Прочитайте текст и выполните задания.
Read the text and do the tasks below.
When I was as old as my daughter is now, my parents were not happy with my behaviour. I argued with them, ignored their orders and didn't appreciate their care. Now I see how wrong I was; they wished me only good. Now I have a teenage daughter myself. I think that the main thing with teenagers is not to overcontrol their lives and not to take care of them too much. It sounds strange, doesn't it? But I mean that parents shouldn't check if their children's schoolbags have been packed or their school uniforms are clean and tidy. I never tell my daughter Sarah that she shouldn't drop her school blazer in the corridor and or that she should go to bed on time. I accept that she can plan her day and can keep her school uniform wherever she likes: on the floor or under the bed or in her own schoolbag. But she should look tidy at school and shouldn't make a fuss in the morning if she is late and her dress doesn't look right.
I don't support the idea of prohibiting something without a good reason. Last month Sarah declared that she was grown up enough to arrange home parties for her friends. I didn't object to it but explained to Sarah that her responsibility was not only to make up the list of the guests but to manage the whole event: to arrange the time that fits the plans of the family, to think about snacks and drinks beforehand, to make up a scenario for the party and to find time to tidy up the flat before and after the party. I asked her to make up a kind of a business plan for the event and if everything was OK, there was really no reason to prohibit it, was there?
Sarah put off the party several times. She did it, not because I didn't let her invite the friends, but because she, herself, couldn't prepare everything on time. She acted like a grown-up, not a naughty demanding child.
I'm sure that my tactic works with my daughter. She understands now why I don't allow her certain things. She sees the reason behind it instead of as a parent's wish to treat her as a child. She often asks for my advice and appreciates it when I give it to her. In her turn, she tries to support me in difficult situations. She understands that it's not easy to be adult and independent and to manage life as best you can.
1. Choose the best ending to the sentence.
Sarah's mother thinks that the best way to treat teenagers is...
a) to prohibit everything.
b) to let them do whatever they like.
c) to make them realise responsibility for their actions.
d) to make them do what their parents tell them to do.
2. Find the sentence that is not true.
1) Sarah had to put off the party because her mother didn't let her invite the friends she wanted.
2) Sarah thought that she was grown up enough to arrange a party.
3) Sarah accepted that arranging the party is not only making a list of the guests.
4) It took Sarah a lot of time to arrange everything necessary for the party.
3. Look at the text again. Notice the lines in bold. Choose what Sarah's mother means there.
a) Sarah keeps her blazer under her bed and I can do nothing about it.
b) It's her business where she keeps her blazer. I don't care how she looks at school.
c) I don't care where she keeps her blazer but she should look nice and tidy at school.
d) Sarah can keep her blazer wherever she likes. I'll help her to clean and iron it in the morning.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания.
Read the text and find the sentences that reflect the ideas of the text in the most accurate way.
There is an unusual monument in London, it is in the centre of London on the bank of the Thames, not far from Trafalgar square, and it is called Cleopatra's Needle. It is an obelisk made of red granite (гранит). its height is 20.87 metres and it weighs about 1 87 tons, the obelisk is covered with hieroglyphs (иероглифы) that tell us about the war victories of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt, but how did the obelisk that has the name of a beautiful queen appear in London? is it possible that Cleopatra herself ever visited the misty banks of the Thames?
The obelisk was cut from granite in Egypt in the 15th century BC. There were only several obelisks of that kind in Heliopolis. A thousand years later, two of them were transported to Alexandria. After a couple of centuries, one of the two fell in an earthquake, much later, in 1819, the last one was given as a present to the British nation by Mahommed Ali, the ruler of Egypt. It was not easy to transport it from Egypt to England. A special metal container was made. The needle was put into it and then taken aboard a ship. It was a dangerous and tragic voyage. Six sailors died, and the obelisk was nearly lost at sea. In spite of all the problems, it arrived in London and in 1 879 was put on the pedestal near the Thames.
There is one more curious thing about the obelisk. Perhaps it could be called a present for archaeologists of the future for, under the obelisk, there are now some objects from today's world that can give them unique information about our time. The scientists of the future will find bibles in various languages, British Empire coins, a railway guide, daily newspapers, and twelve photographs of the most beautiful British women.
A. 1) The obelisk Cleopatra's Needle tells us about the victories of British sailors.
2) The obelisk is made of red granite and nothing is written on it.
3) The obelisk tells us about the war victories of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt.
4) The obelisk tells us about the victories of the Greek pharaohs over the British.
B. 1) The obelisk was cut in Heliopolis, then it was transported to Alexandria, and only in the 19th century did it appear in London.
