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Where is Scotland? Scotland is a part of the United Kingdom and occupies the northern third of Great Britain. Scotland’s mainland shares a border with England to the almost 800 small islands.
Heraldry of Scotland
Scottish history According to scientists, the first people settled in Scotland about eight thousand years ago. History of Scotland itself originates from the time when the Romans conquered Britain. Some area of Scotland was under Roman control. The north of Scotland was the place where the Romans were unable to establish their control on it were the Picts and Hales. After the Romans left Scotland, tribal representatives have created several kingdoms. For several centuries, Scotland has increased to the size of a modern state.
Facts about Scotland Situated within a vibrant Europe, Scotland is progressive nation built on dynamism, creativity and the fabulous warmth of its people. Tourism is one of Scotland’s most lucrative assets, focusing on such attractions as golf, walking and a rich history. In industry, too, the country is pioneering and enterprising.
Capital Edinburgh Largest City Glasgow Official Language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots Government Constitutional monarchy Queen (of the UK) Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister (of the UK) David Cameron MP First Minister of Scotland AlexSalmondMSP Area 78,772 km² (30,414sqmi) Population Around 5.2 million Population Density 64/km² (167.5/sqmi) Currency Pound sterling (GBP)
Scottish culture and traditions Scotland has been handing down its traditions for close to a thousand years now, since the earliest days of the clans in the 12th century. However, Scottish traditions are not something sterile under glass and steel in a cold museum. They are vibrant, living things, constantly growing and evolving, and every generation adds the thumbprint of its own particular Scottish culture to the whole.
Scotland is famous for… Haggis - a food made from the organs of sheep and oatmeal. Kilts - traditional Scottish woolen cloth costume with a tartan or plaid pattern. This is a skirt that men wear. Bagpipers - people who play the bagpipes, a traditional Scottish instrument
The Scottish people Scottish people have a worldwide reputation for warmth and friendliness. The Scots love people – and they like to make others feel at home. Scottish people are proud of their nationality but they also have a long tradition of welcoming new people and cultures. Historically, Scotland has appreciated the benefits of embracing different cultures. Today, Scotland is a richly diverse country with dozens of different cultures living in harmony. Tolerance, equality of opportunity and social justice are important principles of Scottish people and communities.
Scotland’s Important People Alexander Graham Bell - inventor of the telephone Andrew Carnegie -came to the U.S. and made a fortune in the iron and steel business. He gave money to build many of our libraries. Sean Connery - an actor who starred the in the first James Bond movies. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle - the author of Sherlock Holmes mysteries. Sheena Easton - famous pop singer Captain Kidd - a famous pirate John Muir -founded our U.S. National Park system Robert Louis Stevenson - author of Treasure Island
Attractions in Scotland Edinburgh Castle Loch Ness Ben Nevis Holyrood Palace Sterling Castle Glencoe
Resources: http://www.scotland.org http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland
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