предложений, но не надо на этом зацикливаться. Главное уложиться в 2 минуты. И еще раз проверяем себя:

hello_html_m57e6f323.jpg



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Дата добавления 22.10.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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