2) The obelisk was made in Heliopolis and then Cleopatra gave it to the British nation as a present.
3) The obelisk was given to the British people because Cleopatra herself wanted it to be sent to Britain.
4) The obelisk was cut in Britain from a block of red granite that had been transported from Alexandria.
C. 1) The obelisk can be called a present for the archaeologists of the future because there are very expensive things under it.
2) The obelisk can be called a present for the archaeologists of the future because they will find coins and gold under it.
3) The obelisk can be called a present for the archaeologists of the future because under it are things that can give them unique information about the 20th century.
4) The obelisk can be called a present for the archaeologists of the future because it is made of red granite and is very expensive.
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Start Smiling Now
The United Nations was founded to bring peace, human rights and solidarity to people of the world. Now the organisation includes 185 Member States and its aim is to prevent discrimination, armed conflicts and terrorism. To achieve it, the UN is publishing books that encourage people to resolve racial, religious or territorial conflicts without using arms. One of these books is called Peace Museums Worldwide. Most of the peace museums that exist in the world appeared after World War II.
According to the authors of the book, peace museums can be of two kinds. Some of them concentrate on the past. They demonstrate historical events, such as wars, violence and terrorism. For example, if you visit the museums in Hiroshima and Nagasaki (founded in 1955), you will see pictures of the nuclear bombing in Japan in 1945. The aim of these museums is to prevent a tragedy like this in the future.
There are also museums that aim to educate people about peace. They organise different art exhibitions, as art helps people of different nations and nationalities understand each other. One of the most famous museums of this kind is the International Museum of Peace and Solidarity in Samarkand. Its collection includes over 20,000 examples from more than 100 countries of the world, including drawings, paintings, flags, books, stamps and records. The museum is proud of its wonderful collection of photographs, letters and articles, many signed by peacemakers from all the continents of the world.
In recent years, the Museum of Peace and Solidarity has organised exhibitions of children's artwork from many countries both within the museum and in other museums internationally. Many of these children suffered disease, violence and crime in wartime conditions.
Every year the museum holds a special Children's Peace Festival. The slogan of the festival is: "War is not a game. Why play with military toys? Peace starts with me." At the festival, children are invited to exchange their military toys for peaceful, non-violent and educational toys. Children who have no military toys can bring along a poem or a drawing and exchange it for a creative game, a pencil, a ball and so on.
The museum has got another wonderful collection: a worldwide collection of smiles. The smiles have come and are still coming in all different forms, including photographs, paintings, drawings, computer graphics, poems and jokes. The museum is planning to open a special Hall of Smiles. So start smiling now! Come on, today... right now.
1. Mark the sentences as true (T) or false (F).
The main aim of the United Nations is to prevent discrimination, armed conflicts and terrorism.
The UN believes that publishing books cannot help prevent wars and acts of terrorism.
The book Peace Museums Worldwide tells people about the most famous peacemakers from different countries.
According to the book, peace museums can be of two kinds: a) educational museums that exhibit different collections of art and b) the museums that demonstrate different armed conflicts of the past and their results.
The Museum of Peace in Samarkand exhibits a large collection of arms which have been used in different armed conflicts.
At an annual Children’s Peace Festival, children can come to the museum and buy educational toys and creative games.
The Museum of Peace has opened a special Hall of Smiles where smiles in the form of photos, paintings, computer graphics, poems and jokes are exhibited.
People from any country can send their smiles in different forms and they can be included in the museum’s collection of smiles.
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One Saturday evening it was very cold and rainy. We stayed at home. My mum cleaned the rooms. My granny cooked the dinner. I helped her and laid the table. My dad repaired the clock. Only my little sister Becky had nothing to do (ей нечем было заняться). She didn't want to play with her dolls or play puzzles. She was sad. She wanted to go for a walk. My mum said: "I’ll give you my scissors (ножницы) and you can cut out (вырезать) pictures." My mum gave her many old magazines (журналы). Becky cut out a nice doll, a big car, a funny teddy bear and a tall house. She liked to cut pictures.
Then Becky saw a box with a new mum’s dress. Yesterday my mum bought this dress in the shop. It was beautiful, with nice blue flowers on it. Becky wanted to cut out only one flower. She did so! "It's wonderful!" she said. Becky liked it and began to cut out more flowers.
Suddenly my mum came in. She was angry. She said: "That was my new dress! I won't give you the scissors anymore again!" And she didn't.
Next day mum made two long scarfs with nice blue flowers on them for Becky and me.
1. Выбери правильные ответы на вопросы.
1) Why was Becky sad?
2) She wanted to play puzzles.
3) She wanted to go for a walk.
4) She wanted to lay the table.
5) Why was mum angry?
