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Лондон и его достопримечательности
Тема: London sights and sightseeing.
1 London is the capital of the GB and a very old city. It is the mixture of old and modern
2 The city is very large. It’s one of the largest cities all over the world. London has got 33
3,4,5 London’s situated on the River Themes and it’s a port. But not only a river port,
it’s a big see port and you can see very big ocean ships there. In London there are a
lot of bridges – old and new.
6 You see that the city is an important business centre. Especially its central part
The City. All kinds of banks, corporations, business groups have their offices here.
7 Londoners and guests of the capital have a lot of possibilities to entertain. The London Eye
is located at the western end of Jubilee Gardens, on the South Bank of the River Thames in
London, England, between Westminster Bridge and Hungerford Bridge. The site is adjacent to that of the former Dome of Discovery, which was built for the Festival of Britain in 1951.
8,9 Piccadilly Circus is a famous road junction and public space of London's West End in the City of Westminster, built in 1819 to connect Regent Street with the major shopping street of
Piccadilly. The Circus is particularly known for its video display and neon signs mounted on the corner building on the northern side, as well as the Shaftesbury memorial fountain and statue
of an archer popularly known as Eros
10,11London is famous for its historical places and buildings. The most famous are Buckingham Palace(Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the British monarch. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is a setting for state occasions and royal hospitality. It has been a rallying point for the British people at times of national rejoicing and crisis.), The Houses of Parliament(The Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses of Parliament or Westminster Palace, is the seat of the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom—the House of Lords and the House of Commons. It lies on the north bank of the River Thames[note 1] in the heart of the London borough of the City of Westminster, close to the historic Westminster Abbey and the government buildings of Whitehall and Downing Street. The name may refer to either of two structures: the Old Palace, a medieval building complex most of which was destroyed in 1834, and its replacement New Palace that stands today; it has retained the style and status of a royal residence, despite its actual use.), Westminster Abbey(Westminster Abbey is steeped in more than a thousand years of history. Benedictine monks first came to this site in the middle of the tenth century, establishing a tradition of daily worship which continues to this day. The present church, begun by Henry III in 1245, is one of the most important Gothic buildings in the country, with the medieval shrine of an Anglo-Saxon saint still at its heart.), The Tower of London.( Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically as The Tower), is a historic fortress and scheduled monument in central London, England, on the north bank of the River Thames. It is located within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets and is separated from the eastern edge of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill. It is the oldest building used by the British government).
12,13 London is not only famous for its buildings, river and history. It’s famous for its parks,
gardens. The biggest is the Hyde Park(In 1536, Henry VIII acquired the manor of Hyde from the canons of Westminster Abbey, who had held it since before the Norman Conquest; it was enclosed as a deer park and remained a private hunting ground until James I permitted limited access to gentlefolk, appointing a ranger to take charge. Charles I created the Ring (north of the present Serpentine boathouses), and in 1637 he opened the park to the general public).
Some others are Kensington Gardens(In 1689, when William III moved his habitation to Kensington Palace on the far side of Hyde Park, he had a drive laid out across its south edge, formerly known as "The King's Private Road", which still exists as a wide straight gravelled carriage track leading west from Hyde Park Corner across the south boundary of Hyde Park to St. James's Palace. The drive is now known as Rotten Row, possibly a corruption of rotteran (to muster),Ratten Row (roundabout way), Route du roi or rotten (the soft material with which the road is covered) Public transport entering London from the west paralleled the King's private road along Kensington Gore, just outside the park. In the late 1800s, the row was used by the wealthy for horseback rides), St. James's Park(In 1532, Henry VIII purchased the area of swampy marshland, often flooded by the Tyburn, from Eton College. This land lay to the West of York Palace, recently acquired by Henry from Cardinal Wolsey; it was purchased in order to turn York Palace into a dwelling fit for a king. On James I's accession to the throne in 1603, he ordered the park drained and landscaped, and kept exotic animals in the park, including camels, crocodiles, and an elephant, as well as aviaries of exotic birds along the south), the Regent’s Park(it’s one of the Royal park in London. There you can find London Zoo, a boating lake and an open-air theatre, where in summer you can enjoy Shakespeare’s plays ).
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