Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Political system of Great Britain.
The British flag. It is called Union Jack and it symbolises the union of England. Flag is made up of the crosses of the patron saints of England.
Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state. Real name: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor Birth: 21 April 1926 in London Children: 3 sons, 1 daughter.
In law, the Queen is the head of the executive and legislative branches, judiciary, the Commander-in-Chief of all armed forces of the Crown and the head of the Established Church of England. In practice, she has little direct power.
The Queen and the royal family continue to take part in many traditional ceremonies.
Government. The Prime Minister The Cabinet Non – Cabinet Ministers
Do you know… What is the Cabinet?
The answer… The Cabinet is a committee of ministers.
Non – Cabinet Ministers Ministers who are not members of the Cabinet, they collectively responsible for government decisions and individually responsible for their own departments.
The House of Lords. Members are not elected, they inherit their seats from their fathers Members are called life peers
The House of Commons. MP-S are elected by the British public The House of Commons has 651 seats The chairman is called speaker.
Elections… Are held every five years. Voting is not compulsory and is from the age of 18. The party which wins the most seats forms the government.
Match the words and their definitions. 1. To restore a monarchy 2. Absolute monarchy 3. Parliamentary monarchy 4.To become a monarch 5. Monarchy 6. Royal 7. Royalty a) a form of government in which the head of state is a monarch b) a monarch does what Parliament tells her (him) c) the power of a monarch is complete, total without limits d) to become a king or queen e) to bring back a monarchy f) members of royal families (either individually or collectively) g) a member of a royal family relating to or suitable for a king or queen
Use vocabulary to give English equivalents to the Russian ones. конституционная монархия абсолютная монархия стать монархом королевская санкция исполнительная ветвь пересмотреть законопроект голосовать законодательная ветвь
Answer the questions: 1. Is Britain a monarchy? 2. Who is the Commander-in-chief of all the armed forces of the Crown? 3.What is the role of the Queen? 4.Who rules the country? 5.Do the Queen and the royal family continue to take part in many traditional ceremonies? 6.Is Queen’s power limited by the Parliament? 7.How many houses does Parliament consist of?
Translate into English: 1. Парламент имеет власть в Британии. 2. Роль королевы церемониальная. 3. Члены палаты лордов постоянны. 4. Члены палаты общин избираются людьми. 5. Люди не избирают премьер-министра. 6. Парламент назначает премьер-министра. 7. Премьер-министр выбирает кабинет. 8. Парламент создаёт законы.
Summary. The head of the state is the Queen . In GB the Parliament is made up of two chambers: The House of Commons and The House of Lords. The MP-S of the Commons are elected. Parliament appoints Prime Minister. The Prime Minister chooses the Cabinet and non-cabinet.