6) Becky cut out flowers of her dress.
7) Becky cut out a car of the magazine.
8) Becky wanted to go for a walk.
2. Выбери утверждение, которое не соответствует содержанию текста.
1) At first (сначала) Becky had nothing to do.
2) Becky wanted to go for a walk.
3) Mum gave Becky scissors and her dress.
4) Next day mum made two long scarfs for her daughters.
a) Listen to the text about the book fair. Read the sentences and tick the correct ones.
1) This text is a police report about some criminals known for stealing antique books and fine arts.
2) The book fair is held in the city every year.
3) Visitors can buy books there and can win them as prizes in different competitions.
4) Buying books is the only entertainment at the exhibition.
5) The exhibition is the wrong place for young children because they get bored there.
6) It is a very quiet place and nothing happens there during the day.
7) Everyone can reserve a ticket and visit the exhibition.
b) Listen to the text again and fill in the missing information.
1) The book fair is held from … to …. .
2) It is open to visitors every day from … to … .
3) If you want to get more information on the book fair, use the telephone number …7845… .
Have you been to the International Book Fair? It’s held from the 14th to the 20th of October in the City’s Main Exhibition Centre. It’s open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. More than 70 countries are exhibiting their books there. It’s an annual fair and it has been held in our town every October for more than 20 years. You can learn about the latest news in literature and see antique handmade books and historical manuscripts there.
There are also numerous special programmes, including the contest called “Bookworm”. Each participant is asked several questions on British literature and a hundred of the most successful participants get prizes, such as books exploration.
Also at the fair are the best jazz and rock bands. And, of course, there are lots of exciting activities for young readers. The fair is quite busy, but if you fell like having a quiet chat with friends and relatives, you can have a cup of delicious coffee or an ice-cream in one of the restaurants.
There is no need to rack your brains over the problem of where to go at the weekend. This literary festival is really worth visiting. To reserve tickets or to learn more about the fair’s many programmes, contact Susan Carter, telephone number 678453.
Listen to the conversation and choose the right sentence. Listen again and correct any mistakes.
a) Allan was at Heathrow Airport on time and the plane took off on time.
b) Allan was at Heathrow Airport on time but the flight was delayed.
c) Allan was at Heathrow Airport on time, but he had some problems getting through customs and had to wait for the next flight.
2. a) Allan forgot his suitcase somewhere in the airport in Moscow.
b) Allan was late because it took him two hours to collect his luggage from the baggage reclaim.
c) Allan took someone else’s suitcase and had to go back to the airport.
3. a) The suitcases were confused because they were very much alike and didn’t have any labels.
b) The suitcases were confused despite the fact that they were different colours.
c) The suitcases were confused despite the fact that they had labels with their owners’ contact information.
4. a) Allan didn’t manage to find his suitcase because he didn’t know how to contact the person who had taken it.
b) Allan was lucky to get his suitcase back since the person who had taken it returned to the airport.
c) Allan returned to the airport and managed to find his suitcase at the baggage reclaim.
5. a) Allan had forgotten to label his suitcase before going to the airport.
b) Allan said that he had never stuck any labels on his luggage and was not going to.
c) Allan had never labeled his luggage before but promised to do it in the future.
Allan! Here you are at last. I’ve been worried. Why are you so late? Was the flight delayed? Did you have to wait at Heathrow Airport for the next flight?
Oh, no. I got to the airport on time – actually, an hour and a half before the flight. I got my boarding pass, got through customs and we took of on time. It was a little bit windy and snowy when we were approaching the airport, but we were in Moscow at 5 p.m., just according to the time table.
What went wrong then? Why are you two hours late? It took you two hours more than usual to get from the airport.
Yes, because after I collected my luggage from the baggage reclaim, I realized on my way here that…
That you had forgotten something at the airport?
No, I realized that my suitcase seemed too light.
So I asked the driver to stop, got the suitcase and opened it.
It wasn’t mine. It had somebody else’s things in it. But the suitcase itself looked absolutely like mine – the same model, colour and size.
Hadn’t you labeled your suitcase before the flight?
No, I never put any labels on my things. …So I rushed back to the airport, and fortunately, the person who had taken my suitcase had opened it on his way home, too.
How did you manage to find him?
I was clever enough to go to the information desk and ask the person there to make an announcement. The man came to the desk in a couple of minutes and we exchanged suitcases.
How do you feel about labeling your luggage now?
Well, I confess that I was wrong and next time I’ll stick a label with my contacts to every tiny piece of luggage.
isten to the speakers and choose the sentences that reflect the feelings of the people in the most accurate way.
isten to the people speaking about their future careers. Match the number of each speaker (1, 2, 3,) with the sentence (a, b, c, d, e) that reflect his or her idea most accurately.
