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Astana is the capital of Kazakhstan Astana (the former Akmola) was founded in 1830. In 1862 stanitsa Akmola got the status of a town. In March 1917 the Soviet Power was established in Akmola. In 1961 Akmola was renamed into Tselinograd and became the centre of Tselinny Krai. In 1992 the city got its name Akmola again and since October 1997 Akmola has become a new capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Later on it got its present name Astana. Astana is the capital of Kazakhstan. It occupies the north - western part of the Sary Arka, on the river Ishim. The climate is extreme continental and drought - prone. The scorching summers bring dust storms and hot, dry winds. Astana is a modern growing city, a political, financial, economic, scientific and socio - cultural centre of the state. In 1999 Astana was awarded with the medal and little of City of Peace by UNESCO There are a lot of magnificent beautiful buildings, higher educational establishments, colleges and secondary schools, hotels, banks and other commercial structures in Astana, the new capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. There are many places of interest in Astana: the Central Square the Republic Avenue, the Palace of Youth and the Bridge across the Ishim River, the Reginal Museum of Fine Arts and others. From everywhere you can see Baiterek, the symbol of prosperity and happiness. The Baiterek Tower has become the city's symbol and its visiting card. The height of the structure is 105 meters. At the height of 97 meters there is an observation deck providing a bird's eye view of the city. The figure of 97 was not chosen at random. It symbolizes the year of the movement of the capital from Almaty to Astana. The Baiterek Tower accommodates an art gallery, a large aquarium and a restaurant.
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