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Автор: Цыбикова С.Д., учитель английского языка МАОУ ФМШ №56 г. Улан-Удэ Презентация к уроку английского языка в 9 классе по теме “The Battle of Gettysburg”
The American Civil War 1861-1865 The Union The Confederacy
The Presidents During the Civil War Abraham Lincoln Jefferson Davis
Union: North Population Industrial Capacity Railroads Navy Food Production Abraham Lincoln
Confederacy: South Defensive Tactics Southern Lifestyle Strong Group of Generals and Officers
Border States Border states = slave states that remained loyal to the Union Included: DE, MD, KT, MI, and WV
Famous Confederate Generals and Officers
Southern Advantages “Home Court Advantage” Most fighting took place in the south Concrete War Aims South fought to preserve their way of life North fought to preserve the Union Officers Many of the best officers fought with the confederacy “King Cotton”
General Robert E. Lee January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870 A top graduate of West Point, Lee distinguished himself as an exceptional soldier in the U.S. Army for thirty-two years. He is best known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War. Captor of John Brown
Gettysburg (July 1863) Lee invaded the North in summer of 1863 Confederate forces engaged with Union troops (lead by Meade) at Gettysburg, PA
Gettysburg (July 1863) Gettysburg = bloodiest engagement of the war Over 50,000 Union and Confederate deaths
Results of the Civil War (1861-65) Slavery ended—but how would the government address the status of newly freed slaves? ~ 620,000 Americans died Much of the South was destroyed—how would it be rebuilt?
Краткое описание документа:
Урок английского языка в 9 классе по теме “The Battle of Gettysburg”
Образовательная: развитие умений говорения с помощью методики «Шести думающих шляп»;
Воспитательная: способствовать повышению интереса к изучению истории США;
Развивающая: способствовать развитию умения правильно обобщать полученные знания.
Оснащение урока: компьютер, проектор, презентация в Power Point, шесть шляп.
a) Good morning, everybody. I am glad to see you again. How are you? Today we will speak about the American Civil War. We are going to discuss it using six thinking hats.
b) Do you remember this interesting method?
White Hat. Discuss the facts and other objective information about the problem.
Red Hat. Share feelings and emotions about the issue.
Black Hat. Present negative aspects, or worst case scenarios, regarding the situation.
Yellow Hat. Consider positives, or advantages, of the situation.
Green Hat. Consider creative ideas that come from looking at the problem in a new way.
Blue Hat. Sum up all that is learned.
(Во время обсуждения демонстрируется презентация "The American Civil War")
Pupil 1: I would like to put on a white hat.
-We know that by 1861 there were already thirty-four states in the Union. All the states were different from each other and developed in different ways. The Northern states built factories and plants, and they had a bigger population. The Southern states had huge cotton fields, where black slaves worked. There were about three and a half million slaves in the Southern states.
When the time for the next election came, it was clear that the most important question would be slavery. There were four candidates, but a Northerner called Abraham Lincoln won the election. He was a member of the new anti-slavery Republican Party. In February 1861, starting with South Carolina, eleven states would eventually leave the United States and form a new country called the Confederate States of America, but Abraham Lincoln wouldn’t let them split up the country. And so the Civil War began.
There were many battles such as First Battle of Bull Run, The Capture of Fort Donelson, The Battle of the Monitor and Merrimac, Battle of Shiloh, The Battle of New Orleans, Seven Days Battles, Battle of Antietam, Battle of Fredericksburg.
The Battle of Gettysburg took place on July 1-3, 1863 in and near the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This battle was one of the most important battles of the Civil War for the North.
Pupil 2. Let me put on the black one.
-As you know, although it was written in the Declaration of Independence that all men and women are created equal, I don’t think that these words were true for the slaves. The first slaves in the American colonies arrived on a Dutch ship in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619. Over the next 200 years, around 600,000 more slaves were brought to the American colonies, most of them to work the tobacco and cotton fields. They lived in terrible conditions and had to work day and night. Even some Southerners understood that slavery was unhuman, but without it, they were afraid their whole way of life would be destroyed.
Pupil 3. I will take the yellow hat.
The North was actually more powerful than the South; they had more men, and their factories produced weapons and supplied the Northern army with everything they needed. However, the confederacy had one big advantage: they didn’t have to invade the North, they just had to protect their own land and homes. At that time, a lot of people thought it would be possible.
Pupil 4. I prefer putting on the green hat.
What is good about the American Civil War? As a result of the war, slavery was abolished and the United States was one country again. If I had reversed history, I would have abolished the slavery without any war, where thousands and thousands of people died.
The rebuilding of the South after the Civil War was called the Reconstruction. The Reconstruction lasted from 1865 to 1877. The purpose of the Reconstruction was to help the South become a part of the Union again.
The Union did a lot to help the South during the Reconstruction. They rebuilt roads, got farms running again, and built schools for poor and black children. Eventually, the economy in the South began to recover.
Pupil 5. It’s my turn to share my feelings with you.
-According to Wikipedia, a civil war is a war between organized groups within the same state or country. It is generally characterized by extreme collective aggression, destruction, and usually high mortality.
I feel sorry for those killed young farmers and soldiers who had not fathered any children yet. The Civil War is sometimes called "The Boys' War" because so many young men fought as soldiers.
The Battle of Gettysburg was the deadliest battle of the Civil War. There were around 46,000 casualties including nearly 8,000 deaths.
Teacher: Thank you for your discussion. Before we sum it up, let me read the extract of “The Gettysburg Address”. After the battle, the American President, Abraham Lincoln, came to Gettysburg to honor the memory of those who had died there. He made a speech there, which later became famous as “The Gettysburg Address”.
The Gettysburg Address was a short, but profound speech given by President Abraham Lincoln on November 19, 1863. It is considered today to be one of the greatest speeches ever given. In that speech Lincoln told his countrymen that it was for them to make sure “that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom – and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”
I expect you to do ex.4 p.138. in writing. Complete the sentences, please.
(Pupils do the exercise.)
Teacher: Now who wants to put on a blue hat and summarize our discussion?
Pupil 6: I would continue by summarizing.
The American Civil war was the war between the Northern states or the Union and the Southern states or the Confederacy.
The Southern states had slaves.
The war started in 1861 and ended with the victory of the Union.
One of the most important battles took place near Gettysburg.
The President at that time was Abraham Lincoln. He was from the North.
As a result of the war, slavery was abolished.
Teacher: You have done a good job, everybody. You get excellent marks. Your homework is ex. B p. 138. Write a short report about the events in Russia. Use the following questions to guide you. The lesson is over. Good-bye. Have a nice day!
К.И. Кауфман, М.Ю. Кауфман. Happy English.ru: учебник для 9 класса.
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