Choose the correct answer.
Where is Robert? ……. A shower?
a) Does he have b) Has he c) Is he having
Jerome …… with our company for 5 years. He is one of our best.
a) has been b) was c) is
Denis was out of breath because he …. for an hour.
a) has jogged b) jogged c) had been jogging
At 9 o’clock yesterday morning, we …. for you there.
a) were waiting b) waiting c) have been waiting
5. Hurry up! The concert ….. at 7 o’clock.
a) will started b) is starting c) starts
6. The Dutch ….. Manhattan from Indians for 24 dollars.
a) have bought b) bought c) brought
7. “Have you ever been to Ireland?” “We ….. there for our holiday last year.”
a) have gone b) have been going c) went
8. At this time tomorrow we ….. to Paris.
a) will be flying b) would fly c) will fly
9. The new computer software ….. last week.
a) installed b) was installed c) will be installed
10. We can’t cross the street here, because the road …. .
a) is being repaired b) is repaired c) been repaired
11. The children ….. yet.
a) didn’t woke up b) were woken up c) haven’t been woken up
12. The students …… about our decision by the end of this week.
a) will be informed b) were informed c) will have been informed
Choose the correct variant.
1. ..… you wait a moment, please?
can 2. should 3. must 4. need
2. You look tired. You ….. go to bed.
must 2.would 3. should 4. could
3. ..… you speak any foreign language?
1. may 2. can 3. might 4. will
4. It was the principle of the tiling. People ….. to keep their words.
should 2. have 3. ought 4. are able
5. Where is Nick? He ..… be in his office.
should 2. would 3. might 4. ought to
6. If he ..... rich, he would buy a new car and would ask Kathy to go out with him.
were 2. had been 3. is
7. Herald ..... us Christmas greetings if he knew our address in Glasgow.
would send 2. would have sent 3. sent
8. If she ..... not so absent-minded, she wouldn’t have made this silly mistake.
were 2. had been 3. would be
9. ..... you care for a full explanation, you may call any day between 10 and 11 a.m.
Should 2. Would 3. Could
10. The bookstore is so far from my house. I wish it ..... within a walking distance.
would be 2. had been 3. werе
I. Write the following statements in reported speech.
Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides.
She said she can not tell me the right time, her watch is wrong.
They say they will write me a letter when they return home.
“What’s on tonight?” Asked my elder sister.
She said: “I didn’t phone you at 7 yesterday”.
II. Make up sentences. Use the words in brackets.
He is a … businessman. He can communicate … . (successful/ successfully).
The students listened to their teacher … . They are very … students. (attentive/ attentively).
He spoke very … . Hi is more … than his brother. (confident/ confidently)
It was a … surprise to me. We were … lost. (complete/ completely)
It is my … decision. His offer was … rejected (отклонено)(firm /firmly).
1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate modal verbs. (need, must, can, should, may)
… I come and see you?
When she was 12 she.. play tennis very well.
My brother …come and help you in the garden.
I am going to study English and I …speak perfectly.
Mary … this books for her report.
You …give me this project 2 days ago!
You …watch this film! It’s amazing!
I…take this job to buy a new dress for the next party.
2. Open the brackets and write each sentence 2 times.
E.g. If you (to be) free, I (to come) to see you.
If you are free, I will come to see you.
If you were free, I would come to see you.
If my friend (to come) to see, I (to be) very glad.
If my mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea party.
If we (to receive) a telegram from him, we (not to worry).
If you (not to work) systematically, you (to fail) the examination.
If you (to be) busy, I (to leave) you alone.
You are planning an outing of day of entertainment. Make up a dialogue following the guideline (See Ex.7 p.60). Then act out the dialogue. Don’t forget to greet each other and to say goodbye.
Tell your classmates about your relations with you relatives and friends.
Choose one of the countries: Russia, Great Britain, or the United States of America. Arrange the presentation of the country following the guidelines (see Ex.5 p.102). Be ready to answer your classmates’ questions. The beginning and the ending of the presentation are done for you.
You want to invite your pen friend from Canada to stay with your family in the summer. Complete the telephone conversation. (See Ex.6 p.102).
Make up a dialogue between the parent and the son/ daughter. Use the information from the cards. (See Ex. 6 p. 152)
Interview your partner and find out:
Is music important to him/her?
What kind of music does your partner prefer: classical, pop, jazz, and other?
Does he/ she play any musical instrument? How often and where?
Does he/ she dream of a career of a musician? Why? Why not?
Think of jobs you are interested in or that might be suitable for you. Tell your classmates about your future profession.
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